Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.
SEMINAR BY:
RAJANA RAGHUNATH
PG STUDENT
KVGDC CONSERVATIVE DEPT
PORCELAIN LAMINATE
VENEERS
CONTENTS
 DEFINITION
 INTRODUCTION
 HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT
 INDICATION
 CONTRAINDICATIONS
 TYPES OF VENEERS
 IDEAL ...
Laminate Veneers : A superficial or attractive
display in multiple layers
 A veneer is a layer of tooth-colored material ...
Introduction
 The treatment of unsightly but sound teeth now
has the potential to bring much more satisfaction
to both th...
History of Development
 The idea of porcelain veneers is not new.
 In the 1930s and 1940s Dr Charles Pincus used
thin po...
 The concept of laminate veneers got its surface in
1975 by Rochette who introduced the use of
silane coupling agents wit...
Indications
Type I : Teeth resistant to bleaching
 Type IA : Tetracycline discoloration
 Type IB : No response to extern...
 Usually only the six maxillary anterior teeth require
correction, because they are the most noticeable
when a person smi...
CONTRAINDICATIONS
 Insufficient surface enamel (60%)
 Highly flouridated teeth
 Unsuitable occlusion
 Parafunction
 P...
Types of Veneers
 Based on extend of preparation
 Based on type of material employed
 Based on mode of fabrication
Based on extend of preparation
1. Partial Veneers: restoration of localized defects
or areas of intrinsic discolorations
2...
Based on type of material employed
 Directly applied composite veneer
 Processed composite veneer
 Porcelain or pressed...
Based on mode of fabrication
1. Direct Veneers
a. Partial veneer
b. Full veneer
2. Indirect veneers
a. No prep Veneer
b. E...
No prep veneer
 Teeth with inherently under contoured teeth
 Interdental spaces &/or incisal embrasures are
present
 In...
Lumineers
 When placing lumineers, the structure of the tooth
remains unchanged.
 Are as thick as a contact lens, but th...
Etched Porcelain Veneer
 Preferred type ( fledspathic veneer)
 Capable of achieving high bond strengths to the
etched en...
Pressed ceramic veneers
 In contrast to etched porcelain veneers that are
fabricated by stacking and firing fledspathic
p...
Ideal Requirements
 Should provide excellent tooth contour with
minimal thickness (0-5mm)
 The surface and margins of th...
C. G. Toh et al.Indirect dental laminate
veneersan
overview.J. Dent. 1987; 15: 117-l 24
 It should be able to resist wear...
Clinical Considerations
I. Patient factors : several important factors,
including patients age, occlusion tissue health,
p...
3. Preparation Depth
intraenamel preparation is strongly
recommended :
1. To provide space for bonding and veneering
mater...
4. Level of gingival margin
supragingival & extend of the defects/
discolouration and the amount of tooth structure
visibl...
PREPERATION DESIGN FOR
LAMINATES
Window preparation
 A Window preparation is recommended for most
of the direct and indir...
Incisal lapping preparation
 An incisal lapping preparation is indicated when
the tooth being veneered needs lengthening ...
Procedure
 Graded tooth reduction
 The minimal thickness for a porcelain laminateveneer
is 0.3 to 0.5 mm. The required u...
Labial reduction
 The labial preparation should encompass the
amount of reduction necessary to facilitate the
placement o...
Depth Guide
 LVS no. 1 – 0.5mm reduction
 LVS no. 2 – 0.3 mm reduction
Reduction of the remaining enamel:
 The labial reduction should encompass two
aspects
 The bulk of the reduction should ...
Interproximal extension
 Margin should be hidden within the embrasure
area.
 Extend about half way into the interproxima...
 Interproximally, the authors recommend staying
slightly labial or facial to the contact area, which
conserves interproxi...
 The exception to this is if a tooth needs to be
widened as in the case of a pegged lateral
 Small proximal caries lesio...
 Beyond the visible area.
 0.8 – 1mm
 Miniature rounded channel
 Interlock improve the stability and mechanical
proper...
Sulcular Extension and Marginal
Placement:
 Sulcular extension and marginal placement are
carried out with the LVS two gr...
Finish Line Configuration:
 A feather or knife edge finish line is the most
conservative preparation but is inordinately
...
 It would appear that the most desired form of
finish line is a modified chamfer created by the
LVS two grit diamond or o...
Benefits of Modified Chamfer Finish Line:
 An increased bulk of porcelain at the margin and
hence increased strength with...
Incisal or Occlusal reduction:
 The fabrication of a porcelain veneer lapping the
incisal edge makes placement of the res...
The incisal preparation design
 Gilmour and Stone and Glyde and Gilmour have
classified the preparation of this site into...
Lingual Reduction:
 Any reduction of the incisal edge would
necessitate some lingual enamel modification so
that there is...
 Reduction – 1mm
 Spherical diamond
 Fine grit diamond
 20,000-60,000 rpm under air/water spray.
 Prepared wet and ex...
Impression Technique:

 Tissue Management:
 The tissue is displaced so that the final finish line
can be seen in the su...
Impression:
 The impression material used should be of two
viscosities; light and heavy.
 The light material should be b...
Temporization:
 Temporization for laminates is usually
unnecessary because, in most situations, only
half of the enamel s...
 There are four basic techniques for developing
the temporary veneers.
 Direct composite resin veneer.
 Direct composit...
DIRECT
COMPOSITE RESIN
TEMPORARIZATION
 DIRECT COMPOSITE RESIN VENEER
UTILISING VACUFORM MATRIX
 INDIRECT COMPOSITE RESIN/ACRYLIC
RESIN VENEER
Basic laboratory technique
 Platinum foil backing
 Refractory models
 Direct castings
 CAD –CAM machining
 Platinum foil backing :
thin layer of platinum foil is placed on the die .The
porcelain is layered on the foil. Then the...
 Direct castings :
cast ceramic restorations are fabricated using the
‘lost wax’ technique. This eliminates the need for
...
Cast ceramic Laminate systems:
There are two distinct system of casts ceramic
laminates:
 Castable ceramic (Dicor, Dentsp...
 For the Dicor system, the cast glass laminate is
removed from the investment and placed in the
ceramming oven; this proc...
Placement of veneers
 Three stage Try-in procedure
 Check Intimate adaptation of each individual
porcelain laminate to t...
Porcelain conditioning
 Combination of micromechanical interlocking and
chemical coupling
 Hydrofluoric acid etching
 S...
 Treat the etched veneer with a silane coupling
agent to enhance the adhesive properties of
resin.
 A pre-activated sila...
 Isolate tooth by mylar strips or soft metal matrix
band.
 Etch enamel with 30%to 37% phosphoric acid for
15 to 20 secs....
Luting agents
 Desirable features for Thin film thickness: 10 to
20um.
 High compressive strength
 High tensile strengt...
 Fill the laminate with the selected composite resin
luting agent..
PLACEMENT AND CURING
 During placement gently rocking or pulsing
motion is used.
 Don’t slide the veneer into place.
 L...
FINISHING
 Use carbide finishing bur to remove excess
cement.
 Use the LVS no. 8 bur to remove composite resin
along the...
Patient Instruction
 First 72 hours: Avoid any hard foods and maintain
a relatively soft diet. Avoid extremes in
temperat...
Failures of laminate veneers
 MECHANICAL
 Chips
 Cracks
 Fractures during try in
 Debonding –attributed to error in b...
Conclusion
 Perfect smile improves the self confidence,
personality; social life and have psychological
effect on improvi...
 There are a number of procedures to achieve
this and the most notable is that of porcelain
laminate veneers.
 But the p...
References
 Sturdevant s The Art and Science of Operative
Dentistry, Fifth Edition
 Shillingburg. Fundamentals of fixed
...
 Graber A.David 1989: "Direct composite veneers
versus etched porcelain laminate veneers".
DCNA. Vo1.33 (2),301-304.
 Tj...
Thank you !!!
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Porcelain Laminate Veneer
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

114

Compartir

Descargar para leer sin conexión

Porcelain Laminate Veneer

Descargar para leer sin conexión

hope this seminar will be useful to all

Libros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 30 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Porcelain Laminate Veneer

