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history and development of cartoons

Publicado en: Entretenimiento y humor
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  1. 1. The History and development of Cartoons
  2. 2. What does a cartoon mean?
  3. 3. A cartoon (from the Italian &quot;cartone&quot; and Dutch word &quot;karton&quot;, is a full-size drawing made on sturdy paper as a study or modello for a painting , stained glass , or tapestry . <ul><li>In fine arts :- a preparatory drawing for a piece of art such as a painting or tapestry . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Historical background <ul><li>When Leo X was elected pope in 1513, he had the opportunity to make his own contribution to the ambitious programme of decoration in the Sistine Chapel. Leo X commissioned a set of tapestry designs, or cartoons, from Raphael in 1515 </li></ul>
  5. 6. Common man
  6. 7. Rasipuram Krishnaswamy Iyer Laxman <ul><li>R. k. laxman </li></ul>I drew objects that caught my eye outside the window of my room - the dry twigs, leaves and lizard-like creatures crawling about, the servant chopping firewood and, of course, and number of crows in various postures on the rooftops of the buildings opposite
  7. 8. Do you know? <ul><li>He has never kept a diary nor worn a wrist watch in his entire life [11] </li></ul><ul><li>The Common Man in his cartoons never speaks anything. </li></ul><ul><li>The Common Man has even travelled to Antarctica once in a cartoon. </li></ul><ul><li>The Common Man speaks once in an early cartoon about Nehru. He tells Nehru even as he doesn't recognize him, &quot;...Don't know all that Sir, but I'm voting for that man...!&quot;, pointing to Nehru's statue. (from the book 'Brushing Up the Years') </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot </li></ul>
  10. 11. First Cartoons <ul><li>The first animated cartoon was &quot;Fantasmagorie&quot; produced in 1908 by the French director Emile Cohl. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the first successful animated cartoons was “ Gertie the Dinosaur ” produced by Winsor McCay </li></ul>
  11. 13. Walt elias disney &quot;I never called my work an 'art' It's part of show business, the business of building entertainment.&quot;
  12. 14. <ul><li>In the 1930s to 1960s, cartoons were produced in huge numbers, and usually shown before a movie to keep audiences entertained. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Sound Technology <ul><li>Original cartoons were black and white and included no sound. </li></ul><ul><li>The first cartoon with synchronized sound is Walt Disney's </li></ul><ul><li>Steamboat Willie,starring </li></ul><ul><li>Mickey Mouse in 1928. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Sound Film <ul><li>With the advent of “ sound film ” , musical themes were now included. Animated characters would perform an action in &quot;loops&quot;, where drawings were repeated over and over, synchronized with the music. </li></ul><ul><li>Disney produced the first full-color cartoon in Technicolor, “ Flowers and Trees ” , in 1931 </li></ul>
  15. 17. Primetime <ul><li>Other networks tried to run cartoons in the primetime slot such as, The Jetsons , Top Cat , and The Alvin Show , none of these programs survived more than a year. </li></ul><ul><li>The Flintstones was the first successful primetime animated series in the United States, running from 1960-1966. </li></ul>
  16. 18. Saturday Morning Cartoons <ul><li>Networks moved these failed shows to Saturday morning. Reaching smaller audiences with more demographic unity among children </li></ul><ul><li>These cartoons became popular and played for years! </li></ul>
  17. 19. Today’s Technology <ul><li>Today, animation is commonly produced with computers, giving the animator new tools not available in hand-drawn traditional animation. </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals argue that today ’ s, computer generated films, are not officially cartoons </li></ul>
  18. 20. And now the most recent
  19. 21. zoo zoo
  20. 22. Thank you