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EIA Report Analysis of Rampal Power Plant

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EIA Report Analysis of Rampal Power Plant

  1. 1. RAMPAL POWER PLANT Presentation on Presented By : Group 2 Session: 2017-18 Dept. of CEE SUST EIA REPORT OF
  2. 2. Group Members Page 02 of 54 2017333020 2017333022 2017333023 2017333024 2017333025 2017333027 2017333028 Group - 02 2017333029 2017333030 2017333031 2017333033 2017333034 2017333035 2017333036
  3. 3. Intro duction Page 03 of 54 A sustainable power supply system is a prerequisite for socio-economic development of a country. And for developing countries like Bangladesh with rapid growth rates, ensuring sufficient electricity to empower daily life is a great challenge. At present only 53% of the total population has access to electricity but unreliable and discontinuous power generation and supply is still a matter of concern. The government forecasts that by 2030, electricity demand will rise to 34000 MW. To meet up this huge demand, the Government of Bangladesh has formulated a Power System Master Plan (2010). And with that in mind, Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDP) took a mega project to install three coal-based thermal power stations and The Rampal Power Station is one of them.
  4. 4. Project description & location Page 04 of 54 The Rampal Power Station is a 1320-megawatt coal-fired power station currently under construction at Rampal Upazila of Bagerhat District in Khulna, Bangladesh. The power plant, which is being built on more than 1834 acres of land, lies 14 kilometers north of the Sundarbans, the biggest mangrove forest in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It will be the biggest power plant in the nation. Location: The project is located at 22°37'0"N km south of Khulna City, 11.5km Northeast of Rampal Sadar Upazila, 14 km North-east from Mongla port, and 14 km north-west from the nearest point of Sundarbans (Map 1.2). The location is 4 km away from the declared Ecological Critical Area of Sundarbans, i.e. the Sundarbans within 10 km radius around its boundary.22°34'30°N and 89°32'0"E to 89°34'5"E and around 23
  5. 5. Project description & location Page 05 of 54 Project Proponents: It is being constructed by BIFPCL (Bangladesh India Friendship Power Company Limited) which is a 50:50 joint venture between India's state-owned National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) and Bangladesh's Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB). India signed the agreement at Dhaka on 29 January 2012. BIFCPL awarded an EPC contract to Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) valued at over US$1.49 billion for setting up of Maitree Super Thermal Power Project (2X660MW). BHEL has started EPC activities and the first dispatch happened in January 2018. Others related to the project are- the Power Grid Company of Bangladesh (PGCB), the Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh (EGCB), the Power System Master Plan (PSMP) 2010, etc. Stage Unit Number Capacity Status 1st 1 660 Running 1st 2 660 Under process Capacity: The planned capacity of the power plant is 1320 MW (2x660 MW). Unit-1 with the capacity to generate 660MW.
