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Case study/ Literature of a School

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Literature/ Case study of School (Pinegrove Public School, Kasauli)

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Case study/ Literature of a School

  1. 1. In cartography, a contour line (often just called a "contour") joins points of equal elevation (height) above a given level, such as mean sea level. A contour map shows valleys and hills, and the steepness of slopes. The contour interval of a contour map is the difference in elevation between successive contour lines.
  2. 2.  A primary school is an institution in which children receive the first stage of compulsory education known as primary or elementary education.
  3. 3.  INTRODUCTION In the classroom, spoken language is the primary medium through which teachers teach and children learn. Language development is accepted as being critical to cognitive development and learning itself is seen by many as a social activity.
  4. 4. › Central Board Of Secondary Education (CBSE) grants affiliation to various category of schools in accordance with its affiliation Bye-laws. The chapter-2 of affiliation Bye-laws, prescribe the following with regard to minimum infrastructure requirement in school. › The school must have about 2 acres or as otherwise permitted measurement of land and a building constructed on a part of land and proper playground on the remaining land. › The land should be owned by the schools or the society which is running the school. If the land is taken on lease it should be for a minimum period of 30 yrs. › The institution should have proper facilities commensurate with its requirement and should provide minimum floor space of 1 sq,mtr per student in the class
  5. 5.  Every institute will also provide proper facilities for physically challenged students.  The school should have the needed equipment and faculties for science, home science, technical subjects, vocations subjects etc.  The school should scrupulously observe prescription from the local authority regarding safety, safe drinking water and sanitation.  The school should have at least 1 computer lab with minimum of 10 computers or computer students ratio of 1:20 and internet connection.  The school should have a well equipped and spacious library with minimum of 1500 books and at least 15 magazines. Also, the school should maintain pupil book ratio 1:5
  6. 6. BASIC PHYSICAL FACILITIES IN THE SCHOOL o Class room should be of adequate size and minimum floor space should at least be 1 sq metre. Per student. o Prescription from the concerned municipal authority regarding drinking water and fire safety precautions should be observed in school. A fresh certificate regarding fulfilment of sanitary conditions and water/fire safety requirements should be obtained and submitted to the board every 5 years. o Adequate facilities should be provided for recreation activities and physical education as well as for conduct of various activities and programmes for the social, cultural, physical and moral development of students and for safeguarding their health.
  7. 7. PHYSICAL FACILITIES o In addition to the basic requirements the institution should have other facilities commensurate with its requirements. It should satisfy the minimum conditions laid down by the Board for school building. Classrooms should be adequate in size. The minimum floor space should be at least 1 sq metre per student. o every institution will provide proper facilities like ramps and toilets for wheel chair users . o The school should have suitable furniture in the classroom and office equipment and furniture commensurate with the strength of students and the staff. o The school should have the needed equipment and facilities for sciences, home science, technical subjects, vocational subjects and various activities under work experience and art education.
  8. 8. o The school should scrupulously observe prescription from the municipal authority regarding drinking water and fire safety precautions in the school. A certification from the municipal/fire authorities regarding sanitary conditions and water/fire safety should be submitted along with the application. o The school should have adequate facilities for providing recreation activities . o Adequate ground to carry out various activities. oA well built library is the most important thing in a school.
  9. 9.  The infrastructure facilities should be as follows:  Class rooms: minimum size should be 8m*6m (approx 500 sq.ft)  Science labs (composite for secondary or/and separate physics, chemistry, biology labs for senior secondary): minimum size should be 9m*6m each approx 600 sq. Ft. And fully equipped.
  10. 10.  In context of the schools ecological and safe sanitation in fact ensures that the human excreta and school waste water as resources are recovered , treated where necessary and safely reused.  While planning/designing school toilets the internal rules of the establishment have to be considered:  Build separate toilet rooms for girls and boys.  A closed container for disposal of sanitary napkins to be provided within each cubicle for girls.  Urinals and toilets for boys and toilets for girls to be installed as per norms.
