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David Marsh: Benefits of bilingualism

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David Marsh Interactive Seminar: "The Added Value of CLIL in Enhancing Educational Outcomes" (CEP de Córdoba, 15th november, 2012)

Publicado en: Educación

David Marsh: Benefits of bilingualism

  1. 1. Benefits of BilingualismInsights from the Neurosciences
  2. 2. Loaded Words: BilingualAn individual able to use two or more languagesto a greater or lesser extent.
  3. 3. Research Research conducted in largely non-laboratory contexts (outside brain), and through anecdotal reporting, is at a cross roads with research conducted in laboratory settings (inside brain). There are sets of indicators which form evidence clusters.Page  3
  4. 4. The clusters suggest that individuals knowing different languagescan extend creative conceptual boundaries more effectively thanmonolingual individuals
  5. 5. Key Emerging ConceptNeuroplasticity
  6. 6. Neuro-circuitryLanguage Learning affects the neuro-circuitry of the brainand can have a profound impact on brain structures throughneuroplasticity.Changes in the brain’s electrical activity may occur muchearlier than previously thought.
  7. 7. Languages & Experience 1st 2nd language Language Early 2nd Language Adolescent AdultSource: Simos et al. Journal of Neurosurgery 95
  8. 8. Added Value
  9. 9. Memory Superior functioning in relation to episodic and semantic memory Episodic memory describes the memory of events linked to episodes (times, places, feelings, and other phenomenon which can be explicitly stated). Semantic memory describes more general knowledge which, though unrelated to specific experiences or events, is used to help interpret these.Page  9
  10. 10. Learning across the Curriculumin Any enhanced memory function has bearing on the learning of other subjects in the education curriculum, and on learning in generalPage  10
  11. 11. Problem-solvingBetter in problem-solving that is cognitively demanding
  12. 12. Perception & Thinking SkillsSeeing the world through different lenses
  13. 13. Filtering informationBeing able to interpret information and solve problems involvesnot only deciding what to give attention to, but also what not togive attention to.Inhibitory control acts like a filter which enables a person toignore distracting and irrelevant stimuli.
  14. 14. Interpreting InformationUnderstanding that words can have more than onemeaning, identifying ambiguity and sub-text in communication,translating words and interpreting concepts.
  15. 15. Digital LiteracyLiving in an age of widespread information andcommunication, and emerging literacies
  16. 16. Interpersonal SkillsImpact reported in terms of understanding and respondingto the communicative needs of others; contextual sensitivity;interactional competence in communication; and enhancedskills in differentiating languages in contextually sensitive ways.
  17. 17. Ageing Mind
  18. 18. ImplicationsDual Language EducationSchools within Schools
  19. 19. MethodologiesTeaching in EnglishTeaching through English
  20. 20. Thank you!Page  20