  6. 6. Project description & location Page 06 of 54
  7. 7. Purpose of the study Page 07 of 54 The proposed power plant can be categorized as a Red category project as per ECA,1995. So, an overall EIA study is a necessity for conducting this kind of project. The overall objective of the EIA study is: to obtain an Environmental Clearance Certificate from the Department of Environment (DoE). The specific purposes are- 1. Analysis of alternative sites 2. Establishment Of environmental and socio-economic baseline condition Of the study area 3. Identification of national and international legal environmental requirements 4. Prediction and evaluation of potential environmental and socio-economic impacts 5. Identification Of mitigation and abatement measure] 6. Assessment of occupational risk and hazard 7. Development Of an Environmental Management Plan (EMP)
  8. 8. Scope of the EIA Study Page 08 of 54 Investigation and Survey: •Topographic survey •Water quality data collection and analysis •Physical observation for hydrological and morphological assessment •Soil investigation •Meteorological, air quality, and noise level investigation •Ecological survey •Occupational Risk and Hazard analysis The scope of the study includes the identification of statutory requirements, prediction of potential environmental and socio-economic impacts, and formulation Of EMP. The detailed scope of this study are: Environmental policy and requirement analysis: both Statutory and World Bank Group's- •For emission control •For handling and disposal Of generated ash •For health and safety •Identification of obligatory requirements of World Banks Group's health and safety guidelines
  9. 9. Scope of the EIA Study Page 09 of 54 Establishment Of the environmental and social baseline conditions in respect Of- •Physical, •Biological and •Socio-economic condition Impact assessment- a. Prediction and evaluation Of potential environmental impacts b. Prediction and evaluation Of potential socio-economic impacts Identification of suitable control measures for emissions- a. Control measures for SOX, NOX, C02 b. Exhaust stack requirements Preparation of Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Preparation Of the EIA report on the basis Of DOE approved TOR for obtaining Environmental Clearance from the DoE
  10. 10. Class A (Green) Policies, Legal & Administrative Framework Page 10 of 54 The Government of Bangladesh proposed to established a coal based thermal power plant in Khulna. Along with the environmental assessment,relevant legal provisions, policies,strategies and institutional issues are very important for any project For obtain environmental clearance certificate environment conservation rules 1997 classified into the four categories they are Class B (Orange-A) Class C (Orange-B) Class D (Red) The Rampal Power Plant project of the Bangladesh government falls under the red category
  11. 11. Policies, Legal & Administrative Framework Page 11 of 54 Steps for obtaining an environmental clearance certificate: 1. Report on the feasibility of the project. 2. Process flow diagram, design, and time schedule of the effluent treatment plant of the project. 3. No objection certificate of the local authority. 4. Emergency plan relating to adverse environmental impact and plan for mitigation of the effect of pollution. 5. Outline of relocation rehabilitation plan if applicable. 6. Other necessary information (where applicable). The proposed project might emit different types of gaseous pollutants noise liquid and solid waste. To regulate uncontrolled emission schedule 2 to 11 of the rule has been established.
  12. 12. Policies, Legal & Administrative Framework Page 12 of 54 The forest act 1927 is the first law of the land on forestry. it provides for reserving forest. The proposed location of Rampal power plant is situated around 14 km away from the Sundarban reserve forest. Here is some code relevant to this project 1. The penal code,1860 2. Civil aviation ordinance,1960 3. Mongala port authority ordinance,1976 4. Environment conservation act 1995 5. The fatal accident act,1855 6. The Bangladesh petroleum act,1974
  13. 13. Methodology Page 13 of 54 Process followed in the EIA study of this project: 1. Project design and description 2.Environmental and social baseline description survey 3. selecting IESC's through scoping 4. Bounding 5.Major field investigation 6.impact prediction and evaluation 7.impact quantification and evaluation 8.environmental management planning 9. EIA report preparation
  14. 14. Methodology Page 14 of 54 Assumptions are made for carrying out the project: 1. The dredging activities required for the site area establishment and improvement of the channel will be carried out by the relevant authority. 2. The Bagha Kaiger Daskati road will be used as the access road and LGED will prepare this road for the project. 3. For the establishment of the site the land will be developed with dredged sand and coal-burned ash.
  15. 15. Evaluation of Alternative Sites Page 15 of 54 The possible alternative sites were compared with the proposed site based on different criteria in a systematic approach. A checklist was developed to make the framework operational in the field. The final evaluation was made based on checklist data and real-time judgment.
