Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Subject Physics and Chemistry
Course/Level 4º ESO
Primary Learning Objective Analyze...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
METHODOLOGY
Organization and class distribution / timing The number of sessions considered to develop t...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
 How can we express the quantity of
substances?
 Why chemists do choose to work in moles?
 What are ...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
P...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.1. SIGNS OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
A chem...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.1. SIGNS OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
The fo...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES R...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES R...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES R...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES R...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES R...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES R...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES R...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
A burrowing mamma...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
This number is ca...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
• 1 dozen cookies...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Activity 1.3.5: V...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Five Typ...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
1. Combu...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
2. Synth...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3. Decom...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
4. Singl...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
5. Doubl...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Single a...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Activity...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3. GAS LAWS
One of the most amazing thi...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3. GAS LAWS
Pressure - Temperature - Vo...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3.1. BOYLE’S LAW Pressure - Volume Rela...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3.2. CHARLES LAW
Activity 3.2.1: Charle...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3.3. GAY-LUSSAC’S LAW
Activity 3.3.1: G...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3.4. AVOGRADO’S LAW
Activity 3.4.1: Avo...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3. GAS LAWS
The previous laws all assum...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
3. GAS LAWS
1 mol of a gas=22.4 L
at ST...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4. STOICHIOMETRY
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
The mass of one elemen...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4. STOICHIOMETRY
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Almost all stoichiomet...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4.1. STOICHIOMETRY ISLAND DIAGRAM
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Mass
...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
1. Introduction to chemical reactions.
1.1. Signs of chemical reactions.
1.2. Chemical equations: law o...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Airbag D...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Water fr...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Rocket F...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Water in...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
Activity...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wwmsy...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eYeRA...
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Pp Jaramillo Romero
Dpto. Física y Química
IES Rodríguez Moñino
- https://es.khanacademy.org/science/ch...
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

Chemical Reactions

8.150 visualizaciones

Publicado el

Lesson plan about chemical reactions.

Publicado en: Ciencias
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • historia de la quimica
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí
  • SUPERB!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
       Responder 
    ¿Estás seguro?    No
    Tu mensaje aparecerá aquí

Chemical Reactions

  1. 1. CHEMICAL REACTIONS CHEMICAL REACTIONS Subject Physics and Chemistry Course/Level 4º ESO Primary Learning Objective Analyze chemical reactions in terms of quantities and product formation. Subject Content 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. Language Content / Communication Vocabulary Arrow, exothermic, chemical equation, ionic equation, chemical reaction, precipitate, coefficient, product, decomposition reactant, single replacement, double replacement ,electrolysis, synthesis, endothermic … Structures Routines: How can we express the quantity of substances? Why chemists do choose to work in moles? What are the uses of symbols and formulas in determining moles of substances ? What is the difference between mass of an atom and atomic mass? Contents: Conditionals, present, future, comparatives. Classroom management: Take out your notebook/recorder/pen, write down the following sentence, right! / you're right, well done! / very well! / good job , etc. Discourse type Exposition, description, argument. Language skills Writing, reading, speaking and listening Activities The presentation includes different activities with an explanation in order to the students answer a question or solve a problem, make observations and collect data, and draw a conclusion as to the answer to the question or problem. LESSON PLAN Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  2. 2. CHEMICAL REACTIONS METHODOLOGY Organization and class distribution / timing The number of sessions considered to develop the contents on this unit are at least 8 sessions of 50 minutes each one (+ 2 week final Project) It’s very important to point out that the methodology will be active and participatory in order to facilitate both individual and group learning. For that, teacher observation is very important during student's work. Key Competences Language proficiency Know, acquire and apply the vocabulary of the subject. Exercising a comprehensive reading of texts related to the topic. Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks. Digital competence and treatment of information I use PDI to explain content and implementation of web quest by students. Make the online activities. Social and civic competences Fostering respect between and other values like cooperation, coeducation when they work in groups. Autonomy and personal initiative To be autonomous for individual activities. Analyse the specific results based on explanations in the text. Mathematical competence Solve a variety of stoichiometry problems (ex. mass-mass, mol-mol, mass-mol, etc.) Evaluation Acquired content knowledge (*) Analyse the stoichiometric relationships inherent in a chemical reaction. Analyse the Law of Conservation of Matter and how it applies to various types of chemical equations (synthesis, decomposition...) Interpret coefficients of a balanced equation as mole ratios. Use mole ratios from the balanced equation to calculate the quantity of one substance in a reaction given the quantity of another substance in the reaction. Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks. How to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. Write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean. Learn what a mole ratio is and how to determine and write the mole ratio relating two substances in a chemical equation. To make mole-to-mole calculations and solve problems involving moles of substances. Instruments The unit will be evaluated daily with: Individual participation in classroom activities and homework. Works in groups. Notebook. Behavior. Tests. Glossary. Conceptual maps. Lab experiments. Final Project. (*) Depends on the student’s level. Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  3. 3. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  4. 4. CHEMICAL REACTIONS  How can we express the quantity of substances?  Why chemists do choose to work in moles?  What are the uses of symbols and formulas in determining moles of substances ?  What is the difference between mass of an atom and atomic mass ? CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  5. 5. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  6. 6. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Physical changes Are concerned with energy and states of matter. A physical change does not produce a new substance, although the starting and ending materials may look very different from each other. Chemical and physical changes are related to chemical and physical properties Changes in state or phase (melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, sublimation) Breaking a bottle Crushing a can Chemical changes Take place on the molecular level. A chemical change produces a new substance. Another way to think of it is that a chemical change accompanies a chemical reaction. Rusting of an iron pan Burning Cooking an egg Activity 1.1: Physical and chemical changes
  7. 7. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  8. 8. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.1. SIGNS OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino A chemical change makes a substance that wasn't there before. There may be clues that a chemical reaction took place, such as light, heat, colour change, gas production, odour, or sound. There are a number of observations that indicate a chemical reaction has occurred. One is the formation of a precipitate. A precipitate is a solid formed in a chemical reaction that is different from either of the reactants. A colour change may also indicate that a chemical reaction has occurred. A reaction has occurred if two solutions are mixed and there is a colour change that is not simply the result of a dilution of one of the reactant solutions.
  9. 9. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.1. SIGNS OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino The formation of a gas is the third sign that a reaction may have occurred. The formation of bubbles when two liquids are mixed usually indicates that a gas has formed. An increase or decrease in temperature both indicate that a chemical reaction is occurring. Here the temperature increased when two liquid samples were mixed. Activity 1.1.1: Video: Definition of chemical reaction
  10. 10. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  11. 11. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino A chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction. Depict the kind of reactants and products and their relative amounts in a reaction. 4 Al(s) + 3 O2(g) 2 Al2O3(s) The letters (s), (g), and (l) are the physical states of compounds. The numbers in the front are called stoichiometric coefficients. This equation means: 4 Al atoms + 3 O2 molecules yield 2 molecules of Al2O3 4 Al moles + 3 O2 moles yield 2 moles of Al2O3 or
  12. 12. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Because the same atoms are present in a reaction at the beginning (reactants) and at the end (products), the amount of matter in a system does not change. Law of Conservation of Matter Lavoisier is that, in a closed system, matter cannot be created or destroyed. It can change forms, but is conserved. The law of conservation of mass is a relation stating that in a chemical reaction, the mass of the products equals the mass of the reactants. Antoine Lavoisier stated, "atoms of an object cannot be created or destroyed, but can be moved around and be changed into different particles". Activity 1.2.1: Law of conservation of mass
  13. 13. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Because of the principle of the conservation of matter, An equation must be balanced. It must have the same number of atoms of the same kind on both sides. Unbalanced and balanced equations
  14. 14. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Balanced equation One in which the number of atoms of each element as a reactant is equal to the number of atoms of that element as a product Balancing Chemical Equations • Write a word equation for the reaction. • Write the correct formulas for all reactants and products. • Determine the coefficients that make the equation balance. Activity 1.2.2: Video: Introduction to Balancing Chemical Equations Activity 1.2.3: Video: Balancing Chemical Equations/Types of Reactions
  15. 15. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Determine whether the following equation is balanced. 2 Na + H2O  2 NaOH + H2 2 Na + 2 H2O  2 NaOH + H2 Activities Is this balanced? NO(g) + O(g)  NO2(g)
  16. 16. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Symbols used in chemical equations
  17. 17. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.2. CHEMICAL EQUATIONS: LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Symbols used in chemical equations
  18. 18. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  19. 19. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino A burrowing mammal with fossorial forefeet A small congenital pigmented spot on the skin An undercover agent, a counterspy, a double agent A breakwater A mole is… A unit of measure for an amount of a chemical substance. Activity 1.3.2: Video: Singing a song Activity 1.3.1: Video: Introduction to moles Activity 1.3.3: Video: Happy mole day to you
  20. 20. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino This number is called AVOGADRO’s number NA = 602213673600000000000000 or 6.022 x 1023 particles/mol In Chemistry a mole is the amount of substance that contains as many particles (atoms or molecules) as there are in 12.0 g of the isotope of carbon-12. 1 mole ~ 602.2 sextillions Amadeo Avogadro (1766-1856) never knew his own number; it was named in his honor by a French scientist in 1909. Its value was first estimated by Josef Loschmidt, an Austrian chemistry teacher, in 1895.
