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Teaching Methods (Workshop, Project,Role play )

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Teaching Methods (Workshop, Project,Role play )

There are different types of teaching methods which can be categorised into three broad types. These are teacher-centred methods, learner-centred methods, content-focused methods and interactive/participative methods.

There are different types of teaching methods which can be categorised into three broad types. These are teacher-centred methods, learner-centred methods, content-focused methods and interactive/participative methods.

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Teaching Methods (Workshop, Project,Role play )

  1. 1. TEACHING METHODS ON WORKSHOP, PROJECTOR , ROLE PLAY PRESENTED TO: DR.PALLAVI PATHANIA (ASSISTANT PROFESSOR) PRESENTED BY :REENA SHARMA MMMM.SC.1ST YEAR STUDENT SUBMITTED ON : 14/04/2020
  2. 2. INDEX DSR.NO. CONTENT 1) WORKSHOP 2) PROJECT 3) ROLE PLAY 4) SUMMARIZATION 5) CONCLUSION 6) BIBLIOGRAPHY
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • The Workshops are organized to develop the psychomotor aspects of the learner regarding practices of new innovations in area of education. Under this technique participants have do some practical work to produce instructional teaching and testing material.
  4. 4. Meaning of workshop  The word, “Workshop” has been borrowed from engineering. There are usually workshops in the engineering, in these workshops persons have to do some task with their hands to produce something.  e.g. Railway workshop, roadways workshop, etc. Under these workshops railway engines are repaired and manufactured
  5. 5. DEFINITION: Workshop is defined as assembled group of 10 to 25 persons who share a common interest or problem. They meet together to improve their individual and skill of a subject through intensive study, research, practice and discussion.
  6. 6. cont..  A workshop is a meeting during which experienced people in response position come together with experts and consultants to find solutions to problem.
  7. 7. Timing of workshop:  Minimum timing of workshop 1 day  Maximum timing of workshop 2-3or more days
  8. 8. ASKING QUESTION IN THE WORKSHOP.
  9. 9. AIMS OF WORKSHOP  To orient the reader about the organization of a workshop.
  10. 10. PURPOSE OF WORKSHOP 1) To use abundance of ideas. 2) To provide means of group study 3) Provides media for co-operation. 4) Provide mature learning environmental 5) It will help to Defining a problem and objectives
  11. 11. CONT.. 7)The purpose of workshop is to share knowledge, skills and technique of using reflecting teaching and learning approach. 8)All the members are work together as a team. 9)It will help to discuss scientific questions and opportunities for better understanding genomic function and apply that knowledge in large scale efforts.
  12. 12. The workshops are organized to realize the following objective There are two types: PSYCHOMOTOR OBJECTIVE COGNATIVE OBJECTIVE
  13. 13. COGNITIVE OBJECTIVES 1) To solve the problem of teaching profession. 2) To provide the philosophical and sociological background for instructional and teaching. 3) To identify the education objective in the present content are. 4) To develop an understanding regarding the use of a them and problem.
  14. 14. PSYCHOMOTOR OBJECTIVES : 1)To develop skill to perform a task independently 2) To train the person for using different approaches of teaching. 3)Workshop technique is used to seed, explore and identify the solution to a problem 4) It is used for in-service teachers for giving awareness and training of new practices in education
  15. 15. Types of workshop: Eg: In companies: Artificial Intelligence Machine Learning Embedded System Digital Marketing Personal Branding Robotics
  16. 16. Cont..  In Hospitals:  Basic life supports  Analysis of quantitative nursing research.  Disasters management
  17. 17. Cont..  In College:  Cyber Security  Embedded Systems  Application Development
  18. 18. Cont..  In schools:  Hand washing  Computer education
  19. 19. Steps in organizing a workshop Date & place of workshop Selection of experts Selection of participant Invitation of participants Arrangement of funds Formulating a aims & objectives Opening a file Working language Committee of sponsors
  20. 20. PROCEDURE OF WORKSHOP TECHNIQUES  Generally workshops are organized for 3 to 10 duration. The period of workshop may be 40 days. It depends on the nature of task assigned to the workshop. It is organized in three stages started on the day of workshop.  1) First stage (Planning of workshop)  2) Second stage (Presenting the workshop)  3) Third stage (Fellow up and evaluation)
  21. 21. FIRST STAGE: Planning of workshop Registration Inauguration Preliminary introductory session
  22. 22. Cont.. Break Presentation of theme Paper reading Pretest
  23. 23. SECOND STAGE (Presenting the workshop) Formulation of group Assignment session Guidance and supervision
  24. 24. Cont.. Clarifying session Group discussion
  25. 25. THIRD STAGE: (Fellow up and evaluation) Presentation Open suggestion Expert suggestion Evaluation(post test)
  26. 26. SCOPE OF WORKSHOP TECHNIQUE. New format of lesson- planning Writing objectives in behavioral terms Action research project for classroom problem
  27. 27. CONT… Preparing instruction material or teaching model Workshop for micro-teaching Workshop for task construction
  28. 28. CONT.. Workshop for preparing research synopsis or Proposals Workshop for designing program for teacher education or any level. Workshop for interactional analysis technique
  29. 29. ROLE OF WORKSHOP TECHNIQUES  1) Organizer of the workshop This
