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Bio Computing
Abdullah Farhad
MCSCE,1st Semester
Topics
 Bio Computing
 DNA
 DNA computing
 Conventional vs DNA computer
 Application
ABDULLAH FARHAD
Why Bio Computing ??
ABDULLAH FARHAD
 Moore’s Law states that silicon microprocessor
complexity will double in every 18 m...
BIOLOGICAL COMPUTERS
ABDULLAH FARHAD
What is Biological Computing?
 Biological Computing means such a
computing process which use synthesized
biological compo...
What is DNA?
 DNA Stands for DeOxyRiboNucleicAcid.
 A hereditary material found in almost all living
organisms.
 Locate...
Structure of DNA
 The two strands of DNA
molecule are anti parallel
where each strand runs
in opposite direction.
 Compl...
Graphical Representation of Inherent
bonding properties of DNA
ABDULLAH FARHAD
What is a DNA Computer?
INVENTOR :Dr. Leonard Adleman
 DNA computer is a molecular
computer that works biochemically
to s...
Evolution of the DNA Computer(2)
DNA computer moved from test
tubes on to gold plates
ABDULLAH FARHAD
Evolution of the DNA Computer(3)
First Practical DNA computer
unveiled in 2002 , used in gene
analysis.
ABDULLAH FARHAD
Evolution of the DNA Computer(4)
Self powered DNA computer
unveiled in 2003.
o First programmable autonomous computing
ma...
Properties of a DNA computer
Dense data storage.
Massively parallel computation.
Extraordinary energy efficiency.
ABDUL...
How Dense is the Data Storage?
1 gram of DNA =2.2
Petabytes
1 PB =
1000000000000000B
= 1015bytes = 1000
terabytes.
ABDUL...
How Dense is the Data
Storage?(Continuous……….)
ABDULLAH FARHAD
 The number of CDs required to hold this
amount of informa...
How Enormous is the Parallelism?
 A test tube of DNA can contain trillions of
strands. Each operation on a test tube of D...
How Extraordinary is the Energy
Efficiency?
Modern supercomputers = 109
operations/joule
DNA computer = 2*10^19
operatio...
Conventional vs. Biological Computers
Conventional Biological
Component
materials
Inorganic, e.g.
silicon
Biological,e.g.D...
Advantages of DNA computers
Cheap resource & plentiful supply.
DNA biochips can be made
cleanly so no toxic materials ar...
Advantages(Continuous...)
Taiwan introduces world's 1st
DNA chip
 They are planning to use this Chip on ID card
to crack...
Disadvantages
Not completely accurate at this
moment in time.
During an operation, 95% chance a particular
DNA molecule w...
Applications of DNA computing
DNA chips
Cryptography
Genetic Programming
Medical Application
ABDULLAH FARHAD
Conclusion
DNA computers showing enormous
potential, especially for medical
purposes as well as data processing
applicati...
Reference
• http://www.neatorama.com/2013/01/23/Each-Gram-of-DNA-
Holds-Half-a-Million-DVDs/#!GuIF3
• http://en.wikipedia....
ABDULLAH FARHAD
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Bio computing