  11. 11.  Hand washing facility must respect children height and size.  A toilet cleaning and maintenance service has to be activated within the school.  In Muslim schools separate toilet buildings for girls and boys, sitting and facing direction must respect religious norms.
  12. 12. SR. NO PROVISION HEAD NUMBER TO BE PROVIDED REMARKS GIRLS TOILET 1. SQUATTING PAN 1UNIT FOR EVERY 40 GIRLS+LADY TEACHER DAY SCHOOL WITHOUT RESIDENTIALFACILIT Y 2. FOR CWSN ATLEAST 1 UNIT IN A GIRLS TOILET BLOCK IF ONLY ONE TOILET NEEDED IT SHOULD BE FOR CWSN 3. WASH TAP 1 TAP IN EACH TOILET USAGE BY CHILDREN AND ADULTS 4. CLOTHES HANGING HOOK HOOK IN EACH TOILET AT DIFF. ACCESSIBLE HEIGHTS 5. NICHE IN WALL 1 IN EACH TOILET FOR SANITARY USE 6. VENTILATION 1 IN EACH 450*450MM 7. DOOR I IN EACH WC 2100MM WITH CHILD LATCHING
  13. 13. GIRLS URINAL 8. GIRLS URINAL 1 URINAL FOR EVERY 20 GIRLS WITH PARTITIONS 9. SELF CLEANING SYSTEM 1 FLUSHING SYSTEM IN EACH URINAL TO FLUSH OUT TOXIC SUBSTANCES 10. VENTILATION 1 OPENING IN EACH URINAL HEIGHT SHOULD ALLOW SUNLIGHT TO REACH 11. SCREEN DOOR 1 DOOR FOR EACH URINAL 1500MM HIGH WITH CHILD ACCESSIBLE LATCHING
  14. 14. BOYS TOILET SANITARY FACILITIES FOR BOYS 12. SQUATTING PAN 1 UNIT FOR EVERY 80 BOYS+ MALE TEACHER DAY SCHOOL WITHOUT RESIDENTIAL 13. FOR CSWN ATLEAST 1 UNIT IN BOYS TOILET IF ONLY 1 TOILET IT SHOULD BE FOR CSWN 14. WASH TAPS 1 TAP IN EACH WC LOCATED CONVENIENTLY FOR A CHILD AND ADULT USE 15. CLOTHES HANGING HOOK 2 HOOKS IN EACH WC HOOKS AT DIFF, CHILD ACCESSIBLE HEIGHTS 16. VENTILATION ARRANGEMENT 1 OPENING IN EACH WC 450*450MM HEIGHT 17. DOOR 1 DOOR IN EACH WC 2100MM HEIGHT
  15. 15. BOYS URINAL 18. BOYS URINAL 1 URINAL FOR EVERY 20 BOYS WITH PARTITIONS 19. SELF CLEANING SYSTEM 1 FLUSHING SYSTEM EACH TO FLUSH OUT TOXIC WASTES 20. VENTILATION ARRANGEMENT 1 OPENING EACH TO ALLOW SUNLIGHT HAND WASH 21. HAND WASH 1 FOR EVERY 20 CHILDREN USER ACCESSIBLE 22. MDM KITCHEN 1 FOR EVERY 20 CHILDREN SEGREGATED FROM TOILET FOR HYGIENE 23. SOAP TRAY 1 WITH EVERY 2 TAPS FEASIBLITY JUSTIFIED 24. MIRROR 1 IN EACH HAND WASH UNIT 25. STORAGE TANK MIN. 500 LITRES UPTO 100 CHILDREN 5 LITRES PER CHILD
  16. 16. DRINKING WATER 1. SAFE DRINKING WATER SOURCE 1 SOURCE INSIDE SCHOOL PREMISES SAFE DRINKING WATER POINT IS MANDATORY INSIDE SCHOOL PREMISES 2. WATER STORAGE TANK MIN. 500 LITRE TANK FOR EVERY 100 CHILDREN TANK CAPACITY ASSUMES BUFFER STORAGE RESERVE IN CASE OF EMERGENCY.
