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Autonomous Region in Muslim
• is composed of five provinces namely, Basilan, Lanao del
Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-tawi. Its capital is
Cotabato City even if it’s outside the ARMM jurisdiction.
• The region was established on August 1, 1989 through RA
6734 aka Organic Act in pursuance with a constitutional
mandate to provide an autonomous area in Mindanao.
Area and Location
• Land Area:26,974 km2 (10,415 sq mi)
• Located at the southwesternmost tip of the archipelago
• Bounded by Lanao del Norte and Sulu Sea on the north
• Bukidnon and Cotabato on the east
• Sultan Kudarat and Celebes Sea on the South
• 1380-Muslims arrived in Tawi-tawi and natives converted to Islam
• 1457-Sultanate of Sulu was established then Maguindanao and Buayan
• These sultanates resisted Spanish colonialism. Sulu recognized its sovereignty
not until the last quarter of 19th century.
• The people collectively call themselves “Bangsamoro” to identify themselves
under the Islamic law and culture. They resisted the three colonizers and
nevertheless wasn’t annexed into the Philippine government after the
declaration of Independence(http://armm.gov.ph/). Most of it’s territories have
been separate so they were able to develop their own identity.
• It was opened to Christians during Ramon Magsaysay’s term as part of his
• 1970’s (Marcos Regime) when tensions escalated between government
forces and the (MNLF) Moro National Liberation Front. This prompted the
president to issue a proclamation that created Autonomous Region in
• Aug 1, 1989- Creation of Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao through
RA 6734 aka organic Act
Population: 3,256,140 as of 2010
Ethnic groups: Maguindanaos, Maranaos, Badjaos,Tirurays, Tausugs,
Languages: Tausug, Samal,Cebuano,Tagalog
• Capital: Lamitan
• TLA :1,379 square kilometers
• Location: North-Zamboanga del Sur; east-moro gulf; west-
sulu sea; south-Mindanao sea
• Ethnic groups: Yakan, Tausug and Zamboangueno
• Languages: Tausug, Chavacano, Samal
Treasure Islands of the Southern Seas
• History: The Spanish Pigafetta expedition landed on a
group of islets west of the main island of Basilan, where
they found precious pearls; subsequent Spanish
cartographers aptly named these the "Isletas de Perlas"
(Pearl Islets). Native Samal and Bajao folk called this
group of islets and reefs "Pilas" (Perlas), a name still used
to this day. More recently, there have been local rumors
about gold bars and other trinkets hidden among the many
islets by retreating Japanese troops at the end of World
War II. To date, treasure hunters of various nationalities,
among them Japanese and Europeans, have scoured the
How to get there
• Zamboanga City is the main gateway to Basilan Island which lies 17 nautical
miles (narrowest point of the Basilan Strait) due north. If you’re from Manila or
Cebu, take a flight to Zamboanga City then take a jeepney bound
forCanelar and walk towards the port.
• From there, a boat ride of 1 hour and 45 mins (for conventional passenger
ferries), or 1 hour (for a fast craft), will take you to Isabela and Lamitan. The
fare ranges from Php20 (student and senior citizen's discounted fare on some
conventional ferries) to P70 (first-class w/ aircon). Fast craft usually charge
P140 for ordinary and P170 w/ aircon.
Isabela-Zamboanga-Isabela Route (1 hr, 30 mins)
Lamitan-Zamboanga-Lamitan Route (1 hr, 30 mins)
Maluso-Jolo-Maluso Route (6 hours)
Terminal fee is 11 pesos in Zamboanga City and 4 pesos in Isabela port.
• Balagtasan Waterfalls-biggest in the province where
hydroelectric powerplant is located
• Kalun’s Park/Shrine-tribute to Kalun, a popular Yakan
leader during his time.
• Malamaui Island-contains traditional resting place of the sea-faring Badjaos
and Simal-Luan Banguingui
• Menzi agricultural plantation-anyone can witness the actual processing of
rubber, coffee, black pepper and African palm oil.
Pakaradjaan Basilan, celebrated annually from March 1 to March 7 to commemorate the anniversary of the Province of Basilan
Lami-Lamihan Festival, the island's premier festival, is celebrated during the Feast of St. Peter (Fiesta San Pedro) on June 29 i
Lamitan City. The festival is highlighted by the Yakans, who attend the festivities in full regalia, selling wares and produce
brought in from their farms in the interior.
Cocowayan Festival, Isabela City's annual commemoration of its cityhood, is a week-long series of activities culminating in the
annual Street Dancing parade on April 25.
