2. Different Indian Art Forms
• GOND PAINTINGS
• PHAD PAINTINGS
• WARLI ART
• MADHUBANI ART
• TANJORE PAINTINGS
• CHERIYAL SCROLLS
• KALIGHAT PAINTINGS
3. GOND PAINTINGS
Gond painting is a famous folk art of the Gond tribal
community of central India. Some of the patterns used in
Gond paintings are:
Dots, Fine Lines, Curved Lines, Dashes, Fish Scales, Drops
of Water, Seed Shapes
Bright colors such as Red, Yellow, Blue, Green, etc., are
commonly used in Gond art. Natural colors are obtained
from charcoal, colored soils, plants, leaves, cow dung, etc.
Prominent Colors: Red, Yellow, Blue and Green.
4. PHAD PAINTINGS
Phad is a type of scroll painting that narrates elaborate religious
stories of local deities and gods.
Typical colors seen in a Phad painting are Yellow, Orange,
Green, Brown, Red, Blue and Black. Each color is used for
specific purposes – Yellow for creating the initial outline and in
ornaments and clothing, Orange for limbs and the torso, Green
for trees and vegetation, Brown for architectural structures, Red
for royal clothing and flags as well as a thick border, and Blue
for water or curtains. Black is applied at the end as outlines.
Prominent Colors: Yellow, Orange, Green, Brown, red, Blue and
5. Chittara is an autochthonous art practice. It is a ubiquitous
cultural phenomenon of the Deevaru
The paintings are usually 2 – 3 feet in size, aesthetically
refined, made of symbols representing their physical
environment. They use eco-friendly natural resources like
ground rice paste for White colour, roasted rice for Black,
Yellow seeds (Gurige) red earth and the brushes are made
up of Pundi Naaru.
Prominent Colors: White, Black and Brown, Red.
6. Warli painting is a form of tribal art mostly created by the
tribal people from the North Sahyadri Range in Maharashtra,
These shapes are symbolic of different elements of nature.
The circle represents the sun and the moon, while the triangle
depicts mountains and conical trees.
The painting is done on an austere mud base using one color,
White, with occasional dots in Red and Yellow. This color is
obtained from grounding rice into white powder.
Warli Painting the use of color is restricted to a stark white
against earthen backgrounds.
Prominent Colors: White, Red and Yellow.
7. Madhubani painting is famous for it naturality and
uniqueness. Often characterized by complex geometrical
patterns, these paintings are known for representing ritual
content for particular occasions, including festivals,
religious rituals, etc.
Traditionally this painting was crafted using natural color.
These colors are often bright and pigments like lampblack
and ochre are used to create black and brown respectively.
Colors used were - Yellow, green, black, white, indigo,
red, blue, brown.
Prominent Colors: Yellow, Green, Black, White, Indigo, Red,
Blue and Brown.
8. Kalamkari is an ancient style of hand painting done
on cotton or silk fabric with a tamarind pen, using
Motifs drawn in Kalamkari spans from flowers,
peacock, paisleys to divine characters of Hindu
epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana.
Kalamkari art primarily use earthy colors like
Indigo, Mustard, Rust, Black and Green.
Prominent Colors: Indigo, Mustard, Black and Green.
9. A classical artform from southern India, Thanjavur painting –
also known as Tanjore painting – is a celebration of the
region’s rich artistic tradition. Tanjore paintings are known for
their extravagant depictions of deities using vibrant colours and
gaudy embellishments, especially gold foil.
The use of vibrant colors and gold leaf embellishments are
characteristic of Tanjore paintings, with cut glass, pearls and
precious and semi-precious stones also used for decoration.
The dazzling color palette of Tanjore paintings uses vibrant
shades of Reds, Blues and Greens. Common themes in
Tanjore paintings include Bal Krishna, Lord Rama, as well as
other gods, goddesses, saints and subjects from Hindu
Prominent Colors: Red, Blue and Green.
10. Cheriyal Scroll Painting is a popular and modified version
of Nakashi art, considered highly rich in the local motifs. This
art form is unique to the state of Telangana and made mostly
in Hyderabad currently. These scrolls depict stories from the
Indian mythology as well as the shorter stories related to the
Puranas and Epics. The Cheriyal paintings represent a
distinct local invention, based mainly on local traditions.
These are painted in vivid hues with mostly primary colors,
showing a predominance of Red color in the background.
Prominent Colors: Red.
11. Characterised by bright colors and bold outlines, Kalighat painting
evolved as a unique genre of Indian painting in 19th-century
Kolkata, in West Bengal. From the depiction of gods and other
mythological characters, these paintings developed over time to
reflect a variety of themes.
The backgrounds were left plain, all non-essential details
removed, and basic combinations of colors were used. This
created the key characteristics of the Kalighat genre.
The main characteristics of the Kalighat genre: bright colors,
bold outlines, and a simple and striking visual image.
Prominent Colors: Bright Colors(Primary).
12. This form of art is closely related to the cult of Shri
Jagannath and the temple traditions in Puri. For Pattachitra
painting, the Chitrakars follow a traditional process of
preparing the canvas. A gauze-like fine cotton cloth is
coated with white stone powder and gum made out of
tamarind seeds. This makes the canvass ready to accept
the paint, made of natural colors. These colors are an
unique feature of Pattachitra.
In general, Blue, Yellow, Green, Red, Brown, Black and
White are used in the Pattachitra of West Bengal.
Prominent Colors: Blue, Yellow, Green, Red, Brown and