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Only Two Religions 3 - Carl Jung's Alternative Spirituality

Heritage Presbyterian Church
Adult Sunday School

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Only Two Religions 3 - Carl Jung's Alternative Spirituality

  1. 1. P e t e r J o n e s Director of truthXchange A Worldview & Culture Teaching Series by Ligonier Ministries Adult Sunday School Summer 2019
  2. 2. Lesson Slide 3 2 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality The Big Question How can we make sense of the breakneck spiritual and social changes happening right now in our culture? and How should Christians respond?
  3. 3. Lesson Slide 3 3 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Lessons in the Series 1. Explaining Modern Culture 2. The Rise & Fall of Secular Humanism 3. Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality 4. Paganism in the Shadows 5. Paganism in the Spotlight 6. Pagan Sexuality 7. From Personal Spirituality to Worldview 8. Where Is Society Headed? 9. Unbiblical Responses 10.Articulating a Biblical Worldview 11.Living in Holiness 12.Thinking with a Discerning Mind
  4. 4. Lesson Slide 3 4 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Lesson Introduction • In the last lecture, we saw the growth and decline of secular humanism. This ideology had a powerful effect on religion in the West, but the spiritual void that it left was quickly filled by a new spirituality. • In this lecture, Dr. Peter Jones demonstrates that Carl Jung, the Swiss psychologist, was essential in the development of this so-called new spirituality • Jung espoused a pagan ideology that emphasized the joining of opposites, and thus relativized right and wrong, male and female, and other relationships
  5. 5. Lesson Slide 3 5 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Scripture Readings • Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter! Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes, and shrewd in their own sight! Isaiah 5:20-21 • Your eye is the lamp of your body. When your eye is healthy, your whole body is full of light, but when it is bad, your body is full of darkness. Therefore be careful lest the light in you be darkness. Luke 11:34-35
  6. 6. Lesson Slide 3 6 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Teaching Objectives 1. To explain the ideas espoused by the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung 2. To explain Jung’s great influence on modern culture 3. To understand how Jung was able to have so much influence
  7. 7. Lesson Slide 3 7 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Watch Lecture 3
  8. 8. Lesson Slide 3 8 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Study Question Answers 1. Jung called the removal of contradictions within the individual individuation 2. In order to make his ideas more acceptable to intellectuals, Carl Jung described his ideas using modern scientific language 3. Jung rejected the Christian God and embraced the gnostic god Abraxas, who was half-man, half-beast, and combined God and the devil 4. Jung and Mircea Eliade sought to deliver the world from secular humanism and traditional Christianity 5. Jung’s system that was designed to bring everyone to a higher level of personal liberation was called Transpersonal psychology
  9. 9. Lesson Slide 3 9 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality The “Public” Carl Jung* • A Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology. Best known for his theories of the Collective Unconscious, including the concept of archetypes, and the use of synchronicity in psychotherapy. • Key concepts in his analytic psychology • Psychological types • Collective unconscious • Complex • Archetypes • Anima and animus • Synchronicity • Shadow • Extraversion and introversion 1875-1961 * Wikipedia: Carl Jung
  10. 10. Lesson Slide 3 10 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality The “Secret” Carl Jung • Jung’s vision for the future of mankind involved deconstruction of biblical Christianity and the promotion of pagan spirituality • But Jung knew that his invitation to mysticism could never be accepted in a mixed culture of secular humanism and Christian theism, both opposed—for different reasons—to nature worship • So for strategic reasons Jung adopted, for general public consumption, various scientific jargon for his ideas as a method of intellectual subterfuge
  11. 11. Lesson Slide 3 11 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality A Juicy Conspiracy Theory • Jung’s hidden strategy of employing public/secret personas was uncovered by Richard Noll, a psychologist and history of science professor at Harvard, who documented his theory in an explosive biography of Jung (1994) • Noll accused Jung of deliberately obfuscating his meaning to the public while developing his true theories in his private circle of fellow researchers and practitioners • In his public lectures and writings, according to Noll, Jung was careful always to speak and write “in code”