Fiesta Santa Isabel, celebrated every July 8 by the residents of Isabela City, in honor of its Patroness Saint, Elizabeth of
Portugal (Span. Sta. Isabel de Portugal). The focal point of the celebrations is the Sta. Isabel Cathedral, located at the center o
Isabela City. This is highlighted by a procession and novena masses, the traditional Bella Isabela Beauty Pageant, a marathon,
regatta and other activities organized primarily by the Diocese of Basilan and the Prelature of Isabela and its lay organizations,
the Catholic Women's League and the Knights of Columbus.
Lanao del Sur
• Capital: Marawi City
• A&L: 3850 km2 north-lanao del norte; east-Bukidnon;
west-Illiana bay; south- Maguindanao and Cotabato
• Ethnic groups: Maranao( literally People of the Lake)
• Languages: Maranao, Cebuano
• Lanao comes from the word ranao, meaning "lake." Lanao centers on the basin
of Lake Lanao; thus, it is the land of the Maranaos, the "people of the lake."
• Lanao is the seat of the Sultanate of Lanao.
• When the Spaniards first explored Lanao in 1689, they found a well-settled
community named Dansalan at the lake's northern end. Dansalan became a
municipality in 1907 and a city in 1940.
• During the Pre-Spanish time, there are 4 important Boundaries hold the power
of appointing a new sultan namely: Bakayawan, Dalama, Madamba and
Sawer. In appointing a new sultan the permission of these four boundaries are
needed to validate the new sultan appointed to his position.
• Mt. Mupo-On the Summit is a national park with the view
of Lanao Lake
• KARIYALA FESTIVAL Best Wao’s ceremonial gatherings
and merrymaking for a bountiful harvest, for peace,
prosperity and progress to ALLAH. KARIYALA comes from
Maranaw term for merrymaking & other related ceremonial
How to get there
• PAL and other airlines has daily flights every day from Manila to Cagayan de Oro City. From Cagayan de
Oro, collective taxi for 4 to 6 passanger who share the fare goes to Marawi.
From Cotabato City, the seat of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Region XII, you can
either take plane of 30-minute flight or you can go by land. Should you choose to take a plane,it will bring
you to Baloi Airport at Baloi, Lanao del Norte. Then take a PU jeep to Marawi, about 30-minute ride. If you
choose by land, then you have to choose either via Malabang or via Davao - Butuan - Cagayan de Oro City
- Iligan City tri before you finally reach Marawi.
If you want to reach Marawi City by water transportation, from Manila, you can take about direct to
Cagayan de Oro City for two days or to Iligan City for two and a half days. Also, from Manila to Cebu City to
Iligan then from Cagayan or Iligan, PUj�s can take you to Marawi City.
• Capital-Sultan Kudarat
• A & L- 5,474.10 km2;north-Cotabato,east-Lanao del
sur,west-Moro gulf, south-Sultan Kudarat
• Ethnic groups: Lumad, Visayan,
other Moro tribes (such as Maranao, Iranun )
• Languages: Maguindanao
language, Chabacano,Cebuano, Filipino,
Maguindanao (People of the plains)
• Early 15th Century-Sharif Muhammad Kabungsuan, an Arab-Malay preacher
from the Royal House of Malacca, arrived in what is now Malabang, introduced
Islamic faith and customs, settled down with a local princess, and founded a
Sultanate whose capital was Cotabato.
• The native Maguindanaon have a culture that revolves around kulintang music, a
specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of
the Southern Philippines.
• Amai Ningka,Datu Piang, Maguindanao- One can find heree the old cannons of the
• Rio grande de Mindanao-second largest river in the country
How to get there
• From Cotabato City, buses opérate regularly bound to
• Ships from Manila and Cebusail directly to Maguindanao
• Sagayan is one of the ancient (unchoreographed) dance
forms in the world that still exist to the present; one of the
proofs is its mentioned in the Darangen, one of the oldest
epics in the world
• A & L-1,600.4 square kilometres ;North and West-Sulu
Sea;east-Mindanao sea, south- Celebes sea
• Ethnic groups-
Moro (Banguingui, Samal, Tausug,Yakan), Bajau and Zam
• Languages-Chavacano, Samal, Tausug,Yakan
• Karim-ul-Mahkdum, an Arab religious missionary and
learned judge, reinforced the Islamic foundation of
RajahBaguinda’s polity (1390–1460) and that of the
Sultanate of Sayid Abubakar, princely scholar from Arabia
who married Paramisuli, the daughter of Rajah Baguinda.
