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I don’t want to turn my back on this issue. I want to learn more about global hunger and why there are so much starving people in the world. There seems to be enough food… yet why are there millions of people suffering from lack of food or no food at all?Everyone knows people are suffering around the world, although not many know the harsh details.I want to spread awareness and show that one person can make a difference.
This may be relevant to others because we have enough food in the world. Unfortunately it’s not going around to everyone. If this issue keeps going on, one day we may end up suffering from hunger. And awareness of any issue is helpful and positive to know.
Some of my goals for myself and others in this project.
Overview of things I am going to present to the class.
(dictionary.com)There are many definitions for the word hunger. This is the dictionary definition of hunger.Hunger can be categorized into a strong craving for food. It’s serious issue and takes lives every day from mal-nourishment or no nourishment at all.
Everyone knows what hunger is. And has one point or other in their life felt hungry. This hunger that is occuring in third world countries is to the extreme. Where people are actually dying of hunger. The feeling of having little or no food at all a day. There is enough food in the world for everyone yet people are still dying from malnutrition from starvation! (Escaping Hunger, Escaping Excess; Gary Gardner & Brian Halweil)
http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story028/en/Like I said there is enough food in the world to feed everyone adequately although the problem is food distributionFood needs are not met by production.National food security no longer necessary because of global trade.Making it national again may or may notlead to the persistence of food insecurity rural communities.
(www.wfp.org/causes)There many be various different causes of hunger. These are the key general causes of hunger that covers all the areas.I will go over these key causes of hunger more in detail over the next couple of slides…
(Escaping Hunger, Escaping Excess; Gary Gardner & Brian Halweil)Natural Disasters: floods, tropical storms and long periods of drought are some causes nature brings to cause hunger. Drought is not the single most common cause of food shortages in the world. 2006 drought caused crop failures and heavy livestock losses. Climate changes; either too hot or too cold. Exhausting resources.In 1980s the Horn of Africa was flooded and nearly 300,000 people have died. The result was the flood destroying all the crops and killing the country’s best agricultural land! Drought stops the crops from growing naturally. Ongoing damage to the worlds food supply is hurting people.
(www.wfp.org/hunger/causes)Natural Disasters: floods, tropical storms and long periods of drought are some causes nature brings to cause hunger.Drought is not the single most common cause of food shortages in the world.
(www.wfp.org/hunger/causes)War: since 1992 food crisis issues can be attributed to human causes has more than doubled. Such as Asia to Africa to Latin America fighting displaces millions of families. Leading the the worlds worst hunger emergencies. Since 2004 darfur conflict Sudan has uprooted more than a million people. Soldiers starve opponents into submission by seizing or destroying their livestock and crops. Also wrecking local markets. And contaminate waters and fields.
(www.wfp.hunger/causes)“The poor are hungry and their hunger traps them in poverty.” (wfp)Poverty: Deprivation of things that determine the quality of lifeIn developing countries, farmers often cannot afford seed to plant, therefore they cannot grow crops, which result in not being able to eat and provide. Also Craftsmen lack the means to pay for tools to farm and do their trade. “No education or land or water to secure and lay down the foundations for a secure future.” (wfp)Basically without the basic means of money one cannot afford anything to properly survive or get well in order to provide for themselves and their family which causes a chain reaction throughout communities.
(www.wfp.org/hunger/causes)They say improved agricultural output offers the quickest fix for poverty and hunger. Too many developing countries lack key agricultural infrastructure, such as enough roads, warehouses, and irrigation. Infrastructure: basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for operation of a society or enterprise. (dictionary.com)We need to limit agricultural yields and more access to the food. Majority of developing countries depend on agriculture but their government emphasis on urban development more.
(www.wfp.org/hunger/causes)Deforestation is to clear areas of forests and trees. Over cropping is to deplete soil by growing crops continuously on it. (dictionary.com)Increasingly the worlds fertile farmland is under threat from erosion, salination,s and desertification. Erosion is the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water or other natural agents.Salination and desertification process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture.
(www.wfp.org/hungry/who-are)As we know the hungry usually occurs in developing countries. More than 1 billion people hungry. 915 million are in developing countries.
(http://www.wfp.org/hunger/faqs)Three-quarters of people suffering from hunger live in developing areas.Highest % of hunger is in east, central, and southern Africa
The darker the color is on the map is where hunger occurs the most! Red…
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0908763.htmlDeveloping country is a term generally used to describe a nation with a low level of material well being. (dictionary.com)Theincome inequality between rich and poor countries, consider these facts: the world's richest individuals have a combined income greater than that of the poorest 416 million; 982 million people out of the developing world's 4.8 billion people live on $1 per day, and another 2.5 billion (40% of the world's population) live on less than $2 per day. In addition, the poorest 40% of the world population accounted for 5% of global income in 2005, the richest 20% accounted for 75% of world income, and the richest 10% for 54%. (infoplease.com)
(http://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats)1.02 billion people do not have enough to eatPeople who are suffering from hunger can be anyone. Although they are usually people who come from low-income and developing areas. Mostly in developing countries.
