Relevanceand Scope of Man Made
Resources for Better Science
Teaching and Learning -AGRIFARMING
Submitted To Submitted By
Mrs.Reshma Thulasi T L Sulu Mohan
Assistant professor in Natural Science Natural science
F M T C,Mylapore F M T C, Mylapore
Sl. No Content Page No.
1 INTRODUCTION 4
3 KINDS OF FARMING 5-7
4 TYPES OF FARMING 7-11
5 IMPORTANCE OF AGRIFARMING IN EDUCATION 11
6 CONCLUSION 12
7 REFERENCE 13
Agriculture, also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation
of animals, plants, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other
products used to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key
development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming
of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of
civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history
of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven
and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all
farming generally relies on techniques to expand and maintain the lands that are
suitable for raising domesticated species.In the developed world, industrial
agriculture based on large-scale monoculture has become the dominant system of
modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable agriculture,
including perma culture and organic agriculture.
A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to
agriculture process in order to produce and manage such commodities as fibers,
grains livestock, dairy, or fuel. It is the basic production facility in food production
KINDS OF FARMING
Organic farming is the form of agriculture that relies on crop rotation,
green manure, compost, biological pest control, and mechanical cultivation to
maintain soil productivity and control pests, excluding or strictly limiting the use
of synthetic fertilizers
Vertical farming is cultivating plant or animal life within
a skyscraper green house or on vertically inclined surfaces. The modern idea of
vertical farming uses techniques similar to glass houses, where natural sunlight can
be augmented with artificial lighting.
Multi-crop Farming is a practice followed by farmers by cultivating
more than one crops. There are many advantages for this type of farming. It helps
the farmers to avail more money from different types of crops. Each crop has got
different span of growth and harvesting.
Green House Farming
Green house technology is not a new concept to Indian farmers and agri-
business entrepreneurs. It has been regularly used in nurseries, floriculture industry
and vegetable seed producing industries. To develop the commercial and hi-tech
horticulture in India.
Poly house farming
Poly house farming is cultivating crops under protected conditions. It can
provide higher temperature and/or humidity than are available in the environment.
The poly houses can also protect crops from intense heat, bright sunlight and
Dry farming is a system under which farming is carried on in the regions
where the rainfall is scanty i.e. less than 50 Cm annually and where irrigation
facilities are either absent or very little. It is followed in Gujarat, Rajasthan, South
Punjab, and Northern Maharashtra; generally, single-cropping is practiced under
TYPES OF FARMING
Vegetable farming is the growing of vegetables for human
consumption. Traditionally it was done in the soil in small rows or blocks, often
primarily for consumption on the farm, with the excess sold in nearby towns
The term vegetable in its broadest sense refers to any kind of plant life
or plant product; in the narrower sense, as used in this article, however, it refers to
the fresh, edible portion of a herbaceous plant consumed in either raw or cooked
form. The edible portion may be a root, such as beetroot, carrot, and sweet potato;
a tuber or storage stem, such as potato ; the stem, as in asparagus ; a bulb, such
as onion and garlic; a leaf, such as cabbage,and spinach,an immature flower, such
as cauliflower and broccoli; a seed, such as pea and lima bean; the immature fruit,
such as cucumber, and sweet corn; or the mature fruit, such as tomato and pepper.
Vegetables are rich and comparatively cheaper source of vitamins. Their
consumption in plenty fair amount of protein.
vegetables are good sources of carbohydrates (sweet potato, potato, onion,
and garlic) proteins (peas, beams, leafy vegetables and garlic) vitamin A
(carrot, tomato, leafy vegetables), Vitamin B (peas, garlic and tomato),
Vitamin C (green chillies, drumstick leaves, leafy vegetables and leaves of
radish) minerals (leafy vegetables, drumstick pods).
Food production is increasing. If is essential to sustain increased production
besides nutritional standard of people. It can be increased by increasing
production of vegetables which will help to solve food problem
They are rich sources of 'Protective' elements like minerals, salts, vitamins
and other chemical substances, which the human bodyseeds to maintain
good health and cheer
Floriculture is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the
cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry,
comprising the floral industry. The development, via plant breeding, of new
varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.
Floriculture crops include bedding plants, houseplants, flowering
garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens, and cut flowers. As distinguished from
nursery crops, floriculture crops are generally herbaceous. Bedding and garden
plants consist of young flowering plants (annuals and perennials) and vegetable
Flowering plants are largely sold in pots for indoor use. The major
flowering plants are poinsettias, orchids, florist chrysanthemums, and finished
Flowers are offered by devotees in Temple, Church and Mosque
Flowers are used on all religious festival occasions.
When cut flowers are used for vase decoration, that will be a marvelous
piece of indoor decoration.
Some flowers like Rose, Jasmines, Tuberose, are used for extraction of
essential oils which is base for preparation of perfumes, scents or attar
Dried flowers are also used in flower craft or arrangement of garlands and
bouquets are prepared and offered to welcome the dignitaries.
The subject of fruit and nut production deals with intensive culture
of perennial plants, the fruits of which have economic significance (a nut is a fruit,
botanically). It is one part of the broad subject of horticulture, which also
encompasses vegetable growing and production of ornamentals and flowers. This
article places further arbitrary limitations in that it does not encompass a number of
very important perennial fruit crops covered elsewhere, including vanilla, coffee,
and oil palm (see coffee, fat and oil processing , wine, and articles on individual
plants [e.g., vanilla and oil palm])
Fruit growing is one of the important and paying branches of horticulture.
Fruit helps maintain optimum health due to the health promoting
Fruits are rich in fiber, which is essential for the smooth movement of
food in the body’s digestive system.
All fruits contain carbohydrates, which are the body’s main source of
Importance of Agri farming in Education
Its goal is to help students gain a greater awareness of the role
of agriculture in the economy and society, so that they may become citizens who
support wise agricultural policies. AITC raises agricultural literacy by helping
students' understand the farm sources of their food, fabric and flowers.It have a
great role in the field of education ie. It helps to make knowledge about
agriculture, it includes land selection, land sanitation, seed selection, cropping,
manuring, plant protection, harvesting, field setting.Agricultural education helps to
make thorough knowledge about these steps and also students could understand
what are the new projects of government to improve crop cultivation.
Agriculture include in our education is very good for our students. They
could to earn knowledge about agriculture and also understand new programs to
develop crop yield. Agriculture is the back born of our country so the knowledge
about agriculture is very essential in now a day. A new technology helps overcome
most of our problems.