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Zoo master Plan.ppt


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Zoo master Plan.ppt

  1. 1. P.C.Tyagi, I.F.S., Wildlife Institute of India Dehradun
  2. 2. Purposes • Why is master planning particularly important for zoological parks? • A master plan creates a vision that is supported by policies, guidelines, and priorities and guides the development and evolution of the zoo. • The benefits of an entirely in-house team may be stronger local control of the project and lower recognized costs • Outside professionals, consultants who are trained in design, planning, and facilitating, can bring experience and specialized knowledge of new trends and technology, as well as help avoid costly mistake
  3. 3. Goals • Providing adequate space and services for the present and future animal collection • Providing a cohesive circulation pattern that emphasizes the different zoogeographic areas of the zoo • Creating unique visitor experiences • Addressing needed facility as per CZA norms • Providing more opportunities to incorporate storylines and cultural themes to strengthen educational messages • Strategically locating visitor services • Creating more revenue generating opportunities • Creating naturalistic habitats for a more efficient use of space and disseminate information • Minimizing service and visitor conflicts through a dedicated service roads throughout the zoo Streamlining Zoo Education Program Ex-situ center fiscally and environmentally sustainable
  4. 4. Master Plan Master Plan is a document which outlines the Proposed all round development of a zoo for a reasonably long period of about 10 to 20 years. However the factors to be kept in mind are; •Space available •Landscape •Funding support •Expectation of Visiting People
  5. 5. Recognition of Zoo Rules, 2009 1. Every zoo shall prepare and get the master plan approved by the Central Zoo Authority. 2. Zoos which are in operation at the time of the commencement of these rules, shall prepare and get the master plans approved from the Central Zoo Authority within one year from the date of commencement of these rules. . 3. The master plan referred to in sub-paragraphs (1) & (2), shall inter alia, include all round development of the zoo for a period of twenty years which shall be revised every ten years along with a detailed layout plan prepared on the basis of the theme adopted by the zoo, indicating the locations of green belts, lawns, gardens, animal display area, visitor facilities, support infrastructure for animal upkeep and healthcare, buildings for administrative and maintenance unit.
  6. 6. Recognition of Zoo Rules, 2009 (4)Atleast 30% of the area earmarked for the zoo shall be kept under green belt and natural vegetation and the area for animal housing shall not exceed 30% area of the zoo. (5)Every zoo shall take adequate care to locate and design all ‘pucca’ buildings including the visitor facilities in such a manner that the natural landscape of the zoo and animal enclosures are not masked and the cleanliness and hygiene of the zoo is not affected.
  7. 7. Recognition of Zoo Rules, 2009 (6). Every zoo shall, in consultation with the Central Zoo Authority, prepare a collection plan indicating the names of the species and maximum number of animals of each species to be housed in the zoo, having due regard to the congeniality of the climatic conditions of the locality for the general health and well being of the species, availability of the space and infrastructural support for proper upkeep and healthcare of the species, proximity of the zoo to the habitat range of the species and the past record of the zoo in management and breeding of the species and no zoo shall compromise on housing and upkeep standards of animals for accommodating new species or additional animals of the species in its collection.
  8. 8. Understanding the Zoo’s Present and Future • To plan development as per theme, collection plan, conservation priorities • and convenience of management. • To prevent unplanned growth based on individual whim or uninformed public • demand. • To facilitate preparation of management plan/budget. • To make proper personnel planning. • To plan arterial roads and visitor amenities. • For sustainable, judicious and aesthetic use of scarce land resource. • Priority allocation of scarce financial resource.
  9. 9. Before drafting the master plan it is of utmost importance and crucial to set your goal for the zoo, by the end of the plan period and planning shall follow keeping that goal in mind. • What will be the theme • Eco system approach • Will it house a particular class or order? • High altitude species  Conservation breeding centre  Amusement park  Safari park  Nature education centre  Etc?
