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Elastic SQL Database: Oxymoron or Emerging Reality? (Database Month, June 2017)

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Advancements in application architectures, development processes, and storage have enabled organizations to take advantage of cloud benefits such as agility, elasticity, and scale-out across most layers of the infrastructure stack. But one key element - the database tier - has remained stubbornly difficult to modernize. Often, as organizations move toward container and cloud-based environments, they end up leaving their database, their SQL skillsets, expectations of transactional consistency, and sometimes even their precious data behind.

To address this problem, a new class of database - the elastic SQL database - has emerged. These solutions combine the ACID guarantees and SQL interface on which applications rely, while also allowing dynamic capacity management, continuous availability, multi-datacenter operation, and radical operational simplicity.

Learn how to take advantage of this technology to optimize your application for fast transactional responsiveness, continuous availability, and full-active database utilization, even across multiple clouds, data centers, or hybrid environments.

This presentation covers:
• Why the need for an elastic SQL database
• What can you do with one and best use cases for an elastic SQL database
• Examples of how an elastic SQL database works
• Benefits of optimizing/configuring for:
• fast application data access
• continuous availability
• deployment across data centers

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Elastic SQL Database: Oxymoron or Emerging Reality? (Database Month, June 2017)

  1. 1. Ariff Kassam, VP of Products – Christina Wong, Dir. of Product Marketing – ELASTIC SQL: FROM OXYMORON TO EMERGING REALITY June 23, 2017
  2. 2. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB ELASTIC SQL DATABASE + Traditional SQL databases are not suited for modern system architectures or development practices  Doesn’t fit with scale out, container, dynamic orchestration architectures + NoSQL databases better suited for new applications but hard to migrate existing applications + Market need: Provide scale out, containerization, HA for 1
  3. 3. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB ARCHITECTURE EVOLUTION Mainframe Presentation App Logic Data Mgmt Monolithic Open Systems Presentation App Logic Data Mgmt Client / Server Presentation App Logic Data Mgmt N-Tier Internet Cloud Microservices Data Mgmt Infrastructure Architectures Application Architectures 2
  4. 4. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB DATABASE ARCHITECTURES + Relational database architectures have not changed significantly with infrastructure advances  Hardware: Scale up or shared disk  Application: 2 Phase Commit or Sharding 3 Scale Up Shared Disk 2 Phase Commit Sharded Database
  5. 5. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB WHAT ABOUT NOSQL? + Provides scale out with automatic sharding + Can be an option for new applications or existing applications with significant re-write + Challenging trade-offs  Account for eventual consistency  Code for transactional semantics  Code for certain queries (joins, etc) with static logic  Manage and maintain data structures 4
  6. 6. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB TODAY’S DATABASE MARKET PROBLEM Elastic SQL Elastic SQL: The benefits of Traditional Databases & The Cloud SQL Logic ACID: data consistency Zero Downtime Elastic scale-out SQL database abstraction Virtualization, Commodity & Cloud Traditional RDBMS NoSQL MARKET GAP SQL Logic ACID: data consistency SQL database abstraction Zero Downtime Elastic scale-out Virtualization, Commodity & Cloud 5
  7. 7. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB ELASTIC SQL DATABASE An elastic SQL database combines the scale-out simplicity, elasticity, and continuous availability that cloud applications require with the transactional consistency and durability that databases of record demand. 7
  8. 8. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB THE EMERGING ELASTIC SQL MARKET Traditional RDBMS NoSQL Elastic SQL Business Database of Record ✓ ✗ ✓ ✓ ✓ ANSI-Standard SQL ✓ ✗ (✓) (✓) ✓ Migrate existing SQL apps ✓ ✗ ✗ ✗ ✓ In-memory performance ✓ ✓ ✓ ✗ ✓ Simple elastic scale-out/in (reads and writes) ✗ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Zero downtime ✗ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Deployment flexibility (on-prem, private or public cloud) ✗ ✓ ✗ ✓ ✓ SQLELASTIC 8
  9. 9. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB ELASTIC SQL ARCHITECTURES Consider differences in: + Hardware requirements + Deployment environments + Performance results + Application expectations + Tunability of durability Approach Synchronous Replication Durable Distributed Cache Key Idea Committing data transactionally to multiple locations before returning Replicating data in memory on-demand Topology Example Other Elastic SQL DBMS (Google Cloud Spanner, CockroachDB) 9
