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CLEFT SENTENCES What are they?
Definition :  A grammatical construction with information broken into two clauses, to provide extra focus to one piece of ...
IT-CLEFT SENTENCES <ul><li>Pattern:  It + be + highlighted word/phrase + that/who clause. </li></ul>SENTENCE John stole a ...
MORE EXAMPLES <ul><li>I  did everything, not him. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was   me   who/that  did everything </li></ul><...
WHAT CLEFT SENTENCES To focus on a word/phrase What-clause + be + highlighted word/phrase:  “ What  I ignore about him  is...
OTHER CLEFT SENTENCES Person “ The person who  told me about it  was  Mike” Thing “ The thing/all/something/one thing  I w...
Easy, isn’t it? Now, let’s practise what we’ve learnt and remember, always try to use the new structures you learn.
<ul><li>I  did everything. </li></ul><ul><li>->  It was me who/that did everything </li></ul><ul><li>We need  action , not...
<ul><li>John  went to  Turkey   for some business . </li></ul><ul><li>->  It was John ... </li></ul><ul><li>->  It is Turk...
<ul><li>After Dr. John Doe died, he was discovered to be a woman . </li></ul><ul><li>->  It was only after  he died  that ...
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Cleft sentences

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Publicado en: Salud y medicina, Educación

Cleft sentences

  1. 1. CLEFT SENTENCES What are they?
  2. 2. Definition : A grammatical construction with information broken into two clauses, to provide extra focus to one piece of information . It-cleft : “ It was his voice that I loved.” Wh-cleft : “ What I want is something to eat.”
  3. 3. IT-CLEFT SENTENCES <ul><li>Pattern: It + be + highlighted word/phrase + that/who clause. </li></ul>SENTENCE John stole a book from the library last week Subject as focus It was John who/that stole a book from the library last week. Object as focus It was a book that John stole from the library last week. Time as focus It was last week that John stole a book from the library. Place as focus It was from the library that John stole a book last week. or more informally, It was the library that John stole a book from last week.
  4. 4. MORE EXAMPLES <ul><li>I did everything, not him. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was me who/that did everything </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I can’t stand horror movies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s horror movies that I can’t stand </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. WHAT CLEFT SENTENCES To focus on a word/phrase What-clause + be + highlighted word/phrase: “ What I ignore about him is his rudeness ” To focus on an action What + subject + do + be + infinitive clause: “ What John did yesterday was steal a book from the library ” To focus on a whole sentence What happens + be + clause: “ What happens is we always end up having a row ”
  6. 6. OTHER CLEFT SENTENCES Person “ The person who told me about it was Mike” Thing “ The thing/all/something/one thing I want is a cup of tea” Place “ The place where he went for some business is Turkey” Time “ The year when I graduated from university was the most difficult time of my life” “ It wasn´t until I met him that I knew how modest he was” Reason “ The reason why I fell out with her was her extreme rudeness”
  7. 7. Easy, isn’t it? Now, let’s practise what we’ve learnt and remember, always try to use the new structures you learn.
  8. 8. <ul><li>I did everything. </li></ul><ul><li>-> It was me who/that did everything </li></ul><ul><li>We need action , not words. </li></ul><ul><li>-> It is … </li></ul><ul><li>-> What we… </li></ul><ul><li>-> All we need … </li></ul><ul><li>I want a cup of tea . </li></ul><ul><li>-> It is a ... </li></ul><ul><li>-> What I ... </li></ul><ul><li>-> All I ... </li></ul><ul><li>-> The thing … </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>John went to Turkey for some business . </li></ul><ul><li>-> It was John ... </li></ul><ul><li>-> It is Turkey ... </li></ul><ul><li>-> It is some business … </li></ul><ul><li>-> What John did … </li></ul><ul><li>-> The reason why … </li></ul><ul><li>-> The place where … </li></ul><ul><li>I left the office early because I felt terribly ill. </li></ul><ul><li>-> It was because ... </li></ul><ul><li>-> The reason … </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>After Dr. John Doe died, he was discovered to be a woman . </li></ul><ul><li>-> It was only after he died that Dr. John Doe was discovered to be a woman. </li></ul><ul><li>When I entered the room, I noticed they were about to celebrate my birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>-> It was only when I entered the room that I noticed they were about to celebrate my birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t know how modest he was until I met John Doe . </li></ul><ul><li>-> It wasn’t until I met John Doe that I knew how modest he was. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>

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