  10. 10. Design Innovation •What are the most limiting factors to zoo improvement? •Attitude of scarcity •Conservatism that only copies proven success (and mistakes) •Copies of copies reduce innovation •International best Practice-a 25 year old idea that just got here Design Innovation • “Innovation does not swim in the main stream” •Innovation prospers in an environment of both great need and great freedom. •Potential breakthroughs are found at the intersections of strong technologies or philosophies •Build bridges not boxes, share ideas freely
  11. 11. Levels of Innovation Business as usual • Low risk • Low gain! Best Practice • Modest risk • Modest gain Cutting Edge • High risk • Possible high gain! It is possible for a zoo • Next Generation Ideas Very high risk • resources to move • Gains…unknown! It is possible for zoo anywhere in the world with sufficient freedom, imagination and resources to move beyond the best existing zoo in the world The Zoo Designer’s Dream
  12. 12. Core Values Guiding Master Plan • Excellence – Ex-situ conservation Centre of excellance • Conservation • Innovation • Collaboration – Partnership to fight decline of species • Integrity – Zoo Ethics • Passion
  13. 13. Animal collection plan • Conduct strategic review of the species of animals and their number to be housed in the zoo for preparation of animal collection plan:- • (a) Space available to each species/ animal and the space actually required for housing all the animals of all the species held in its stock, as per prescribed norms. • (b) Past and present performance of the zoo in upkeep, healthcare. • (c) Records of births and deaths of the animals of each species and the survival of the young ones. • (d) Cost of upkeep and healthcare of each species. • (e) Adopted theme of the zoo and the relevance of the species in the thematic display. • (f) Species identified for planned conservation breeding by the zoo. • (g) Species with surplus number of animals which are available with other zoos.
  14. 14. • Carryout strategic review and prepare plan. • Enhance attractiveness of the zoo to regular and potential visitors by displaying existing/new species in an innovative manner. • Delete few common/least concerned species. • Add new species which can be accommodated in the available space. • Delete large charismatic species, which create problems in upkeep and husbandry practices. • Increase the existing habitat of species already displayed which require more space. • Delete common species with threatened species. • Introduce new species, whose natural habitat/topography is similar to the zoo habitat • Avoid artificially creating new habitats for new introduced species because the varied climate and topography will require extra efforts and energy for maintenance in future. • Prepare plan for disposal of surplus animals by exchange with other zoos or creating of display enclosure for its housing till they are disposed. • After the preparation of animal collection plan, we need to work out the site concept/system of display of animals. Once this is decided, the layout plan exercise can begin. Prioritize animal collection.
  15. 15. S p e c i e s Present stock Proposed collection To be procured (+) Removed(-) Rema rks M F US Total M F US Total M F US Total B i r d s R e p t i l e s O t h e r s Animal Collection Plan
  16. 16. Guiding principles for finalizing the collection plans • Large Zoo (National Collection) • Wild animal species of the area/ locality/ ecosystem the zoo is part of (around 30% of the total species displayed); • Representative wild animal species of region (North, South, West, Central, East or North-east) the zoo is part of depending upon suitability to the climatic condition (around 30%), • Representative wild animal species of the nation which are comfortable in the climate of the zoo (around 30%) and not more than 10% exotic wild animal species (recent amendment 25%)
  17. 17. Medium Zoo (Regional Collection) • Wild animal species of the area/ locality/ ecosystem the zoo is part of (around 40% of total species displayed); • representative wild animal species of the region the zoo is part of (around 40%) and • not more than 10% selected species of nation and exotics each.
  18. 18. • Small Zoo (Local Collection) • Wild animal species of the area/locality/ ecosystem the zoo is part of (around 60%), re representative wild animal species which are comfortable in the climate from the region (20%), nation (10%) and exotics (10%). • Mini Zoo (Local common wild animal collection) Few identified common wild animal species of thearea/locality/ecosystem the zoo is part of, may be 1-2 common exotics wild animal species.
  19. 19. Master Layout Plan – Scale-1:1,000 to 1:5,000 – Contour interval-1m to 5m. as per topography, Scale ,contour interval, contour lines and north direction to be indicated in the plan – Show features (water bodies, forest patches, precipices, structures and ruins, rocks, visitor circulation, amenities, drainage, water and power supply lines, solid and liquid waste disposal, entrance, approach, colony, parking lot, administrative building , veterinary hospital, feed store carcass disposal area, surrounding area and topography etc.)
