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Second conditional

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Second conditional

  1. 1. SecondConditional<br />NEFi 4B<br />
  2. 2. SecondConditional<br />Use thesecondconditionaltotalkabout a hypothetical/imaginarysituation in thepresentorfuture and itsconsequence<br />If + past simple, wouldorwouldn’t + infinitive<br />If I had more money, I wouldbuya biggerhouse<br />
  3. 3. Secondconditional<br />Compare:<br />Real situation<br />I don’thavemoney, so I can’tbuy a biggerhouse<br />Hypothetical/imaginarysituation<br />If I had more money, I’dbuy a biggerhouse<br />‘d isthecontractionforwould<br />
  4. 4. SecondConditional<br />Compare<br />FirstConditional (if + pres. simp, will/won’t + inf.)<br />If I have time, I’llhelpyou.<br />Thissituationispossible . I mayhave time.<br />SecondConditional(if + past. simp, would/wouldn’t+ inf.)<br />If I had time, I’dhelpyou<br />Thissituationisimaginary. I don’t/won’thave time<br />
  5. 5. SecondConditional<br />You can use secondconditionalsentencesbeginning ‘If I wereyou, I’d…’ togiveadvice.<br />Hereyou CAN’T use was: If I waswereyou…<br />
  6. 6. Would/ wouldn’t + infinitive<br />You can also use would / wouldn’t + infinitive (withoutanifclause) whenyoutalkaboutimaginarysituations.<br />My ideal holidaywouldbe a week in the Bahamas<br />
  7. 7. Could, might + infinitive<br />You can use could + infinitivetotalkabout a remoteability/possibility<br />If I had a lot of money, I couldbuy a new car<br />(=I wouldbeabletobuy a new car)<br />You can use might + infinitiveto mean ‘wouldperhaps’<br />If I bought a GPS, I mightnotgetlostallthe time<br />(= I wouldn’t (perhaps) getlostallthe time)<br />
  8. 8. 2nd Conditional: Questions<br />Weoftenmakequestions in the 2nd ConditionalwithWhatwouldyou do if…?<br />Thisphrase can come at thebeginningortheend of thesentence.<br />Whatwouldyou do ifyoudidn’thave a mobilephone?<br />Ifyoudidn’thave a mobilephone, whatwouldyou do?<br />
  9. 9. 2nd Conditional: Questions<br />You can (obviously) alsoaskYes/Noquestions in the 2nd Conditional.<br />Wouldyougetlostifyoudidn’thave a GPS?<br />Ifyoudidn’thave a GPS, wouldyougetlost?<br />The short answerstotheseYes/Noquestions are: Yes, I wouldor No, I wouldn’t. You can alsosayYes, I might.<br />