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Corruption in pakistan

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Corruption in Pakistan, serve as the root cause of all the problems which we are facing now a days, so u can have a look, that what are the causes, effects and solution to corruption, in Pakistan. For complete detail report write me at

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Corruption in pakistan

  2. 2.  corruption  Why we choose this topic?  Sayings of Quaid-e-Azam.  Types of corruption.  Forms of corruption.  Effects of Corruption.  Facts and Figures.  Causes of corruption.  Fight against corruption.  Conclusion
  3. 3. The abuse of public office for private gain. OR Corruption is the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. It hurts everyone who depends on the integrity of people in a position of authority
  4. 4. 21st century the world of microchip, But we are unable to tackle down this curse. which is main hurdle in development of any nation. It is essential for development of the country that;  People should get more aware about corruption  Joint efforts would be required by public and government . So we thought its an important issue that needs to be highlighted to the young people, who are pillars of the future.
  5. 5. Said: “Corruption is a curse in India and amongst Muslims, especially the so-called educated and intelligentsia. Unfortunately, it is this class that it selfish and morally and intellectually corrupt. No doubt this disease is common, but amongst this particular class of Muslims it is rampant.” Address to the first Constituent Assembly 11th August 1947 .
  6. 6. There are mainly two types of corruptions: PETTY CORRUPTION: low-level, small-scale corrupt practices. STATE CORRUPTION: 'Grand corruption', impacts whole country.
  7. 7.  Bribery (or transfer of value in exchange for official action.)  Embezzlement, theft and fraud  Extortion  Abuse of discretion  Favoritism, nepotism  Exploiting conflicting interests  Improper political contributions
  8. 8. Following are the major effects that a country faces due to corruption: It distracts: Violation of merit Less employment. No Economic stability Less prosperity Less respect for rights. Less provision of services Destroying future of education Law and order situation
  9. 9. Facts and figures are based on Transparency International report (Corruption Reception Index 2013): Transparency International is a non-governmental organization that monitors and publicizes corporate and political corruption in international development AND National Accountability Bureau report 2012 Governmental organization for the control of corruption in Pakistan.
  10. 10. PUBLIC PERCEPTION ABOUT CORRUPTION Public was asked their perception about corruption. 1. How has the level of corruption changed in the past three years? In Pakistan 77% of people said that corruption has increased in last three years.
  11. 11. 2. To what extent do you perceive the following institutions to be corrupt? Political parties and police, these two institutions are known as most corrupt in public eyes. The police was perceived to be the most corrupt institution in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
  12. 12. 3. BRIBE PAYERS, BY GENDER AND INCOME % of respondents who have come into contact with one of nine service providers that reported that they had paid a bribe in the past 12 months.
  13. 13. 4. BRIBE PAYERS, BY SERVICE, BY COUNTRY: To gain a more in-depth understanding of where the bribes are being paid the results were broken down by service. In Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, people were most likely to pay bribes to the police.
  14. 14. 5. WHY WAS THE LAST BRIBE PAID? Petty bribery involves a financial payment being received by a person or institution, resulting in a financial benefit to the recipient.
  15. 15. Pakistan has lost an unbelievably high amount, more than Rs8,500 billion (Rs8.5 trillion or US$94 billion), in corruption, tax evasion and bad governance during the last four years of Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani’s tenure, Transparency International Pakistan (TIP) claims. Corruption is the single greatest obstacle to economic and social development around the world1. Every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes, while an estimated $2.6 trillion are stolen annually through corruption – a sum equivalent to more than 5 per cent of the global GDP.
  16. 16. The following are the cause of corruption; The non- uniformity of legal system. Mental torture and threats. Financial problems . These are some major points which must highlight due to this the corruption rate hopefully decreases and the country’s economy would be balanced.
  17. 17. Nowadays, six anti-corruption agencies are working in Pakistan, also there are three laws and three sets of courts related to anti-corruption. FEDRAL BASED: Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Anti Corruption Establishments (ACEs).
  18. 18. Following are the three laws for control of corruption. PREVENTION ACT OF ANTI-CORRUPTION IN 1947,1950. The princely state Bahawalpur start the act in 1950 for preventing the corruption. NATIONALACCOUNTABILITY BUREAU ORDINANCE 1999. The establishment of national accountability bureau(NAB) was passed on 16 nov,1999. it works mainly against corruption, financial crime and economic terrorism in Pakistan and its ordinance directly to the individuals capture without any political interference. PROVINCIAL LEGISLATION ACT . The government of Pakistan is responsible for provincial legislation and look at all the province legislation against corruption KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA ANTI-CORRUPTION LEGISLATION. This legislation adds the various functions as an transparency for the citizen. EHTESAB COMMISION BILL
  19. 19. GOVERNMENT EFFECTIVENESS IN FIGHTING CORRUPTION Just 12 per cent of people in Pakistan thought that the government had been effective, with 73 per cent of people reporting that they felt that the government was ineffective. PUBLIC VIEWS
  20. 20. PUBLIC VIEWS WHO IS MOST TRUSTED TO FIGHT CORRUPTION? In Pakistan the highest proportion of people stated that they would trust ‘nobody’ in the fight against corruption.
  21. 21. Respondents were first asked if they believed that ordinary people can make a difference in the fight against corruption. 81% of people in South Asia agree that ordinary people can make a difference in the fight against corruption. 89 per cent of people in Pakistan agreed that ordinary people can make a difference in the fight against corruption. PUBLIC VIEWS
  22. 22. GOVERNMENT At the international level it is an important that the united nation start convention against corruption. But at the national level the government should enhance the legislative which should be strong and make the framework which work against the corruption. MEDIA. A proper awareness campaign should be moved through media to fight against corruption. CIVIL SOCIETY AND CITIZEN. Many civil society organization are working hard that the more people become aware through channelization about corruption.
  23. 23. THE PRIVATE SECTORS. The following are some non-government originations. Academy for education development Association for the development of Pakistan Edhi foundation etc,
  24. 24. 39% of people report paying a bribe in the past 12 months. 62% of people feel that corruption in their country has increased in the past three years Government leaders were named as the most trusted to fight corruption by 38% of people. 81% of people agree that ordinary people can make a difference in the fight against corruption. CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2013 Corruption Reception Index states the corruption rankings of the countries and their scores. Following are the rankings of Pakistan and score during each year. 139 in 2009, 143 in 2010, 134 in 2011 139 in 2012. 127 in 2013
  25. 25. This clearly portrays that in order to get the country developed, we have to eliminate the corruption. This is only possible when people are educated. When there is no corruption, then countries develop.