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CRIME CRIMEThe world of crime has much specialised vocabulary. On thisppt, you will learn the meaning of the verbs, nouns andadjectives which we associate with crime. This should helpyou understand newspaper and TV news reports on crime.Crime (noun) is any illegal action or activity. For example,killing your boss is a crime (even if he is a terrible person)!Crime is never used as a verb. We say commit a crime.Commit is the verb that collocates with crime: He was sentto prison for a crime that he didnt commit.A person who commits a crime is a criminal: A dangerouscriminal escaped from prison.
TYPES OF CRIMEAbduction/kidnapping taking a person to a secret location using forceArmed robbery using a weapon to stealArson setting fire to a place on purposeAssault hurting another person physicallyAttempted murder trying to kill someone (but failing)Burglary, breaking and going into another persons home or business with forceenteringChild abuse injuring a child on purposeDomestic violence physical assault that occur within the homeDrug trafficking trading illegal drugsDrunk driving driving after having too much alcoholFraud lying or cheating for business or monetary purposes
TYPES OF CRIMEHijacking holding people in transit hostage (usually on a plane)Murder/homicide taking someones life through violenceShoplifting stealing merchandise from a storeSmuggling bringing products into a country secretly and illegallySpeeding driving beyond the speed limitTerrorism acts of crime against a group (political/religious) or another countryTheft stealingTorture extremely cruel and unfair treatment (often towards prisoners) damaging public or private property (for example withVandalism spray paint)white collar crime breaking the law in business
CONFUSING WORDS Taking Someone’s lifeManslaughter (noun) – the crime of killing a person bysomeone who did not intend to do it or who cannot beresponsible for their actions.Murder (noun) – the crime of killing someone.Murderer – a person who kills.Murder – verb
CONFUSING WORDS Taking Something from Someone• Bank robbery (noun) – the crime of stealing money from a bank. Bank robber – the person who steals from a bank. Rob – verb• Burglary (noun) – the crime of stealing from a building. Burglar – a person who steals from a building. Burgle –verb• Mugging (noun) – an act of attacking someone and stealing their money. Mugger – the person who attacks someone to steal their money.• Pickpocketing (noun) – the act of stealing things out of pockets or bags secretly. Pickpocket – a person who steals things out of pockets or bags secretly. Pickpocket - verb• Rob (verb) means take something from a place or person. Robber- person• ‘Rob a bank.’ Money is taken from the bank, not the whole thing. ‘Rob and old man.’ Valuable items are taken from him, we do not take him.• Shoplifting (noun) – taking something from a shop without paying for it. Shoplifter – a person who steals from shops. Shoplift - verb• Smuggling (noun) – the act of taking things or people to or from a place secretly and illegally. Smuggler – the person who takes things or people to or from a place secretly and illegally. Smuggle - verb• Steal (verb) means to take something.• ‘I stole candy when I was a child.’ ‘My bag was stolen at the party.’
MONOLOGUE TIME!• Should Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOS) be scrapped?• Should a police force be routinely armed?• Should the attorney-client privilege be abolished?• Is bribery ever acceptable?• Should cameras be placed in courtrooms so that criminal tri• Should Marijuana be legalized?• Should we allow death penalty?• Should child offenders get stricter punishment?