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Autonomous region in muslim mindanao (armm)

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Autonomous region in muslim mindanao (armm)

  1. 1. Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Salaam!
  2. 2. ARMM • is composed of five provinces namely, Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-tawi. Its capital is Cotabato City even if it’s outside the ARMM jurisdiction. • The region was established on August 1, 1989 through RA 6734 aka Organic Act in pursuance with a constitutional mandate to provide an autonomous area in Mindanao.
  3. 3. Area and Location • Land Area:26,974 km2 (10,415 sq mi) • Located at the southwesternmost tip of the archipelago • Bounded by Lanao del Norte and Sulu Sea on the north and northwest • Bukidnon and Cotabato on the east • Sultan Kudarat and Celebes Sea on the South
  4. 4. Game: Name the provinces!
  5. 5. Brief History • 1380-Muslims arrived in Tawi-tawi and natives converted to Islam • 1457-Sultanate of Sulu was established then Maguindanao and Buayan followed. • These sultanates resisted Spanish colonialism. Sulu recognized its sovereignty not until the last quarter of 19th century. • The people collectively call themselves “Bangsamoro” to identify themselves under the Islamic law and culture. They resisted the three colonizers and nevertheless wasn’t annexed into the Philippine government after the declaration of Independence( Most of it’s territories have been separate so they were able to develop their own identity. • It was opened to Christians during Ramon Magsaysay’s term as part of his economic reforms
  6. 6. • 1970’s (Marcos Regime) when tensions escalated between government forces and the (MNLF) Moro National Liberation Front. This prompted the president to issue a proclamation that created Autonomous Region in Southern Mindanao… • Aug 1, 1989- Creation of Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao through RA 6734 aka organic Act
  7. 7. People Population: 3,256,140 as of 2010 Ethnic groups: Maguindanaos, Maranaos, Badjaos,Tirurays, Tausugs, Jama-mapuns Languages: Tausug, Samal,Cebuano,Tagalog
  8. 8. Basilan • Capital: Lamitan • TLA :1,379 square kilometers • Location: North-Zamboanga del Sur; east-moro gulf; west- sulu sea; south-Mindanao sea • Ethnic groups: Yakan, Tausug and Zamboangueno • Languages: Tausug, Chavacano, Samal
  9. 9. Treasure Islands of the Southern Seas • History: The Spanish Pigafetta expedition landed on a group of islets west of the main island of Basilan, where they found precious pearls; subsequent Spanish cartographers aptly named these the "Isletas de Perlas" (Pearl Islets). Native Samal and Bajao folk called this group of islets and reefs "Pilas" (Perlas), a name still used to this day. More recently, there have been local rumors about gold bars and other trinkets hidden among the many islets by retreating Japanese troops at the end of World War II. To date, treasure hunters of various nationalities, among them Japanese and Europeans, have scoured the area.
  10. 10. How to get there • Zamboanga City is the main gateway to Basilan Island which lies 17 nautical miles (narrowest point of the Basilan Strait) due north. If you’re from Manila or Cebu, take a flight to Zamboanga City then take a jeepney bound forCanelar and walk towards the port. • From there, a boat ride of 1 hour and 45 mins (for conventional passenger ferries), or 1 hour (for a fast craft), will take you to Isabela and Lamitan. The fare ranges from Php20 (student and senior citizen's discounted fare on some conventional ferries) to P70 (first-class w/ aircon). Fast craft usually charge P140 for ordinary and P170 w/ aircon. Isabela-Zamboanga-Isabela Route (1 hr, 30 mins) Lamitan-Zamboanga-Lamitan Route (1 hr, 30 mins) Maluso-Jolo-Maluso Route (6 hours) Terminal fee is 11 pesos in Zamboanga City and 4 pesos in Isabela port.
  11. 11. Tourist Attractions • Balagtasan Waterfalls-biggest in the province where hydroelectric powerplant is located • Kalun’s Park/Shrine-tribute to Kalun, a popular Yakan leader during his time.
  12. 12. • Malamaui Island-contains traditional resting place of the sea-faring Badjaos and Simal-Luan Banguingui • Menzi agricultural plantation-anyone can witness the actual processing of rubber, coffee, black pepper and African palm oil.
  13. 13. • Museum of Lamitan • Palm Beach
  14. 14. • Plaza Isabel • Sta. Isabel Cathedral
  15. 15. • Sumagdang Beach
  16. 16. Festival Pakaradjaan Basilan, celebrated annually from March 1 to March 7 to commemorate the anniversary of the Province of Basilan Lami-Lamihan Festival, the island's premier festival, is celebrated during the Feast of St. Peter (Fiesta San Pedro) on June 29 i Lamitan City. The festival is highlighted by the Yakans, who attend the festivities in full regalia, selling wares and produce brought in from their farms in the interior. Cocowayan Festival, Isabela City's annual commemoration of its cityhood, is a week-long series of activities culminating in the annual Street Dancing parade on April 25. Fiesta Santa Isabel, celebrated every July 8 by the residents of Isabela City, in honor of its Patroness Saint, Elizabeth of Portugal (Span. Sta. Isabel de Portugal). The focal point of the celebrations is the Sta. Isabel Cathedral, located at the center o Isabela City. This is highlighted by a procession and novena masses, the traditional Bella Isabela Beauty Pageant, a marathon, regatta and other activities organized primarily by the Diocese of Basilan and the Prelature of Isabela and its lay organizations, the Catholic Women's League and the Knights of Columbus.
