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The role of global skills in national policy and in curriculum creation

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The role of global skills in national policy and in curriculum creation

  1. 1. The role of 21st C. Global Skills in National Policy and Curriculum Development: Why and What for? Sultanate of Oman,8 January 2020 Wahiba Sands http://d3e1m60ptf1oym.cloudfront.net/b7cbf2fa-458a-469f-a8cb- by Dr. Neus Lorenzo nlorenzo@xtec.cat @NewsNeus
  2. 2. Content Globalized Context Curriculum Revision 21st C. Skills Enhancing e-Learning Evaluation inquiring Why What Participation How
  3. 3. Inquiring Models 21st C. Global Skills for ELT https://unsplash.com/photos/l66mkNNMn_k Micheile Henderson @micheile010 4-What am I using this picture for, today? 3-Why do you think so? How do you know? 2-What’s the implied message here? 1-What can you see in this picture? Meta-reflection and Critical Thinking Strategic Thinking Interpretation and Implicit Meaning Language and Explicit Knowledge DIGITAL SKILLS CRITICAL THINKING INTERCULTURALITY CREATIVITY COMMUNICATION
  4. 4. Learning is not about correct answers, but about discovering new questions that nobody has asked before.
  5. 5. Content: Globalized Context Curriculum Revision 21st C. Skills Enhancing e-Learning Evaluation inquiring Why What Participation How The Role of Global Skills? Learning too live together.
  6. 6. The Role of Global Skills: Learning for Action Access data, obtain input Understand and integrate knowledge Inquire, reflect, assess, develop purpose... Develop Intake from information Use, explain and Interpret Develop criteria, evaluate, create, share... Teaching how to Learning how to Adapted by Neus Lorenzo: https://www.slideshare.net/nlorenzo/aprenentatges-per-passar-del-jo-al-nosaltres-en-un-mn-digitalitzat 21st C. Skills Participating Acting Leading Global Challenges
  7. 7. Change Innovation Transformation
  8. 8. Change Innovation Transformation Climate Change Technological Innovation Social Transformation Different in some particular aspect Become diferent or make differently Something done in a new way The introduction or discovery of new things, ideas or ways of doing something. Altered form, composition or structure A complete change in somebody/something
  9. 9. Digital Transformation …Are we the protagonist? http://www.yourultrasound.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/04/20wkuked.jpg
  10. 10. Omani Entrepreneurship Ecosystem, 2017 Compared with world and ME/NA indices Ref: OJAS Volum 6, Issue 1, Dec., 2017, p.45. ISSN 1990-5149, (Araby Madbouly) https://cas.edu.om/ckfinder/userfiles/files/Omani%20Journal%20of%20Applied%20Sciences_the%20sixth%20version.pdf Source: Zoltan J.,et al. (2017). "The Global Entrepreneurship Index". USA: Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-63844-7_3 Innovation Strengths • Risk capital • Human capital • High growth • Risk acceptance Innovation Weaknesses • Technology absorption • Process innovation • Start-up skills • Competition
  11. 11. Skills Demand Worldwide in 2020 Share of Jobs requiring skills bundle as part of their core skills set, % Source: World Economic Forum: Future of Jobs Report: http://reports.weforum.org/future-of-jobs-2016/shareable-infographics/ Complex Problem Solving 36% –World Economic Forum Only 10% of jobs will demand Content skills!
  12. 12. Industry 4.0: changing needs
  13. 13. From School Subject to Global Competence Language Learning Evolution 1 2 3 4 n Discipline - Vocabulary - Grammar - Phonetics - Spelling -Textuality Cross-disciplinarity - Speaking - Listening - Reading - Writing - Interacting Interdisciplinarity - Inquiring - Analysing - Communicating - Mediating - Sharing Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analysing, Evaluating, Creating ContentFocus Neus Lorenzo Meta-reflection Global Competence -21st C. Skills -Attitudinal Mindsets -Complexity Acceptance
  14. 14. Imagine your future Connectivity Creativity Explain how it works Relate your journeyTurn off lights Adjust insulin dose Inspired by Prof. Jim Cummins, University of Toronto Complementary Holistic Learning Free Internet Internet of Things Social networks & personal relations Webquests … Augmented reality Mashups Interactive stories … Related ideas Subtexts Big data … Invention Intuition Surprise … Transmedia Contextuality Strategic Learning Skills Structured Formal Unstructured Informal Hybrid: Human-Machine, Meta Cognition
  15. 15. http://www.oecd.org/pisa/pisa-2018-global-competence.htm OECD Global Competence The capacity: To examine local, global and intercultural issues critically, and from multiple perspectives To understand how differences affect the perceptions, judgments, and opinions of oneself and others , To engage in open, appropriate and effective interactions with people from different cultures and backgrounds, and To act on the basis of a shared respect for human dignity and collective well-being and sustainable development.
