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Language Standard

This presentation concludes an overall idea of problems arising through teaching standard English in the UK.

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Language Standard

  1. 1. Possible reasons why it may be harder to teach standard English today: Many of the difficulties associated with teaching Standard English derive from the Bullock Report (1975). By Robert Bridge
  2. 2. Standard English biologically must change <ul><li>Hump back whales </li></ul><ul><li>All sing the same tune </li></ul><ul><li>For one year then the </li></ul><ul><li>Next year they all sing </li></ul><ul><li>A totally different tune </li></ul><ul><li>Jean Aichison(1981): Language change: Progress or Decay? Suffolk: Fontana </li></ul>
  3. 3. Summary <ul><li>I n this presentation I have read the Bullock report that was began in 1972 and published in 1975, from this large report, since the report there has been many more reports of a similar nature. The bullock report looks at the ways reading skills are observed, what are the teachers roles and additionally questioned the roles that assists from parents support. Since 1975 influences of the Media have rapidly increased ways of learning not just for pupils, but also the parents and teachers. </li></ul>
  4. 4. R eading <ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of reading and writing need to be raised </li></ul><ul><li>Bullock Report recommended: “Young children should be helped to learn the characteristics of letters through a variety of games and activities, not through formal exercises”. Did this idea cause problems with reading? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Poorer reading <ul><li>Poorer reading </li></ul><ul><li>“There is some evidence that children of seven are not as advanced as formerly in those aspects of reading ability which are measured by tests.” </li></ul><ul><li>'creativity' at the expense of the 'basic skills'. (not supported by the Bullock report) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Possible reasons why it's harder Inadequate teaching Influence of parents Influence of the media Growth of regional accents Children from families of overseas origin
  7. 7. So what's changed since the Bullock report in UK. <ul><li>“ English in the secondary school is often taught by teachers with inadequate qualifications” (supported by the report) </li></ul><ul><li>“ an increase in television watching has reduced the amount of time spent in private reading” </li></ul><ul><li>Many young children do not have the opportunity to develop at home the more complex forms of language which school education demands of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Bullock Report stated that: “ A child's accent should be accepted and attempts should not be made to suppress it. ” </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Bullock Report said one thing was very clear... <ul><li>Children from families of overseas origin </li></ul><ul><li>“No child should be expected to cast off the language and culture of the home as he crosses the school threshold, and the curriculum should reflect those aspects of his life” </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is clear and what today can still be drawn <ul><li>T he difficulties associated with teaching Standard English is that reading is a necessity, if the pupil has a learning disability the communication between parent and teacher will help these difficulties be found. There are techniques that can be implemented however in addition education of all three needs to take place. Parents evenings, regular reports, and constant observation of the progression. Categorising pupils may help the rest achieve this. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quote 1 in relation to Post world War II <ul><li>The historical roots of what we </li></ul><ul><li>are doing now could be post World </li></ul><ul><li>War II. Which is why I think courses </li></ul><ul><li>in the history of linguistic theory </li></ul><ul><li>can be interesting and important </li></ul><ul><li>encoded words as appose to the drop of </li></ul><ul><li>a hat or the dangling of a participle </li></ul><ul><li>to what life was REALLY like during the </li></ul><ul><li>linguistic wars. </li></ul><ul><li>Vicki Fromkin </li></ul>
  11. 11. Problems arising from regional derivation <ul><li>However the theory of Language is </li></ul><ul><li>Stated to come from two different </li></ul><ul><li>Idea’s according to Aichison. </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>According to Hughes and Trudgill </li></ul><ul><li>(English Accents and Dialects) </li></ul><ul><li>in their discussion of Liverpool </li></ul><ul><li>English, &quot;yous (/ju:z/ when stressed, </li></ul><ul><li>and /j@z/ when not stressed) is </li></ul><ul><li>(often plural) _you_. It is a </li></ul><ul><li>feature too of some Irish English.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Sue Blackwell </li></ul>
  12. 12. History of UK’s interest to improve <ul><li>There is apparently independent </li></ul><ul><li>evidence of the importance of </li></ul><ul><li>Wolof as a lingua franca among </li></ul><ul><li>American slaves, and some of the </li></ul><ul><li>foodstuffs traded along the West </li></ul><ul><li>African coast have entered the </li></ul><ul><li>English vocabulary as Wolof loans </li></ul><ul><li>(Dalby cites banana and yam). </li></ul><ul><li>They more common in American </li></ul><ul><li>English than in British English, </li></ul><ul><li>they're also more common in </li></ul><ul><li>Afrikaans than in European Dutch! </li></ul><ul><li>Anonymous </li></ul>Too many sweets and too much Sugar not only rots kids teeth but Also makes them hyperactive. By Speaking standard English first the Fricative muscles in the mouth Must develop, this takes time and For some students this means Taking additional elocution lessons .
  13. 13. Conclusion. <ul><li>Some of the difficulties associated with teaching Standard English have raised issues of standards not just in health, but also the deterioration of the Queen's English. Biologically and Geographically this is being improved by the Media devices available to learn more of this information. But the Bullock Report showed that in 1970's television was a medium they blamed for distracting it's pupils and a possible reason for breakdown in communication between parents, yet today children are becoming computer wiz kids. However you ask them a question and they struggle to coherently explain, in this sense the Media analogy is correct. Supportive of this the teachers have to keep up in education in-order to understand the fast changing language of Sub-Cultural Britian. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mind Map