Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Se está descargando tu SlideShare. ×

Co-op Index: the tool's reliability for co-operative development.

Co-op Index: the tool's reliability for co-operative development.

Descargar para leer sin conexión

The Co-op Index was meant to be a handy diagnostic tool for the organizational development of worker co-ops. Although many papers and book chapters have described its functions and diagnostic model (Stocki, Prokopowicz, Novkovic, 2012; Novkovic, Prokopowicz, Stocki, 2012; Hough & Novkovic, 2012; Stocki, & Łapot, 2014), no empirical data collected from co-ops using the tool has yet been presented.

 It is the first presentation of empirical data gathered so far from eight Canadian and American co-operatives. First, we present psychometric features of the tool, particularly reliabilities of the scales. Second, we present Principal Components Analysis of the results which ended in formulating new twelve components we called Co-operative Universals. We present characteristics of the co-operatives diagnosed so far to show the applicability of the tool. We conclude the presentation with a list of future developments of the tool to make it an indispensable tool for all co-ops.

The Co-op Index was meant to be a handy diagnostic tool for the organizational development of worker co-ops. Although many papers and book chapters have described its functions and diagnostic model (Stocki, Prokopowicz, Novkovic, 2012; Novkovic, Prokopowicz, Stocki, 2012; Hough & Novkovic, 2012; Stocki, & Łapot, 2014), no empirical data collected from co-ops using the tool has yet been presented.

 It is the first presentation of empirical data gathered so far from eight Canadian and American co-operatives. First, we present psychometric features of the tool, particularly reliabilities of the scales. Second, we present Principal Components Analysis of the results which ended in formulating new twelve components we called Co-operative Universals. We present characteristics of the co-operatives diagnosed so far to show the applicability of the tool. We conclude the presentation with a list of future developments of the tool to make it an indispensable tool for all co-ops.

Más Contenido Relacionado

Libros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 30 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Audiolibros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 30 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Co-op Index: the tool's reliability for co-operative development.

