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L23 Robotics and Drones

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Manlike machines have fascinated humans since ancient times. The modern robots start to take shape with the industrial revolution. In the 20th century robots were mostly industrial machines you would see in factories, like car factories.

Today, robots can have sensors, vision, they can hear and understand. They can connect to the cloud for more information. However, we are still in the early stages of robotics and robots will need to go a long way to become useful as a ubiquitous general purpose devices.

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L23 Robotics and Drones

  2. 2. History The concept of robots goes 
 back to ancient times Chinese legends, Greek mythology, Indian stores Using machines to show manlike behaviour Su Song's astronomical clock tower
  3. 3. History Leonardo Da Vinci designed a mechanical knight in 1495
  4. 4. Culture Robots have fascinated authors and filmmakers The modernisation of robots begins 
 with the industrial revolution
  5. 5. Asimov's Laws Introduced in Isaac Asimov’s 1942 short story "Runaround" 1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. 2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. 3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.
  6. 6. Robotics in the 20th century
  7. 7. Industrial robots
  8. 8. 80% of car production in automated
  9. 9. Robotics in the 21st century
  10. 10. Robotic in the 21st century Robots that see, hear and sense Robots that can communicate Powerful machines with software and internet connectivity 5G wireless standard is key to wide adoption of mobile robots
  11. 11. Robots that learn
  12. 12. Agricultural drones
  13. 13. Are Robots taking over the world… should we be worried?
  14. 14. Engineering Social Robots: Next-Generation Human-Robot Interaction Maja Matarić, USC Robotics and Autonomous Systems Center EmTech Digital, May 23, 2016
  15. 15. Self Driving Car
  16. 16. Self Driving Car Ideas of self driving cars are not new
  17. 17. Adjacent possible Cars needs spacial recognition — mainly vision Software algorithms Connection to maps and
 other data Computing power Self Driving Car
  18. 18. Chris Urmson: How a driverless car sees the road TED talk
  19. 19. Sunny California is one thing, try driving in this condition!
  20. 20. Level 0 (No automation): Human driver controls it all: steering, brakes, throttle, power Level 1 (Driver assistance): All functions are still controlled by the driver, but the vehicle can assist with some functions. Level 2 (Partial assistance): Driver assistance of steering and acceleration/deceleration using information about the driving environment is automated, like cruise control and lane-centering
  21. 21. Level 3 (Conditional assistance): Drivers are still necessary in level 3 cars, but are able to completely shift "safety-critical functions" to the vehicle, under certain traffic or environmental conditions Level 4 (High automation): Designed to perform all safety-critical driving functions and monitor roadway conditions for an entire trip Level 5 (Full automation): This refers to a fully-autonomous system that expects the vehicle's performance to equal that of a human driver, in every driving scenario—including extreme environments like dirt roads that are unlikely to be navigated by driverless vehicles in the near future.
  22. 22. Tesla updated their car’s software over night with Autopilot
  23. 23. Delivering on the Promise of Autonomous Vehicles Sterling Anderson, Tesla EmTech Digital, May 24, 2016
  24. 24. Unmanned aerial vehicle
  25. 25. Unmanned aerial vehicle - drones An aircraft without a human pilot aboard May be controlled with remote control from an operator Fully autonomously, by onboard computers. Unmanned airplanes come in all sizes
  26. 26. World’s First Jet-Powered, 3D Printed Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Produced by Stratasys and Aurora Flight Sciences
  27. 27. Unmanned aerial vehicle - drones Unmanned airplanes have strong connection to warfare In 1959, the U.S. Air Force, concerned about losing pilots over hostile territory, began planning for the use of unmanned aircraft The War of Attrition (1967-1970) saw the introduction of UAVs with reconnaissance cameras into combat in the Middle East In the 1973 Yom Kippur War Israel used drones as decoys to spur opposing forces into wasting expensive anti-aircraft missiles
  28. 28. An MQ-9 Reaper, a hunter-killer surveillance UAV
  29. 29. Delivery drones
  30. 30. Summary The robot revolution is just starting Self-driving cars will have huge impact Delivery drones will change the way we shop
  31. 31. Next Office hours Saturday — Time TBD Research Paper due 31.03 23:59 with final day 16.04 L24 The Future 02.04 — Open lecture, bring a friend Lecture Exercise L24: Tell me about the Future