  16. 16. Notable Social & Environmental Components Page 16 of 54 Physical Environment: Landscape & Scenic beauty Heat radiation Air quality Acid rain Solid waste The Scoping process finds out the key components of the socio- environmental condition and identifies their effects on the project. The social and environmental components can be categorized as- Water Resource: Tidal inundation Drainage condition Water logging Erosion Land Resource: Land type Land use Heavy metal
  17. 17. Notable Social & Environmental Components Page 17 of 54 Agriculture, Livestock, fisheries Ecology Population Occupation Employment & manpower Health & water-sanitation Socio-economic condition:
  18. 18. Environmental and Social Baseline Condition Page 18of 54 The baseline environmental and socio-economics conditions have been established with respect to the physical environment, water resources, and other resources setting of the selected study area using both primary and secondary data. Study Area Availability of Coal Availability of water Physical Environment These data are: 1. Climate and meteorology 2. Landscape and Topography 3. Geology 4. Acoustic environment
  19. 19. Environmental and Social Baseline Condition Page 19 of 54 Surface water Resources 1. Surface water system 2. Surface runoff during rain 3. Water level 4. Tidal Behavior 5. Tidal inundation 6. Waves 7. River bed sediment 8. Water Use River Morphology 1. River plan form 2. Erosion and accretion 3. River bathymetry
  20. 20. Environmental and Social Baseline Condition Page 20 of 54 Groundwater Resources 1. Hydrology 2. Groundwater level 3. Groundwater use 4. Groundwater quality Transportation system 1. Road communication system 2. Water communication 3. Railway communication system
  21. 21. Impacts Page 21 of 54 A coal-powered electricity generation station will obviously have huge impacts not only on the environment but also on social life and activities. Impacts on pre-construction and construction stages 1. 2. Impacts during operation (post-construction stage) 3. Cumulative Impacts
  22. 22. Impacts Page 22 of 54 A coal-powered electricity generation station will obviously have huge impacts not only on the environment but also on social life and activities. Impacts on pre-construction and construction stages 1. For this project 1,834 acre lands have been acquired. This will be changed from existing condition but it might not affect land form and land type of the surrounding area. At the initial stage, 420 acre of land shall be developed for site establishment. The existing low to medium high land within the project area will be changed to high land. The rest of the land shall be developed for 2 nd phase of the project by dumping of ash slurry to be generated from the power plant. Impact on land form and land type
  23. 23. Impacts Page 23 of 54 Land use of the surrounding area might not be affected by the construction and pre-construction activities of the project. But in the future (post- construction phase) the land use of the surrounding area might be changed for the induced regional and local infrastructure development. Impact on land use: Construction activities may change the visual landscape of the project area. Site clearance activities, a gathering of equipment and construction materials, machinery, and camp establishment on green field sites may reduce the scenic beauty. Nevertheless, the impact is for a short duration, and reversible as the project plan includes landscape planning, green belt development, etc. Impact on landscape and scenic beauty:
  24. 24. Impacts Page 24 of 54 Different diesel engines to be operated for construction-related activities and project vehicles are the potential sources of heat, which would be very insignificant to increasing local air temperature. Hence, there may be no or negligible impact of heat radiation during the preconstruction and construction phase. Heat radiation Land filling, site establishment, earth works, construction materials processing, construction activities, vehicle movement, etc. may generate fugitive dust particles. The proposed project involves construction activities like civil construction, mechanical construction, handling and stocking of construction materials, etc. It is necessary to adopt management plan for controlling the fugitive particulate matter during construction activities. However, these ground sourced generation will be limited to the project boundary and the impact might be for short period, only during the construction activities. Moreover, the consequence will not be significant as the closest hamlet of settlement is located away from the project boundary. Generating particulate dust materials