  16. 16. Global Skills: Creating Empowered 21st Century Citizens - Communication and collaboration. - Creativity and Critical thinking. - Intercultural competence and citizenship - Emotional Self-regulation and wellbeing - Digital literacies http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/elt/general_content/global/expert/oup-expert-global-skills.pdf?cc=fr&selLanguage=en&mode=hub Critical for Lifelong Learning and Success: Five Clusters Rellevant for ELT:
  17. 17. The World Has New Challenges https://i0.wp.com/www.omanobserver.om/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Humpback_stellwagen_edit.jpg?resize=800%2C445&ssl=1 https://media.treehugger.com/assets/images/2019/05/fullsizeoutput_3b9a.jpeg.860x0_q70_crop-scale.jpg http://rvoptometry.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/RVO-Lasik-e1525292978668.jpg https://timesofoman.com/article/1140687/Oman/Temperature-dips-after-low-pressure-and-rain-in-Oman
  18. 18. United Nations Agenda 2030
  19. 19. SDG 4: QUALITY EDUCATION Obtaining a quality education is the foundation to improving people’s lives and sustainable development. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/ Reading is a Learning to Learn Literacy
  20. 20. Content: Globalized Context Curriculum Revision 21st C. Skills Enhancing e-Learning Evaluation inquiring Why What Participation How The Role of Global Skills? Learning too live together.
  21. 21. Adapted from https://www.ecohz.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/sdgs-food-azote-1280x834.jpg Empowering Education through co-responsibility PLANET PEOPLE PURPOSE PROGRESS PROSPERITY PARTICIPATION PROGRAMS PROJECTS PROFESSIONALS CLIL, PBL, STEM, STEAM, DUAL, PLN…
  22. 22. Students Group-Class Extended Environmental School Spaces Adaptat de Mallen Baker http://www.mallenbaker.net/csr/images/businsoc.gif
  23. 23. Content: Globalized Context Curriculum Revision 21st C. Skills Enhancing e-Learning Evaluation inquiring Why What Participation How The Role of Global Skills? Learning too live together.
  24. 24. Oman in the World: Common Hurdles 1-Globalisation -Sustainability -Transformation https://www.eventbrite.com/e/oman-energy-water-exhibition-conference-2020-tickets-41820387906 https://conferences.squ.edu.om/icwriaar/ https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/p/AF1QipOqY0Uuyu6HGdSllldjDJVvqnoqZjW6g5fLlOzj=w997-h240-k-no 2-Development -Economic growth -Social gaps 3-Identity -Education -Culture
  25. 25. Werbach & Hunter (2012) Smart Transmedia Pedagogy: From the classroom to the world! Mmantsetsa Marope / Patrick Griffin / Carmel Gallagher “Future Competences and the Future of Curriculum A Global Reference for Curricula Transformation”. IBE-UNESCO Global Curriculum Network Game elements pyramid adapted from Werbach & Hunter (2012) in For the Win Data Skills Marope et al. (2018) Attitudes Transformation Society (2019)
  26. 26. This is a woman’s face face Això es la cara d’una dona “hair style, clothes, jewellery… ” Image Categories: face/woman Facial recognition: expressions and feelings Text Speech and synthesised voice Translations (i.e. Catalan) Cultural Relevance and Meaning #AI is Merging Human and Machine Codes Integrating, Transforming, Deciding, Acting Ref: Gallon, R. & Lorenzo, N. (2018 in printing) “A Social constructionist Model for Human-Machine Ecosystems”, in Learning Strategies and Constructionism in Modern Education Settings. Edited by Linda Daniela. IGI Global.
  27. 27. The 4th Industrial Revolution is a major change
  28. 28. http://tr3.cbsistatic.com/hub/i/r/2014/05/20/138edb06-117f-4d49-acf8-7a2579e0e393/resize/620x/f9d174bb929bfa8131a93b5e2a736a67/word-lens-hero.png Do we really need to learn a foregin Language?