  1. 1. THE CO-OPINDEX the tool’s reliability for co-operative development: Analysis of data collected so far, and plans for the future Ryszard Stocki Peter Hough Research supported by the European Union
  2. 2. WHYTO DIAGNOSE CO-OP? All value-based organizations are subject to forces which lead to abandoning their values and principles. If nothing is done they decline and fall. Time Development (e.g. size) Point of renewal Area of possible ! change Inevitable fall Decline starts at the moment! of the greatest prosperity Initial! adherence! to values
  3. 3. WE DO NOT NOTICETHE CHANGES LIKE A FROG IN A HOT POT UNTIL IT IS BOILED Only monitoring the organization, reflection and habitual returning to the initial values can save the organization from inevitable destruction.We may use many different methods to do this, starting from ordinary group meeting and reflection.The problem is that in such discussions we my be avoiding difficult topics.We need to objectify.cc Purple Slog at flickr.com
  4. 4. WE STARTED WITH A DREAM VISION OF AN IDEAL CO-OP Following the values seems very difficult to diagnose. If you want to do it you have to start with accepting human experience as a reliable source of information, and you have to do everything to objectify this experience to make it reflect not subjective but objective reality.What if all people are mistaken because of lack of knowledge or lack of access to information. You have to confront their experience with other data to change their experience.This is why diagnosis is always a learning process, and you should never make the mistake of making decisions on the basis of mere questionnaire results. CoopIndex results are just a starting point for better understanding of your co-op not the end of it.
  5. 5. WEVERBALIZED “A DREAM COOP” IN 172 DESCRIPTIVE STATEMENTS AND CLASSIFIED THEM WITHIN DIFFERENT SCALES
  6. 6. IN COOPINDEX WE ASK 172 QUESTIONS ABOUT DAILY CO-OP PRACTICES ONLY AFTER SUCH DISCUSSION CAN WE DRAW CONCLUSIONS ABOUT THE WEAKNESSES OF VALUES, PRINCIPLES, SYSTEMS, CLIMATE,ATTITUDES AND OUTCOMES. Practices CO-OP INDEX Co-opPrinciples C o-opValues Systems Clim ate Attitudes Outcomes Then we group the answers according to categories.The results are meant to evoke strategic discussion.
  7. 7. TPIM DIAGNOSTIC PROCESS Ideal Coops Real Co-ops EPIDEMIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT ANALOGICAL TO MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS Number of positive similarities x number of persons who experience them The tool reflects the perception of presence or absence of good practices.The ideal is based on the concept of participation being an element of human dignity and Coop Values and Principles In medicine: Symptoms x Victims Focus on positive aspects and not pathologies is the main difference between our and medical diagnosis.Though lack of any positive experience is a sign of a pathology. Such pathological organizations never want to be diagnosed.
  8. 8. CHARACTERISTICS OF 10 CANADIAN AND US CO-OPS WHO DECIDEDTO USETHETOOL Industry, (number of respondents and country) 1. Engineering Co-op (3 - US) 2. Services (102 - US) 3. Retail Stores (47 - US) 4. Restaurant (32 - Canada) 5. Food processing (69 - Canada) 6. Service and production (23 - US) 7. Service (45 - Canada) 8. Engineering service (14 - Canada)
  9. 9. IN STEP 1. WE FOUND OUT THAT OUR QUESTIONS FALL INTOTWO DIFFERENT RESEARCH PARADIGMS To understand answers to such questions we have to better understand the coop. 43 statements 129 statements Most of the questions were answered as if they came from one population. We can use them to make generalizations. When we analyzed the distributions of the answers we found out that in 43 questions, we cannot draw general conclusions, as there is a hidden factor which influences the results and destroys the normality of the distribution.
  10. 10. STEP 2. TESTINGTHE RELIABILITY OFTHE SCALES BY MEANS OF CRONBACH’S α Management ! Perspective 3 PerspectivesCo-op Values Co-op !Principles Climate Outcomes Systems Attitudes The same set of 172 questions was used to view a cooperative from three different perspectives: (1) Co-op values, (2) Co-op Principles and (3) Management practices. We found out that it is worth to view the results in this way as different people in a co-op are interested in different perspectives.
  11. 11. MANAGEMENT (1) Organizational climate 1. Mutual Respect α=0.79 2. Leader Competence, α=0.57 3.Trust in leadership, α=0.76 4. Relations with co-workers, α=0.80 5.Trust among co-workers α=0.77 6. Participatory management α=0.84 7. Fun, α=0.67 ! ! ! ! Systems 8. Communication systems, α=0.77 9.Transparency, α=0.62 10. Feedback systems, α=0.72 11. Development of co-op members, α=0.74 12. Innovations, α=0.72 13. Remuneration, α=0.85 14. Processes, α=0.80 15. Personnel policies and recruitment, α=0.70 16. Strategy, α=0.87 Reliability of scales in the management perspective, the interpretation of the highlighted scale should be performed with special caution.
