A MAJOR ISSUE IN POWER
1 FAEQ AZIM
India’s generation capacity
India’s consumption capacity
Major causes of electricity theft
Measures to control theft
Many developing countries confront widespread theft of
electricity from government owned power utilities.
In India electricity theft leads to annual losses estimated at
US$4.5 billion, about 1.5 percent of GDP.
Who are the losers??
Honest consumers, poor people, and those without
connections, who bear the burden of high tariffs, system
inefficiencies, and inadequate and unreliable power supply.
INDIA’S GENERATION CAPACITY
The Installed Capacity of the country as on 31st
December, 2011 was 1,86, 655 MW as depicted
India has been facing growing shortages over the past five
During the year 2007-08
peak deficit:8,000 MW (16.5%)
average energy shortage:73 Billion kWh (10%).
During the year 2008-09
peak deficit 13,000 MW (12%)
average energy shortage: 86 Billion kWh (11%).
During the year 2009-10
peak deficit:5,157 MW (12.7%)
average energy shortage:84 Billion kWh (10.1%).
WHAT IS ELECTRICITY THEFT….???
It is the use of electrical power without a contract
with a supplier with total or partial bypassing metering
Interfering this system in the way to adulterate its
MAJOR CAUSES OF ELECTRICITY THEFT
Absence of accountability.
Inadequate and ineffective enforcement of law.
Political protection to employees and influential
Customer attitude: “Immoral to steal from
neighbor but legitimate to steal from state’’.
WHERE DOES ELECTRICITY THEFT
OCCUR MOST COMMONLY
ELECTRICITY THEFT METHODS
•Tampering with meters and seals
•By-passing the meters
•Damaging or removing meters
• Illegal tapping to bare wires or underground cables
•Illegal terminal taps of overhead lines on the low side
of the transformer
Billing irregularities made by meter readers.
Unpaid bills by individuals, government institutions and
FEW OTHER WAYS FOR POWER THEFT
Use of single phase supply from three phase supply.
Disconnected neutral from both the ends.
Used earth/separate neutral for return circuit.
Connecting phase voltage to neutral of used single phase
supply. Potential difference w.r.t. neutral of used single
phase supply is zero. Hence power product of voltage and
current, will be zero.
Isolating neutral from both ends.
THEFT OCCURS WHEN:
An illegal consumer(not a registered customer) steals
directly from the distribution lines or from another legal
A legal customer(registered customer) steals either
bypassing the meter (connecting around the meter to a
live cable on the company side of the meter) or
tampering with the meter to make it read less or no
There is a collusion between the customer and a
company employee to reduce the amount paid to the
company (with lower side payments to the employee in14
LOSSES FROM “DELHI PRIVATISATION PROCESS” BSES
EXPERIENCE BY J P CHALASANI,CEO OF R POWER
OTHER WAYS TO STEAL ELECTRICITY
HOW CAN ELECTRICITY THEFT BE
NON TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS
Utility companies encourage consumers to report
Electricity theft frequently takes place after service has
been disconnected. Some utility companies periodically
check disconnected meters if the customer has
not contacted them to reconnect service.
Enforcement of law: Fines should be imposed by the
government for stealing electricity. 21
•Taps, makes or causes to be made any connection with
overhead, underground or under water lines or cables, or
service wires, or service facilities of a licensee;
•Tampers a meter, installs or uses a tampered meter, current
reversing transformer, loop connection or any other device or
method which interferes with accurate or proper registration,
calibration or metering of electric current or otherwise results in
a manner whereby electricity is stolen or wasted.
• Damages or destroys an electric meter, apparatus,
equipment, or wire or causes or allows any of them to be so
damaged or destroyed as to interfere with the proper or
accurate metering of electricity, so as to abstract or consume or
use electricity shall be punishable with imprisonment for a
term which may extend to three years or with fine or with 22
Electronic tamper detection meter
Pre payment meters
Plastic meter encasements
Anti theft cable
Electronic Tamper Detection Meters
Automatic detection of :
•Credit added to the meter on the
•Credit is purchased on the
recharegable token and entered
to the meter with disconnection 24
Plastic meter encasements
Hard plastic encasements are a
type of meter seal. These
transparent plastic covers serve
as a warning.
Anti theft cable
India is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world.Who are the losers? Honest consumers, poor people, and those without connections, who bear the burden of high tariffs, system inefficiencies, and inadequate and unreliable power supply.While 80% of Indian villages are electrified, only 44% of rural households have access to power.
The growth of the installed capacity and generation in india from various sources is shown in the next three slides
All india power supply position (2010-2011).These are the power supply positions during the past plans
The losses, experts say, are currently 29 % of the total generation, which equals a shocking Rs 45,000 crore in the fiscal year 2009-10• According to experts, if not for these losses over a decade now, India could have built two mega power plants of around 4,000 MW capacity every year• Power loss in 2001-02 was 32.86% and increased to 34.78% in 2003-04 . In 2008-09 , it stood at 28.44% but currently the figure is again 29%. It is as high as 51% in Jharkhand, 45% in Madhya Pradesh and 40% in Bihar.
Contract is understood here as a valid obligation to deliver power and to pay for it.
, sometimes offering big rewards for information leading to conviction of anyone stealing electricity. Unfortunately, most cases are never identified.This labour-intensive, manual process has little chance of success.
and therefore reduces theft