  21. 21. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino • 1 dozen cookies = 12 cookies • 1 mole of cookies = 6.022 X 1023 cookies • 1 dozen cars = 12 cars • 1 mole of cars = 6.022 X 1023 cars • 1 dozen Al atoms = 12 Al atoms • 1 mole of Al atoms = 6.022 X 1023 atoms Note that the NUMBER is always the same, but the MASS is very different! Mole is abbreviated mol.
  22. 22. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1.3. THE MOLE CONCEPT Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Activity 1.3.5: Video: Converting between grams and moles Activity 1.3.6: Video: Converting between moles, atoms, and molecules Activity 1.3.4: Video: How big is a mole? Activity 1.3.7: Moles and mass relations exercises Activity 1.3.8: Mole calculations Activity 1.3.9: Practice problems Activities
  23. 23. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  24. 24. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Five Types of Chemical Reactions: 1. Combustion 3. Decomposition 4. Single Displacement 5. Double Displacement 2. Synthesis
  25. 25. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 1. Combustion When a substance combines with oxygen releasing a large amount of energy in the form of light and heat, it is a combustion reaction. •In general: CxHy + O2  CO2 + H2O •Products in combustion are ALWAYS carbon dioxide and water. (although incomplete burning does cause some by-products like carbon monoxide) •Combustion is used to heat homes and run automobiles (octane, as in gasoline, is C8H18)
  26. 26. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 2. Synthesis When two substances (generally elements) combine and form a compound. (Sometimes these are called combination or addition reactions). Basically: A + B  AB Example: 2H2 + O2  2H2O Example: C+ O2  CO2
  27. 27. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3. Decomposition When a compound breaks up into the elements or in a few to simpler compounds In general: AB  A + B Example: 2 H2O  2H2 + O2 Example: 2 HgO  2Hg + O2
  28. 28. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 4. Single Displacement When one element replaces another in a compound. A metal can replace a metal (+) OR a nonmetal can replace a nonmetal (-). A + BC  AC + B (if A is a metal) OR A + BC  BA + C (if A is a nonmetal) (remember the cation always goes first!)
  29. 29. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 5. Double Displacement • When a metal replaces a metal in a compound and a nonmetal replaces a nonmetal in a compound. In general: AB + CD  AD + CB Example: AgNO3(aq) + NaCl(s)  AgCl(s) + NaNO3(aq) Another example: K2SO4(aq) + Ba(NO3)2(aq)  KNO3(aq) + BaSO4(s)
  30. 30. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Single and double replacement reactions Double-replacement reaction CaCO3 + 2 HCl  CaCl2 + H2CO3 General form: AB + CD  AD + CB Single-replacement reaction Mg + CuSO4  MgSO4 + Cu General form: A + BC  AC + B
  31. 31. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 2. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Activity 2.2: Video: Five types of chemical reactions Activity 2.3: Video: Types of chemical reactions Activity 2.1: Video: 5 Types of Chemical Reactions Lab Activities Activity 2.4: Let’s go to the lab!