  29. 29. Interacting with Smart Devices https://tweetdeck.twitter.com/ Socks to control the concentration of Oxygen in blood
  30. 30. https://pbs.twimg.com/media/C6GUFDEWMAEekGN.jpg:large We are living in a hyperconnected world with unseen, unknown, unsupervised messages
  31. 31. Evolution of employment in occupational groups defined by level of skills proficiency (PIAAC, 2015) Rsource : PIAAC 2015, Occupations with next to highest average scores why-skills-matter-further-results-from-the-survey-of-adult-skills-20-638.jpg
  32. 32. Behaviourism Focus on habit -Positivist science -Empiric analysis Ivan P. Pavlov B. F. Skinner Albert Bandura Ed. Lee Thorndike John B Watson Turning farming societies into industrial economies Structuralism Focus on structure -Linguistics -Form & Function. Ferdinand Saussure, Roman Jacobson Claude Lévy-Straus Herbert Spencer Talcott Parson Turning industrial societies into multinational capitalism Constructivism Focus on process -Psycholinguistics -Evolutionism Jean Piaget, Lew S. Vygotsky Jerome Bruner Laurence Kohlberg Egan Kieran Multinational econ., growing into a worldwide transnational economy Connectivism Focus on blending -Sociolinguistics -Neuro-Sciences Howard Gardner George Siemens Stephen Downes Sugata Mitra Mark Johnson George Lakoff Virtual economy, networking in a hyper- connected world, toward social awareness Ref: Neus Lorenzo, Grup 6.sis, ICE-UB 2012 Evolution of the Social Context: towards 21st C Skills
  33. 33. From “I learn...” to “We work together!” Lexical memory Formal Behaviourism https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-klEN62ksu_Y/W00VqNVQ6TI/AAAAAAAACs4/Ic3Qg57cjY05OsuyyJm31wV4D4sgF_lZACLcBGAs/s640/FoodFridge.JPG A B Cooperative interaction Global Competences Functional Constructivism Social Connectivis m
  34. 34. A good teacher doesn’t transfer passive data: he/she generates curiosity and cognitive meta-reflection habits.
  35. 35. Elements and Dynamics for Smart Pedagogy • Transformational dynamics • Educational principles • Communication concept • Learning theory • Teacher’s role • Student’s role • Approaches and Methodologies • Teaching strategies • Learning objects Source: Adapted fromNeus Lorenzo and Francesca Burriel https://www.asparis.org/uploaded/_ASP_Site_2016/Academics/Innovation_in_Learning/Innovation_LS2.jpg PERFORMANCE VALUES BELIEFS
  36. 36. What’s the real aim of Language Learning? http://www.spacekraft.co.uk/_rmvirtual/media/images/SpaceKraft/40%2042%205%20a.jpg Speaking Writtig Learning Gramma Learning Vocabulary B1? C1?
  37. 37. Learning Linguistic codes http://cx.aos.ask.com/question/aq/700px-394px/paint-color-mixing-chart_4ddfdbd0f4087190.jpg
  38. 38. Perfomance and Interaction Practice https://midecorador.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/pintura-aguada.jpg?w=300&h=200
  39. 39. The message: more than combined pieces of code http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-4F561097034/T1HMBlDLSvI/AAAAAAAAAp4/wBK2Pp2YP_c/s1600/Autumn+Oil+Paintings+3.jpg
  40. 40. The Path for Education to Transform the World
  41. 41. Without Force
  42. 42. Out the comfort zone https://fbcdn-sphotos-f-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-frc3/298537_283375505132723_1191874041_n.jpg
  43. 43. New teacher’s roles and students’ relationship http://www.slideshare.net/ssuser63877e/1x-photo-awards-2014-people-vote-4
  44. 44. Memorising and Reproducing Data is Not Learning http://s567.photobucket.com/user/j4jokes11/media/Love%20Ever/Cheating_Exam_Love_Ever.jpg.html What How Why
  45. 45. Developing 21st C. Skill On Consolidated Theoretical Basis Kilpatrick Projects Nunan Tasks J. Piaget Cognitive Evolution Kohlberg Moral Dilemas Kieran Egan Orality Vygotsky Zone of Proximal Dev. Wilkins Scaffords Ferrer Guardia Ausubel Paolo Freire Meaningful Learning Montessori J. Dewey Asher (TPR)… Active Learning Jerome Bruner Decroly Freinet Global Topics Self-Access Corners Approaches and Methodologies
  46. 46. Neus Lorenzo & Angels Soriano, 2018 Transforming Creating Evaluating Analysing Applying Understanding Remembering https://sobrehistoria.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/las-piramides-de-egipto-kefren-1-600x450.jpg Attitudes Values Skills Knowledge Technology Data Information M. Mmantsetsa Marope, Patrick Griffin, Carmel Gallagher (2018), Future Competences and the Future of Curriculum: A Global Reference for Curricula Transformation. UNESCO IBE. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/resources/02_future_competences_and_the_future_of_curriculum_30oct.v2.pdf To Learn in a Globalised Digital World A Global Reference for Curricula Transformation (UNESCO IBE, 2018) Bloom’s Taxonomy (revised v.2) Explicit Implicit Meta-Referential https://www.slideshare.net/nlorenzo/unesco-mobile-learning-week-2018-workshop-by-xatac5 s.30
  47. 47. https://www.omanobserver.om/first-trans-oceanic-crossing-record-arabian-sea-humpback-whale/ Beyond eKnowledge... What? Who When? Where? Why? (...) Omani whales
  48. 48. https://www.omanobserver.om/eso-renaissance-continue-arabian-sea-humpback-whale-conservation/ / ...To eLearning What? Who? When? Where? How? (...) Why?... Who pays? Who collaborates? Is it fake? Can I do it? I want to go! (...)