  25. 25. Impacts Page 25 of 54 Carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides may be emitted from combustion of the petroleum products in project related vehicles, machinery, generators, and vessels/barges etc during the construction period. Their impact on air quality will not be significant as the pollutant emission activities (point and area sources) will be limited within the project boundary and the activities will be short term (only for construction period). However, this impact may further be minimized by adopting Environmental Management Plan. Emission of greenhouse gases Operation of different machineries and equipments for construction activities, running of heavy load traffic for construction materials transportation, and regular traffic movement may generate noise during construction period. The produced noise may have impact on existing acoustic environment of rural category defined in ECR, 1997. Local inhabitants may feel disturbed due to noise from line sources (traffic movement). However, it is very unlikely that the local people will be affected by the noise which might be produced from point sources (construction activities) as the nearest - hamlet of settlement is located away from the sources. Impact on ambient noise
  26. 26. Impacts Page 26 of 54 Carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides may be emitted from combustion of the petroleum products in project related vehicles, machinery, generators, and vessels/barges etc during the construction period. Their impact on air quality will not be significant as the pollutant emission activities (point and area sources) will be limited within the project boundary and the activities will be short term (only for construction period). However, this impact may further be minimized by adopting Environmental Management Plan. Emission of greenhouse gases Operation of different machineries and equipments for construction activities, running of heavy load traffic for construction materials transportation, and regular traffic movement may generate noise during construction period. The produced noise may have impact on existing acoustic environment of rural category defined in ECR, 1997. Local inhabitants may feel disturbed due to noise from line sources (traffic movement). However, it is very unlikely that the local people will be affected by the noise which might be produced from point sources (construction activities) as the nearest - hamlet of settlement is located away from the sources. Impact on ambient noise
  27. 27. Impacts Page 27 of 54
  28. 28. Impacts Page 28 of 54 Construction activities may generate different categories of solid wastes and might have an impact on the local environment only if not managed properly. Wastes may be generated from earthworks, site establishment, civil construction, a stockpile of materials, and domestic household activities. The wastes might be metals, concrete, spoiled construction material, excavated spoils, spilled oil from machinery and vehicles, etc. The construction activities shall be carried out following environmental rules and regulations so that no significant environmental impact would result from the construction activities. The ElA also suggests different management plans as EMP for controlling the generation and scattered disposal of wastes. If EMP is properly implemented, there might be only some minor local and short-term impact of waste disposal on physical environmental resources i.e. water, land resources, and agriculture. Waste generation and disposal
  29. 29. Impacts Page 29 of 54 Oil spillage from the workshop, and water vessel may contaminate surface water near the construction site. Impact on Surface Water Quality: Crop production Crop damage Impact on agriculture resources The land acquired for the proposed power plant provides food, fodder, and grazing land for livestock. Acquisition of this land will reduce grazing area for livestock. However, there are also other grazing areas for livestock within a radius of the project that shall be unaffected. Impact on livestock resources
  30. 30. Impacts Page 30 of 54 Fish Habitat: The only direct impact during pre-construction phase is acquisition of agricultural cum shrimp aquaculture area. There will be no other significant direct impacts on fish resources during pre-construction phase. Acquired land includes shrimp aquaculture farm, mangrove, intertidal area, and tidal creeks which are used as, fish habitat. Acquisition of these lands might cause loss of these habitats. However, the expected benefits of the project overcome these losses. Impact on fisheries The project has been located 14 Km away from the nearest point of Sundarbans. However, the materials and equipment during the construction period would be transported by river to the project site. As such, the frequencies of the vessels will relatively increase. If navigational, spillages, noise, speed, lighting, and waste disposal rules regulations are not properly maintained, it may impact the Sundarbans ecosystem especially Royal Bengal Tiger, deer, crocodile, dolphins, mangroves, etc. Impact on Sundarbans Ecosystem
  31. 31. Impacts Page 31 of 54 •Impact on landform and land type •Impact on land use •Impact of heat radiation •Impact on ambient air •Emission of SOx and NOx by coal combustion •Acid rain •Impact on ambient noise •Solid waste disposal 2. Impacts during operation (post-construction stage):