  30. 30. Cont..  2) Convener of chairman in first stage.
  31. 31. Cont.. 3) Participants or trainees 4) Experts and resources persons This
  32. 32. Advantages Of Workshop 1) It is used to realize the higher cognitive and psychomotor objectives. 2) It is used for developing and improving professional efficiency, e.g. nursing, medical, dental, etc. 3) It develops the feeling cooperation and group work.
  33. 33. Cont… 4)It is a technique which can be effectively used for developing understanding and proficiency for the approaches and practice in education. 5) The teacher proficiencies can be developed by using the workshop technique for in-service teaching 6) It providers the opportunities and situations to develop the individual capacities of a teacher.
  34. 34. DISADVANTAGES  Generally follow up are not organized in workshop technique.  It requires a lot of time for participant and staff.  Large number of staff members are needed to handle participation.  It demands special facilities or materials.
  35. 35. Budget plan for workshop:  Organizer should plan the budget according to their plan of conducting workshop.  Following simple formula is suggested to estimate the expenditure:  E=(T+S)N×1.25  E=Estimate  T=Cost of return travel  S=living expense(Accommodation, Food)  N=Number of participants
  36. 36. Example of workshop in the form of activity: WORKSHOP ON BLS(Basic life support): it will enhance the knowledge of the trainee staff to improve the qualitative care to the patient and prevent from complication.
  37. 37. INTRODUCTION  Project is one of the moderns method of teaching in which, the students point of view is given importance in designing the curricula and content of studies. A project is a list of real life that has been impacted into the school. it demand work from the pupils.
  38. 38. DEFINITION OF PROJECT A project is a whole hearted purposeful activity proceeding in a social environment. Acc. To W.H. Kilpatrick,
  39. 39. Cont..  It is a plan of action Oxford-learners dictionary  A project is problematic act carried to completion in its most natural setting’. J.A. Stevenson
  40. 40. Timing of project  Timing of project depend upon the type of project.  Minimum project Presentation of timing =1-5minutes
  41. 41. CHARACTERISTCS OF PROJECT METHOD  It takes the student beyond the walls of the class room.  It is carried out in a natural setting, thus making learning realistic and experiential.  It encourage investigative learning and solution of practical problems.
  42. 42. CONT…  It is focused on the student as it enlists his/ her active involvement in the task set.  It promotes a better knowledge of the practical aspects of knowledge gained from books.  It enhances the student’s social skills, as it requires interaction with the social environment.
  43. 43. TYPES OF PROJECT CONSTRUCTIVE PROJECT AESTHETIC PROJECT PROBLEMATIC PROJECT DRILL PROJECT
  44. 44. CONSTRUCTIVE PROJECT: Practical or physical task such as: construction of article  Making a model  Digging the wall  Playing drama These are done in this type of project.
  45. 45. AESTHETIC PROJECT Appreciation powers of the students are developed in this type of project through their efforts .  Musical programs  Beautification of something  Appreciation of poems and so on.
  46. 46. PROBLEMATIC PROJECT:  In this type of project develops the problem solving capacity of the students through their experiences. It is based on the cognitive domain.  E.g. Solving a mathematical equation Machine breakdown Quality problem
  47. 47. DRILL PROJECT: It is for the mastery of the skill and knowledge of the students. It increase the work efficacy and capacity of the students. E.g. A student is given a project in which he or she is expected to develop in developing competency to carry out an experiment or a procedure.
  48. 48. STEPS OF A PROJECT METHOD 1) CREATIVE SITUATION 2) SELECTION OF THE PROBLEM: 3) PLANNING
  49. 49. Cont.. 6) REPORTING AND RECORDING 5)EVALUATION 4)EXECUTION:
  50. 50. Advantages :  It follow psychological law of learning. ( law of readiness, Law of exercise and Law of effect).  Project method give freedom to the students.  It suits to the psychological method of maturation.  It has potentials to drive social values.
  51. 51. cont..  It promotes learning through practical problem solving.  It train for social adjustments.  It saves the learners from insincerity and superficiality.  It trains for a democratic way of life.
  52. 52. Disadvantages :  The role of communication in teaching learning process is subordinated to the glorification of active learning.  It is time consuming and limited by availability and cost of materials.  The practical difficulty of covering syllabus rule out the project method as the basis of teaching in most education institutions.
  53. 53. cont..  The method provides opportunity only for the practical enthusiast  It is too ambitious; beyond the student’s capacity.  It leaves gap in students knowledge.  Opportunity for the correlation with the academic subjects is extremely limited.
  54. 54. ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN PROJECT METHOD:  Facilitator  Designer  Manage activities  Collaborator  Skilled  flexibility
  55. 55. Example of Project in the form of activity:  Changing in Human Resource Process: If your company human resource department decides to replace the processes they are currently using to recruit and interview and hire new employees, that too can be handled as a project.
  56. 56. Cont..  Full body disinfectant sanitizing machines(Himachal Pradesh): The purpose of this sanitizing machine is now a days for the prevention of endemic corona disease.
