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When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?

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Slides for a panel at University of San Francisco on July 11th http://www.scaruffi.com/leonardo/jul2016.html

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When an artificial intelligence makes art, is it still art?

  1. 1. When A.I. makes art, is it still Art? University of San Francisco July 2016 1
  2. 2. A Simplified History of the Visual Arts from 1916 to 2016
  3. 3. 3 This is an Artwork • Paul Strand “Abstraction, Twin Lakes, Connecticut” (1916)
  4. 4. 4 This is an Artwork • Marcel Duchamp “Fountain” (1917)
  5. 5. 5 This is an Artwork • Kazimir Malevich “White on White” (1918)
  6. 6. 6 This is an Artwork • Man Ray “The Enigma of Isidore Ducasse” (1920), a sewing machine wrapped in an army blanket
  7. 7. 7 This is an Artwork • Josef Albers “The City” (1928)
  8. 8. 8 This is an Artwork • Paul Klee “Ad Parnassum” (1932)
  9. 9. 9 This is an Artwork • Robert Rauschenberg (1951)
  10. 10. 10 This is an Artwork • Franz Kline “High Street” (1956)
  11. 11. 11 This is an Artwork • Barnett Newman Abraham, 1949
  12. 12. 12 This is an Artwork • Jackson Pollock “Blue Poles” (1952)
  13. 13. This is an Artwork • Frank Stella (1959)
  14. 14. 14 This is an Artwork • Yves Klein (1928, France) “Anthropometries of the Blue Period” (1960) “Leap into the Void” (1960)
  15. 15. 15 This is an Artwork • Andy Warhol “25 Marilyns” (1962)
  16. 16. 16 This is an Artwork • Shigeko Kubota Vagina Painting" (1965)
  17. 17. 17 This is an Artwork • Bruce Nauman “Self Portrait as a Fountain” (1966)
  18. 18. 18 This is an Artwork • Henry Moore "Oval with Points" (1970)
  19. 19. This is an Artwork • Christo The Reichstag (1971)
  20. 20. This is an Artwork • Lynda Benglis (1974)
  21. 21. This is an Artwork • Marina Abramovic “Imponderabilia” (1977)
  22. 22. 22 This is an Artwork • Tracey Emin “Everyone I Have Ever Slept With” (1995): A tent internally pasted with the names of all the sexual partners of the artist.
  23. 23. 23 - • Andrew Zisserman (2014): visualizing what a neural network is learning while it is being trained
  24. 24. 24 - • Andrea Vevaldi (2014)
  25. 25. 25 - • Andrea Vedaldi (2015): visualizing what a neural network is learning while it is being trained
  26. 26. 26 Is this an Artwork? • Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“ (2015)
  27. 27. 27 Is this an Artwork? • Alexander Mordvintsev’s "Inceptionism“ (2015)
  28. 28. 28 Is this an Artwork? • Leon Gatys and Alexander Ecker’s "A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style“ (2015) Leonid Afremov Neural Network
  29. 29. 29 Is this an Artwork? • Joris Dik : a new 3D-printed “Rembrandt” portrait (2016)
  30. 30. 30 Is this an Artwork? • Donya Quick (2015): automated music composition
  31. 31. 31 Is this an Artwork? • USC’s A.I. (2016) “And from the other side of my apartment/ An empty room behind the inner wall/ A thousand pictures on the kitchen floor/ Talked about a hundred years or more”
  32. 32. 32 Is this an Artwork? • Deep Dreams auction (2016)
  33. 33. 33 Is This an Artwork? • Blaise Aguera y Arcas, principal scientist at Google (2016): "We're on the edge of a new frontier in art and creativity — and it's not human”
  34. 34. 34 Who is the Creator? • And why should you get credit for your artwork?
  35. 35. 35 Who is the Creator? • Who should take credit?
  36. 36. 36 What is really different? • What did the art collectors buy at the DeepDreams auction? The output of a neural network is a digital file, which can be copied in a split second. The only way to guarantee that no other copies will be made is to physically destroy the neural network.
  37. 37. 37 What is really different? • The art was sold for a few thousand dollars, which is a tiny fraction of the cost of the GPUs used to run the neural network.
  38. 38. 38 What is really different? • Who appreciates human art? Humans. • Who appreciates machine art? David Hickey Lucy LippardRosalind Krauss Frank PopperBrian Sewell Arthur Danto Philippe Daverio
  39. 39. 39 What is Art? • The way that a neural network can be “hijacked” to do art may help understand the brain of the artist.

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