Sayid Abubakar eventually inherited the rule of Rajah
Baguinda, established the Sultanate of Sulu and became
its first Sultan. To consolidate his rule, Sayid Abubakar
united the local political units under the umbrella of the
Sultanate. He brought Sulu, Zamboanga
Peninsula, Palawan andBasilan under its aegis.
• American Calvary Monument
• Bud Dato
• Marungas Island-*km east of Jolo. The beach abounds variety of seashells
• Maubo Beach-most frequented beach because of its
Proximity to the town proper
• Mount Tumatangis
• Pearl Farm
• The Sulu Sea is dotted with coral reefs, such as the pearl
farm at Marungas Island and provides some of the world’s
best dive spots. The Tubbataha Reef, a 33,200 – hectare
underwater splendor, is the best site of Sulu Sea. Because
of its fabulous beauty, the Tubbataha Reef Marine Park
was honored by UNESCO in December 1993 as the first
natural site in the Philippines to be etched in the
prestigious World Heritage List.
• Provincial Capitol-moor-inspired
• Sulu Ethnological Museum-
houses cultural historical artifacts
• How to get there
Regular boats sail from Zamboanga to Jolo almost daily
which takes 12 hours
By ferry,it takes 6 hours
• Capital- Bongao
• A & L-1,087.40 km2 ; north and west- Sulu sea, east and
• Ethnic groups- Yakans, Tausugs
• Sibutu remained under Spanish rule until 1900.
• Tawi-Tawi was previously part of the province of Sulu. On September 11,
1973, pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 302, the new province of Tawi-
Tawi was officially created, separate from Sulu. The seat of the provincial
government was established inBongao.
• The name of Tawi-Tawi is a projection of the Malay word "jauh" meaning
"far." Prehistoric travelers from the Asian mainland would repeat the word
as "jaui-jaui" to mean "far away" because of the distance of the islands
from the continent of Asia. The word "Tawi-Tawi" was picked up to later
become the official name of the province.
• Bongao Peak-monkey sanctuary
• Cagayan de Tawi-tawi-islands are known
for their flora and fauna
• Tahing-tahing Beach-inspiration for the “Tawi tawi beach” song composed by
• Tubig Indangan- site of the oldest mosque in the country built by Sheik Makhdum
whose tomb is beside it.
• Turtle Islands- “site of one of the largest concentrations of
marine turtles in Asia”( Libosada,178)
A “PANGALAY” dancer dressed in a traditional “biyatawi” (fitted blouse) and “sawwal” (loose trousers) leads
the street dancing of the Bongao delegation during the 41st Kamahardikaan Festival in Tawi-Tawi province.
The backdrop is the “sambulayang,” or colorful flags that traditionally decorate native boats, like the lepa.
Agal-Agal Festival is modeled after
the “mother of all festivals”—the
touristic Ati-Atihan—which features
street dancing and parade of floats
that lead to the final “showdown”
or competition among performing
groups representing localities.
• How to get there
Sea- Boat from Zamboanga to tawi tawi for 12 hours
Ferry, by six hours
• The ARMM region is famous in rice delicacies, namely; duldul, pastil, katilapan, pawa.
Native dishes like chicken with cury powder. In addition is the Muslim delicacies
are putrid, sinigang na baka and tinadtag
Delicacy from Marawi
PASTIL, steamed rice with kagikit (flaked chicken) filling wrapped in a banana leaf.
A very spicy and tasty meat of
stingray cooked with coconut
milk then added with burned
coconut grated meat that gave
the sauce its olive like color.
This particular seaweed or agar agar as others call it, is very
much common in the coastal waters of Visayas and Mindanao.
The only difference is that, instead of serving it fresh garnished
with onion, tomatoes and vinegar, the Tawi Tawinians blanch the
seaweeds then added with little soy sauce and some spices like
ginger, onions , giving it a yellowish color.
Marawi Resort Hotel is perfectly nestled at the summit of
the Islamic City of Marawi and found at the campus of the
Mindanao State University. (Wide array of General and
The Farmland Resort (Lanote)
Anson's Hotel (Sumagdang)
Hotel Royal Issra (Marketsite)
Casa Rosario (Port Area), Basilan Hostel (Eastside)
Sulu Pearl Hotel (Jolo)-
Ectosan Garden Hotel (Cotabato City)
Foreign investments could be used
as tools for promoting the heritage
and natural sites in Mindanao
-mass media in redefining the
image of the región
-more business and tourism
LGU should invest in facilities and
seminars to reduce risks and
heighten disaster readiness.