  17. 17. Lanao del Sur • Capital: Marawi City • A&L: 3850 km2 north-lanao del norte; east-Bukidnon; west-Illiana bay; south- Maguindanao and Cotabato • Ethnic groups: Maranao( literally People of the Lake) • Languages: Maranao, Cebuano
  18. 18. History: • Lanao comes from the word ranao, meaning "lake." Lanao centers on the basin of Lake Lanao; thus, it is the land of the Maranaos, the "people of the lake." • Lanao is the seat of the Sultanate of Lanao. • When the Spaniards first explored Lanao in 1689, they found a well-settled community named Dansalan at the lake's northern end. Dansalan became a municipality in 1907 and a city in 1940. • During the Pre-Spanish time, there are 4 important Boundaries hold the power of appointing a new sultan namely: Bakayawan, Dalama, Madamba and Sawer. In appointing a new sultan the permission of these four boundaries are needed to validate the new sultan appointed to his position.
  19. 19. Tourist Attractions • Brassware Factory,Tugaya
  20. 20. • Mt. Mupo-On the Summit is a national park with the view of Lanao Lake
  21. 21. • KARIYALA FESTIVAL Best Wao’s ceremonial gatherings and merrymaking for a bountiful harvest, for peace, prosperity and progress to ALLAH. KARIYALA comes from Maranaw term for merrymaking & other related ceremonial gatherings.
  22. 22. How to get there • PAL and other airlines has daily flights every day from Manila to Cagayan de Oro City. From Cagayan de Oro, collective taxi for 4 to 6 passanger who share the fare goes to Marawi. From Cotabato City, the seat of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Region XII, you can either take plane of 30-minute flight or you can go by land. Should you choose to take a plane,it will bring you to Baloi Airport at Baloi, Lanao del Norte. Then take a PU jeep to Marawi, about 30-minute ride. If you choose by land, then you have to choose either via Malabang or via Davao - Butuan - Cagayan de Oro City - Iligan City tri before you finally reach Marawi. If you want to reach Marawi City by water transportation, from Manila, you can take about direct to Cagayan de Oro City for two days or to Iligan City for two and a half days. Also, from Manila to Cebu City to Iligan then from Cagayan or Iligan, PUj�s can take you to Marawi City.
  23. 23. Maguindanao • Capital-Sultan Kudarat • A & L- 5,474.10 km2;north-Cotabato,east-Lanao del sur,west-Moro gulf, south-Sultan Kudarat • Ethnic groups: Lumad, Visayan, other Moro tribes (such as Maranao, Iranun ) • Languages: Maguindanao language, Chabacano,Cebuano, Filipino,
  24. 24. History Maguindanao (People of the plains) • Early 15th Century-Sharif Muhammad Kabungsuan, an Arab-Malay preacher from the Royal House of Malacca, arrived in what is now Malabang, introduced Islamic faith and customs, settled down with a local princess, and founded a Sultanate whose capital was Cotabato. • The native Maguindanaon have a culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.
  25. 25. Tourist Attractions • Amai Ningka,Datu Piang, Maguindanao- One can find heree the old cannons of the Spanish • Rio grande de Mindanao-second largest river in the country
  26. 26. How to get there • From Cotabato City, buses opérate regularly bound to Maguindanao • Ships from Manila and Cebusail directly to Maguindanao via Zamboanga
  27. 27. SAGAYAN Festival • Sagayan is one of the ancient (unchoreographed) dance forms in the world that still exist to the present; one of the proofs is its mentioned in the Darangen, one of the oldest epics in the world
  28. 28. Sulu • Capital-Jolo • A & L-1,600.4 square kilometres ;North and West-Sulu Sea;east-Mindanao sea, south- Celebes sea • Ethnic groups- Moro (Banguingui, Samal, Tausug,Yakan), Bajau and Zam boangueño Chavacano • Languages-Chavacano, Samal, Tausug,Yakan
  29. 29. History • Karim-ul-Mahkdum, an Arab religious missionary and learned judge, reinforced the Islamic foundation of RajahBaguinda’s polity (1390–1460) and that of the Sultanate of Sayid Abubakar, princely scholar from Arabia who married Paramisuli, the daughter of Rajah Baguinda. Sayid Abubakar eventually inherited the rule of Rajah Baguinda, established the Sultanate of Sulu and became its first Sultan. To consolidate his rule, Sayid Abubakar united the local political units under the umbrella of the Sultanate. He brought Sulu, Zamboanga Peninsula, Palawan andBasilan under its aegis. (
  30. 30. Tourist Attractiond • American Calvary Monument • Bud Dato
  31. 31. • Marungas Island-*km east of Jolo. The beach abounds variety of seashells • Maubo Beach-most frequented beach because of its Proximity to the town proper
  32. 32. • Mount Tumatangis • Pearl Farm • The Sulu Sea is dotted with coral reefs, such as the pearl farm at Marungas Island and provides some of the world’s best dive spots. The Tubbataha Reef, a 33,200 – hectare underwater splendor, is the best site of Sulu Sea. Because of its fabulous beauty, the Tubbataha Reef Marine Park was honored by UNESCO in December 1993 as the first natural site in the Philippines to be etched in the prestigious World Heritage List.