  1. 1. SEMINAR BY: RAJANA RAGHUNATH PG STUDENT KVGDC CONSERVATIVE DEPT PORCELAIN LAMINATE VENEERS
  2. 2. CONTENTS  DEFINITION  INTRODUCTION  HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT  INDICATION  CONTRAINDICATIONS  TYPES OF VENEERS  IDEAL REQUIREMENTS  CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS PREPERATION DESIGN FOR LAMINATES PROCEDURE TEMPORIZATION BASIC LABORATORY TECHNIQUE CAST CERAMIC LAMINATE SYSTEMS PLACEMENT OF VENEERS PATIENT INSTRUCTION FAILURES OF LAMINATE VENEERS CONCLUSION REFERENCES
  3. 3. Laminate Veneers : A superficial or attractive display in multiple layers  A veneer is a layer of tooth-colored material that is applied to a tooth to restore localized or generalized defects and intrinsic discolorations -Sturdevants
  4. 4. Introduction  The treatment of unsightly but sound teeth now has the potential to bring much more satisfaction to both the dentist and the patient than ever before.  The laminate veneer is a conservative alternative to full coverage for improving the appearance of an anterior tooth  Made of chairside composite, porcelain or cast ceramic materials
  5. 5. History of Development  The idea of porcelain veneers is not new.  In the 1930s and 1940s Dr Charles Pincus used thin porcelain veneers “HOLLYWOOD BRIDGE” to improve the esthetics of movie stars' teeth. Unfortunately, he had to use denture adhesive to hold the veneers in place  The introduction of the acid-etch technique by Buonocore (1955), followed by the development of composite resin by Bowen, have totally expanded options for malformed, disfigured or discoloured teeth. The new methods are both conservative and aesthetic.
  6. 6.  The concept of laminate veneers got its surface in 1975 by Rochette who introduced the use of silane coupling agents with porcelain laminate veneers.  Popularity of porcelain laminates skyrocketed in 1980’s partly because of its conservative nature and dental researches in the acid etching technique and new bonding methods.
  7. 7. Indications Type I : Teeth resistant to bleaching  Type IA : Tetracycline discoloration  Type IB : No response to external or internal bleaching Type II : Major morphologic modifications  Type II A : Conoid teeth  Type II B : Diastemata and interdental triangles to be closed  Type II C : Augmentation of incisal length and prominence Type III : Extensive restoration (adults)  Type III A : Extensive coronal fracture  Type III B : Extensive loss of enamel by erosion and wear
  8. 8.  Usually only the six maxillary anterior teeth require correction, because they are the most noticeable when a person smiles or talks. However, the maxillary first premolars (and to a lesser extent, second premolars) also are included if they, too, are noticeably apparent upon smiling.  Discolored mandibular anterior teeth are rarely indicated for veneers, because the facioincisal portions are thin and usually subject to biting forces and attrition.  Therefore veneering lower teeth is discouraged if the teeth are in normal occlusal contact, because it is exceedingly difficult to achieve adequate reduction of the enamel to totally compensate for the thickness of the veneering material. Also, if porcelain veneers are placed, they may accelerate wear of the opposing maxillary teeth because of the abrasive nature of the porcelain.
  9. 9. CONTRAINDICATIONS  Insufficient surface enamel (60%)  Highly flouridated teeth  Unsuitable occlusion  Parafunction  Poor dental care and hygiene  Presence of gingival / periodontal diseases
  10. 10. Types of Veneers  Based on extend of preparation  Based on type of material employed  Based on mode of fabrication
  11. 11. Based on extend of preparation 1. Partial Veneers: restoration of localized defects or areas of intrinsic discolorations 2. Full Veneers : restoration of generalized defects or areas of intrinsic staining involving most of the facial surface of the tooth
  12. 12. Based on type of material employed  Directly applied composite veneer  Processed composite veneer  Porcelain or pressed ceramic veneer
  13. 13. Based on mode of fabrication 1. Direct Veneers a. Partial veneer b. Full veneer 2. Indirect veneers a. No prep Veneer b. Etched veneer c. Pressed ceramic veneer
  14. 14. No prep veneer  Teeth with inherently under contoured teeth  Interdental spaces &/or incisal embrasures are present  Inherently made thinner hence more prone to fracture  Interproximal areas are difficult to access for proper finishing  If cases selection done not properly the resulting veneers may be over contoured
  15. 15. Lumineers  When placing lumineers, the structure of the tooth remains unchanged.  Are as thick as a contact lens, but this does not make them less durable.  Might feel a little bulkier than the classic porcelain veneers.  The tooth is still protected by its natural enamel, even if the lumineers need to be taken off.  In terms of costs, lumineers have similar costs as the porcelain veneers.
  16. 16. Etched Porcelain Veneer  Preferred type ( fledspathic veneer)  Capable of achieving high bond strengths to the etched enamel through a resin bonding mechanism  Highly esthetic  Stain resistant
  17. 17. Pressed ceramic veneers  In contrast to etched porcelain veneers that are fabricated by stacking and firing fledspathic porcelain, pressed ceramic veneers are literally cast using a lost wax technique ( e.g. IPS Empress or e.max)  Excellent esthetics – mild to moderate discolorations  Due to more translucent nature, dark discolorations are treated with etched porcelain veneers  Slightly greater tooth reduction depth  Superior marginal fit
