Chapter 4 Culture Competency and CEOD Process: Immigrant Populations, Health Care, Public Health, and Community Defining and Exploring Culture A group or community with whom one shares common experiences that shape the way they understand the world Can include groups: Born into Gender Race National origin Class Religion Moved into Moving into a new community Change in economic status Change in health status Four Concepts Associate With Culture: Cultural knowledge / the knowledge of cultural characteristics, history, values, beliefs and behaviors of another ethnic or cultural group Cultural awareness / being open to the idea of changing cultural attitudes Cultural sensitivity / knowing that differences exist between cultures, but not assigning values to the differences Cultural competence / having the capacity to bring into its systems different behaviors, attitudes and policies and work effectively in cross-cultural settings to produce better outcomes Learning Culture Be more aware of your own culture What is your culture? Do you have more than one culture? What is your cultural background? Learn about other’s culture Make s conscious decision to establish friendships with people from other cultures Put yourself in situations where you will meet people of other cultures Examine your biases about people from other cultures Ask questions about the cultures, customs and views Read about other people’s cultures and histories Listen and show caring Observe differences in communication styles and values; don’t assume that the majority’s way is the right way Risk making mistakes Learn to be an ally Understanding Culture for Community Engagement, Organization and Development (CEOD) U.S. communities are becoming more diverse Racial profiling & stereotyping will be key discussion points when engaging and developing communities in public health practice and may be harmful because they can impede communication, engagement and development Racial profiling / a law enforcement practice of scrutinizing certain individuals based on characteristics thought to indicate a likelihood of criminal behavior Stereotyping / a fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people (Cardwell, 1996) CEOD and Cultures of the Future Questions to help engage, organize and develop a healthy community of the future: If you could have your ideal community right now what would it look like? If you can’t have your ideal community right now, what will be the next steps in building the kind of cultural community you desire? Who lives in the community right now? What kinds of diversity already exist? How will diversity be approached in your community? What kinds of relationships are established between cultural groups? Are the different cultural groups well organized? What kind of struggles between cultural groups exists? What kind of struggles within cultural groups exists? Are these struggles openly recognized and ta.