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A Survey of 5G Network: Architecture and Emerging Technologies

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  1. 1. SEMINAR PRESENTATION ON A Survey of 5G Network: Architecture and Emerging Technologies Presented by : SANJEET KUMAR USN: 1JS12EC096 DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION JSS ACADEMY OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION, BANGALORE JSS Campus, Uttarahalli-Kengeri Road, Bangalore-560060
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  An exponential increase in demand of user. ► Mobile and wireless traffic volume will increase a thousand times over the next decade. It is expected that 50 billion devices will connect to the cloud by 2020. ► It’ll be a complete wireless communication with almost no limitation. ► Has incredible transmission speed. 2
  3. 3. ► 1G networks use analog signal. ► Voice itself during a call is only modulated to higher frequency(≈150 MHz) ► It’s speed was up to 2.4kbps. ► 1G allows the voice calls in 1 country. Limitations: No Multi-Media-Services, Poor voice quality, Large phone size, No security 31G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
  4. 4. Evolution From 1G to 5G Networks ► 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G are the generations of wireless telecom connectivity. ► 1G : initial wireless telecom network system ► “Brick phones” and “Bag phones” are under 1G technology ► Analog signals are used in 1G. 4
  5. 5. 2G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY ► It was based on the GSM, commercially launched in Finland (1991). ► Data transmission rate is up to 64kbps. ► GSM, CDMA, GPRS, EDGE are the vital technology used in 2G. ► It provide services like short-message-services(SMS), picture messages and Multi-Media-Services (MMS), e-mail. Limitations: These systems are unable to handle complex data such as VIDEO. 5
  6. 6. 3G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY  Provide faster communication, data transmission rate is up to 2 Mbps. ► Data are sent through technology called packet switching . ► Global roaming & improved voice quality make 3G as a remarkable generation. ► More secure, high speed web browsing, several application like Video Calling, 3D gaming, etc. Limitations: 3G handsets required more power than most 2G models. Along with the 3G network plans are more expensive than 2G. 6
  7. 7. 4G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY ► High speed data access (Up to 1Gbps). ► Frequency Band: 1.8 - 2.6 GHz (LTE) 3.5 - 5.8 GHz (WIMAX) ► 4G presently standardizing Long Term Evolution (LTE). ► One of the basic term used to describe 4G is MAGIC.  Mobile Multimedia.  Anytime Anywhere  Global Roaming Support  Integrated Wireless Solution.  Customized Personal Services. 7
  8. 8. 8  It is combination of Wi-Fi and WIMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access).  4G Promises higher data rate and expended Multi-Media- Services, high quality streaming video.  Application: Online gaming, High Definition TV. Limitations: Battery uses is more, 4G is currently available in certain cities.
  9. 9. 5G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY  BDMA , non orthogonal & quasi- orthogonal multiple access is used.  Expected data transmission rate is 10-50Gbps.  Bandwidth: 60GHz  Capable of supporting World Wide Wireless Web (WWWW). 9
  10. 10. WHY NEED OF 5G?  3.4 billion people have broadband in 2014, about 80% were mobile broadband user – and majority was served by High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) or Long Term Evolution (LTE).  As per estimation, 4G network will no longer able to control the traffic in upcoming years.  Within 2020 WWWW will become the latest trend for wireless communication. 10
  12. 12.  Higher number of simultaneously connected devices.  Higher system spectral efficiency (data volume per unit area).  Lower battery consumption.  Better coverage.  High bit rates in large portions of coverage area.  Lower cost than previous generations 12ADVANTAGES
  13. 13. Disadvantages  Old devices can’t support this – Hardware replacement will required.  At present, 5G technology is theoretical, it may take longer than expected to come into existence. 13
  14. 14. Technology Features ↓ 1G 2G 3G 4G 5G Start/ Deployment 1970 – 1980 1990 - 2004 2004-2010 Now Probably 2020 Data Bandwidth 2kbps 64kbps 2Mbps 1Gbps Higher than 1Gbps Technology Analog Cellular Technology Digital Cellular Technology CDMA 2000 , EDGE WI-MAX , WI- FI, LTE WWWW Multiplexing FDMA TDMA, CDMA CDMA CDMA BDMA Switching Circuit Circuit, Packet Packet All Packet All Packet Core Network PSTN PSTN Packet N/W Internet Internet
  15. 15. CONCLUSION  5G technology is going to be a new revolution in wireless system.  3G- Operator Centric, 4G- Service Centric whereas 5G- User Centric  5G is the best mobile technology for data transfer and calling purpose.  The development of the mobile and wireless networks is going towards higher data rates and all-IP principle.  The new coming 5G technology will be available in the market at affordable rates, high peak future & much reliability than preceding technologies . 15
  16. 16. REFERENCES [1] “A Survey of 5G network: Architecture and Emerging Technologies” by Akhil Gupta and Rakesh Kumar Jha, IEEE, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2461602, August 7, 2015, [2] R. Baldemair et al., ``Evolving wireless communications: Addressing the challenges and expectations of the future,'' IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag.,vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 2430, Mar. 2013. [3] analysis.html. [4] “5G Technology – Redefining wireless Communication in upcoming years” by Akhilesh Kumar Pachauri 1 and Ompal Singh published in International Journal of Computer Science and Management Research Vol 1 Issue 1 Aug 2012 ISSN 2278 – 733X [5] [6] “Prospective of Fifth Generation Mobile Communications” by Dr. Anwar M. Mousa University of Palestine,Gaza- Palestine published in International Journal of Next-Generation Networks (IJNGN) Vol.4, No.3,September 2012 [5] International Journal of Computer Science and Management Research Vol 1 Issue 1 Aug 2012 [7] “5G Mobile Phone Technology” from [8] 16
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