(www.wfp.org/hungry/who-are)Rural risk: three quarters of all hungry people live in rural areas. Overwhelmingly dependant on agriculture for their food. These populations have no alternative source of income of employment. They are vulnerable to many crisis. Farmers: 75% of hungry are farming families. Surviving off marginal lands prone to natural disasters like drought or flood. 1 in 5 belongs to landless families dependent on farming.Children: estimated 146 million children in developing countries are underweight – result of acute or chronic hunger. 25% of all hungry are children.Women: woman are the worlds primary food producers. Mainly because of social traditions which mean woman are much more hungry and are struck with poverty than men.315 million women die annually from hemorrhage at childbirth because 50% of pregnant women are iron deficient.
(http://www.wfp.org/hunger/faqs)Being under-nourished means one is not eating enough food or any food at all to have the proper calorie intake to survive daily physical tasks. Calories gives you energy and without energy one cannot support themselves.Undernutrition affects school performance and studies have shown it often leads to a lower income as an adult. It also causes women to give birth to low birth-weight babies.1 Billion under-nourished people world-wide.Undernutrition is what happens when the body does not get the nutrients it needs for good health or cannot use the nutrients it gets.1 ) supplied with less than the minimum amount of the foods essential for sound health and growth2 ) poorly supplied with vital elements or qualities Under-nutrition contributes to 53 percent of the 9.7 million deaths of children under five each year in developing countries. This means that one child dies every six seconds from malnutrition and related causes.
(http://www.wfp.org/hunger/faqs)Malnutrition: badly nourishedMalnutrition has a vast amount of issues. One being extremely thin, being too short for their age, and deficiency in vitamins and minerals.A malnourished person finds that their body struggles to do normal things such as grow and resist disease. Physical work becomes very difficult and even learning abilities can be diminished. For women, pregnancy becomes risky and they cannot be sure of producing nourishing breast milk.
(http://www.wfp.org/hunger/faqs)Die from measles or diarrhea1 Child dies every 6 seconds roughly 684,000 child deaths worldwideLack of Vitamin A kills million infants a year. Associated with with toddlers 25 %. Blindness, susceptibility to disease. Vitamin A deficiency leads to death of 1-3 million children. Iron deficiency can be prevented. Affected 2 billion people. Iodine deficiency causes mental retardation and brain damage. 1.9 billion people are at risk of Iodine deficiency. Preventable by adding iodine to salt.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stunted_growthPingping shortest man in the world only 2 feet 5 inches. He did not get propper nutrition to full developSTUNTING: chronic malnutrition reflects long-term nutritional population. Calculated by height-for-age. Size.It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition in early childhood, including malnutrition during fetal development brought on by the malnourished mother. DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, stunted growth is a common problem affecting a large percentage of children. Once established, stunting and its effects typically become permanent. Stunted children may never regain the height lost as a result of stunting, and most children will never gain the corresponding body weight. It also leads to premature death later in life because vital organs never fully develop during childhood.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/StarvationAccording to the World Health Organization, hunger is the gravest single threat to the world's public health.
(http://www.wfp.org/hunger/faqs)Literally the body is wasting away from such malnutrition and no food intake.Wasting occurs when the body is neglected with lack of food and the nutrition food gives.WASTING AWAY - - of the stomach weakens the perception of hunger, since the perception is controlled by the percentage of the stomach that is empty. Victims of starvation are often too weak to sense thirst, and therefore become dehydrated.WASTING: extreme weight loss
http://www.wfp.org/hiv-aidshttp://www.buzzle.com/articles/malnutrition-diseases.htmlMalnutrition weakens the immune system therefore they are more susceptible to diseases. There are many diseases from hunger yet most of them are from vitamin/mineral deficiency. Because people suffering from malnutrition do not have enough energy and strength in their immunes system to fight diseases.Also the people living with this disease often/most likely cannot afford popper treatment. Diseases in developing countries spread more easily.
Loosing 25,000 to Hunger Every Day, John HolmesAgriculture: The expenses should provide resources to strengthen social protection systems. This should increase the share of agriculture and public spending., Developing and donor countries to improve food and nutrition security. Safety nets and local production surpluses.
Loosing 25,000 to Hunger Every Day, John HolmesFramework presents two sets of outcomes to respond to the global food crisis. To be most effective, these actions must be take simultaneously at the local, national, regional and international levels. Action 1: meeting immediate needs of vulnerable population.Emergency food assistance, nutrition interventions and safety nets are improved and made more accessible food production by smallholder farmers is boosted Macroeconomic implications are managed.International biofuel consensus is developed.
