Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.

Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil

204 visualizaciones

Publicado el

The sustainable intensification process has though two main barriers: the learning curve to master new techniques and the cost of equipment suited for the new practices. This communication aims to discuss a project of strip-till design following an innovation system approach. First, we present the agronomic challenge and our approach for a custom supply development. Then, we discuss the relevance of our some early outcomes for the wider goal of sustainable intensification of crop production.

Publicado en: Ciencias
  • Sé el primero en comentar

Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil

  1. 1. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil Davide RIZZO Benoît DETOT Andrii YATSKUL Carolina UGARTE Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 @pievarino #ChaireAMNT Sept 13 2018, Marsala ITA 1
  2. 2. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT UniLaSalle A few words about us ©D.RIZZO,2018CCBY-SA Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 || ABOUT US || BACKGROUND || PROTOTYPE || CONCLUSION ||
  3. 3. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Institut Polytechnique UniLaSalle A private higher education institute 2800 students 3 integrated degree programs in Food & Health, Geology & Environment, Agronomy and other Bachelor and Master degree programs 4 Academic and Industrial Chairs 4 research groups and several facilities member of the Lasallian education network 3 campuses in northern France: Beauvais, Rouen, Rennes Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 3
  4. 4. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNTStrip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 The Chair is backed by UniLaSalle with the financial support from the Michelin Corporate Foundation, AGCO Massey-Ferguson, the Hauts-de-France Regional Council and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). Research and education team adressing the innovation of agricultural equipment and technologies We aim to enable students, farmers and producers to master the disruptive transformation of the agricultural machinery and the opportunities provided by new technologies. © Davide Rizzo, 2018 CC BY-NC-SA Rizzo D, Dubois M, Combaud A (2018) Innovation des agroéquipements : au carrefour entre agriculteurs, industriels et formation. Beauvais, FRA, http://bit.ly/2G5dPu9 4
  5. 5. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Agritech innovation cluster The AMNT Chair works in collaboration with the AgriLab® open innovation platform. We are part of the French cluster for agritech innovation and digital agriculture placed in the Hauts-de-France region and backed by the Beauvaisis agglomeration community Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 © Davide Rizzo, AgriLab® 2018 CC BY-NC-SA 5 Rizzo D, Fourati F, Ceapraz L, et al (in preparation) Identifying the actors’ interactions within an agricultural innovation system towards sustainability. The case of a French cluster for agritech innovation. In: International workshop on System Innovation towards Sustainable Agriculture. Riga, Latvia https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327051788_Identifying_the_actors'_interactions_within_an_agricultural_innovation_system_towards_sustainability_The_case_of_a_French_c luster_for_agritech_innovation
  6. 6. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Background & challenges Enabling cropping system innovation ©AENT158,Photottest06,2018 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 || ABOUT US || BACKGROUND || PROTOTYPE || CONCLUSION ||
  7. 7. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Sustainable intensification of crop production Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 A call for agricultural (equipment) innovation 7 In the past, intensifying meant to bring new land into cultivation Current and prospected trends in world population growth orient to foster more efficient use and management of the resources (Pisante et al. 2012) Pisante et al. (2012) Agricultural innovations for sustainable crop production intensification. IJA 7:300–311. doi: 10.4081/ija.2012.e40 DeJong-Hughes J (2017) Upper Midwest Tillage Guide-Reducing tillage intensity : Soil management and health : Agriculture : University of Minnesota Extension. In: Soil management and health. https://www.extension.umn.edu/agriculture/soils/tillage/tillage-guide-intensity/ . Agronomists are again questioning soil tillage practices to reduce tillage intensity to:  reduce fuel use, time & labour  improve soil organic matter building and soil health (DeJong-Hughes 2017).