  18. 18. Ideal Requirements  Should provide excellent tooth contour with minimal thickness (0-5mm)  The surface and margins of the veneer should be smooth and be able to retain a high luster.  It should be able to mask all forms of discoloration well without necessitating an excessive increase in bulk or contour.  It should be able to mimic the variations in body colour and incisal translucency of natural teeth for maximum aesthetic appearance.  It should be biocompatible to the gingival tissues.
  19. 19. C. G. Toh et al.Indirect dental laminate veneersan overview.J. Dent. 1987; 15: 117-l 24  It should be able to resist wear from the normal abrasive, erosive, and attritive processes present in the oral environment.  It should be highly resistant to extrinsic stains.  It should require little finishing at the chairside.  It should resist fracture under normal function and be easily repaired or replaced if fracture does occur.  It should be cost effective
  20. 20. Clinical Considerations I. Patient factors : several important factors, including patients age, occlusion tissue health, position & alignment of teeth & ORAL HYGEINE MUST BE evaluated before pursing full veneers as option II. Indirect Vs Direct Veneers : 1. Less technique sensitive 2. Multiple teeth- predictable result 3. Last much longer 4. Resistance to abrasion 5. Resistance to Fluid Absorption
  21. 21. 3. Preparation Depth intraenamel preparation is strongly recommended : 1. To provide space for bonding and veneering materials for max. esthetics without over contouring 2. To remove the outer fluoride- rich layer 3. To create rough surface 4. To establish a definitive finish line 5. Enamel provides a better seal and more effectively diminishes marginal leakage than a finish line in either cementum or glass ionomer
  22. 22. 4. Level of gingival margin supragingival & extend of the defects/ discolouration and the amount of tooth structure visible with maximum smiling
  23. 23. PREPERATION DESIGN FOR LAMINATES Window preparation  A Window preparation is recommended for most of the direct and indirect composite veneers.  This intraenamel preparation design preserves the functional lingual and incisal surfaces of the maxillary anterior teeth, protecting the veneers from significant occlusal surfaces.  This design is particularly useful in preparing maxillary canines in a patient with canine-guided occlusion. By using a window preparation, the functional surfaces are better preserved in enamel
  24. 24. Incisal lapping preparation  An incisal lapping preparation is indicated when the tooth being veneered needs lengthening or when an incisal defect warrants restoration.  Additionally, the incisal lapping design is frequently used with porcelain veneers, because it not only facilitates accurate seating of the veneer upon cementation, but also allows for improved esthetics along the incisal edge
  25. 25. Procedure  Graded tooth reduction  The minimal thickness for a porcelain laminateveneer is 0.3 to 0.5 mm. The required uniform reduction can be achieved by following an orderly progression of  Labial reduction  Interproximal extension  Sulcular extension  Incisal or occlusal modification  Lingual reduction
  26. 26. Labial reduction  The labial preparation should encompass the amount of reduction necessary to facilitate the placement of an esthetic restoration. Ideally, one would like to replace the same amount of enamel that is removed by the preparation.
  27. 27. Depth Guide  LVS no. 1 – 0.5mm reduction  LVS no. 2 – 0.3 mm reduction
  28. 28. Reduction of the remaining enamel:  The labial reduction should encompass two aspects  The bulk of the reduction should be done with a coarse diamond in order to facilitate added retention and better refraction of the light transmitted back out through the laminate and  At the marginal area, it is desirable to use a fine grit diamond that will create a definitive, smooth finish line to enhance the seal at the periphery.
  29. 29. Interproximal extension  Margin should be hidden within the embrasure area.  Extend about half way into the interproximal area.  Move the margin just lingual to the buccal surface of the interproximal papillae so that it will not be visible from lateral oblique view or directly from the front.
  30. 30.  Interproximally, the authors recommend staying slightly labial or facial to the contact area, which conserves interproximal enamel.  Why to preserve the contact area ?  Extremely difficult to reproduce.  Simplifies try-in  Saves clinical time  Simplifies bonding and finishing  Better access
  31. 31.  The exception to this is if a tooth needs to be widened as in the case of a pegged lateral  Small proximal caries lesion  Old composite restorations  Angle fractures  Closing a diastema  Changing shape / position .  The finish line should then be taken more lingually toward the lingual transitional line angle so that the contour of the porcelain can be started from the lingual and be built up to properly close the interproximal space
  32. 32.  Beyond the visible area.  0.8 – 1mm  Miniature rounded channel  Interlock improve the stability and mechanical properties