Loosing 25,000 to Hunger Every Day, John HolmesThey are considering trade and taxation measures that will complement or substitute domestic social safety nets. Price controls, export restrictions, generalized subsidies or wage increases. Food stability and price expectations. 44% of the total inflation in 2007 could be attributed to food price hikes at the end of the year. There is still a lot of development and alleviation the government can contribute to.
WFP Objectives1. Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies2. Prepare for emergencies3. Restore and rebuild lives after emergencies4. Reduce chronic hunger and undernutrition everywhere5. Strengthen the capacity of countries to reduce hunger
Any kind of emergency WFP team responds immediately. Whether it be conflict, floods, droughts, or hunger. Food will be supplied as well as an equipped team including an action plan. (www.wfp.org/emergencies)
(www.wfp.org/food-assets)A lot of countries suffer from drought and irrigation can boost crop yields by 100-400%!!In countries attacked by war and conflict WFP offers food assistance as an incentive for ex-combatants to abandon weapons and learn their way back into society.Poverty often forces farmers to overuse soil and grazing land, WFP provides food rations to farmers who practice soil conservation by tree planting.Develop communities by building schools to receive food. WORK FOR FOOD
One you can help spread awareness!2 any type of donations are welcome!
http://www.wfp.org/1billion60 second video spreading awarenessThis is a video produced by the world food programme showing how spreading awareness can impact someone.
For my application I hosted a bake sale in the lower commons across from the Hub. It was right after school where I sold all sorts of baked goods. I played music and hosted and event where not only people can buy baked goods but also gain awareness about world hunger.
I will also continue my research and try to donate as much as I can in the future because this is truly rewarding.
Haiti: 76% live on less than $2.00 a day the rest live on $1.00 a day average family size in haiti is 7. average in America is 4 Indonesia: 35 million poor people live on less than $0.65 a day usually families in developing countries consist of more than 4 people because they are unaware of birth control or cannot afford.Each student will go on http://freerice.com. There they will be given a word and then they will have to choose the right synonym. If they answer correctly the website will donate ten grains of rice to United Nations World Food Program. It is fun and easy and students can easily help feed people in hunger. The student who donates the most grains of rice within a certain time period will win a prize.
Personal Relevance<br />Awareness<br />Doing something good for others<br />Not turning my back on issues beyond our own borders<br />
Topic Relevance<br />May effect you<br />Awareness/knowledge on issues going on in the world<br />
Project Goals<br />Understanding hunger issues<br />Inform others about what is going on<br />Learn how to alleviate hunger<br />Donate to a food relief charity<br />
Overview<br />Hunger Power Point <br />World Food Programme<br />Bake Sale iMovie Application<br />Conclusion<br />Class Activity- Free Rice<br />
Thesis<br />There is enough food in the world today to nourish everyone although 907 million people in developing countries are hungry and extremely malnourished. Spreading awareness about the issues occurring in developing countries today may change the course of the future. <br />
Definition of Hunger<br />“A feeling of discomfort or weakness caused by lack of food, couple with the desire to eat.”<br />“Severe lack of food.”<br />“Strong desire or craving.”<br />
What is Hunger?<br />Desperate scarcity of food<br />Poverty is Hungers main root<br />
Developing Countries<br />A poor agricultural country that is seeking to become more advanced economically and socially.<br />Dictionary.com<br />
The Hungry<br />All ages<br />Families in rural communities<br />Unemployed<br />Landless Farmers<br />The sick<br />
The Hungry<br />Rural risk<br />Farmers<br />Children<br />Woman<br />
Under-Nourishment <br />Not enough nutrients<br />Not enough energy to function<br />
Malnutrition<br />Wasting<br />Stunting<br />Underweight<br />Death from starvation or disease<br />
Malnutrition Cont. <br />Inadequate intake of protein, energy and micronutrients.<br />Frequent infections and disease<br />Deficiency of Vitamin A<br />Deficiency of Iron<br />Deficiency of Iodine<br />
Stunting<br />Reduced growth rate in human development<br />Growth<br />Size<br />
Starvation<br />Extreme form of malnutrition<br />Significant fat & Muscle loss <br />
Wasting Away<br />Extreme weight loss<br />Result from starvation or disease<br />
HIV/AIDS & Diseases<br />More susceptible to diseases<br />Estimated 33 million people live with HIV worldwide<br />
Alleviating Hunger<br />Spend more on agriculture<br />Better use of local land and local physical food stocks<br />
Alleviating Hunger<br />Comprehensive Framework<br />Improving on what we have<br />Immediate Attention <br />
How You Can Help<br />Spread awareness<br />Donations!<br />
A Billion for a Billion!<br />http://www.wfp.org/1billion<br />