  32. 32. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  33. 33. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3. GAS LAWS One of the most amazing things about gases is that, despite wide differences in chemical properties, all the gases more or less obey the gas laws. Gas laws deal with how gases behave with respect to pressure, volume, temperature, and amount. Gas properties can be modeled using math. Model depends on: V = volume of the gas (liters, L) T = temperature (Kelvin, K) P = pressure (atmospheres, atm) n = amount (moles, mol)
  34. 34. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3. GAS LAWS Pressure - Temperature - Volume Relationship Gay-Lussac’s P Ta Charles V Ta Boyle’s P 1 Va ___
  35. 35. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  36. 36. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3.1. BOYLE’S LAW Pressure - Volume Relationship Boyle's law or the pressure-volume law states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at constant temperature varies inversely with the applied pressure when the temperature and mass are constant. (V is proportional to the inverse of P) Another way to describing it is saying that their products are constant. PV = Cte When pressure goes up, volume goes down. When volume goes up, pressure goes down. From the equation above, this can be derived: P1V1 = P2V2 = P3V3 etc. P 1 Va ___ Activity 3.1.1: Boyle's Law
  37. 37. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  38. 38. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3.2. CHARLES LAW Activity 3.2.1: Charles Law Temperature - Volume Relationship This law states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at constant pressure is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature. (V is proportional to T) Same as before, a constant can be put in: V / T = Cte As the volume goes up, the temperature also goes up, and vice-versa. Also same as before, initial and final volumes and temperatures under constant pressure can be calculated. V1 /T1 = V2 /T2 = V3 /T3 etc. V Ta
  39. 39. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  40. 40. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3.3. GAY-LUSSAC’S LAW Activity 3.3.1: Gay-Lussac's Law Pressure - Temperature Relationship This law states that the pressure of a given amount of gas held at constant volume is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature. (P is proportional to T) Same as before, a constant can be put in: P / T = Cte As the pressure goes up, the temperature also goes up, and vice-versa. Also same as before, initial and final volumes and temperatures under constant pressure can be calculated. P1 /T1 = P2 /T2 = P3 /T3 etc. V Ta
  41. 41. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  42. 42. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3.4. AVOGRADO’S LAW Activity 3.4.1: Avogadro's Law Volume - Amount Relationship Gives the relationship between volume and amount when pressure and temperature are held constant. Amount is measured in moles. Also, since volume is one of the variables, that means the container holding the gas is flexible in some way and can expand or contract. If the amount of gas in a container is increased, the volume increases. If the amount of gas in a container is decreased, the volume decreases. (V is proportional to n) As before, a constant can be put in: V / n = Cte This means that the volume-amount fraction will always be the same value if the pressure and temperature remain constant. V1 /n1 = V2 /n2 = V3 /n3 etc. V na
  43. 43. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3. GAS LAWS The previous laws all assume that the gas being measured is an ideal gas, a gas that obeys them all exactly. But over a wide range of temperature, pressure, and volume, real gases deviate slightly from ideal. The ideal gas law is: R is a constant called the universal gas constant and is equal to approximately 0.0821 L-atm / mole-K. Activity 3.1: Gas laws exercises
  44. 44. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino 3. GAS LAWS 1 mol of a gas=22.4 L at STP Molar Volume at STP Standard Temperature & Pressure 0°C and 1 atm
  45. 45. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  46. 46. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4. STOICHIOMETRY Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino The mass of one element combines with a fixed mass of another element in a ratio of whole numbers. All samples of a given chemical compound have the same elemental composition Mass of the products equals the mass of the reactants One of the most important parts of chemistry is stoichiometry. Stoichiometry is the study of the quantities of reactants and products in a chemical reaction. The word comes from the Greek words: stoicheion ("element") and metron ("measure"). Sometimes you'll see stoichiometry covered by another name: Mass Relations. It's a more easily pronounced way of saying the same thing.
