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Geocoding Symposium 
Washington 
Tues 25 Oct 2011
Looking Beyond 
the Physical Address 
An Examination 
of How Geocoding 
Can Enhance 
Postal Addressing
richard abas 
3.1081 101.5832 
+60193354731 
razlanabas@gmail.com 
www.posttude.com 
@razlan 
###53281-8958-1832 
###razla...
where? 
The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC 
1127 Connecticut Avenue NW 
Washington, DC 20036 
1-202-347-3000 ...
where? 
The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC 
1127 Connecticut Avenue NW 
Washington, DC 20036 
1-202-347-3000 ...
where? 
The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC 
1127 Connecticut Avenue NW 
Washington, DC 20036 
1-202-347-3000 ...
Washington Conference 
October 1884 
International Meridian Conference 
http://www.ucolick.org/~sla/leapsecs/scans-meridia...
http://www.geo.ya.com/valeranet/delegados.htm
Resolutions 1 ... 4 
The following resolutions were adopted by the conference: 
1.That it is the opinion of this Congress ...
Resolutions 5 ... 7 
1.That this universal day is to be a mean solar day; is to begin for all the world at the 
moment of ...
Purpose? 
what is geocoding? 
why does it matter? 
how can it help postal addressing? 
can we create a standard? 
posttude...
what is geocoding?
googled... 
.... Geocoding is the process of resolving geographic 
place names, addresses or other data to geographic 
coo...
Goldberg 1 
. ..The most common data to be geocoded are postal addresses. 
In fact, there are very few geocoding services ...
why does geocoding matter? 
simplify what is where 
help get somewhere 
make stuff easier 
do cool things
size of problem 
4 / 6.5 Billion
UPU, UN 
UPU puts addressing on UN agenda 
UPU director general Edouard Dayan .....“Addresses are taken for granted 
in in...
Goldberg 2 
PERSISTENT GEOCODING DIFFICULTIES.... 
... In developing countries with little GIS data infrastructure, the 
m...
who needs a universal geocode for 
postal delivery? 
... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer...
who needs a universal geocode for 
postal delivery? 
... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer...
can we create a standard? 
learn from others 
innovation happens at the intersection of disciplines 
geocode best practise...
Standards 
●110 km 
●90210 
●WAS DCA IAD BWI 
●Latitude 3.1415 N Longitude 103.3876 
●+60 19 3354731 
●georger@geotude.com...
Vinton Cerf 
IP= internet protocols 
IP on everything 
learn from the lessons of building the internet and the web and 
ap...
FGDC-STD-011-2001 
NSDI 
National Spatial Data Infrastructure 
United States National Grid 
Standards Working Group 
Feder...
Discrete Global Grids 
c-squares 
cquay 
GARS 
Geohash 
Georef 
Marsden Square 
Maidenhead Locator System 
Military Grid R...
Discrete Global Grids - desirable 
features 
Goodchild 1994 
Kimmerling 1999 
Clarke 2000 
http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclar...
Goodchild 1994 
1.Each area contains one point 
2.Areas are equal in size 
3.Areas exhaustively cover the domain 
4.Areas ...
Kimmerling 1999 
1.Areal cells constitute a complete tiling of the globe, exhaustively covering the globe without 
overlap...
Clarke 2000 
1.Universal 
2.Authoritative 
3.Succinct 
4.Definitive 
5.Exhaustive 
6.Hierarchical 
7.Unique 
8.Intuitive 
...
Razlan 2011 
Criteria for choosing a Geocode { especially for mail delivery} 
simple 
single string 
numerical 
intuitive ...
www.posttude.com 
●IP address for location 
●Provides a unique 5+4+4 digit geocode for every 10 x 10 m 
grid on earth1 
●6...
Postcode v Posttude 
Postcode 
●identify post office 
●lookup required 
●changes 
●local 
Posttude 
●identify delivery poi...
C = 5/9*F-32 
### 73824-8096-5615 
Lat: -37.8056 
Long: 144.9615 
73824= 10,000 + (500 x (90-(-37))) + (180 + 144 ) 
note:...
The smallest numbered Geotude is 10000 at lat=-90°, lng=-180°. Geotude number 
are incremented by 1, when we move from lef...
Geotude 
●Provisional application for patent : May 2006 (Australia) 
●Patent Corporation Treaty (PCT) application: April 2...
R & D 
Red Herring Asia 200 (2006,2008,2009) 
Where 2.0 in San Jose, CA (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009,2010) 
Google Geo Develope...
Standard 
1884 ... Greenwich 
2011? ... ?
UPU 
Universal Postal Union 
191 member countries 
Post Offices 
Postcodes 121/191 
Addressing summit 2011 
recent cases: ...