  32. 32. Impacts Page 32 of 54 The region (project area and study area) is less industrialized. There are few industries near Mongla Port and within the ECA boundary which may cause environmental pollution. The industries within the radius of the plant location are listed below: 1.Mongla Cement Factory, Mongla 2.Meghna Cement Mills Ltd. Mongla 3.Wes Farmers Kleen Heat, Mongla. 4.Summit Surma Petroleum Co. Ltd. Mongla./Bashundhara LP Gas 5.Holcim Bangladesh Ltd. Mongla. 6.Dubai Bangladesh Cement Mills Ltd. Mongla. 7.Sunshing Edible Oil (under construction) Cumulative Impacts
  33. 33. Impacts Page 33 of 54 The cement industries cause a rise of SPM in the local air within the close proximity of the industries. The navigation activities e.g. ash import, clinker import, cement transportation, etc. may cause moderate to minor impact on the surrounding environment. If the responsible authorities enforce ECA 1995 and the follow-up rules of ECR 1997 properly, then the cumulative impacts may be within the acceptable limits of ECR 1997. Cumulative Impacts
  34. 34. Impact Evaluation Page 34 of 54 The affected areas, due to wind patterns, would cover the entire Sundarbans ecosystem, Satkhira, Khulna, Noakhali, Comilla, Narsingdi and Dhaka districts in Bangladesh and Ashoknagar, Kalyangar, Basirhat and Kolkata of West Bengal. Exposure to these pollutants increases the risk of diseases such as stroke, lung cancer, heart and respiratory diseases in adults, as well as respiratory symptoms in children. In Rampal, 5 million tonnes of coal are used every year, which would be among the largest sources of air pollution in the country. The emissions would elevate the levels of toxic particles, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide over the entire southwestern Bangladesh and 100km to the northeast due to prevailing wind patterns. EIA report by Bangladesh DoE states that a radius of 10 kilometers from the Sunderbans is considered the Environmentally Critical Area (ECA) and the proposed spot for the plant is 14 kilometers away from the forest, making the plant not risky as it is 4 kilometers away from the Sunderbans’ ECA. But our findings through Geographical Information System (GIS) software exhibit that this distance is between 9 and 13 kilometers.
  35. 35. Impact Evaluation Page 35 of 54 In the project area, Over 95 percent of the allocated land is capable of being harvested thrice a year which every year produced 1,285 tons of rice and 561.41 metric tons of fish. Over 8,000 families are permanent residents of the allocated land and among them, 7,500 families live on the mentioned farming and fisheries. The Rampal plant is going to force these families of their homes and incomes Social Impact
  36. 36. Impact Evaluation Page 36 of 54 Apart from extensive environmental drawbacks, the proposed Rampal plant is financially infeasible. 15 percent of the costs will be borne by PDB, 15 percent will be borne by the Indian NTPC and bank loans would cover the rest. The produced electricity will be entirely purchased by the PDB, and the profit after the PDB’s purchasing will be split between PDB and NTPC equally. Here, the coal price has been set to be the basis of the power price. The price for the proposed Rampal plant is here found to be two-fold of the benchmarked. The only way to curb the direct public impact of this high price is through government subsidies. Economic impacts
  37. 37. Hazard & Risk Assessment Page 37 of 54 In the EIA,hazard assessment has been carried out to identify the potential hazard associated with or inherent in the design process and to identify possible measures to avoid the hazard along with the safety plan for minimising the risk identification of potential hazard point hazard cause identification consequence of exposure risk management safety plan 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Mitigation measure for controlling air pollution:
  38. 38. Hazard & Risk Assessment Page 38 of 54 mechanical, Electrical fire and explosion toxic chemical exposure failure Mode hazard fire wave erosion etc. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The hazards points where identified for Pre-construction Construction and Post-construction Stages 1. 2. 3. Hazard category of Rampal power plant : Hazard assessment and consequence analysis:
  39. 39. Hazard & Risk Assessment Page 39 of 54 Hazard assessment and job safety analysis are essential for ensuring the safe working place for the employees. Occupational hazard such as: stuck by fire toxic exposure health. Occupational Hazard assessment:
  40. 40. Mitigation of Impacts Page 40 of 54 The impacts were evaluated based on their nature, spatial and temporal extent, reversibility, and consequences. These analyses identify the scope of adopting mitigation measures of reconciliation the project design with the objective of preventing environmental pollution in compliance with ECA 1995. Thereafter, all of the identified impacts were further evaluated with and without mitigation measure adoption. The consequence analysis with and without consideration of mitigation measures adoption gives an idea of effectiveness of the measure. It helps the decision makers to have clear idea to reconcile project plan and design preventing negative impacts and conserving project benefits.