  8. 8. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT This study BACKGROUND. The sustainable intensification process has 2 main barriers: the learning curve to master new techniques and the cost of equipment suited for the new practices. AIM. To discuss an ongoing student strip-till prototype drawn within an innovation cropping system approach. ©DavideRIZZO,Strip-tillproject,2018CC-BY-SA4.0 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 8
  9. 9. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Context: project RéSIAR (2015-2020) 9 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 “Demonstrating site network” Funding: ~ 2.7 million € by European Regional Development Fund, French State and Hauts-de-France Regional Council. AIM. To study and show the feasibility of the diversification of current cropping systems by the introduction of food and non-food crops for feed, bio-based products and bioenergy. 4 demonstration sites and 3 areas to explore new supply chains. Aizecourt-le-Haut Ferme 3.0 Landifay Catenoy UniLaSalle
  10. 10. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Three 4-year crop sequences 10 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 Regional mixed farming system: rapeseed, winter wheat, silage maize. Illustration adapted from: Lamerre et al; (2017) Assessing environmental impacts of bioeconomy. Oriented cropping systems using Life Cycle Assessment approach. In: International LCA Conference, congrès Av’nir. Lille, FRA Food 3 Food 1 Food 2Feed Harvested catch crop Food 1 Food 2 Feed Food 3 HVC Feed 4 Feed 3 Feed 1 Feed 2 HVC HVC food-priority biomass-priority Replicated with / without soil tillage on our site baseline Crop residues ( ) exported ( ) reintegrated Intensification of fodder or energy crop production
  11. 11. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Agronomic challenges Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 Increasing biomass (feed & bioenergy) production Achieving autonomy for livestock feeding Simplifying soil tillage 11
  12. 12. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Pedological constraints 12 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 The region shows a predominance of silt and silt loam soils (USDA)  weak structural stability: high risk of crusting and erosion.  benefit from simplified soil tillage, when operated shortly before the seeding, because reducing soil degradation. STRIP-TILLAGE combines reduction of labour time, and preparation of fine seedbed, as required for maize and beet. Duval R (2014) Le strip-till en betteraves sucrières : résultats ITB Laufer D, Koch H-J (2017) Growth and yield formation of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) under strip tillage compared to full width tillage on silt loam soil in Central Europe. EJA 82:182–189. Sourcehttps://esdac.jrc.ec.europa.eu/content/topsoil-physical-properties-europe-based-lucas-topsoil-data
  13. 13. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Available commercial strip-tillage tools 13 Mostly passive, generally operated at 10-12 km/h, can achieve fine seedbed if used months ahead seeding They can be combined only with recent planters or operated separately by using RTK-GPS. Altogether, these machines and technologies may require high investments by farmers, eventually hampering the whole farming system innovation. © @benj_thi.JPG Sugar beet seeding #FranceAgriTwittos © Alandmanson Strip-till 2011 09 07 1709.jpg CC-BY-SA https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Strip-till_2011_09_07_1709.jpg#/media/File:Strip-till_2011_09_07_1709.jpg Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018
  14. 14. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT The agronomic design specs Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 14 Strip-till specifications required to enable the biomass-priority crop sequence Fine seedbed for sugar beet and maize Previous cover: living mulch, meadow or ryegrass-clover 10 cm tillage width x 10-20 cm adjustable cultivating depth Combinable with the two farm planters  maximum speed of 3 km/h Variable row spacing or at least:  6 rows at 45 cm (sugar beet, silage maize)  6 rows at 50 cm (sunflower)  4 rows at 80 cm (grain corn) Frame size adapted for road transportation, easy hitching and operator safety
  15. 15. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Main results The strip-till element early prototype Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 ©AENT158,Disqueouvreur,2017 || ABOUT US || BACKGROUND || PROTOTYPE || CONCLUSION ||
  16. 16. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Agricultural Equipment & New Technologies Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 3 years of Bachelor level Fundamental and applied knowledge: background in agricultural sciences. 2 years of Master level Professionalization: applied programs in agriculture, agronomy and the food industry. www.unilasalle.fr The course of study in agronomy backed by the Chair In 2016 the Chair started a new specialization in agricultural equipment and new technologies (AENT) 2017 AENT graduation is composed by 7 students with a solid background in farming (sons of farmers and the like). 16