  33. 33. • Provincial Capitol-moor-inspired • Sulu Ethnological Museum- houses cultural historical artifacts
  34. 34. • How to get there Regular boats sail from Zamboanga to Jolo almost daily which takes 12 hours By ferry,it takes 6 hours
  35. 35. Tawi-tawi • Capital- Bongao • A & L-1,087.40 km2 ; north and west- Sulu sea, east and south-Celebes sea • Ethnic groups- Yakans, Tausugs • Languages-Вajau-Sinama,Тausug/Ѕulus,Zamboangueño Chavacano
  36. 36. History • Sibutu remained under Spanish rule until 1900. • Tawi-Tawi was previously part of the province of Sulu. On September 11, 1973, pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 302, the new province of Tawi- Tawi was officially created, separate from Sulu.[3] The seat of the provincial government was established inBongao. • The name of Tawi-Tawi is a projection of the Malay word "jauh" meaning "far." Prehistoric travelers from the Asian mainland would repeat the word as "jaui-jaui" to mean "far away" because of the distance of the islands from the continent of Asia. The word "Tawi-Tawi" was picked up to later become the official name of the province.
  37. 37. Tourist Attractions • Bongao Peak-monkey sanctuary • Cagayan de Tawi-tawi-islands are known for their flora and fauna
  38. 38. • Manuk-Mangkaw/Musa • Sitangkai Island
  39. 39. • Tahing-tahing Beach-inspiration for the “Tawi tawi beach” song composed by American soldiers • Tubig Indangan- site of the oldest mosque in the country built by Sheik Makhdum whose tomb is beside it.
  40. 40. • Turtle Islands- “site of one of the largest concentrations of marine turtles in Asia”( Libosada,178)
  41. 41. Festival A “PANGALAY” dancer dressed in a traditional “biyatawi” (fitted blouse) and “sawwal” (loose trousers) leads the street dancing of the Bongao delegation during the 41st Kamahardikaan Festival in Tawi-Tawi province. The backdrop is the “sambulayang,” or colorful flags that traditionally decorate native boats, like the lepa. Agal-Agal Festival is modeled after the “mother of all festivals”—the touristic Ati-Atihan—which features street dancing and parade of floats that lead to the final “showdown” or competition among performing groups representing localities.
  42. 42. • How to get there Sea- Boat from Zamboanga to tawi tawi for 12 hours Ferry, by six hours
  43. 43. GASTRONOMY • The ARMM region is famous in rice delicacies, namely; duldul, pastil, katilapan, pawa. Native dishes like chicken with cury powder. In addition is the Muslim delicacies are putrid, sinigang na baka and tinadtag Delicacy from Marawi City Katilapan
  44. 44. GASTRONOMY • Maguindanao PASTIL, steamed rice with kagikit (flaked chicken) filling wrapped in a banana leaf.
  45. 45. • Tawi-tawi A very spicy and tasty meat of stingray cooked with coconut milk then added with burned coconut grated meat that gave the sauce its olive like color. This particular seaweed or agar agar as others call it, is very much common in the coastal waters of Visayas and Mindanao. The only difference is that, instead of serving it fresh garnished with onion, tomatoes and vinegar, the Tawi Tawinians blanch the seaweeds then added with little soy sauce and some spices like ginger, onions , giving it a yellowish color.
  46. 46. Accommodation Marawi Resort Hotel is perfectly nestled at the summit of the Islamic City of Marawi and found at the campus of the Mindanao State University. (Wide array of General and Recreation Facilities) The Farmland Resort (Lanote) Anson's Hotel (Sumagdang) Hotel Royal Issra (Marketsite) Casa Rosario (Port Area), Basilan Hostel (Eastside) Basilan
  47. 47. • Sulu- Sulu Pearl Hotel (Jolo)- • Maguindanao Ectosan Garden Hotel (Cotabato City)
  48. 48. •Policies
  49. 49. SWOT ANALYSIS STRENGTHS cultural heritage Natural sites WEAKNESSES Tourism promotion Security Tourism facilities Transportation OPPORTUNITIES Investments Foreign investments could be used as tools for promoting the heritage and natural sites in Mindanao -mass media in redefining the image of the región -more airports -more business and tourism establishments THREATS Natural calamities LGU should invest in facilities and seminars to reduce risks and heighten disaster readiness.
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