.post 
Geneva (Switzerland), December 11, 2009 
ICANN grants UPU .post top-level domain 
UPU first UN agency to get such a...
Potential 
### standard 
an address for everyone 
an address for anything 
redefine where 
web 2.0 address book 
space tim...
Revenue model 
Create standard 
Free Posttude 
Pay for GRL
Just like 
URL } DNS } IP address 
GRL } PNS } Posttude
Now 
Global Envelope Alliance 
500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550 
Alexandria, VA 22314 
(phone) +1 703-739-2200 
(fax) +1 7...
Future 
Global Envelope Alliance 
500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550 
Alexandria, VA 22314 
(phone) +1 703-739-2200 
(fax) +...
# # # 
# on mobile device 
area bounded by two lines of latitude and longitude 
geotude logo 
# # # {minimum 5 digits} 
in...
thank you 
3.1081 101.5832 
+60193354731 
razlanabas@gmail.com 
www.posttude.com 
@razlan 
### 53281-8958-1832 
### rabas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas
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25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas

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Posttude, 25 oct 2011
Global Envelope Alliance
geocoding symposium
washington
0950 richard abas

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25 oct 2011 geocoding symposium washington 0950 richard abas

  1. 1. Geocoding Symposium Washington Tues 25 Oct 2011
  2. 2. Looking Beyond the Physical Address An Examination of How Geocoding Can Enhance Postal Addressing
  3. 3. richard abas 3.1081 101.5832 +60193354731 razlanabas@gmail.com www.posttude.com @razlan ###53281-8958-1832 ###razlanabas
  4. 4. where? The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC 1127 Connecticut Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036 1-202-347-3000 Local 1-800-266-9432 Reservation Hotline
  5. 5. where? The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC 1127 Connecticut Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036 1-202-347-3000 Local 1-800-266-9432 Reservation Hotline 38.9046 -77.0402
  6. 6. where? The Mayflower Renaissance Hotel, Washington, DC 1127 Connecticut Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036 1-202-347-3000 Local 1-800-266-9432 Reservation Hotline 38.9046 -77.0402 ###35602-0995-5397 ###mayflowerDC
  7. 7. Washington Conference October 1884 International Meridian Conference http://www.ucolick.org/~sla/leapsecs/scans-meridian.html
  8. 8. http://www.geo.ya.com/valeranet/delegados.htm
  9. 9. Resolutions 1 ... 4 The following resolutions were adopted by the conference: 1.That it is the opinion of this Congress that it is desirable to adopt a single prime meridian for all nations, in place of the multiplicity of initial meridians which now exist. 2.That the Conference proposes to the Governments here represented the adoption of the meridian passing through the centre of the transit instrument at the Observatory of Greenwichas the initial meridian for longitude. 3.That from this meridian longitude shall be counted in two directions up to 180 degrees, east longitude being plus and west longitude minus. 4.That the Conference proposes the adoption of a universal day for all purposes for which it may be found convenient, and which shall not interfere with the use of local or standard time where desirable.
  10. 10. Resolutions 5 ... 7 1.That this universal day is to be a mean solar day; is to begin for all the world at the moment of mean midnight of the initial meridian, coinciding with the beginning of the civil day and date of that meridian; and is to be counted from zero up to twenty-four hours. 2.That the Conference expresses the hope that as soon as may be practicable the astronomical and nautical days will be arranged everywhere to begin at midnight. 3.That the Conference expresses the hope that the technical studies designed to regulate and extend the application of the decimal system to the division of angular space and of time shall be resumed, so as to permit the extension of this application to all cases in which it presents real advantages.
  11. 11. Purpose? what is geocoding? why does it matter? how can it help postal addressing? can we create a standard? posttude, gocode, NAC , ... , ?
  12. 12. what is geocoding?