  12. 12. Lesson Slide 3 12 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality A Shot Across the Bow • Noll’s reasoned and documented contention was an offensive and bold challenge to Jung’s secular humanist and academic followers “This 20th century mask [of scientific research] was constructed deliberately, and somewhat deceptively, by Jung to make his own magical, polytheist, pagan worldview more palatable to a secularized world conditioned to respect only those ideas that seem to have a scientific air to them.” ~ Richard Noll, The Aryan Christ: The Secret Life of Carl Jung, xv.
  13. 13. Lesson Slide 3 13 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality The Conspiracy Vindicated • Though vilified in academic psychology, Noll was ultimately vindicated by Jung himself when the Philemon Foundation published Jung’s The Red Book almost 50 years after Jung’s death. Noll had never seen the contents of the book! • Jung revealed in The Red Book that his vision for the future of psychology lay in the development of paranormal spiritualism • Noll’s conspiracy theory was also confirmed by Jung’s personal friends, such as Jungian academic June Singer Published 2009
  14. 14. Lesson Slide 3 14 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Jung’s Legacy of Success • Jung’s ideas have deeply infiltrated Western culture • He proposed a technical, psychological model that described healthy human behavior as connection with one’s subconscious and with archetypes • Sexual and spiritual liberation were considered essential for the therapeutic health of the subconscious • Because his approach appealed to scientific rigor, his word became the “last word” on health and spirituality for many 20th century Westerners • Wealthy families (Rockefeller, McCormick, Mellon) financially supported Jung’s vision and were early clients of his therapy. Their money and endorsement brought Jung worldwide influence.
  15. 15. Lesson Slide 3 15 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Jung in the Church? • Jung even received enormous help from the church! He was/is viewed by many as a man of the spirit (not a secular humanist) and is hailed by some (in liberal/mainline denominations) as the first “Christian” counselor. • One evidence of Jung’s continuing influence in the broader church today is the stratospheric rise in popularity of Jordan Peterson, the best-selling author, professor and Jungian clinical psychologist, who many young people (especially men) view as something of a life-guru or “the father I never had” “It is no exaggeration to say that the theological positions of most mainstream denominations in their approach to pastoral care, as well as in their doctrines and liturgy—have become more or less identical with Jung’s psychological / symbolic theology” ~ Jeffery Satinover, a psychologist and former president of the Jung Foundation of New York
  16. 16. Lesson Slide 3 16 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality The Measure of a Man • When Richard Noll sought to find a figure in history whose influence would correspond to the importance of Jung, he chose the 4th century emperor, Julian the Apostate, who was raised Christian but chose to return to paganism “Jung ranks with the Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate, as one who significantly undermined orthodoxy Christianity and restored the polytheism of the Hellenistic world in Western civilization… For a variety of historical and technological factors—modern mass media being the most important—Jung has succeeded where Julian failed… The patriarchal monotheism of the orthodox Judeo-Christian faiths has all but collapsed, and filling the void, we find Protestants, Catholics and Jews adopting alternative, syncretistic belief systems that often belie a basis in Jungian ‘psychological’ theories.” ~ Richard Noll
  17. 17. Lesson Slide 3 17 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Discussion Questions 1. How should Christians respond to Oneist ideologies that seek to eliminate distinctions? 2. How does the joining of opposites relieve guilt that a person feels? Contrast this approach with the Christian understanding of where guilt comes from and how it should be addressed. 3. Jung had as a goal the liberation of sexuality for psychological and spiritual health. Many today would accuse Christians of repressing their sexuality, arguing that doing so leads to harmful results. How should Christians respond to such accusations? 4. Jung said that we must beware of thinking of good and evil as absolute opposites. What would this do for morality?
  18. 18. Lesson Slide 3 18 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Next Lesson In the prime of Jung’s career, some Christians feared that his analytical psychology was quickly swallowing the Church’s territory of caring for souls, and therefore concluded a spiritual catastrophe was imminent. Certainly the 1960s, in adopting Jungian notions of sexual and spiritual liberation, represented a cataclysmic transformation of the old Christian civilization.
  19. 19. Lesson Slide 3 19 Carl Jung’s Alternative Spirituality Resources by Peter Jones • Only Two Religions (study guide) • Only Two Religions (evangelism tool) • truthxchange.com (website) • heritage-pca.org (website) • The Other Worldview (book) • The Pagan Heart of Today’s Culture (booklet)

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