  10. 10. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB WHAT DOES THIS MEAN… + For the business  Easy migration to cloud  Continuous application availability  Reduced licensing, hardware, and operational costs + For the architect  NoSQL scale out for SQL applications  No need to re-architect existing applications  Less complexity data management environments + For the developer  Reuse SQL skills  Focus on new features development versus data management logic 10
  11. 11. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB NuoDB: MODERN ARCHITECTURE Fast in-memory transaction processing with dynamic application data affinity Durable storage management with scale-out storage NuoDB Architecture Legacy RDBMS Architecture Storage Mgmt Query Processing Modern distributed, peer-to-peer services acting as a single, logical database + New modern database architecture with independent database services + Services scale independently and elastically + Straightforward ANSI SQL interface + Deploy across containers, clouds & data centers + Continuous availability for planned (upgrades) and unplanned outages 11
  12. 12. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB NuoDB PEER-TO-PEER, ELASTIC ARCHITECTURE Durability SQL Front End SQL Optimizer Transaction Handling Object Caching Object Coordination Transaction Engine (TE) Storage Manager (SM) All Process Nodes Available node not yet provisioned to database + All peers have object caching and coordination + Architecture enables on-demand, elastic scaling + Natural resilience supports continuous availability 12
  13. 13. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB SM ARCHITECTURETE ARCHITECTURE 13
  14. 14. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB ATOMS + All objects (data and metadata) are represented by ATOMs + In-memory and on-disk + Exist on multiple servers + Conflict free replicated data typdes (CRDT) with guaranteed ordering + Optimized replication Table ATOM Catalog ATOM Master Catalog ATOM Database ATOM Schema ATOM Sequence ATOMTransaction Manager ATOM Index ATOMBlob State ATOM Record State ATOM Data ATOM 14
  15. 15. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB NuoDB ARCHITECTURE: SCALE OUT Available processes for scale out ApplicationA Storage Manager (SM)SM Transaction Engine (TE)TE 1. Initial Database 2. Increased Application Load 3. Provision Available Resource as TE TE A A TE SMSM TE A A TE SMSM A TETE A A TE SMSM A 15
  16. 16. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB NuoDB ARCHITECTURE: RESILIENCE Available processes for scale out ApplicationA Storage Manager (SM)SM Transaction Engine (TE)TE 1. Working Database 2. TE node failure 3. Application reconnects to surviving TE TETE A A TE SMSM A TETE A A TE SMSM A TETE A A TE SMSM A 16
  17. 17. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB TYPICAL DEPLOYMENT SCENARIOS Fully Redundant Scale-Out Running NuoDB on four hosts (2 TEs and 2 SMs) provides a fully redundant deployment of NuoDB that can survive any host failing. To increase throughput, simply add TEs/SMs to other available machines on demand. Warm DR Minimal DR protection requires a single SM in a DR site to maintain a fully redundant copy of the database. TE A A TE SMSM Primary DC SM DR Site TE A A TE SMSM Primary DC TE A A TE SMSM A TE A TE Primary DC 17
  18. 18. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB TYPICAL DEPLOYMENT SCENARIOS Hot DR Active-Active Deploying and running both TEs and SMs in the DR site provides zero downtime failover protection for applications. Deploying applications in the remote site provides full active-active (read/write) transactional processing for applications. Active-Active-Active TE A A TE SMSM Primary DC TE TE SMSM DR Site TE A A TE SMSM Availability Zone 1 SMSM Availability Zone 2 TE A A TE SM Availability Zone 3 TE TE A A SM Increase utilization and protection with active-active-active deployments 18
  19. 19. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB MULTI-DC SUPPORT & CAP + NuoDB preserves consistency during network partition  Automatically shuts down minority TE A A TE SMSM Availability Zone 1 SMSM Availability Zone 2 TE A A TE A TE 19
  20. 20. SCALE OUT DEMO
  21. 21. End-to-end Asset Finance Software Platform CHALLENGE + Migrating industry-leading application to SaaS model + Lack of cloud offering inhibiting growth + MySQL couldn’t scale far enough; Oracle licensing on AWS too expensive WHY NuoDB + Designed for elastic cloud scalability + Continuous availability with active-active architecture + Maintains transactional integrity BENEFITS + Strong ROI for Alfa – and their clients + Reduce infrastructure cost by 90% over Oracle + Increase application availability and minimize response time
  22. 22. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB NuoDB + Founded in 2010 + Management team and investors are database pioneers + Patented elastic SQL database + Strong Gartner validation + Leading SaaS & on-premises applications run on NuoDB + HQ in Cambridge, MA 22
  23. 23. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB SUMMARY + Application architectures have evolved + Relational databases remain locked in the past  Single monolithic process  Requires special considerations to scale performance + Elastic SQL databases  Scale out and availability benefits of NoSQL  No sacrificing the advantages of SQL databases 23
  24. 24. Copyright © 2017 NuoDB THANK YOU! The Elastic SQL Database @NuoDB FOLLOW US: 24