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Face it – Web 2.0 technologies in yourclasses can be a winning solution Reginald D. Miles Howard University Assistant Professor Coordinator of Distance and Online Education
Reggie Miles – Dept. of RTVF – Howard University Assistant Professor – School of Communications Teacher in the Pocket “Instruction begins when you, the teacher, learn from the learner; put yourself in his place so that you may understand what he learns and the way he92 People Like This understands it.” ~~ Soren KierkegaardCheyParker Aziza Bromfield Tonya Butler Reaching the students where they already are onSeth Anna-Lisa CarmenMcGee Gayle Waldrop
From Website to Web 2.0 Applications Syndicates content automatically Text Audio iTunes VideoChey Aziza TonyaParker Bromfield ButlerSeth Anna-Lisa CarmenMcGee Gayle Waldrop
Students and Social NetworkingSocial Networking is the way students communicate. Itinvolves the grouping of individuals into specific groups.Social networking websites function like an onlinecommunity of Internet users.
Social Media In Action The Impact of Facebook Facebook is now used by 1 in every 13 people on earth, with over 250 million of them (over 50%) who log in every day. 92 People Like This 48% of 18-34 year olds check Facebook when they wake up, with 28% doing so before even getting out of bed.Chey Aziza Tonya Social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook areParker Bromfield Butler ubiquitous and university students are spending a great deal of time on them.Seth Anna-Lisa CarmenMcGee Gayle Waldrop
Junco (2011). The relationship between frequency of Facebook use, participation in Facebook activities, and student engagement: Computers & Education 58 (2011) 162–171 The Impact of Facebook Facebook is the most popular social media website for college students between 85 and 99% of college students use Facebook Students feel comfortable with educational applications of Facebook, faculty are not ready to engage with them in92 People Like This such uses. LMS Vendors are emulating the simple clean interface of FACEBOOK in their systems. ( Blackboard & Canvas)
Mazer, J. P., Murphy, R.E., & Simonds, C. J. (2007). I’ll see you on ‘Facebook’: Communication Education, 56, 1-17. Who’s Using Facebook Today’s students value new learning tools and customizable digital homework products that92 People Like This encourage active learning and provide more personalized study plans. Recent investigations have pointed out that Facebook can have a positive effect on the student-to-student and student-to- teacher relationship.
Impact of Social Networks• Social Networks are highly effective as a means of engaging and exciting students in a learning environment.• Student learning increases when experimental techniques are used, combined with a lecture format. (Blended Learning)• Students show a natural proclivity towards social networking in their daily lives.
Why Facebook? Facebook is popular (Students are already there) Provides students with e-mail, web communities and audio and video capabilities. (communication and collaboration) Students learn to use technologies associated with “Web92 People Like This 2.0” architecture. (Podcasting, Blogging, Photo Sharing) Allows students to “time-shift” the learning experience. (Content playable on demand) Allows instructors to utilize blended learning techniques. (Face to face and virtual)
Use Facebook as Teaching tool To share presentations and notes with students To answer questions from students about assignments To humanize yourself in the eyes of students92 People Like This To share the productions students have done with each other. To find other professors and exchange ideas and best practices To provide 24/7 forum of collaboration with content on demand.
Everything Web 2.0 is linkable92 People Like This
Harnessing the Power There are reservations by professors about being a “friend” with students and justifiably so. Instructors using social networks should always be concerned about the level of contact with students. There is only one way that a professor92 People Like This should act on a social network with a student and that is in a professional capacity. Create a separate profile to use Facebook with students.
One Teacher Two Profiles Personal Profile Professor Profile92 People Like This
The Facebook Group Harnessing the Power The Group function if Facebook allows the creation of a virtual classroom. Groups can be designated as open, closed and secret thereby limiting access to Facebook. A professor can maintain privacy typically linked to other educational tools like Blackboard or WebCT which can only be accessed by registered students.92 People Like This
The Facebook Group Engaging the students in this forum • Promotes Collaboration • Driving the content of the course through collaborating • Driving students to learn the production culture • Better articulate their opinions in open academic92 People Like This discussion • Promotes academic discussion outside of the classroom • Requires that students evaluate other posts • The social influence from their peers*
Translating to the Student in the Classroom Student Podcast Site (E-Portfolio)92 People Like This
The Facebook Group as a LMS Blogs, Audio, Photo and Video Sharing92 People Like This
The Facebook Group as a LMS Blogs, Audio, Photo and Video Sharing92 People Like This
Provides Constant Feedback Students want feedback from Peers & Instructors92 People Like This
Instructor Supplemental Aids Video Audio92 People Like This
Concerns about using Facebook University Policies Responsible use Professionalism Digital Copyright92 People Like This Privacy
Strengths Interactions and conversations can be backtracked. Permits self-paced work with “virtually” unlimited resources available 24/7 Records time stamps continually92 People Like This Encourages instructor-student interactivity inside and outside of class Fosters observing and learning from peers Provides multi-faceted answers to complex questions
Strengths A mechanism for timely notification and feedback Collaborative learning opportunities Engenders enthusiasm and prompts creative responses92 People Like This Preserves end products in both digital and “downloadable” formats Creates multiple opportunities to learn material and ability to include multimedia, podcasts both audio and video.
Deficiencies Some students don’t take it seriously Time-consuming and demanding pedagogy Disinterested students lacking Facebook experience92 People Like This Difficult assessment and evaluation Additional imperatives to manage “privacy” and guard against “non-students” Tedious management of the class Group
Thoughts on Facebook and Canvas • Easy and intuitive • Requires little or no training • LMS creation is simple; not a burden on teachers, • On-demand video/audio • Online test taking • Communication between students and instructor92 People Like This • Grade Book • Personal Audio/Video messages to students • Student Centered learning • Available 24/7
Thoughts on using Social Media Professors will need to independently access Facebook and evaluate its potential. An investment of time is necessary Emphasize responsible use students A commitment to changing and updating92 People Like This materials for sharing must be made. Do not compel students to participate let them discover on their own the advantages. Technology supplements a good teacher; it does not act in place as one.
Conclusion By using technologies that students are comfortable with like Facebook and other Web 2.0 technologies, faculty can create a powerful learning environment through the merging of the creative, collaborative, social, and interactive capabilities of this powerful platform. Higher education should familiarize92 People Like This themselves with Web 2.0 technologies to design and support interventions that meet students where they are in order to help them get to where they are going.
Thank You Reginald D. Miles Coordinator of On Line Education Howard University Website: http://reggiemiles.net92 People Like This Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Teacher in the Pocket