  20. 20. • Layout plan should show clearly in the following manner: • Existing enclosures to be retained – Black • Existing enclosures to be modified – Green • Existing enclosures to be demolished and redone – Red • New enclosures to be constructed – Blue • Structures other than enclosures can also be given similar colours when retained modified demolished or new. • Power lines, sewerage lines, visitor circulation, service paths and water supply lines should be nearly shown in the layout plan
  21. 21. CONTOUR MAP
  22. 22. Topographic Analysis
  23. 23. Existing animal enclosures (black colour), enclosures to be modified (green colour) Enclosures to be redone after demolishing the old structure (red colour), Proposed new enclosures may be in blue colour Model Master Layout Plan
  24. 24. Unidentified Spaces Land Surface and Land form Constructural Details
  25. 25. Revenue Generating Strategies • Zoo Entrance Frontage: Iconic entrance visible to the public, not only creates an exciting, immersive entry portal highlighting conservation theme but also acts as an advertisement. • Captive Animal Education Opportunity : Integrated and immersive habitat of animals. • Visitor Experience Hubs: Visitor amenities strategically placed in major pathway intersections occur at the appropriate time throughout a visit and provide animal experience and natural orientation. • Parking: Increased parking spaces within the Zoo perimeter in structured parking, allow for visitation growth and address existing parking demands. • Food and Beverages for Visitors enhances revenue.
  26. 26. Zoo Master Plan The format • Chapters 1. Introduction- (includes history, objectives, physical features like the topography of the area, geology, rock & soil, flora and fauna, climate, rainfall, season, approach, demography of the surrounding area, legal status of the land, sources of pollution, if any etc.) 2. Appraisal of the present arrangement and constraints a) Animal section, veterinary section, store and feed supply section, sanitation section, maintenance section, security section, water supply section, disposal of solid waste & liquid waste-sewerage, visitors amenities, lawns and gardens-landscape section and any other section peculiar to the zoo b) Collection plan c) General Zoo administration section d) Research e) Conservation breeding f) Education and awareness g) Any other activity peculiar/ unique to the zoo
  27. 27. Part-II Chapters 1. Future objective including mission statement/ theme 2. Future action plan a) Proposed animal collection plan including population size and justification of keeping the endangered species. b) Description of the layout plan of the zoo - (Annexe- layout map on scale: Layout map scale 1:1000 to 1:5000 contour interval 1mt to 5mt, Existing features like water bodies, precipices, forest patches, historical ruins, natural drainage, water channel, rock outcrops etc. should be depicted. North/south direction, visitor circulation and amenities, site for disposal of carcass, water and electricity supply lines, solid and liquid waste disposal , approach road to the zoo and paths, parking arrangement, gates and barriers, administrative buildings- [zoo office, ticket counter, veterinary hospital], housing colony, industries in the surrounding areas, rail, roads - sources of pollution (if any)] For an existing zoo, other than the above features the layout map should also show existing animal enclosures (black colour), enclosures to be modified (green colour) and the enclosures that need to be redone after demolishing the old structure (red colour). Proposed new enclosures may be in blue colour.
  28. 28. • c) Proposal to address the inadequacies and shortcoming identified in the appraisal report • New activities if any, intended to be taken up. • d) Depending on the local condition of the zoo, other items may also be added – peculiar problems of the zoo-like off display conservation breeding centre and rescue centre. 3. Personnel planning:- • This will provide the proposed cadre strength to manage different works considering the activities indicated in the plan including phasing of their deployment, outsourcing etc. • 4. Disaster management Plan to address problems faced during the natural calamities (Fire control, flood, cyclone situations, law and order break down, feed supply etc.)
  29. 29. • 5. Contingency plan • (1) Animal rescued from wild. (2) Escape of animals from enclosures. (3) Monkey and dog menace. (4) Arrangement of food in case of strike (non supply by contractor) (5) Snake bite. (6) Visitors getting injured/ visitors falling inside enclosure. (7) Fighting among animals (8) Epidemics (9) Breakdown of power supply • 6. Capacity building Plan to upgrade skills of zoo staff, interaction with other zoos - regional cooperation. • 7. E-governance 8. Broad budget analysis for implementing the plan a) Construction and development b) Day to day maintenance
  30. 30. MANAGEMENT PLAN • Document which will detail out the activities indicated in the Master Plan of the zoo for a particular time frame (1year to 5years), • Prioritising of the works in phases and financial year wise and provide realistic estimates of the proposed works • Revenue generated, funding expected from government and other sources. • Strategy to be adopted for achieving the goals • Procedure to be adopted and person responsible for carrying out different items of works with their financial and administrative powers. • Documen will guide the managers of the zoo for the management plan period and facilitate the budgeting and focussed development. • New incumbent to carryout development without dislocation.