  17. 17. LOCATION:  The location of the school library is of as much concern as its size and shape. It should best be located in area of maximum accessibility to students and teachers. The premises chosen to accommodate a library should meet following requirements:  Should be in a quiet area free from excessive noise, disturbance and pollution  Should be away from canteen, common room, play ground and parking area  Should have good ventilation and ample day light  Should have sufficient floor area in the reading room to enable the students to use it comfortably either in groups or individually.
  18. 18.  Should have sufficient work space for the staff to receive books on approval and undertake accessioning, classification , cataloguing , minor repair , issue and return and reference service activities .  Should have separate enclosure to be used as committee/conference room by teachers and pupils for participating in joint or group discussion.  Should have sufficient stack area so as to organise the books in open shelves.  Should have a counter/enclosure for keeping personal belongings.
  19. 19. Introduction Pinegrove School sited at an altitude of 5,000 ft. in the Shimla Hills of the Solan Valley, Himachal Pradesh. This is fully residential CBSE-affiliated school with an enrolment of 850 boarders (600 boys and 250 girl students) instructed by 80 highly-qualified teachers.
  20. 20. BACKGROUND It is established in 1991, a Co-educational, purely residential, English medium public school affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE), Delhi. The class-section average strength is round 25 pupils in junior classes and 30 pupils in senior classes. The teacher-student ratio is a 1:12. All classrooms are equipped with computers and Televisions which are networked with the computer laboratory to assist teachers in conducting computer-aided-teaching (CAT) lessons.
  21. 21. Location •The Junior Wing of the school is located on the Dharampur-Kasauli State Highway, 3 KM off the main Kalka- Shimla National Highway (NH-22). •The school campus covers an area of 15 acres constituting a primary wing a secondary wing an auditorium a sufficient play area dormitories.
  22. 22. Climate •The average temperature of this region is 20 degree celsius and varies from •22 to 32 in summers. •0 to 16 in winters. •The wind direction is south-west to north-east in summers because of low pressure created in northern region, whereas in winters this low pressure is created in southern region which accordingly changes the wind direction. •The average rainfall in the region just touches 1020 millimeters per year. • Maximum and minimum relative humidity is 90% in September and 28% in April respectively.
  23. 23. Zoning Pinegrove School Administrative Block •Headmaster's office •Accounts office •Manager's cabin •Reception •Waiting room Primary Wing •Classes 1 and 2 •Art room •Play area
  24. 24. Secondary Wing •Classes 3 to 10 •Computer lab. •Basketball courts •Library
  25. 25. Auditorium •Classical music room •Western music room •Recording room •Changing room
  26. 26. Staff room •Individual work stations •Pantry •Staff Toilet •Lobby
  27. 27. Recreational Building (New construction) •Library •Laboratories (chem & bio) •Sewing, Kitchen, Cyber Cafe, etc. Services •Mess having dispensary •MI Room •Toilets •Water Points •Lift
  28. 28. PINEGROVE SCHOOL ENTRY PARKING ADMINISTRATIV E BLOCK PRIMARY WING SECONDARY WING AUDITORIUM PLAY GROUND MI ROOM STAFF ROOM RECREATION AL BUILDING MESS
  29. 29.  A passage connecting parking to the secondary wing from where the day-boarders enter into the main building. • The area is kept for parking of visitors and staff. The remaining land is treated as a landscaped area.
  30. 30.  There’s a play ground in front of the secondary wing which gives a person a wide view of the foothills.  The space above the auditorium is utilized as a play ground.