  57. 57. INTRODUCTION  Role-playing is the changing of one's behaviours to assume a role, either unconsciously to fill a social role, or consciously to act out an adopted role  Role playing is discussion technique that make possible to get maximum participation of a group through acting out an example of some problem or idea under discussion.
  58. 58. DEFINITION  Role play can be define as a technique in which people are presented with a real or artificial environment and they ae exposed with some find of case or situation and they need to exhibit the same in form of roles.
  59. 59. OR Role playing ‘ as the changing of one’s behavior to fulfill a social role’. -oxford English dictionary
  60. 60. Timing of Role Play: Minimum timing of Role Play = 15-30 min
  61. 61. OBJECTIVES:  It helps in developing a better understanding of the job.  It helps in understanding how to handle a particular situation.  It helps in anticipating reaction of other party.
  62. 62. CONT…  It enhanced communication and interpersonal skills.  It can be used with individuals or in group situations.  It teaches empathy and understanding of different perception.
  63. 63. VALUE OF ROLE PLAY • Adopting stimulation techniques to solve problem. • Understanding adequate awareness about social and psychological issues. • Understanding feeling and opinion of others. • Developing feeling and opinion of others.
  64. 64. CONT… • Developing interpersonal communication skills. • To encourage thinking and creativity.
  65. 65. PRINCIPLES OF ROLE PLAY  Based on the philosophy;  Should be flexible.  Should be stimulant to think and should not be an escape from discipline.  Require rehearsal
  66. 66. TYPES OF ROLE PLAY 1) SOCIO DRAMA 2) PSYCHO DRAMA
  67. 67. SOCIO - DRAMA  It deals with interaction of people with other individuals or groups, eg: mother, nurse, leader, etc.  It always involve situations of more than one person and deals with problems that majority of group face in executing their roles.
  68. 68. PSYCHODRAMA  It is mainly practiced in group setting, mainly concerned with the unique needs and problems of a particular individual.  It should not be attempted except under the guidance of a trained therapist.
  69. 69. Add Details Identify the Situation Assign Roles Act Out the Scenario PROCESS OF ROLE PLAY Discuss What You Have Learned
  70. 70. Process of role play: it is easy to set up and run a role- playing session. It will help to follow the five steps below Step 1: Identify the Situation  To start the process, gather people together, introduce the problem, and encourage an open discussion to uncover all of the relevant issues.  This will help people to start thinking about the problem before the role-play begins.
  71. 71. Step 2: Add Details  Next, set up a scenario in enough detail for it to feel "real."  Make sure that everyone is clear about the problem that you're trying to work through, and that they know what you want to achieve by the end of the session.
  72. 72. Step 3: Assign Roles  Once you've set the scene, identify the various fictional characters involved in the scenario.  Some of these may be people who have to deal with the situation when it actually happens (for example, salespeople).  Others will represent people who are supportive or hostile, depending on the scenario (for example, an angry client).
  73. 73. Step 4: Act Out the Scenario  Each person can then assume their role, and act out the situation, trying different approaches where necessary.  It can be useful if the scenarios build up in intensity. For instance, if the aim of your role-play is to practice a sales meeting, the person playing the role of the potential client could start as an ideal client, and, through a series of scenarios, could become increasingly hostile and difficult.
  74. 74. Step 5: Discuss What You Have Learned  When you finish the role-play, discuss what you've learned, so that you or the people involved can learn from the experience.
  75. 75. MERIT’S OF ROLE PLAY  Student interest in the topic is raised.  Active participation.  Long term retention.  It enhances communication and interpersonal skills.
  76. 76. CONT…  It teaches empathy and understanding of different perception.  It can be used with individuals or in group situations  It develops confidence and self-efficancy.  It develops competence.  It is useful for a range of topics, including interviewing, counseling.
  77. 77. DEMERTS OF ROLE PLAY  Role play may awaken previously subdued or suppressed emotions.  Less effective in large groups.  Teacher must accept her new role where he/she does not dominate the class anymore.
  78. 78. Example of Role play in the form of activity:  Role play on HIV( human immune virus)/AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome): it will provide the information about prevention of sexually transmitted disease. e.g. HIV/AIDS
  79. 79. Summarization:
  80. 80. Conclusion:  I conclude that the workshop is assembled group of 10 to 25 persons who share a common interest or problem.  Project is a planned piece of work that have a specific purpose.  Role play is a technique in which people are presented with a real or artificial environment to put yourself into somebody else’s for changing one’s behaviours.
  81. 81. 18 ? ? ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
  82. 82. BIBLIOGRAPHY •BT Basvanthappa; textbook of nursing education; IInd Edition; Published by jaypee brothers medical publishers(p) LTD Ansari road daryaganj. New delhi – 110002; page no. 577-579. •www.slideshare.net › maheswarijaikumar •www.slideshare.net › workshop •www.slideshare.net › manalihsolanki

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