  49. 49. New global skills: “Transliteracy” Ref: http://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2060/1908 Trasnliteracy: http://librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com/what-is-transliteracy/ Translation– Translanguaging – Transliteracy
  50. 50. Our mind is a surprising endless resource: the more we use it, the more it grows.
  51. 51. Content: Globalized Context Curriculum Revision 21st C. Skills Enhancing e-Learning Evaluation inquiring Why What Participation How The Role of Global Skills? Learning too live together.
  52. 52. From Using Tools, To Meaningful Participation UN Commission for Social Development (CSocD), September 2012 .: https://www.un.org/esa/socdev/egms/docs/2013/ict/BackgroundPaper.pdf “Meaningful participation is an interactive process, mutually reinforcing: through active participation, people affect the achievement of objectives, and the achievement of objectives reinforces empowerment”. Feedback Loop
  53. 53. 21st C. Digital Literacies in the Era of AI need to empower the human dimension of technology.
  54. 54. Digital Skills and Critical Thinking Correlating Information & Data Tool: Google Trends https://trends.google.com/trends/ https://trends.google.com/trends/explore Fake news1. Open Google Trends 2. Compare two Trends: pizza and film 3. In groups, find correlations 4. Explore Visualization Options
  55. 55. Google Trends
  56. 56. Hyper-Connected Data Analysis Based on User Behaviour Meso abilities • Visual Numeracy • Meta-data Analysis • Cultural Associations • Reflecting on Evidence • Visual-Data Narrative • Action Awareness • Research Initiative • Critical Thinking Education Vs. Science
  57. 57. Exploring Integrated Curriculum Paradigms •Culture• Cognition •Content• Communication Source: Neus Lorenzo • Constructivism • Connectivism • Critical thinking• Creativity • Co-responsibility• Comprehension • Collaboration • Citizenship • Continuity• Context • Convenience • Conditions
  58. 58. Multiple Communicative Literacies… Multimodality… Transmedia… Transliteracy… Plurality of texts, formats, supports and documents http://images.atelier.net/sites/default/files/imagecache/scale_crop_587_310/articles/426688/atelier-wearable-devicesl-atelier.jpg
  59. 59. What is functioning well in the existing curriculum?