  33. 33. Sulcular Extension and Marginal Placement:  Sulcular extension and marginal placement are carried out with the LVS two grit diamond. A narrow gingival displacement cord is placed in the sulcus for about eight to ten minutes to slightly displace the tissue. This system of first developing a preparation line confluent with the gingival marginal and then placing a retraction cord prior to refining and extending it into the sulcus ensures.  Access for the diamond.  Less gingival trauma and  Direct vision of the margin during all procedures
  34. 34. Finish Line Configuration:  A feather or knife edge finish line is the most conservative preparation but is inordinately complex because of:  The difficulty in fabrication of porcelain to the required degree of thinness accurately and there is invariably a poor marginal fit or seal.  Laboratory problems in delineating the exact end of preparation line.
  35. 35.  It would appear that the most desired form of finish line is a modified chamfer created by the LVS two grit diamond or one of similar shape. This modified chamfer preparation is of nominal depth (0.25mm) near the cementoenamel junction.  The preparation of a chamfer in this cervical area aids in sealing the restoration by removing the acid resistant surface enamel and exposing subsurface enamel which is more readily etched.  The modified chamfer as developed by the two grit diamond seems to be the preparation of choice.
  36. 36. Benefits of Modified Chamfer Finish Line:  An increased bulk of porcelain at the margin and hence increased strength without over contour.  Correct enamel preparation exposing correctly aligned enamel rods for increased bond strength at the cervical margin.  A definitive stop to aid in seating the laminate in the correct position on the tooth.  An accurately fitting restoration with sound marginal seal
  37. 37. Incisal or Occlusal reduction:  The fabrication of a porcelain veneer lapping the incisal edge makes placement of the restoration much easier by virtue of having a definitive stop during seating.  The incisal edge gives the clinician a specific relationship from which to evaluate whether the restoration is correctly positioned.  The sharp line angles created on the buccal and lingual surfaces must be rounded
  38. 38. The incisal preparation design  Gilmour and Stone and Glyde and Gilmour have classified the preparation of this site into four type.: 1. Window or intraenamel preparation labially with intact incisal enamel (results in an inferior appearance). 2. Feathered incisal preparation labially (porcelain is prone to fracture). 3. Incisal edge preparation of 0.5 to 1.0mm tooth reduction incisally (if no tooth lengthening needed) to form a butt joint lingually, and. 4. Incisal edge preparation as in 3, but overlapped onto the lingual surface by using a heavy chamfer preparation, the most versatile.
  39. 39. Lingual Reduction:  Any reduction of the incisal edge would necessitate some lingual enamel modification so that there is no butt joint at this incisal/lingual junction but rather a rounded chamfer. This modification will help to prevent the porcelain from shearing away from the incisal edge during function. It also ensures;  Increased thickness of porcelain in this critical lingual area that is being used for incising and guidance.  Enamel bonds at right angles to those on the incisal edge, and Increases strength.
  40. 40.  Reduction – 1mm  Spherical diamond  Fine grit diamond  20,000-60,000 rpm under air/water spray.  Prepared wet and examined dry
  41. 41. Impression Technique:   Tissue Management:  The tissue is displaced so that the final finish line can be seen in the sulcus..  This procedure will displace tissue laterally and provide access to the sulcus.  The cord needs to remain in place for some five minutes.
  42. 42. Impression:  The impression material used should be of two viscosities; light and heavy.  The light material should be be syringed into the sulcus
  43. 43. Temporization:  Temporization for laminates is usually unnecessary because, in most situations, only half of the enamel surface is removed and the dentinal tubules are not exposed; therefore there should be little or no sensitivity and only minimal esthetic compromise.  However, in certain situations, temporization may become necessary
  44. 44.  There are four basic techniques for developing the temporary veneers.  Direct composite resin veneer.  Direct composite Resin Veneer Utilizing Vacuform Matrix.  Direct Acrylic Veneers.  Indirect Composite Resin/ Acrylic Resin Veneer
  45. 45. DIRECT COMPOSITE RESIN TEMPORARIZATION
  46. 46.  DIRECT COMPOSITE RESIN VENEER UTILISING VACUFORM MATRIX
  47. 47.  INDIRECT COMPOSITE RESIN/ACRYLIC RESIN VENEER
  48. 48. Basic laboratory technique  Platinum foil backing  Refractory models  Direct castings  CAD –CAM machining
  49. 49.  Platinum foil backing : thin layer of platinum foil is placed on the die .The porcelain is layered on the foil. Then the porcelain foil combination is removed from the die and fired in an oven . Before try-in ,the foil is removed and the porcelain is etched .  Refractory models : The restoration is fired directly on the refractory die. This eliminates the platinum layer but makes repeated firings difficult once the laminate veneer has been removed from the die.
  50. 50.  Direct castings : cast ceramic restorations are fabricated using the ‘lost wax’ technique. This eliminates the need for multiple firings but requires extrinsic staining for coloration.  CAD/CAM Machining : A model or video image of the preparation is required, and the restoration always requires modification of the surface porcelain to obtain proper color esthetics.