  13. 13. googled... .... Geocoding is the process of resolving geographic place names, addresses or other data to geographic coordinates or geocodes, 20036 1-202- WAS DCA IAD BWI
  14. 14. Goldberg 1 . ..The most common data to be geocoded are postal addresses. In fact, there are very few geocoding services which geocode anything other than postal address data. The simple reason for this is that postal address data are among the most prevalent forms of information [Eichelberger, 1993],... http://www.urisa.org/goldberg
  15. 15. why does geocoding matter? simplify what is where help get somewhere make stuff easier do cool things
  16. 16. size of problem 4 / 6.5 Billion
  17. 17. UPU, UN UPU puts addressing on UN agenda UPU director general Edouard Dayan .....“Addresses are taken for granted in industrialised countries, but billions of people in developing countries don’t have them, ... “People without addresses cannot easily vote or enjoy a full legal identity, nor can they easily open a bank account or qualify for credit or loans,” he added.The head of the UN agency for postal services reminded his colleagues that addresses are important for delivering health and emergency services, developing rural and urban policies, and providing access to basic public services such as electricity or water. Dayan continued: “How can you apply for a decent job without a personal address? How can businesses sell and customers buy online if there is no physical address for delivering the goods? How can people get a passport or an ID?” The UPU wants to raise awareness of addressing systems and give an address to everyone in the world. ...... http://www.upu.int/news_centre/2009/en/2009-11-02_adressage_aux_nations-unies.html 2 Nov 2009
  18. 18. Goldberg 2 PERSISTENT GEOCODING DIFFICULTIES.... ... In developing countries with little GIS data infrastructure, the main roadblock to accurate geocoding is the simple non-existence of reference datasets or GIS data infrastructure [Croner, 2003, United Nations Economic Commission, 2005]. The development of basic GIS reference datasets is hindered by the existence of slum-like areas that change frequently, contain geographic features that are not street addressable, and where many areas lack a consistent addressing scheme ...costly endeavors being undertaken in areas with few economic resources to dedicate to the task [United Nations Economic Commission, 2005]. http://www.urisa.org/goldberg
  19. 19. who needs a universal geocode for postal delivery? ... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer is that every nation has a different postcode structure, so one would have to create a “bridge code” to transcend all these different structures. However, there are some other reasons, including a great deal of money that each nation has already invested in their own mail processing systems and the lack of a unversal system that keeps addresses correct and up-to-date. A number of nations have non-sequential addressing systems where houses on a street are randomly numbered, not one after another. In some nations, there is a great distance between residences so a system that transcends these challenges is vitally important. ...
  20. 20. who needs a universal geocode for postal delivery? ... Why can’t we use postcodes to accomplish the same job? The answer is that every nation has a different postcode structure, so one would have to create a “bridge code” to transcend all these different structures. However, there are some other reasons, including a great deal of money that each nation has already invested in their own mail processing systems and the lack of a unversal system that keeps addresses correct and up-to-date. A number of nations have non-sequential addressing systems where houses on a street are randomly numbered, not one after another. In some nations, there is a great distance between residences so a system that transcends these challenges is vitally important. ... The Global Envelope Report 2010, GEA
  21. 21. can we create a standard? learn from others innovation happens at the intersection of disciplines geocode best practises
  22. 22. Standards ●110 km ●90210 ●WAS DCA IAD BWI ●Latitude 3.1415 N Longitude 103.3876 ●+60 19 3354731 ●georger@geotude.com ●@razlan ●178.345.652.789 ●www.posttu.de ●###29384 2832 3348 ●###12345.......
  23. 23. Vinton Cerf IP= internet protocols IP on everything learn from the lessons of building the internet and the web and apply to the geoweb IP for location Geoweb Vancouver 25 July 2007
  24. 24. FGDC-STD-011-2001 NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure United States National Grid Standards Working Group Federal Geographic Data Committee December, 2001 http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/usng/index_html
  25. 25. Discrete Global Grids c-squares cquay GARS Geohash Georef Marsden Square Maidenhead Locator System Military Grid Reference System Natural Area Code Quarter Degree Grid Cells World Meteorological Organisation Squares Universal Transverse Mercator http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geocoding