  60. 60. + - Dynamics Mechanics Components Adapted from the Gamification Pyramid, by Werback & Hunter, 2012 What is functioning well in the existing curriculum? Complexity
  61. 61. + - Dynamics Mechanics Components Adapted from the Gamification Pyramid, by Werback & Hunter, 2012 Curriculum Development Complexity CRITICAL THINKING REFLECTION CITIZENSHIP CREATIVITY COMMUNICATION [Meta-Reflection]
  62. 62. + - Dynamics Mechanics Components Transformation Readiness Adapted from the Gamification Pyramid, by Werback & Hunter, 2012 Curriculum Development Providing Explicit Tools: Lifelong learning resources in formal and non-formal international contexts. Empowering Implicit Processes: Collective knowledge-management, global socioeconomic development, and educational co-responsibilities. Enhancing Citizens Meta-Reflection Consciousness of the human dimension of 21st C. Global Skills and their transformative potential. Learning English: Code development with language-centered interactive goals. Learning in English: Focusing on informational strategy, contextualized communication, action, and participation. Learning to Learn Through English: Creating new understandings and attitudes, developing social values, and socio-cultural skills for the future. The Role of Curricula in Society
  63. 63. https://www.thoughtco.com/thmb/zFl-kN7qkx-u3TR7HrSvFBPJnfg=/768x0/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc():format(webp)/107312835-56a5f6db3df78cf7728abcfc.jpg Curriculum in Focus: ELT Context Evolution Focus: Grammar & Syntax Irregular Verbs Focus: Vocabulary and Semantics The Animals Focus: Situations and context At the Zoo Focus: Meaningful communication Meeting pet-friends Focus: Integrating Content (CLIL) Save the Whales! Focus: Transformation in the Digital Age Join UNESCO’s School Projects! Transforming Creating Evaluating Analysing Applying Understanding Remembering
  64. 64. WHAT TO TRANSFORM? Different Educational Contexts, Different Strengths & Needs https://unsplash.com/photos/NR_VNpqMcK0 Leonardo Miranda @mirandanene -Students’ Role and Personalized Needs -Teachers’ Role and Tutorial Responsibility -Content & Syllabus Choice -Methodology and Teaching Techniques -Assessment and Certification Process -Formal and non-formal Spaces -Resources and Tools
  65. 65. http://www.embracerefugees.org/css/images/temp/parallax-image.jpg If education does not help to solve human problems, it becomes a problem itself
  66. 66. Content: Assessment Why What Participation How The Role of Global Skills? Learning too live together.
  67. 67. If we teach today As we taught in the past, we are robing our children their future John Dewey If we assess like we have always done, we can transmit different vaues!
  68. 68. Education doesn’t result from caring for your future, but for the past, present and future of others.
  69. 69. Assessing to Learn, Learing to Assess What to assess How to assess it? Why...? Neus Lorenzo @NewsNeusBarcelona, 8 de maig 2018
  70. 70. 21st C. Skills: Assessing components The four pillars of education. Jacques Delors (1999)  Check List: Common aims of 21st Century Skills  Pro-activity Practice and entrepreneurship  Functionality For specific purposes  Contextuality According to the environment  Transversality Integrated and global  Meta-cognition Promoting reflection on strategies  Humanism Values, attitudes, existential ethics
  71. 71. We Assess All the Time! https://avaluarpercompetenciesblog.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/mates_control-e1493577203142.png?w=656
  72. 72. Building Rubrics Shape Round Irregular Deteriorated Color Red Yellow Green Texture Fine Granular Damaged Taste Very Sweet Sweet Bitter Cost <2 Eu/Kg <4 Eu/Kg <5 Eu/Kg Sostenibility Zero Km (Vecinity) From the region From far away Indicator descriptor criteria
  73. 73. New Rubrics: Personalized Assessment
  74. 74. Explicit Implicit Meta-Referential Ref: Lorenzo, N. Gallon, R (2018). “Event Horizon: Helping Students learn what nobody knows yet”. Innovations, tecnologies and researchs in Education. Editetd by inda Daniela, Cambridge Correlation with OECD Frameworks for PISA
  75. 75. Reaching different language-leves is about finding new spaces to grow https://wallpaperscraft.com/image/fish_aquarium_gold_splashing_jumping_15008_3840x2400.jpg Dynamics Mechanics Components
  76. 76. Assessing Complex Competences and Global Skills 76 Examine Identify Formulate Narrate Associate Analyse Interpret Deduce Evaluate Reflect Create Engage
  77. 77. Challenge: Assessing Parts vs. Understanding All Source: https://www.brainpickings.org/2013/03/28/the-art-of-cleanup-ursus-wehrli/
  78. 78. http://images.fanpop.com/images/image_uploads/Fanpop-all-around-the-world-fanpop-583858_1024_768.jpg Future ... To learn WHAT is really urgent, essential and ethical... . ... To learn WHAT is really urgent, essential and ethical... .
  79. 79. ...to build our own future. Thank you for making it possible!
  80. 80. The role of 21st C. Global Skills in National Policy and Curriculum Development: Why and What for? Sultanate of Oman,8 January 2020 Wahiba Sands http://d3e1m60ptf1oym.cloudfront.net/b7cbf2fa-458a-469f-a8cb- by Dr. Neus Lorenzo nlorenzo@xtec.cat @NewsNeus

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