  47. 47. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4. STOICHIOMETRY Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Almost all stoichiometric problems can be solved in just four simple steps: 1.Balance the equation. 2.Convert units of a given substance to moles. 3.Using the mole ratio, calculate the moles of substance yielded by the reaction. 4.Convert moles of wanted substance to desired units. These "simple" steps probably look complicated at first glance, but relax, they will all become clear. STOICHIOMETRY STEPS
  48. 48. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  49. 49. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4.1. STOICHIOMETRY ISLAND DIAGRAM Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Mass Particles Volume Mole Mole Mass Volume Particles Known Unknown Substance A Substance B Use coefficients from balanced chemical equation1 mole = 22.4 L @ STP 1 mole = 22.4 L @ STP (gases) (gases)
  50. 50. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Introduction to chemical reactions. 1.1. Signs of chemical reactions. 1.2. Chemical equations: law of conservation of matter. 1.3. The mole concept. 2. Types of chemical reactions. 3. Gas Laws. 3.1. Boyle’s law. 3.2. Charles law. 3.3. Gay-Lussac’s law. 3.4. Avogadro’s law. 4. Stoichiometry. 4.1. Stoichiometry island diagram. 4.2. Real life problem solving. OUTLINE Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino
  51. 51. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Airbag Design 2 NaN3(s)  2 Na(s) + 3 N2(g) 6 Na(s) + Fe2O3(s)  3 Na2O(s) + 2 Fe(s) Assume that 65.1 L of N2 gas are needed to inflate an air bag to the proper size. How many grams of NaN3 must be included in the gas generant to generate this amount of N2? (Hint: The density of N2 gas at this temperature is about 0.916 g/L). How much Fe2O3 must be added to the gas generant for that amount of NaN3?
  52. 52. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Water from a Camel Camels store the fat tristearin (C57H110O6) in the hump. As well as being a source of energy, the fat is a source of water, because when it is used the reaction takes place. 2 C57H110O6(s) + 163 O2(g)  114 CO2(g) + 110 H2O(l) What mass of water can be made from 1.0 kg of fat?
  53. 53. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Rocket Fuel The compound diborane (B2H6) was at one time considered for use as a rocket fuel. How many grams of liquid oxygen would a rocket have to carry to burn 10 kg of diborane completely? (The products are B2O3 and H2O).
  54. 54. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Water in space In the space shuttle, the CO2 that the crew exhales is removed from the air by a reaction within canisters of lithium hydroxide. On average, each astronaut exhales about 20.0 mol of CO2 daily. What volume of water will be produced when this amount of CO2 reacts with an excess of LiOH? (Hint: The density of water is about 1.00 g/mL.)
  55. 55. CHEMICAL REACTIONS 4.2. REAL LIFE PROBLEM SOLVING Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino Activity 4.2.1: Tutorial and problem set Activity 4.2.2: Reaction worksheets Activities
  56. 56. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wwmsy4huZQ0 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X328AWaJXvl - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEB5r7DW5So - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yA3TZJ2em6g - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wI56mHUDJgQ - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4B8PFqbMNIw - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEl4jeETVmg - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nsEkKIiOz7Q - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEl4jeETVmg - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9U6uYRk-2ds - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMAOrGpkTsQ - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMnkSb2YsXI - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReMe348Im2w - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1R7NiIum2TI VIDEOS BIBLIOGRAPHY
  57. 57. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eYeRA--Xq0E - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWhs5L_gBTI - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cr7xGEI0KDc - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fexEvn0ZOpo - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEl4jeETVmg - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nsEkKIiOz7Q VIDEOS BIBLIOGRAPHY
  58. 58. CHEMICAL REACTIONS Pp Jaramillo Romero Dpto. Física y Química IES Rodríguez Moñino - https://es.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical- reactions-stoichiome - http://woodridge.k12.oh.us/ourpages/users/dweaver/Chemistr y/PracticeWorksheets/ReactionWorksheets.html - http://dl.clackamas.edu/ch104-03/practice.htm - http://www.famousscientists.org/amedeo-avogadro/ - http://www.chemteam.info/Stoichiometry/Stoichiometry.html - http://www.halesowen.ac.uk/chemistry/mole_calculations.htm - http://www2.southeastern.edu/Academics/Faculty/wparkinson /help/atoms_and_molecules/test.html - http://www.harpercollege.edu/tm- ps/chm/100/dgodambe/thedisk/chemrxn/signs4.htm - http://www.iq.poquoson.org/hssci/chemistry/gaslaws/hsgasla ws06tlm.htm BIBLIOGRAPHY WEBSITES

×