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Electricity theft (1)

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Electricity theft (1)

  1. 1. ELECTRICITY THEFT A MAJOR ISSUE IN POWER INDUSTRY PRESENTED BY: 1 FAEQ AZIM MOHD. HUZAIFA SAYEMA SAMDANI
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction  India’s generation capacity  India’s consumption capacity  Deficit  Electricity theft  Major causes of electricity theft  Measures to control theft 2  Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Many developing countries confront widespread theft of electricity from government owned power utilities. In India electricity theft leads to annual losses estimated at US$4.5 billion, about 1.5 percent of GDP. Who are the losers?? Honest consumers, poor people, and those without connections, who bear the burden of high tariffs, system inefficiencies, and inadequate and unreliable power supply. 3
  4. 4. INDIA’S GENERATION CAPACITY The Installed Capacity of the country as on 31st December, 2011 was 1,86, 655 MW as depicted 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. DEFICIT India has been facing growing shortages over the past five years. During the year 2007-08 peak deficit:8,000 MW (16.5%) average energy shortage:73 Billion kWh (10%). During the year 2008-09 peak deficit 13,000 MW (12%) average energy shortage: 86 Billion kWh (11%). During the year 2009-10 peak deficit:5,157 MW (12.7%) 6 average energy shortage:84 Billion kWh (10.1%).
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. ELECTRICITY THEFT 8
  9. 9. WHAT IS ELECTRICITY THEFT….???  It is the use of electrical power without a contract with a supplier with total or partial bypassing metering system OR  Interfering this system in the way to adulterate its measurements. 9
  10. 10. MAJOR CAUSES OF ELECTRICITY THEFT Absence of accountability. Inadequate and ineffective enforcement of law. Political protection to employees and influential customers. Customer attitude: “Immoral to steal from neighbor but legitimate to steal from state’’. 10
  11. 11. WHERE DOES ELECTRICITY THEFT OCCUR MOST COMMONLY 11
  12. 12. ELECTRICITY THEFT METHODS Meters: •Tampering with meters and seals •By-passing the meters •Damaging or removing meters Wires/ Cables: • Illegal tapping to bare wires or underground cables Transformers: •Illegal terminal taps of overhead lines on the low side of the transformer Billing irregularities made by meter readers. 12 Unpaid bills by individuals, government institutions and “untouchable” VIPs.
  13. 13. FEW OTHER WAYS FOR POWER THEFT ‡ Use of single phase supply from three phase supply. Disconnected neutral from both the ends. Used earth/separate neutral for return circuit. Connecting phase voltage to neutral of used single phase supply. Potential difference w.r.t. neutral of used single phase supply is zero. Hence power product of voltage and current, will be zero. Isolating neutral from both ends. 13
  14. 14. THEFT OCCURS WHEN: An illegal consumer(not a registered customer) steals directly from the distribution lines or from another legal customer. A legal customer(registered customer) steals either bypassing the meter (connecting around the meter to a live cable on the company side of the meter) or tampering with the meter to make it read less or no consumption. There is a collusion between the customer and a company employee to reduce the amount paid to the company (with lower side payments to the employee in14 return).
  15. 15. LOSSES FROM “DELHI PRIVATISATION PROCESS” BSES EXPERIENCE BY J P CHALASANI,CEO OF R POWER 15
  16. 16. METER TAMPERING 16
  17. 17. ILLEGAL WIRING 17
  18. 18. OTHER WAYS TO STEAL ELECTRICITY 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. HOW CAN ELECTRICITY THEFT BE REDUCED 20
  21. 21. NON TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS  Financial rewards: Utility companies encourage consumers to report electricity theft ‡  Periodic checks: Electricity theft frequently takes place after service has been disconnected. Some utility companies periodically check disconnected meters if the customer has not contacted them to reconnect service. Enforcement of law: Fines should be imposed by the government for stealing electricity. 21
  22. 22. •Taps, makes or causes to be made any connection with overhead, underground or under water lines or cables, or service wires, or service facilities of a licensee; •Tampers a meter, installs or uses a tampered meter, current reversing transformer, loop connection or any other device or method which interferes with accurate or proper registration, calibration or metering of electric current or otherwise results in a manner whereby electricity is stolen or wasted. • Damages or destroys an electric meter, apparatus, equipment, or wire or causes or allows any of them to be so damaged or destroyed as to interfere with the proper or accurate metering of electricity, so as to abstract or consume or use electricity shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine or with 22 both.
  23. 23. TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS Electronic tamper detection meter Pre payment meters Plastic meter encasements Anti theft cable Using GSM Using PLCs 23
  24. 24. Electronic Tamper Detection Meters Automatic detection of : •Meter tamper •Meter Bypass •Meter disconnection Pre-Payments Meters •Credit added to the meter on the keypad. •Credit is purchased on the recharegable token and entered to the meter with disconnection 24 ability
  25. 25. Plastic meter encasements Hard plastic encasements are a type of meter seal. These transparent plastic covers serve as a warning. Anti theft cable Plastic layer 25
  26. 26. USING GSMs 26
  27. 27. REFERENCES 27
  28. 28. THANK YOU 28

Notas

  • India is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world.Who are the losers? Honest consumers, poor people, and those without connections, who bear the burden of high tariffs, system inefficiencies, and inadequate and unreliable power supply.While 80% of Indian villages are electrified, only 44% of rural households have access to power.
  • The growth of the installed capacity and generation in india from various sources is shown in the next three slides
  • All india power supply position (2010-2011).These are the power supply positions during the past plans
  • The losses, experts say, are currently 29 % of the total generation, which equals a shocking Rs 45,000 crore in the fiscal year 2009-10• According to experts, if not for these losses over a decade now, India could have built two mega power plants of around 4,000 MW capacity every year• Power loss in 2001-02 was 32.86% and increased to 34.78% in 2003-04 . In 2008-09 , it stood at 28.44% but currently the figure is again 29%. It is as high as 51% in Jharkhand, 45% in Madhya Pradesh and 40% in Bihar.
  • Contract is understood here as a valid obligation to deliver power and to pay for it.
  • , sometimes offering big rewards for information leading to conviction of anyone stealing electricity. Unfortunately, most cases are never identified.This labour-intensive, manual process has little chance of success.
  • Whoever, dishonestly,
  • and therefore reduces theft
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