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Types Of Social Mobility

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Types Of Social Mobility

  1. 1. TYPES OF SOCIAL MOBILITY
  2. 2. Upward Mobility <ul><li>Refers to the movement of individuals or groups from lower to higher status in a social stratification system </li></ul><ul><li>Also called vertical mobility which can operate intergenerationally </li></ul>
  3. 3. Factors affecting upward mobility <ul><li>Policy and practice of migration </li></ul><ul><li>Differential fertility of social classes </li></ul><ul><li>Presence or absence of individual competition </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of opportunities to prepare one’s self for competitive process as a secondary factor ( education first ) </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of equality and inequality in a society </li></ul>
  4. 4. Downward Mobility <ul><li>also results in a change in social status ( basically the opposite of the former) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Horizontal Mobility <ul><li>A movement that involves a change in a status with no corresponding change in social class </li></ul>
  6. 6. Geographical Migration <ul><li>Known to sociologists as PHYSICAL MOBILITY </li></ul><ul><li>It is the movement of people from one geographical spot to another, and it is a phenomenon of increasing in modern society </li></ul>
  7. 7. Physical Mobility includes <ul><li>Forced relocation of large groups of people </li></ul><ul><li>Eviction </li></ul><ul><li>Dispossession of unwanted people </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary permanent migration </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons for voluntary migration <ul><li>Economic factor </li></ul><ul><li>Political reason </li></ul><ul><li>Religious liberty </li></ul><ul><li>Educational opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Natural calamities </li></ul>
  9. 9. Forced Migration <ul><li>Expulsion of unwanted people </li></ul><ul><li>Herding of people into reservation area/concentration camp </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation of enslaved individuals </li></ul>
  10. 10. Effects of Migration <ul><li>Diffusion of cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Biological mixture </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization of culture </li></ul>
  11. 11. Factors Affecting Social Mobility <ul><li>Hard work </li></ul><ul><li>Social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Societal values and norms </li></ul><ul><li>Level of education </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Luck </li></ul>
  12. 12. POINTERS <ul><li>Test I- puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotype </li></ul><ul><li>Inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Upper class </li></ul><ul><li>Underclass </li></ul><ul><li>Forced migration </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Social stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Social comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Lower class </li></ul><ul><li>Working class </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical mobility/upward mobility </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Test II. Multiple choice </li></ul><ul><li>Groups and bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Gender stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Test III. Essay </li></ul><ul><li>-Migration </li></ul><ul><li>-Socialization </li></ul><ul><li>-Gender stratification </li></ul>

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