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Environmental 
Cost Accounting
Environmental Perspective 
• Five core objectives for the environmental 
perspectives: 
– Minimize the use of raw or virgi...
Environmental costs 
• These are costs connected with the 
actual or potential deterioration of 
natural assets due to eco...
Environmental 
Accounting Disciplines 
• Global Environmental Accounting (GEA) 
• National Environmental Accounting (NEA) ...
Corporate 
Environmental Accounting 
• Further it can be sub-divided into: 
– Environmental Management Accounting 
– Envir...
Environmental accounting 
• Environmental accounting, also called social 
accounting, is a type of accounting that attempt...
Environmental Cost (EC) Accounting 
'A company's attitude to the 
environment is likely to be seen as 
a benchmark of its ...
Environmental Cost Accounting 
The generation analysis and use 
of monetarised environmentally 
related information in ord...
Classification of ECs 
• These are classified in four categories: 
– prevention costs 
– detection costs 
– Internal failu...
Prevention Activities 
• Evaluating and selecting suppliers 
• Evaluating and selecting pollution control equipment 
• Des...
Detection Activities 
• Auditing environmental activities 
• Inspecting products and processes 
• Developing environmental...
Internal Failure Activities 
• Operating pollution control equipment 
• Treating and disposing of toxic waste 
• Maintaini...
External Failure Activities 
• Cleaning up a polluted lake 
• Cleaning up oil spills 
• Cleaning up contaminated soil 
• S...
Why are environmental costs important 
to the management accountant? 
• Identifying environmental costs associated 
with i...
Environmental Footprints 
• It is the impact that a business’s 
activities have upon the 
environment including its 
resou...
Key External Environmental Impacts 
• Depletion of natural resources 
• Noise and aesthetic impacts 
• Residual air and wa...
Energy Consumption 
Vehicles Regular maintenance 
Energy Bills Monitoring and understanding energy bills 
can help busines...
Types of costs 
• Direct or indirect 
environmental costs 
• Contingent or intangible 
environmental costs
Direct or indirect 
environmental costs 
• Waste management 
• Environmental certification and 
labeling 
• Legal costs an...
Contingent or intangible 
environmental costs 
• Uncertain future remediation 
or compensation costs 
• Risk by future reg...
How to estimate 
Sustainable Profits? 
• Set boundaries (must be controllable in 
some way) 
• Establish Targets (As per R...
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Environmental costing

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This ppt gives the info. about cost elements relating to Environment.

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Environmental costing

  1. 1. Environmental Cost Accounting
  2. 2. Environmental Perspective • Five core objectives for the environmental perspectives: – Minimize the use of raw or virgin materials – Minimize the use of hazardous materials – Minimize energy requirements for production and use of the product – Minimize the release of solid, liquid, and gaseous residues – Maximize opportunities to recycle
  3. 3. Environmental costs • These are costs connected with the actual or potential deterioration of natural assets due to economic activities. • Environmental Costs can include costs to – clean up or remediate contaminated sites, – environmental fines, – penalties and taxes, – purchase of pollution prevention technologies and – waste management costs
  4. 4. Environmental Accounting Disciplines • Global Environmental Accounting (GEA) • National Environmental Accounting (NEA) • Corporate Environmental Accounting (CEA)
  5. 5. Corporate Environmental Accounting • Further it can be sub-divided into: – Environmental Management Accounting – Environmental Financial Accounting – Environmental Audit • It is about making environment related costs more transparent within corporate accounting systems and reports.
  6. 6. Environmental accounting • Environmental accounting, also called social accounting, is a type of accounting that attempts to measure both the social and environmental impacts of business decisions. • Environmental Accounting (EA) can be considered either a subset or superset of accounting proper. • It aims to incorporate both economic and environmental information. • It can operate at the company level or at the level of the national economy
  7. 7. Environmental Cost (EC) Accounting 'A company's attitude to the environment is likely to be seen as a benchmark of its commitment to innovation and good management. Companies setting the pace on environmental issues will be seen as the leaders of the corporate sector' (Lickiss, 1991).
  8. 8. Environmental Cost Accounting The generation analysis and use of monetarised environmentally related information in order to improve corporate environmental and economic performance.
  9. 9. Classification of ECs • These are classified in four categories: – prevention costs – detection costs – Internal failure costs and – external failure costs
  10. 10. Prevention Activities • Evaluating and selecting suppliers • Evaluating and selecting pollution control equipment • Designing processes • Designing products • Carrying out environmental studies • Auditing environmental risks • Developing environmental management systems • Recycling products • Obtaining ISO 14001 certification
  11. 11. Detection Activities • Auditing environmental activities • Inspecting products and processes • Developing environmental performance measures • Testing for contamination • Verifying supplier environmental performance • Measuring contamination levels
  12. 12. Internal Failure Activities • Operating pollution control equipment • Treating and disposing of toxic waste • Maintaining pollution equipment • Licensing facilities for producing contaminants • Recycle scrap
  13. 13. External Failure Activities • Cleaning up a polluted lake • Cleaning up oil spills • Cleaning up contaminated soil • Settling personal injury claims (environmentally related)Restoring land to natural state • Losing sales due to poor environmental reputation • Using materials and energy inefficiently • Receiving medical care due to polluted air (S) • Losing employment because of contamination (S)
  14. 14. Why are environmental costs important to the management accountant? • Identifying environmental costs associated with individual products, services or processes helps with correct product or service pricing. • Saving energy generally leads to cost savings. • Poor environmental behaviour can result in fines, increased liability to environmental taxes and damage to the business’s reputation.
  15. 15. Environmental Footprints • It is the impact that a business’s activities have upon the environment including its resource environment and pollution emissions.
  16. 16. Key External Environmental Impacts • Depletion of natural resources • Noise and aesthetic impacts • Residual air and water emissions • Long-term waste disposal • Uncompensated health effects • Change in the local quality of life (ex. impact of tourism)
  17. 17. Energy Consumption Vehicles Regular maintenance Energy Bills Monitoring and understanding energy bills can help businesses to work out how to save costs Heating Increasing the temperature by one degree can increase costs by 8%. Lighting Should be switched off in rooms and corridors that are not being used. Windows When heating or air conditioning is on, windows should be kept shut to save energy. Other equipment Photocopiers and Printers should not kept near cooling systems
  18. 18. Types of costs • Direct or indirect environmental costs • Contingent or intangible environmental costs
  19. 19. Direct or indirect environmental costs • Waste management • Environmental certification and labeling • Legal costs and fines • Permit fees • Record keeping and reporting • Environmental training
  20. 20. Contingent or intangible environmental costs • Uncertain future remediation or compensation costs • Risk by future regulatory changes • Product quality • Employee health and safety • Public/customer satisfaction
  21. 21. How to estimate Sustainable Profits? • Set boundaries (must be controllable in some way) • Establish Targets (As per Royal commission on Environmental Pollution, reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 60% by 2050) • Identify Impacts • Valuation (impacts of environmental damages)

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