  26. 26. Discrete Global Grids - desirable features Goodchild 1994 Kimmerling 1999 Clarke 2000 http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  27. 27. Goodchild 1994 1.Each area contains one point 2.Areas are equal in size 3.Areas exhaustively cover the domain 4.Areas are equal in shape 5.Points form a hierarchy preserving some (undefined) property for m < n points 6.Areas form a hierarchy preserving some (undefined) property for m < n areas 7.The domain is the globe (sphere, spheroid) 8.Edges of areas are straight on some projection 9.Areas have the same number of edges 10.Areas are compact 11.Points are maximally central within areas 12.Points are equidistant 13.Edges are areas of equal length 14.Addresses of points and areas are regular and reflect other properties http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  28. 28. Kimmerling 1999 1.Areal cells constitute a complete tiling of the globe, exhaustively covering the globe without overlapping. (3,7) 2.Areal cells have equal areas. This minimizes the confounding effects of area variation in analysis, and provides equal probabilities for sampling designs. (2) 3.Areal cells have the same topology (same number of edges and vertices). (9, 14) 4.Areal cells have the same shape. ideally a regular spherical polygon with edges that are great circles. (4) 5.Areal cells are compact. (10) 6.Edges of cells are straight in a projection. (8) 7.The midpoint of an arc connecting two adjacent cells coincides with the midpoint of the edge between the two cells. 8.The points and areal cells of the various resolution grids which constitute the grid system form a hierarchy which displays a high degree of regularity. (5,6) 9.A single areal cell contains only one grid reference point.(1) 10.Grid reference points are maximally central within areal cells. (11) 11.Grid reference points are equidistant from their neighbors. (12) 12.Grid reference points and areal cells display regularities and other properties which allow them to be addressed in an efficient manner. 13.The grid system has a simple relationship to latitude and longitude. 14.The grid system contains grids of any arbitrary defined spatial resolution. (5,6) http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  29. 29. Clarke 2000 1.Universal 2.Authoritative 3.Succinct 4.Definitive 5.Exhaustive 6.Hierarchical 7.Unique 8.Intuitive 9.Tractable 10.Accurate http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~kclarke/Papers/GlobalGrids.html
  30. 30. Razlan 2011 Criteria for choosing a Geocode { especially for mail delivery} simple single string numerical intuitive no look up global definitive exhaustive nested privacy and security flexible Height PABX free no royalty open standard internationally agreed
  31. 31. www.posttude.com ●IP address for location ●Provides a unique 5+4+4 digit geocode for every 10 x 10 m grid on earth1 ●6.48 x 1012 ●Extendable infinitely ●Open Source and free ●Mathematical algorithm not requiring lookup ●hierarchical 1. more precisely, a discrete global grid with equal angle graticules at 4 decimals of latitude and longitude
  32. 32. Postcode v Posttude Postcode ●identify post office ●lookup required ●changes ●local Posttude ●identify delivery point ●latitude & longitude ●permanent ●international
  33. 33. C = 5/9*F-32 ### 73824-8096-5615 Lat: -37.8056 Long: 144.9615 73824= 10,000 + (500 x (90-(-37))) + (180 + 144 ) note: quadrant changes formula
  34. 34. The smallest numbered Geotude is 10000 at lat=-90°, lng=-180°. Geotude number are incremented by 1, when we move from left (West) to right (East). Geotude number are incremented by 500, when we move from top (North) to bottom (South). Hence, the largest numbered Geotude is 99859 at lat=+89°, lng=+179°.
  35. 35. Geotude ●Provisional application for patent : May 2006 (Australia) ●Patent Corporation Treaty (PCT) application: April 2007 (Kuala Lumpur) ●PCT provisional approval in August 2007 ●Open sourced 2008
  36. 36. R & D Red Herring Asia 200 (2006,2008,2009) Where 2.0 in San Jose, CA (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009,2010) Google Geo Developers Day (2006, 2007) WhereCamp, Sunnyvale, CA (2007) Web 2.0, San Francisco, CA (2007) WhereCamp, Mountain View, CA (2008) National Postal Forum, Anaheim, CA (2008) WhereCamp, Palo Alto, CA (2009) Web 2.0 Summit, SF (2009) CES, Las Vegas, NV (2010) Post Expo, Copenhagen , Denmark (2010) Address Summit , UPU, Bern, Switzerland (2010) GEA Geocode Symposium (2011)
  37. 37. Standard 1884 ... Greenwich 2011? ... ?
  38. 38. UPU Universal Postal Union 191 member countries Post Offices Postcodes 121/191 Addressing summit 2011 recent cases: Saudi Arabia Costa Rica South Africa
  39. 39. .post Geneva (Switzerland), December 11, 2009 ICANN grants UPU .post top-level domain UPU first UN agency to get such a domain; global postal sector to explore new frontiers of electronic postal services The Universal Postal Union (UPU) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) today signed the contract that grants the UPU managing authority over the top-level domain name, .post (dot.post). The UPU is the first United Nations agency to obtain a piece of real-estate space on the Internet for the global industry it represents. ICANN President Rod Beckstrom and UPU Director General Edouard Dayan signed the contract at the United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland. http://www.upu.int/press/en/2009/2009_12_11_dotpost_en.pdf
  40. 40. Potential ### standard an address for everyone an address for anything redefine where web 2.0 address book space time visualization the science behind the social network
  41. 41. Revenue model Create standard Free Posttude Pay for GRL
  42. 42. Just like URL } DNS } IP address GRL } PNS } Posttude
  43. 43. Now Global Envelope Alliance 500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550 Alexandria, VA 22314 (phone) +1 703-739-2200 (fax) +1 703-739-2209 www.globalenvelopealliance.org
  44. 44. Future Global Envelope Alliance 500 Montgomery Street, Suite 550 Alexandria, VA 22314 (phone) +1 703-739-2200 (fax) +1 703-739-2209 www.globalenvelopealliance.org ###gea
  45. 45. # # # # on mobile device area bounded by two lines of latitude and longitude geotude logo # # # {minimum 5 digits} input any device
  46. 46. thank you 3.1081 101.5832 +60193354731 razlanabas@gmail.com www.posttude.com @razlan ### 53281-8958-1832 ### rabas

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