  51. 51. Cast ceramic Laminate systems: There are two distinct system of casts ceramic laminates:  Castable ceramic (Dicor, Dentsply/York Div., York Pa).  Castable apatite (Cera Pearl), Kyocera International Japan). The two systems are remarkably similar despite the fact that the procedures and material are very different. In both, a wax pattern is produced on a conventional in the harmonious esthetic tooth form desired. These patterns are finished in their entirely removed, sprued and invested in their respective types of crucibles, depending on the type of system
  52. 52.  For the Dicor system, the cast glass laminate is removed from the investment and placed in the ceramming oven; this process changes the external surface of the glass and crystalline structure.  For the Cera pearl system, the entire mold is transferred to the crystallization oven and heated at 8700C for one hour.  Crystallization takes place producing a casting of hydroxyapatite crystals. The casting is then separated from the investment and cleaned, using the conventional sand blasting technique with alumina oxide powder.  The cast ceramic laminates can then be smoothed, polished and tried into the patient’s mouth.
  53. 53. Placement of veneers  Three stage Try-in procedure  Check Intimate adaptation of each individual porcelain laminate to the prepared tooth surface.  Evaluate the collective fit and relationship of one laminate to another and the contact points.  Assess the color and if necessary, modify.
  54. 54. Porcelain conditioning  Combination of micromechanical interlocking and chemical coupling  Hydrofluoric acid etching  Silane coupling agent applied
  55. 55.  Treat the etched veneer with a silane coupling agent to enhance the adhesive properties of resin.  A pre-activated silane is painted onto the veneer surface and allowed to dry for one minute.  Then the excess alcohol vehicle is gently evaporated by passing a stream of air parallel to and approx. 6 in. above the surface of veneer.  This leaves a dry, silanated veneer
  56. 56.  Isolate tooth by mylar strips or soft metal matrix band.  Etch enamel with 30%to 37% phosphoric acid for 15 to 20 secs.  Wash etchant with water for 30 secs.  Coat etched tooth surface by enamel or dentin bonding agent.  Disperse the bonding agent into a fine thin layer using a stream of dry air and light cure and seal the surface of the tooth.
  57. 57. Luting agents  Desirable features for Thin film thickness: 10 to 20um.  High compressive strength  High tensile strength  Relative low viscosity  Ability to opaque, tint and characterize  Low polymerization shrinkage  Color stability. Light cured composite resin system preferred. In case of thick or very opaque veneers, dual cured system are preferred
  58. 58.  Fill the laminate with the selected composite resin luting agent..
  59. 59. PLACEMENT AND CURING  During placement gently rocking or pulsing motion is used.  Don’t slide the veneer into place.  Lingual aspect is cured first.  Polymerization process is completed by curing various areas of veneer for at least 60 sec. each.
  60. 60. FINISHING  Use carbide finishing bur to remove excess cement.  Use the LVS no. 8 bur to remove composite resin along the incisal margin.
  61. 61. Patient Instruction  First 72 hours: Avoid any hard foods and maintain a relatively soft diet. Avoid extremes in temperatures. Alcohol and some medicated mouthwashes should not be used during this period  Routine cleanings are must- at least every four months with a dentist.  Use a soft brush with rounded bristles, and floss, as you do with your natural teeth.  Use a less abrasive toothpaste and one that is not highly fluoridated.
  62. 62. Failures of laminate veneers  MECHANICAL  Chips  Cracks  Fractures during try in  Debonding –attributed to error in bonding procedure.  BIOLOGICAL  Postoperative sensitivity  Marginal microleakage  ESTHETIC  Shade selection inappropriate
  63. 63. Conclusion  Perfect smile improves the self confidence, personality; social life and have psychological effect on improving self image with enhanced self esteem of the patient  New emerging concepts in esthetic dentistry with regards to materials, technology and public awareness has made veneers on demand  The objective of cosmetic dentistry must be to provide the maximum improvement in esthetic with minimum trauma to the dentition.
  64. 64.  There are a number of procedures to achieve this and the most notable is that of porcelain laminate veneers.  But the process is highly technique sensitive and must be performed with utmost care for optimum results.
  65. 65. References  Sturdevant s The Art and Science of Operative Dentistry, Fifth Edition  Shillingburg. Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics .third edition  Kenneth Anusavice J. 1996: "Philips' Science of Dental materials".  Graber A.David 1989: "Direct composite veneers versus etched porcelain laminate veneers". DCNA. Vo1.33 (2),301-304
  66. 66.  Graber A.David 1989: "Direct composite veneers versus etched porcelain laminate veneers". DCNA. Vo1.33 (2),301-304.  Tjan Anthony H.L. et al 1989 : "microleakage patterns of porcelain and castable ceramic laminate veneers". JPD. Vol.61, 276-282  Faunce F R, Myers D R. Laminate veneer restoration of permanent incisors. J Am Dent Assoc 1976;93:790-792
  67. 67. Thank you !!!
  • SarabAlenezi

