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Lesson 33

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Indefinite Pronouns

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Lesson 33

  1. 1. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS -siRrhoye’s
  2. 2. Just for fun…try this…
  3. 3. PRONOUN REVIEW • Pronouns are words that replace nouns or noun phrases. • The word or words the pronoun replaces is called the antecedent of the pronoun. • Pronouns must agree with their antecedents – singular antecedents are replaced with singular pronouns, and plural antecedents are replaced with plural pronouns.
  4. 4. But what if… • You don’t know the antecedent?
  5. 5. For example… Say you come home and find a broken vase. You have no idea how it got broken, or who broke it. Your parents walk in, and say “What happened?”
  6. 6. What do you say? • “_____________ broke the vase.” • What word do you put here, if you have no idea who really did it?
  7. 7. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS • All of these pronouns are indefinite. • They do not refer to a specific antecedent, or the antecedent is unknown.  Indefinite pronouns = pronouns for which the antecedent is not clearly stated (or is unknown)
  8. 8. SINGULAR VS. PLURAL • Some indefinite pronouns are singular. Some are plural. Some can be either singular or plural. • This is important, because indefinite pronouns must agree with their verbs.
  9. 9. HOW CAN YOU TELL? • Indefinite pronouns often fail the “sounds right test.” Proper usage may sound awkward, or weird. • It is necessary to memorize which pronouns are singular, which are plural, and which can be either/or.
  10. 10. Singular indefinite pronouns each another anybody somebody much no one something everyone nobody neither anything everything either anyone nothing someone everybody
  11. 11. One idea…. • Create a chant to help you remember the main singular pronouns and the SANE (some, any, no, every) pronouns: • “Each, much, either, neither, another, and all the ones, bodies, and things”
  12. 12. Another idea….. • Learn the first singular indefinite pronouns: “each, much, either, neither another” and the following chart: some any no every body one thing Any combination of words from the right and left side make a singular indefinite pronoun.
  13. 13. Attack of the (IN)SANE BOT! • You can remember the 12 “one, body, thing” pronouns by the mnemonic SANE BOT Some Any No Every Body One Thing
  14. 14. Memorizing the singulars • Try one of the methods, or create one of your own. • Find some way to help you remember the singular indefinite pronouns.
  15. 15. Plural Indefinite Pronouns • There are only 5! • Both • Few • Many • Several • Others
  16. 16. Try this one…. • Bears often sleep for months.  both others several few many
  17. 17. Or create your own! B F M S O
  18. 18. Either/or Indefinite pronouns • Some indefinite pronouns can be both singular and plural. • These are called the SANAM pronouns. • Some All None Any Most
  19. 19. Using SANAM Pronouns • When determining if a SANAM pronoun is singular or plural, look at how it’s used in the sentence and ask “Of what?”
  20. 20. SANAM Pronouns • Some of the kittens have opened their eyes. • Ask “Some of what?” • Kittens is plural, so this pronoun is plural.
  21. 21. SANAM Pronouns • Most of my talent is wasted here. • Ask “most of what?” • Talent is singular, so this pronoun is singular.
  22. 22. Takeaways for today… 1. Indefinite pronouns do not refer to specific antecedents, or the antecedent is unknown. 2. Some indefinite pronouns are singular, some plural, and some can be either/or. 3. These pronouns MUST be memorized. 4. TONIGHT – look back over your notes and determine what comprehension aid (mnemonic, chant) you will use to help you memorize your indefinite pronouns.