  41. 41. Mitigation of Impacts Page 41 of 54 Limiting site clearance and base stripping activities within the project boundary. Dispersed gathering and stocking of construction materials and machinery should be within a limited area in the project boundary. The project area should be fenced prior to initiation of construction activities. Stock piles of construction materials should be covered in order to protect them from wind and weathering action. The existing right of way should be used in material transportation and existing right of ways should not be blocked. Provision of sanitary toilet, one toilet for 10 persons. Location of spoil stock pile should be located in safe area and protected from wind and rain action. No spoil should be stored on River bank/slope. Construction wastes must be reused or recycled as and where possible. Burning of waste material should be restricted. Quality housekeeping should be maintained by regular inspection and checking. 1. During Construction Phase: Controlling & Mitigation of Waste Generation:
  42. 42. Mitigation of Impacts Page 42 of 54 Limiting activities may produce fugitive dust particle within project area. Vegetation clearance and base stripging should be minimized. Vehicle speed restriction should be enforced to control dust generation. Earthen roads and undeveloped roads should be avoided to minimize dust generation. Construction materials should be covered to protect from wind action. Keep provision of water spraying system to suppress fugitive dust. Dust particle generated from access roads must be controlled by spraying water during dry season. Stock piles of construction materiais should be covered in order to protect from wind action. Mitigation Measure for Controlling Air Pollution:
  43. 43. Mitigation of Impacts Page 43 of 54 Switch off / throttle down all site machinery, vehicles, water vessels, and generator when not in use. No construction activities at night. Use noise damper on project boundary. Introduce vehicle speed limit and its monitoring. Mitigation for Noise Pollution: Avoid fish breeding season during construction works (if possible). Most excavation, backfilling, and site grading will be undertaken during the dry season, Sediment should be trapped on-site using sediment fences and traps and basins, and by preventing the off-site movement of coarse material. Alternate sourcing of sand other than river bed dredging. Enforcing the speed restriction and regular maintenance to control noise, dust generation. Oil spillage from vehicle/water vessel should be controlled. Protection of Fisheries:
  44. 44. Mitigation of Impacts Page44 of 54 The plant equipment must be performance tested during commissioning phase to ensure that standard has been maintained. Regular inspection and maintenance of boiler, pressure parts, FD and ID fans and ash separation and handing system, and other ancillaries. Safety and emergency plan for accidental hazard. Remote monitoring and control of total production process. Regular maintenance and overwhelming as per design specification. Plant must be designed so as to ensure Bangladesh's standard of emission. Stack height and high velocity of plume (minimum 20 m/s) should be maintained. Discharge of emissions through stack must be directed vertically upward without any impedance or hindrance. Provision of buffer zone and green belt. 2. Post-construction/Operational phase: Air Pollution Control: Noise Control:
  45. 45. Mitigation of Impacts Page 45 of 54 On site waste collection and disposal system should be provided by municipality of Bagerhat through Rampal Upazila administration. Dust control mechanism must be utilized for Ash handling and coal handling system. Provision of different waste bin with color code for different waste (recyclable, reusable, biodegradable, hazardous, etc) in road side, parking places, office, eco- parks, and other official and public places in the plant site. Provision of waste management department with given responsibily of waste collection, hauling. disposal and overall management and the department should be vested under Environmental quality and Safety Management wings. Provision of regular awareness building meeting of programs. Controlling Waste Generation:
  46. 46. Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Page 46 of 54 The environmental management plan (EMP) describes how to put the mitigation measures identified and covered in the earlier chapters into practice. The primary goal of the EMP is to direct Bangladesh PDB, the project's implementing agency, in achieving project sustainability and maintaining environmental protection in accordance with national and international standards. The EMP includes mitigation, enhancement, compensation and contigency measures for each of the three phases of the project- Pre-construction, construction and post- construction. The management plan covers air quality management plan, noise management plan, waste management plan, site establishment plan, water resources management plan, ash management plan, fisheries management plan, ecosystem management plan, agriculture management plan and socio-economic management plan.