    Aug. 23, 2021
  • SnehalGawarePatil

    Aug. 8, 2021
  • marbooti

    Aug. 6, 2021
  • ShimnaThomas

    Jul. 28, 2021
  • DILBAHADURSATYAL

    Jul. 17, 2021
  • DollyWasnik

    Jun. 16, 2021
  • florencefabrice7

    Jun. 7, 2021
  • AnjanaVenugopal3

    May. 8, 2021
  • AditiSharma216

    Apr. 16, 2021
  • KSoundaryaSoundu

    Apr. 1, 2021
  • AngelHannas

    Mar. 28, 2021
  • ssuser7c3f36

    Mar. 21, 2021
  • AlizaAli18

    Feb. 15, 2021
  • RajlaxmiAgrawal

    Feb. 12, 2021
  • AthiraJubin

    Jan. 21, 2021
  • ShnaSulaiman

    Jan. 5, 2021
  • drhishamkotb

    Dec. 20, 2020
  • ReemNasser7

    Dec. 20, 2020
  • AhmedAlMazzaly1

    Nov. 21, 2020
  • LouisBoutboul

    Nov. 10, 2020

hope this seminar will be useful to all

Vistas

Total de vistas

16.157

En Slideshare

0

De embebidos

0

Número de embebidos

52

Acciones

Descargas

1.020

Compartidos

0

Comentarios

0

Me gusta

114

×