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5G TECHNOLOGY

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A Survey of 5G Network: Architecture and Emerging Technologies

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5G TECHNOLOGY

  1. 1. SEMINAR PRESENTATION ON A Survey of 5G Network: Architecture and Emerging Technologies Presented by : SANJEET KUMAR USN: 1JS12EC096 DEPT. OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION JSS ACADEMY OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION, BANGALORE JSS Campus, Uttarahalli-Kengeri Road, Bangalore-560060
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  An exponential increase in demand of user. ► Mobile and wireless traffic volume will increase a thousand times over the next decade. It is expected that 50 billion devices will connect to the cloud by 2020. ► It’ll be a complete wireless communication with almost no limitation. ► Has incredible transmission speed. 2
  3. 3. ► 1G networks use analog signal. ► Voice itself during a call is only modulated to higher frequency(≈150 MHz) ► It’s speed was up to 2.4kbps. ► 1G allows the voice calls in 1 country. Limitations: No Multi-Media-Services, Poor voice quality, Large phone size, No security 31G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY
  4. 4. Evolution From 1G to 5G Networks ► 1G, 2G, 3G & 4G are the generations of wireless telecom connectivity. ► 1G : initial wireless telecom network system ► “Brick phones” and “Bag phones” are under 1G technology ► Analog signals are used in 1G. 4
  5. 5. 2G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY ► It was based on the GSM, commercially launched in Finland (1991). ► Data transmission rate is up to 64kbps. ► GSM, CDMA, GPRS, EDGE are the vital technology used in 2G. ► It provide services like short-message-services(SMS), picture messages and Multi-Media-Services (MMS), e-mail. Limitations: These systems are unable to handle complex data such as VIDEO. 5
  6. 6. 3G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY  Provide faster communication, data transmission rate is up to 2 Mbps. ► Data are sent through technology called packet switching . ► Global roaming & improved voice quality make 3G as a remarkable generation. ► More secure, high speed web browsing, several application like Video Calling, 3D gaming, etc. Limitations: 3G handsets required more power than most 2G models. Along with the 3G network plans are more expensive than 2G. 6
  7. 7. 4G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY ► High speed data access (Up to 1Gbps). ► Frequency Band: 1.8 - 2.6 GHz (LTE) 3.5 - 5.8 GHz (WIMAX) ► 4G presently standardizing Long Term Evolution (LTE). ► One of the basic term used to describe 4G is MAGIC.  Mobile Multimedia.  Anytime Anywhere  Global Roaming Support  Integrated Wireless Solution.  Customized Personal Services. 7
  8. 8. 8  It is combination of Wi-Fi and WIMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access).  4G Promises higher data rate and expended Multi-Media- Services, high quality streaming video.  Application: Online gaming, High Definition TV. Limitations: Battery uses is more, 4G is currently available in certain cities.
  9. 9. 5G MOBILE TECHNOLOGY  BDMA , non orthogonal & quasi- orthogonal multiple access is used.  Expected data transmission rate is 10-50Gbps.  Bandwidth: 60GHz  Capable of supporting World Wide Wireless Web (WWWW). 9
  10. 10. WHY NEED OF 5G?  3.4 billion people have broadband in 2014, about 80% were mobile broadband user – and majority was served by High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) or Long Term Evolution (LTE).  As per estimation, 4G network will no longer able to control the traffic in upcoming years.  Within 2020 WWWW will become the latest trend for wireless communication. 10
  11. 11. FEATURES OF 5G 5G HIGHER DATA RATE LESS TRAFFIC REDUCED COST CONSISTANT QUALITY OF EXPERIENCE MASSIVE DEVICE CONNECTIV ITY 11
  12. 12.  Higher number of simultaneously connected devices.  Higher system spectral efficiency (data volume per unit area).  Lower battery consumption.  Better coverage.  High bit rates in large portions of coverage area.  Lower cost than previous generations 12ADVANTAGES
  13. 13. Disadvantages  Old devices can’t support this – Hardware replacement will required.  At present, 5G technology is theoretical, it may take longer than expected to come into existence. 13
  14. 14. Technology Features ↓ 1G 2G 3G 4G 5G Start/ Deployment 1970 – 1980 1990 - 2004 2004-2010 Now Probably 2020 Data Bandwidth 2kbps 64kbps 2Mbps 1Gbps Higher than 1Gbps Technology Analog Cellular Technology Digital Cellular Technology CDMA 2000 , EDGE WI-MAX , WI- FI, LTE WWWW Multiplexing FDMA TDMA, CDMA CDMA CDMA BDMA Switching Circuit Circuit, Packet Packet All Packet All Packet Core Network PSTN PSTN Packet N/W Internet Internet
  15. 15. CONCLUSION  5G technology is going to be a new revolution in wireless system.  3G- Operator Centric, 4G- Service Centric whereas 5G- User Centric  5G is the best mobile technology for data transfer and calling purpose.  The development of the mobile and wireless networks is going towards higher data rates and all-IP principle.  The new coming 5G technology will be available in the market at affordable rates, high peak future & much reliability than preceding technologies . 15
  16. 16. REFERENCES [1] “A Survey of 5G network: Architecture and Emerging Technologies” by Akhil Gupta and Rakesh Kumar Jha, IEEE, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2461602, August 7, 2015, [2] R. Baldemair et al., ``Evolving wireless communications: Addressing the challenges and expectations of the future,'' IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag.,vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 2430, Mar. 2013. [3] http://www.teknocrat.com/1g-vs-2g-vs-3g-vs-4g-vs-5g-comparison-differences-and- analysis.html. [4] “5G Technology – Redefining wireless Communication in upcoming years” by Akhilesh Kumar Pachauri 1 and Ompal Singh published in International Journal of Computer Science and Management Research Vol 1 Issue 1 Aug 2012 ISSN 2278 – 733X [5] http://www.ijcaonline.org/volume5/number4/pxc3871282.pdf. [6] “Prospective of Fifth Generation Mobile Communications” by Dr. Anwar M. Mousa University of Palestine,Gaza- Palestine published in International Journal of Next-Generation Networks (IJNGN) Vol.4, No.3,September 2012 [5] International Journal of Computer Science and Management Research Vol 1 Issue 1 Aug 2012 [7] “5G Mobile Phone Technology” from www.pediain.com [8] http://freewimaxinfo.com/5g-technology.html. 16
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