Application<br />Bake Sale <br />(April 15, 2010)<br />iMovie<br />
Conclusion <br />In conclusion I learned in depth about world hunger. Once again there is enough food for everyone yet people are still suffering. This is a serious issue going on in our world where one can truly make a difference just by spreading awareness.<br />
Work Cited<br />http://www.wfp.org/our-work <br />"Feeding The Hungry." Economist 371.8374 (2004): 74. MasterFILE Premier. Web. 21 Nov. 2009. <br />"Food Security." World Health Organization. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story028/en/>. <br />Fridell, Ron. The war on hunger : dealing with dictators, deserts, and debt. Brookfield, Conn: Twenty-First Century Books, 2003. Print. <br />
Work Cited<br />Gardner, Gary, and Brian Halweil. "Escaping Hunger, Escaping Excess." World Watch (July-Aug. 2000): 24-35. SIRS Researcher. Web. 21 Nov. 2009. <br />Holmes, John. "Losing 25,000 to Hunger Every Day." UN Chronicle (U.N. Dept. of Public Information) 45 (Feb. 2008): 14-20. SIRS Researcher. Web. 1 Dec. 2009.<br />
Work Cited<br />"Hunger Facts: International." Bread For The World. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 May 2010. <http://www.bread.org/learn/hunger-basics/ hunger-facts-international.html>. <br />"Hunger Facts: International." Bread For The World. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 May 2010. <http://www.bread.org/learn/hunger-basics/ hunger-facts-international.html>. <br />
Work Cited<br />Lynas, Mark. "Food Crisis." NEW STATESMAN (London, England) 137.4893 (2008): 24-26. SIRS Researcher. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <br />Maddocks, Steven. World Hunger. Milwaukee, WI : World Almanac, 2005. Print. <br />"Malnutrition Diseases." Buzzle.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2010. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/malnutrition-diseases.html>. <br />
Works Cited<br />Schmidhuber, Josef, and Francesco N Tubiello. "Global Food Security Under Climate Change." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104.50 (2007): n. pag. JSTOR. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/25450779>. <br />"Starvation." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starvation><br />
Works Cited<br />"Stunted Growth." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stunted_growth>. <br />United Nations World Food Programme. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://www.wfp.org/>. <br />Vidal, John. "How We Feed the World On 85p." The Observer (London, England) (Oct. 2009): 32. SIRS Researcher. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <br />
Works Cited<br />"World's 50 Poorest Countries." Infoplease. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2010. <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0908763.html>. <br />http://www.wfp.org/hiv-aids<br />http://kbanespr.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/past.jpg<br />http://politicalrogue.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/world-hunger.jpg<br />
Work Cited<br />http://fileserver.tinker.com/tinker/events/15/15026_main_image_1256325105.jpg<br />http://www.actnow.com.au/files/6016/world_hunger__by_Mr_Kris.jpg<br />http://transitioniow.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/drought-china.jpg<br />http://abagond.files.wordpress.com/2007/03/darfur_conflict.jpg<br />
Work Cited<br />http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_8OaZRcNWEq8/SqoEXNfwLqI/AAAAAAAAAc0/K4NPCrOtJ6k/s400/quinapondon_samar_rice_farming_05.JPG<br />http://www.novinite.com/media/images/2009-04/photo_verybig_102920.jpg<br />http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/newsroom/wfp194619.jpg<br />http://www.wfp.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/600x300//sites/default/files/BGD_200408_WFP-Shehzad-Noorani_0191d.jpg<br />
Work Cited<br />http://www.wfp.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/600x300//sites/default/files/INS_20050115_WFP-Rein_Skullerud_0098d.jpg<br />http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/hort/news/allontario/ao0703a1f5.jpg<br />http://www.wfp.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/600x400/photos/600_Main_Nscripture.jpg<br />http://jeffreyleow.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/meier_foster12.jpg<br />
Work Cited<br />http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/liaison_offices/wfp185786.jpg<br />http://cdn.picapp.com/ftp/Images/b/3/5/5/8b.jpg<br />http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/9famstudworldhunger/images/WH_grnkorea.jpg<br />http://flickeringpictures.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/nkorea_hunger.gif<br />http://www.betterworld.net/quotes/endhunger-quotes-2.htm<br />
Work Cited<br />http://www.wfp.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/600x400/photos/600_bis_Total_Hungry_People_2001-2009.jpg<br />http://library.thinkquest.org/C002291/high/present/stats.html<br />http://www.stopthehunger.com/<br />http://www.heartsandminds.org/poverty/hungerfacts.htm<br />http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_rqCxPYPgS8o/SeAtUrG_69I/AAAAAAAAA1Y/ehFXa8JqqTM/s400/Hungry+children.jpg<br />
Work Cited<br />http://www.wfp.org/photos/gallery/nutritional-products-used-wfp<br />