  17. 17. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Final strip-till prototype Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 17 Tilling direction
  18. 18. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Controlling the tilling depth Easing the soil capillary rise Reducing surface aggregates size Strip-till element features Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 Press wheel Aerating the soil Working the different soil horizons Removing the cover debris previously cut Rotary tiller Ripper Coulters Cutting roots Defining seedbed row Controlling tilling depth Loosen the topsoil (soil tilth) Grinding and mixing cover crop residues through the upper soil layer Finalizing the seedbed 18 Tilling direction
  19. 19. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Field tests to improve the design Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 19 Tillage width Tillage width Tilth quality © AENT 158, 2018 CC-BY-NC-SA. Source: http://agrilab.unilasalle.fr/projets/projects/strip-till/wiki
  20. 20. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Open source documentation http://agrilab.unilasalle.fr/ The importance to formalize and transfer knowledge Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 20
  21. 21. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Conclusion Take-home message ©DavideRIZZO,2018CCBY-SA4.0 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 || ABOUT US || BACKGROUND || PROTOTYPE || CONCLUSION ||
  22. 22. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT From education to innovation Final goal: to ease the mastery of technologies starting from the design of agricultural equipment based upon agronomic specifications. >> engaging students and farmers in a problem-oriented and project-based learning >> facing project management under knowledge uncertainty >> practitioner approach to contribute with solution better suited for famers © AENT 2018, Positionnement_fraise CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 22
  23. 23. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Take home messages 23 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 Reducing width and frequency of soil tillage appeared as a lever to deploy the sustainable intensification of crop production in a mixed farming system on silt soil. Cost and customization of tillage equipment emerged as a major barrier for desired innovation. We involved a group of agronomy students to design a fully adapted strip- tillage tool, based on farmers’ and agronomic specifications, with the final goal to operationalize the design and adoption of sustainable production practices. © AENT 2018 Strip-till prototype CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
  24. 24. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Thank you! Any question? The Authors acknowledge the fundamental work done by the 6 students who designed and prototyped the strip-till element Name.surname[at]unilasalle.fr @pievarinowww.unilasalle.fr Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 24 ©D.RIZZO,Presentationofthestrip-tillprototype,2018CC-BY-NC-SA4.0
  25. 25. L'Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ XLVII Convegno Nazionale SIA #ChaireAMNT Acknowledgements. The Authors acknowledge the fundamental work done by the six AENT students (graduation year 158) by documenting the key steps of the strip-till prototype element. This work has been supported by Agricultural Machinery and New Technologies Chair, backed by UniLaSalle with the financial support from the Michelin Corporate Foundation, AGCO, the Hauts-de-France Regional Council and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). Suggested citation: Rizzo, D., Detot, B., Yatskul, A., Ugarte, C., 2018. Sustainable Intensification of Crop Production Requires Agricultural Equipment Innovation: the Case of Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil. Presented at the L’Agronomia nelle nuove Agriculturæ (Biologica, Conservativa, Digitale, di Precisione), SIA - Società Italiana di Agronomia, Marsala, ITA, p. 2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326449772_Sustainable_Intensification_of_Crop_Production_Requires_ Agricultural_Equipment_Innovation_the_Case_of_Strip-Till_for_Fine_Seedbed_Preparation_in_Silty_Soil Copyright: © 2018 Rizzo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY-NS-SA 4.0 that permits free use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The use shall not be for commercial purposes and any derivate must keep the same license as the original. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ Source Availability Statement: the documentation of the strip-till element will be publicly available on the AgriLab® collaborative platform: http://agrilab.unilasalle.fr Designandlayout:DavideRizzo,Sept.2018 Strip-Till for Fine Seedbed Preparation in Silty Soil ● RIZZO et al. 2018 25

×