  12. 12. MANAGEMENT (2) Attitudes 17. Participatory knowledge, α=0.82 18. Ownership, α=0.80 19. Process improvement, α=0.69 20. Responsibility, α=0.61 ! ! ! ! ! ! Outcomes 21. Identification, α=0,67 22. Satisfaction, α=0.74 23. Self-realization, α=0.77 24. Independence, α=0.46 25.Viability, α=0.76 26. Products and services, α=0.75 27. Cooperation with coops, α=0.82 28. Community, α=0.84 29. Environment, α=0.85 30. External relations, α=0.56 Reliability of scales in the management perspective, the interpretation of the highlighted scales should be performed with special caution.
  13. 13. CO-OPERATIVEVALUES 1. Self-help, α=0.70 2. Self-responsibility, α=0.49 3. Democracy, α=0.81 4. Equality, α=0.64 5. Equity, α=0.80 6. Solidarity, α=0.70 7. Honesty, α=0.74 8. Openness, α=0.72 9. Social responsibility, α=0.87 10. Caring for others, α=0.62 Reliability of scales in the Co-op Values perspective, the interpretation of the highlighted scale should be performed with special caution.
  14. 14. CO-OPERATIVE PRINCIPLES ICA AND MONDRAGON 1.Voluntary and open membership, α=0,68 2. Democratic member control, α=0.76 3. Member economic participation, α=0,77 4.Autonomy and independence, α=0.47 5. Education, training and information, α=0.80 6. Co-operation among Co-operatives, α=0.83 7. Concern for community, α=0.84 8. Concern for the environment. α=0.85 9. Participatory management, α=0.76 10. Labour control, α=0.66 11. Payment solidarity, α=0.79 12. Social transformation, α=0.79 Reliability of scales in the Co-op Principles perspective, the interpretation of the highlighted scale should be performed with special caution.
  15. 15. STEP 3. PCA - AS IDTHERE WERE NO MODEL • We selected 60 co-operative specific questions with with distributions close to normal distribution. • We substituted the missing data with mean values. • We tested the sampling adequacy and sphericity to find out if our analysis was possible.
 Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of sampling adequacy = 0.89
 Bartlett’s Test of sphericity Approx chi-square = 3577.41 (p< 0.000) • We performedVarimax Rotation In the last step of the analysis we looked at the data as if we had not had any models. We wanted to see what components would be created if mere mathematical correlations were allowed to construct a new model for us.
  16. 16. WE ARRIVED AT12 NEW COMPONENTS WHICH TRANSCENDTHE MANAGEMENT AND CO- OPERATIVE PERSPECTIVES ,WE CALLEDTHEM CO-OPERATIVE UNIVERSALS 1. Human dignity, α=0.89 2.Transcooperation, α=0.82 (Co-operation among co-operatives) 3. Community, α=0.80 4. Development, α=0.79 5. Fairness, α=0.82 6.Transformation, α=0.75 7. Engagement, α=0.70 8. Security, α=0.59 9. Responsibility, α=0.73 10. Citizenship, α=0.64 11. CoopLiteracy, α=0.63 12. Co-operative Lifestyle, α=0.68
  17. 17. THE MOST IMPORTANT, FIRST COMPONENT SEEMS TO REFLECTTHE ESSENCE OF CO-OPERATIVES. IT IS COMPOSED OFTHE QUESTIONS BELOW: 67. Experienced employees assist in the professional development of their junior colleagues. 87. People in our co-op respect each other's opinions. 23. My supervisor consults me about the tasks entrusted to me. 165. My contribution to discussions is respected. 42. I have the opportunity to influence which tasks I will perform. 56. Members and employees are more important than capital to our management. 13.When making decisions my co-workers and supervisors take my welfare into account. 3. I am willing to participate in the evaluation of my coworkers' work. 16.The effort of individuals is honestly appraised. 37. I trust people in our co-op. 118. Different points of view are welcomed by my coworkers
  18. 18. THE 12 FIGURES BELOW SHOWTHE DIFFERENCE OFTHE RESULTS OFTHE EIGHT CO-OPS ONTHETWELVE CO-OP UNIVERSALS.AS WE CAN SEETHERE IS A POTENTIAL FOR CO-OPERATION ASTHE CO-OPS DIFFER INTHEIR STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES.
  19. 19. • Offering the tool to other co-ops (Consumer Co-ops, Credit Unions, Co-op Banks) • Training of Co-op Developers in using the tool. • Shortening the tool (introducing general and more detailed diagnosis) • Substituting the 30 Management scales with 12 Co-op Universals. • Defining co-operative literacy and its development. • Focussing on the importance of lifestyles. POSSIBLE FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
  20. 20. www.coopindex.coop www.stocki.org Peter Hough! peter.cwcf@xcountry.tv Ryszard Stocki! ryszard@stocki.org Authors: FOR MORE INFORMATION

×