  47. 47. Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Page 47 of 54 EMP during preconstruction phase: 1. Compensation plan 2. Resettlement action plan 3. Youth empowerment plan EMP during construction phase: 1.Site development by backfilling 2.Construction site management plan 3.Construction waste management plan 4.Air quality management plan 5.Acoustic management plan 6.Groundwater management plan 7.Dredging activities and dredge spoil management plan 8.Agriculture resources management plan 9.Priority for affected and local people in project employment 10.Occupational health and safety plan 11.Labor recruitment plan
  48. 48. Environmental Management Plan (EMP) Page 48 of 54 EMP during operation phase 1.Air pollution management plan 2.Coal transportation and handling plan 3.Acoustic management plan 4.Solid waste management plan 5.Coal yard management 6.Dust Suppression System 7.Ash management plan 8.Water resources management plan 9.Rainwater harvesting plan 10.Ecosystem management plan 11.Maintenance dredging and spoil management plan 12.Greenbelt development plan 13.Fisheries management plan 14.Resettlement action plan
  49. 49. Conclusion & Recommendation Page 49 of 54 With the goal of rapid development and human comfort, the Bangladesh government issued the massive project of Rampal power plant. But this type of construction brings huge potential negative impacts on society and environment along with it. So, there is no alternative to conduct a proper EIA study to pinpoint potential hazards and effective mitigation measures. EIA study also describes the whole project step-by-step and ensures proper monitoring of project activities.
  50. 50. Conclusion & Recommendation Page 50 of 54 Some notable recommendations that can be made based on this EIA report are- Proper Resettlement and Rehabilitation plan is necessary for proper compensation to Project Affected People. People (not owner) dependent on the land to be acquired should also be compensated and created scope for alternative livelihoods. Findings and suggestion of EIA study in project planning, design and operation should be considered and implement with strong monitoring. FGD system should be installed in case coal having high sulfur content (more than ) where the cost will be compensated by environmental and social benefit. All activities (pre-construction, construction and post- construction stage) should be implemented according to EMP.
  51. 51. Conclusion & Recommendation Page 51 of 54 Environmental Management Plan and, Hazard and Safety Management Plan should be implemented at every suggested steps of plant construction and operation. Establishing Institutional arrangement with proper logistic and training for Environment, Health and Safety in Project Management Unit during pre-construction, construction and operation phases of the project. The surrounding and inter tidal area of the project area should be brought under green-belt activities trough afforestation. Special care should be taken for Dolphin community protection as per EMP. Relevant national laws and IMO conventions signed by the GOB should be enforced properly by the relevant authorities (MPA, DG Shipping, BIWTA, etc); accordingly, the Coal Transportation Agency should oblige the relevant laws and conventions.
  52. 52. Conclusion & Recommendation Page 52 of 54 It is suggested to conduct a further detail study to prepare an Environmental Action Plan (EAP) and Environmental Management Framework (EMF) for Sundarbans Ecosystem and Biodiversity during detail design of the project (after engagement of the EPC contractor). EMP implementation during construction and operation of the power plant shall be followed by the EAP and EMF. The plant should be operated ensuring all pollution abatement measures e.g. ESP, FGD (in case of Sulphur contain more than), Low NOx burner, effluent treatment plant, etc are in order and regular monitoring has to be done to evaluate their performance.
  53. 53. References Page 53 of 54 "Indo-Bangla joint company for power import". The Independent. Dhaka. 8 March 2011. Archived from the original on 10 March 2011. Rahman, Khalilur (24 February 2013). "Demand for Rampal power plant relocation". Financial Express. Dhaka. Archived from the original on 25 February 2013. Sengupta, Debjoy. "Bhel bags NTPC's Bangladesh project". The Economic Times. "Boiler components dispatched for BHEL's ovserseas project - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 February 2018. "Final report on environmental impact assessment of 2x (500–660) MW coal based thermal power plant to be constructed at the location of Khulna – India Environment Portal – News, reports, documents, blogs, data, analysis on environment & development – India, South Asia".
  54. 54. Page 54 of 54 Photos
  55. 55. Thank You!