PRESENT PERFECT 
and 
PAST SIMPLE
USE THE PRESENT PERFECT 
to speak about the recent past and past experiences 
not saying exactly when things happened 
I'v...
USE THE PRESENT PERFECT 
We often use the Present Perfect to give news 
Mary's had her baby 
A parcel has arrived for you
YET, JUST, ALREADY 
We often use yet, just and already with the Present Perfect 
Yet: ? and - at the end of the sentence 
...
YET, JUST, ALREADY 
already: + before the main verb 
to say that something happened before or 
earlier than expected 
I ha...
YET, JUST, ALREADY 
just: + before the main verb 
to say that something happened very recently 
I have just finished my ho...
USE THE PAST SIMPLE 
to speak about FINISHED past actions when 
we say, ask or know when things happened 
I finished my ho...
PRESENT PERFECT VS. PAST SIMPLE 
Use the Present Perfect (not the Past Simple) to talk about 
past experiences and recent ...
PRESENT PERFECT VS. PAST SIMPLE 
Use the Past Simple (not the Present Perfect ) to ask or talk 
about finished actions in ...
PRESENT PERFECT 
+ 
for/since 
PRESENT PERFECT 
CONTINUOUS
USE THE PRESENT PERFECT 
+ FOR/SINCE with non-action verbs (have, know, …) to talk 
about something that started in the pa...
FOR/SINCE 
We how long…? + Present Perfect to ask about an 
unfinished period of time (from the past until now) 
For + a p...
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 
+ FOR/SINCE with action verbs (learn, work, go …) to talk 
about actions that started in the p...
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 
Use the PPC for continuous or repeated actions which 
have been happening very recently. The a...
Present Perfect and Past Simple
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Present Perfect and Past Simple

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present perfect and past simple

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Present Perfect and Past Simple

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT and PAST SIMPLE
  2. 2. USE THE PRESENT PERFECT to speak about the recent past and past experiences not saying exactly when things happened I've finished my homework She's cleaned the kitchen He hasn't done the washing up A. has she turned off her phone? B. No, she hasn't
  3. 3. USE THE PRESENT PERFECT We often use the Present Perfect to give news Mary's had her baby A parcel has arrived for you
  4. 4. YET, JUST, ALREADY We often use yet, just and already with the Present Perfect Yet: ? and - at the end of the sentence to ask if something happened or to say that it hasn't happened have you finished yet? She hasn't cleaned the kitchen yet
  5. 5. YET, JUST, ALREADY already: + before the main verb to say that something happened before or earlier than expected I have already finished my homework
  6. 6. YET, JUST, ALREADY just: + before the main verb to say that something happened very recently I have just finished my homework
  7. 7. USE THE PAST SIMPLE to speak about FINISHED past actions when we say, ask or know when things happened I finished my homework before dinner He cleaned the kitchen yesterday She did the washing up last night A. Did she turn off her phone before the accident? B. No, she didn’t
  8. 8. PRESENT PERFECT VS. PAST SIMPLE Use the Present Perfect (not the Past Simple) to talk about past experiences and recent past actions when we don’t specify a time I’ve been to Madrid twice (= in my life up to now) I went there in 2002 and 2010
  9. 9. PRESENT PERFECT VS. PAST SIMPLE Use the Past Simple (not the Present Perfect ) to ask or talk about finished actions in the past when the time is mentioned or understood we often use a past time expression (yesterday, last week) I’ve bought a new computer (= I don’t say exactly when) I bought it last Saturday (= I say exactly when)
  10. 10. PRESENT PERFECT + for/since PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  11. 11. USE THE PRESENT PERFECT + FOR/SINCE with non-action verbs (have, know, …) to talk about something that started in the past and is still true now They've known each other for 10 years Julia's had her motorbike since she was 18 A. How long have you worked here? B. For about a year C. Since 2004
  12. 12. FOR/SINCE We how long…? + Present Perfect to ask about an unfinished period of time (from the past until now) For + a period of time (e.g.: for two weeks, for ages) Since + a point in time (since 2010, since I was a child…) DO NOT use the Present Simple with for/since
  13. 13. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS + FOR/SINCE with action verbs (learn, work, go …) to talk about actions that started in the past and are still true now They've been teaching here for 10 years She's been learning English since she was a child
  14. 14. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Use the PPC for continuous or repeated actions which have been happening very recently. The actions have usually just finished. A. Your eyes are red. have you been crying? B. No, I’ve been chopping onions

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