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Jasmin Flower

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  3. 3. Jasmine 3
  4. 4. 4 Belly(েবলী)
  5. 5. Sl.No. Name Id Program: BSAg. Section- ‘Day’ 1 Md. Shamim Reja 13109072 2 Md. Shajjatul Alam 13109064 3 Khalilur Rahman 13109024 4 Khandakar Nahid Hossain 13109068 5 Zillur Rahman 13109084 6 Assik Debnath 13109083 7 Horidas Sana 13109111 5
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  7. 7. Content Introduction Scientific classification Species Description Distribution and habitat Uses Cultivation Climate and Soil Varieties Land Preparation and Planting Irrigation Manuring Inter Cultural Operations Pruning Plant Protection Season of flowering and harvesting Yield Some Flower Picture Conclusion 7
  8. 8. Jasmine Taxonomic name Jasminum is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family(Oleaceae). It contains around 200 species native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania. Jasmines are widely cultivated for the characteristic fragrance of their flowers. 8
  9. 9. Scientific classification Kingdom : Plantae Order : Lamiales Family : Oleaceae Tribe : Jasmineae Genus : Jasminum L. Type species : Jasminum officinale L. 9
  10. 10. Species Jasmine have more than 200,Some selected species include: • J. humile L. – Italian jasmine, Italian yellow jasmine • J. adenophyllum Wall. – bluegrape jasmine, pinwheel jasmine, princess jasmine • J. mesnyi Hance – Japanese jasmine, primrose jasmine, yellow jasmine • J. angustifolium (L.) Willd. • J. auriculatum Vahl – Indian hasmine, needle-flower jasmine • J. Sambac (L.) Aiton – Arabian jasmine, Sambac jasmine 10
  11. 11. Description • Jasmines can be either deciduous or evergreen and can be erect, spreading, or climbing shrubs and vines. • Their leaves are borne opposite or alternate. They can be simple, trifoliate, or pinnate. The flowers are typically around 2.5 cm (0.98 in) in diameter. • They are white or yellow in color, although in rare instances they can be slightly reddish. • Each flower has about four to nine petals, two locules, and one to four ovules. They have two stamens with very short filaments. The bracts are linear or ovate. The calyx is bell-shaped. They are usually very fragrant. The fruits of jasmines are berries that turn black when ripe. 11
  12. 12. Distribution and habitat Jasmines are native to tropical and subtropical regions of Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania, although only one of the 200 species is native to Europe. Their center of diversity is in South Asia and Southeast Asia. A number of jasmine species have become naturalized in Mediterranean Europe. For example, the so-called Spanish was originally from Iran and western South Asia. Jasminum fluminense which is sometimes known by the inaccurate name "Brazilian Jasmine“ and (Gold Coast Jasmine) are invasive species in Hawaii and Florida. White Jasmine, is an invasive weed in Australia. 12
  13. 13. Uses Widely cultivated for its flowers, jasmine is enjoyed in the garden, as a house plant, and as cut flowers. The flowers are worn by women in their hair in southern and southeast Asia. 13
  14. 14. Jasmine is one of the oldest fragrant flowers cultivated by man. The flower is used for various purposes viz. making garlands, bouquet, decorating hair of women, religious offering etc. Jasmine is also known as the "Queen of the Night", because of it's heady fragrance. Cultivation 14
  15. 15. Climate and Soil Jasmine can be cultivated in wide range of soils, i.e. from sandy loam to clay soils. However, it comes up well in well drained rich sandy loam soils. The ideal conditions for successful cultivation are warm summer with ample water supply and sunny days. 15
  16. 16. Varieties The species-wise recommended varieties are Gundumalli (Jasminum sambac), Co-1, and Co-2 (J.auriculatum) and Co-1 and C0-2 (J.grandiflorum). 16
  17. 17. Land Preparation and Planting One or two initial ploughing are required to remove the weeds present in the land, which is followed by digging of pits at a size of 30 cu. m. Each pit should be applied 10 kg of Farm Yard Manure (FYM) before filling the pits. Planting should be done during June-November at a spacing of 1.5 m x 1.5 m. Rooted cuttings are used as a planting material. 17
  18. 18. Irrigation First irrigation should be given immediately after planting and subsequent irrigation at an interval of 7-10 days depending upon the weather conditions and soil type. 18
  19. 19. Manuring It is recommended that each plant should be applied with 10 kg of FYM and 60 g of Nitrogen and 120 g each of Phosphorus and Potassium and they should be applied in two spilt doses. i.e. once after annual pruning and again during June-July. 19
  20. 20. Inter Cultural Operations Weeding and strengthening of irrigation channel and bunds are the intercultural operations followed for jasmine cultivation. The first weeding should be done 20-25 days after planting and subsequent weeding are done once in 2-3 months. 20
  21. 21. Pruning     Training is basically done to give the desired  shape to the plant whereas, pruning is done to  get the desired crop. Normally, irrigation is  withheld prior to pruning and plants are  pruned by removing all past season shoots  including dead and diseased branches. It is  advisable to prune the plants during the last  week of November to get increased yield and  quality flowers. 21
  22. 22. Plant Protection  Pests  Bud worm, blossom midge and red spider mite are the major pests of  jasmine. Spraying of monocrotophos 36WSC @ 2ml/l is  recommended to control bud worm and blossom midge. To control  red spider mite. spraying of sulfur (50% WP) @ 2g/l is  recommended. Diseases & Other pests Root rot is a major disease attacking the jasmine crop. Nematode  infestation is also a problem in this crop. Control measures for  Nematode - 10g of phorate granules/plant near root zone and irrigate  the plant, and for Root rot - Drench the soil around plant with Copper  oxychloride @ 2.5g/l. 22
  23. 23. Season of flowering and harvesting   Flowering commences after 6 months of  planting. Fully developed unopened flower  buds should be picked in the early morning i.e.  before sun rise. Flowering commences in  March-April. 23
  24. 24. Yield Commercial yields are obtained after six months of  planting. Yield depends upon the cultural practices  followed by the cultivator. During the first year, 750  kg of flowers could be obtained, and it increases to  2000 kg in second year, 2500 kg in third year and  3500 kg per acre from fourth year onwards. The  economic life of the plant may be taken as 15 years. 24
  25. 25. Some Flower Picture Single Jasmine Double Jasmine Giant Jasmine 25
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  27. 27. Colorful Jasmine 27
  28. 28. Jasmine Oil Paintings, Gerrit David Labots (1869 -1959) 28
  29. 29. Jasmine Nursery 29
  30. 30. 30 Jasmine Garden
  31. 31. Jasmine Collection 31
  32. 32. 32 Jasmine flower chaplet
  33. 33. Jasmine use as Ornament 33
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  35. 35. jasmine perfume35
  36. 36. Jasmine Hair Oil 36
  37. 37. Quotes & Poetry “Every flower is a soul blossoming in nature”. -Gerard De Nerval “Bring bally flowers don't want to Bakul”. -Kazi Nazrul Islam 37
  38. 38. 38 Conclusion Jasmine is most attractive balmy flower. Jasmine blooms in rainy season. That have so many uses and socio cultural value also economical price . Jasmine cultivation is so profitable then other flower.
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