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AGENDA1.Defination of child labor2.Background3.Legal protection4.Child labor and education5.Working ares of child labor6.Resons behind child labor7.Abuse,exploation and violence8.Effects of child labor9.What we can do for it?
What is child labor? Child labour is work that exceeds a minimum number of hours, depending on the age of a child and on the type of work. Such work is considered harmful to the child and should therefore be eliminated.1. Ages 5-11: At least one hour of economic work or 28 hours of domestic work per week.2.Ages 12-14: At least 14 hours of economic work or 28 hours of domestic work per week.3.Ages 15-17: At least 43 hours of economic or domestic work per week.
BACKGROUNDSocial norms and economic realities mean that child labor is widely accepted and very common in Bangladesh.Child labor is a visible part of everyday life in Bangladesh: young children serve at roadside tea stalls, and weave between cars selling goods to motorists
Continued…• On average, children work 28 hours a week and earn 222 taka (3.3 USD) a week.• The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child expressed concern in 2009 that many Bangladeshi children continue to work in five of the worst forms of child labor, namely welding, auto workshops, road transport, battery recharging and tobacco factories.
Legal Protection• Bangladesh enacted the Labor Act in 2006, which includes a chapter on child labor.• The Ministry of Labor and Employment has recently adopted a National Child Labor Elimination Policy 2010, which provides a framework to eradicate all forms of child labor by 2015
Child Labor and education• According to the new National Education Policy, education is free and compulsory up to grade eight, however it is estimated that more than one million children have never been to school.• About half of all child laborers do not attend school at all, and among child domestic workers only 11 per cent attend school .• As a result, working children get stuck in low paying, low-skilled jobs, thereby perpetuating the cycle of poverty.
Working areas of child labor1. brick/ stone breaking2. rickshaw pullers3. restaurants or tea stalls4. carpentry.5. Garages6. Farming7. Building and construction industry8. Cloth printing,dying and weaving
Reasones behind child labor 1.poverty(in some cases 1/3 of family income From children). 2.Over population 3.Parental illiteracy and want more income 4.Lack of schools for study 5.High education and living cost 6.Weak laws to protect 7.Adult unemployment and urbanization 8.Lack of education and exposure 9.Wrong intention of factories
Abuse, Exploitation, and Violence• One-quarter of all working children reported that they had been physically punished at their workplaces, according to a 2008 childrens opinion pol.• These children participate in jobs that have been identified by the ILO to expose children to hazards including: physical, psychological or sexual abuse; excessive work hours; an unhealthy environment.
A survey of these child workers found that almost allhad some sort of respiratory problem and were not provided with any safety gear or protection from brick dust
Trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation• Working children often live away from their families in situations where they are exposed to violence, abuse and economic exploitation .• A rapid assessment of commercially sexually exploited children showed that half worked in other sectors before being lured into sex work .• The majority are depressed and three-quarters of the child sex workers were ill in the three months before the rapid assessment survey, many with sexually transmitted diseases.
The life of a child sex worker is one of violence,exploitation and physical and psychological health problems
EFFECTS OF CHILD LABOR1.Less Education2.Social and economic effects3.child’s health4.A way for unhealthy,illiterate new generation5.Increases DRUG addict.6.Manpower becomes valueless
For lacking of education and mental support they often take drugs
What we can do as a person to stop child labor?1.To donate fund in NGOs working for street children.2.To make the rural people aware about benefits of education.3.To provide free education for the orphans.4.To contact NGOs and make them more aware.5.To start campaign against child labour.6.To help the government to stop child labour.7.Strictly implementation of laws.