  31. 31. PHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES TOTAL AREA- 47753 SQ.MTR BUILT UP AREA- 10665 SQ.MTR AREA OF PLAYGROUND-9035.53 SQ.MTR •The class-section average strength is round 25 pupils in junior classes and 30 pupils in senior classes. •The teacher-student ratio is a 1:12. PLAY AREA PARKING
  32. 32. MAIN ENTRY STEEPER SLOPE ENTRY TO RECEPTION RECEPTION WOODEN STAIRCASE LEADS TO RECEPTION
  33. 33. LANDSCAPING
  34. 34. •The exterior of building may be of bright colour, to attract more attention of students •Walls of Kindergarten are painted with cartoons, fairy tales as it creates interest in the mind of children. •Other primary classes are painted with dual-colours to avoid boredom, Hence dull colours are not generally provided.
  35. 35. Senior classes are also provided with colors as it create interest and motivation. Mural in the passage gains attraction and creates interests to the viewer.
  36. 36. Bright roofing is prominent in the hilly areas on contour.
  37. 37. Literature study (color) •Walls of kindergarten are painted with cartoons, fairytales as it creates interest in the mind of children. •Dull colors are not generally provided as they create boredom. • colors improves visual processing, reduces stress, and challenges brain development through visual stimulation/relationships and pattern seeking. •as children mature into adolescence, there is less preference for large areas of primary color, which they tend to associate with immaturity. •the most preferred colors are green (nature, trees, comfort) and light yellow (lively, energetic, happiness, summer). These colors were followed by blue (relaxation, calmness), red (love, romance), purple (relaxation, calmness, laughing), blue-green, red-purple, yellow-red, and purple-blue.
  38. 38. HORIZONTAL CIRCULATION Not sufficiently wide corridors are provided for circulation.
  39. 39. 1m 55c m To avoid uneven wall, a narrow passage is created for circulation.
  40. 40. Vertical circulation
  41. 41. Many spaces in the school like staircase classrooms and other hobby rooms were beautifully enhanced in order to create interest among the students.
  42. 42. CLIMATE Kasauli has a moderate climate. Winter 2 degrees Celsius, with Summer temperatures rarely exceeding 32 degrees Celsius. The general wind direction is south-west to north-east. Total rainfall for the year is 1020 millimetres, with humidity at 90% in September and 28% in April.
  43. 43. PRE FEBRICATED CEMENT BOARD ROOF IS USED IN ALL THE BLOCKS IN THE ENTIRE SCHOOL. Advantages :- •These are made of pre painted galvanized iron . •Aesthetically very appealing. •Offer high degree of insulation and comfort. •Protects the interior from rains and hail storms. GUTTER IS PROVIDED FOR RAIN WATER HARVESTING.
  44. 44. CLASSES FOR 1,2,3,4,5 For 24 students Class 1:Advantages The classes have been provided with audio visual equipment. The classes have a good play of colours. Disadvantages: Natural light is not well utilized
  45. 45. Class 4 th For 24 students Storage given under the bench is a good utilization of space.
  46. 46. Library (old library) Good use of natural light Space well utilized for storage
  47. 47. NEW LIBRARY(UNDER CONSTRUCTION)
  48. 48. ART AND CRAFT ROOM 78 0 1000 700 50 800 0
  49. 49. MUSIC ROOM WESTERN MUSIC ROOM INDIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC ROOM SOUND PROOF ROOF WESTERN
  50. 50. ROOM DIMENSION- 11X6M FOR 30 STUDENTS WITH ATTACHED MALE AND FEMALE
  51. 51. MALE AND FEMALE TOILET MALE TOILET ADVANTAGES: Attached to the music room and the adjoining changing room. Urinals provided according to different age groups using it. DISADVANTAGES: Natural light not well utilized. FEMALE TOILET
  52. 52. PRINCIPAL’S OFFICE HEADMASTER CAPT. A.J SINGH
  53. 53. TEACHING STAFF ROOM Computers with overhead cabinets Toilet attached to the staffroom Informal seating area Kitchenette for food preparation

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