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Bio computing

  1. 1. Bio Computing Abdullah Farhad MCSCE,1st Semester
  2. 2. Topics  Bio Computing  DNA  DNA computing  Conventional vs DNA computer  Application ABDULLAH FARHAD
  3. 3. Why Bio Computing ?? ABDULLAH FARHAD  Moore’s Law states that silicon microprocessor complexity will double in every 18 months.  One day this will no longer hold true when miniaturization limits are reached.  Solving complex problems which today's supercomputers are unable to perform in stipulated period of time.  Require a Successor to Silicon
  4. 4. BIOLOGICAL COMPUTERS ABDULLAH FARHAD
  5. 5. What is Biological Computing?  Biological Computing means such a computing process which use synthesized biological components to store and manipulate data analogous to processes in the human body.  The result is small ; faster computing process that operates with great accuracy.  Main biological component used in Biological Computing is : DNA ABDULLAH FARHAD
  6. 6. What is DNA?  DNA Stands for DeOxyRiboNucleicAcid.  A hereditary material found in almost all living organisms.  Located inside the nucleus of a cell.  Helps in long term storage of information.  DNA is stored as a code made of four chemical bases(A,T,G ,C). ABDULLAH FARHAD
  7. 7. Structure of DNA  The two strands of DNA molecule are anti parallel where each strand runs in opposite direction.  Complementary base pairs Adenine(A) &Thymine(T) Guanine(G)&Cytosine(C) ABDULLAH FARHAD
  8. 8. Graphical Representation of Inherent bonding properties of DNA ABDULLAH FARHAD
  9. 9. What is a DNA Computer? INVENTOR :Dr. Leonard Adleman  DNA computer is a molecular computer that works biochemically to solve complex problems and different possible solutions are created all at once.  It computes using enzymes that react with DNA strands and cause chain reactions. ABDULLAH FARHAD
  10. 10. Evolution of the DNA Computer(2) DNA computer moved from test tubes on to gold plates ABDULLAH FARHAD
  11. 11. Evolution of the DNA Computer(3) First Practical DNA computer unveiled in 2002 , used in gene analysis. ABDULLAH FARHAD
  12. 12. Evolution of the DNA Computer(4) Self powered DNA computer unveiled in 2003. o First programmable autonomous computing machine in which the input,output,software and hardware are all made of DNA molecules. o Can perform a billion operations per second with 99.8% accuracy ABDULLAH FARHAD
  13. 13. Properties of a DNA computer Dense data storage. Massively parallel computation. Extraordinary energy efficiency. ABDULLAH FARHAD
  14. 14. How Dense is the Data Storage? 1 gram of DNA =2.2 Petabytes 1 PB = 1000000000000000B = 1015bytes = 1000 terabytes. ABDULLAH FARHAD Photo: European Molecular Biology Laboratory Nick Goldman
  15. 15. How Dense is the Data Storage?(Continuous……….) ABDULLAH FARHAD  The number of CDs required to hold this amount of information, lined up edge to edge, would circle the Earth 375 times, and would take1630 centuries to listen to.
  16. 16. How Enormous is the Parallelism?  A test tube of DNA can contain trillions of strands. Each operation on a test tube of DNA is carried out on all strands in the tube in parallel ! ABDULLAH FARHAD
  17. 17. How Extraordinary is the Energy Efficiency? Modern supercomputers = 109 operations/joule DNA computer = 2*10^19 operations/joule ABDULLAH FARHAD
  18. 18. Conventional vs. Biological Computers Conventional Biological Component materials Inorganic, e.g. silicon Biological,e.g.DNA Processing scheme Sequential and limited massively parallel Massively parallel Energy efficient ? No Yes Quantum effects a problem? Yes No Toxic components? Yes No ABDULLAH FARHAD
  19. 19. Advantages of DNA computers Cheap resource & plentiful supply. DNA biochips can be made cleanly so no toxic materials are used. Many times smaller in size than current Computers. ABDULLAH FARHAD
  20. 20. Advantages(Continuous...) Taiwan introduces world's 1st DNA chip  They are planning to use this Chip on ID card to crack down frauds using fake ID cards. ABDULLAH FARHAD
  21. 21. Disadvantages Not completely accurate at this moment in time. During an operation, 95% chance a particular DNA molecule will “Compute” correctly. DNA has a Half life Solutions could dissolve away before the end result is found ABDULLAH FARHAD
  22. 22. Applications of DNA computing DNA chips Cryptography Genetic Programming Medical Application ABDULLAH FARHAD
  23. 23. Conclusion DNA computers showing enormous potential, especially for medical purposes as well as data processing applications. Still a lot of work and resources required to develop it into a fully fledged product. ABDULLAH FARHAD
  24. 24. Reference • http://www.neatorama.com/2013/01/23/Each-Gram-of-DNA- Holds-Half-a-Million-DVDs/#!GuIF3 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_computer • http://sgugenetics.pbworks.com/w/page/47747543/DNA%20Micr oarray%20Manufacture1 • http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/labs/microarray/ • http://www.transcriptome.ens.fr/sgdb/presentation/principle.php# data_analysis • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_microarray • http://www.slideshare.net/TJPetry/BIOInspiredComputingFinalV ersion ABDULLAH FARHAD
  25. 25. ABDULLAH FARHAD

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