Se ha denunciado esta presentación.

Concept of-self bc

5

Compartir

Próximo SlideShare
Concept
Concept
Cargando en…3
×
1 de 24
1 de 24

Más Contenido Relacionado

Libros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 14 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Audiolibros relacionados

Gratis con una prueba de 14 días de Scribd

Ver todo

Concept of-self bc

  1. 1. SELF CONCEPT
  2. 2. POINTS GOING TO DISCUSS Introduction Definition Components of self concept Factors affecting self concept
  3. 3. Introduction • The term self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about or perceives themselves. • The self-concept is the accumulation of knowledge about the self. The self-concept is composed of relatively permanent self-assessments such as beliefs regarding personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles.
  4. 4. Contd…. • Beginning in infancy, children acquire and organize information about themselves as a way to enable them to understand the relation between the self and their social world. • The self-concept is not restricted to the present. It includes past selves and future selves. Future selves or "possible selves" represent individuals' ideas of what they might become, what they would like to become, and what they are afraid of becoming.
  5. 5. Definition • Self-concept is a multi-dimensional construct that refers to an individual's perception of "self" in relation to any number of characteristics, such as academics, gender roles and sexuality, racial identity, and many others. • Bums (1980) defines it as, 'the set of attitudes a person holds towards himself."
  6. 6. contd… • Self-concept is a relatively enduring set of attitudes and beliefs about both the physical self and the psychological self. It is the totality of ideas that a person holds about the self. • Self-concept is not a static state but one that develops and changes over time with life experiences and relationships that influence beliefs about the self. • It includes the person’s self-knowledge, self expectations and self evaluation. • Self concept guides our actions, motivations, expectations and goals for future.
  7. 7. COMPONENETS OF SELF-CONCEPT 1. Self-esteem 2. Body Image 4. Role performance 3. Personal Identity Self-concept
  8. 8. SELF ESTEEM
  9. 9. Self-Esteem • The term “Self-esteem” means to regard favorably, with admiration or respect. • Self-esteem can be defined as the degree to which one has a positive evaluation of one’s self, based on one’s perceptions of how one is viewed by others as well as one’s views about self. • Self esteem refers to the extent to which we like accept or approve of ourselves or how much we value ourselves. Self esteem always involves a degree of evaluation and we may have either a positive or a negative view of ourselves.
  10. 10. Development of Self-esteem • Two schools of thoughts of development of Self-esteem: 1. First: self-esteem forms early in life, is based primarily on relationships with early caregivers, and is relatively fixed throughout life. 2. Second: self-esteem fluctuates whenever life transitions, crises, or illnesses challenge the self-concept or alter the person’s status or role. - (Arnold & Boggs, 2006)
  11. 11. Important facts • Having a high self-esteem leads to a high level of satisfaction with oneself. • People who possess high self-esteem tend to be more content, in control, confident, accountable, and capable. • Lack of self-esteem can result in lack of confidence, and inability to act in own interest, feeling of being over-whelmed, having decreased activity or energy, powerlessness, and reduced ability to function.
  12. 12. Contd….. Men’s Self- Esteem Women’s Self-Esteem more likely to base their self- esteem on their personal achievements in life. more likely to base their self- esteem on the adequacy of their social support system. Often greatly affected by having a sense of well-being, a positive outlook on life, and an ability to perform activities of daily living. Often affected by whether they are content with their lives and have a feeling that they are needed.
  13. 13. PERSONAL IDENTITY
  14. 14. 2. Personal Identity • Personal identity is the organizing principle of the personality that accounts for the unity, continuity, consistency and uniqueness of a person. (Carpenito, 2005) • The composition of personal identity are emotional images, cognitive images and perceptual images. • Emotional images are those feelings about oneself that one experiences as being consistent with the self and that feel familiar and normal. • Cognitive images involves intelligence, past experiences, educational experiences and the process of thinking. • Perceptual images are derived from the external sensory data and are translated into mental pictures of reality.
  15. 15. ROLE PERFOMANCE
  16. 16. 3. Role Performance • It refers to a person’s fulfillment of the roles & current responsibilities in that person’s life, and it includes the actions, thoughts, and feelings. • A role is a homogenous set of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, principles and values that are normally defined and expected in a given social position in a group. Role is defined in terms of relationship to others & prescribed by age, sex or position in the family and society. The ability to fulfill prescribed role behaviors can affect the self-concept.
  17. 17. BODY IMAGE
  18. 18. 4. Body Image • Body image is the perception of one’s own body. • It is the physical dimension of self-concept, or how one perceives and evaluates one’s appearance and function. It is closely related to personal identity, role performance and self-esteem. • People can perceive their bodies as fat or thin, ugly or beautiful, etc. • Body images changes with the conditions like physical growth, illness, aging, accidents and social/cultural influences.
  19. 19. Factors Affecting Self-Concept Self Concept Factors across the life span Physiological Factors Cultural and life style Factors Psychological Factors
  20. 20. Factors Across the Life Span • Infants to Preschoolers • School-Age Children • Adolescents • Young Adults • Middle Adults • Older Adults
  21. 21. Physiological Factors • Fatigue • Trauma • Chronic illness • Surgery • Disability • Obesity
  22. 22. Psychological Factors • Depression • Stress • Loss • Abusive relationships
  23. 23. Cultural and Lifestyle Factors • Culture • Socioeconomic status • Living conditions
  24. 24. THANK YOU

×