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Toward a Green Reconstruction

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A Participatory Policymaking Framework for Building a Sustainable & Equitable Urban Economy for All of Detroit’s Residents

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Toward a Green Reconstruction

  1. 1. Toward a Green Reconstruction: A Participatory Policymaking Framework for Building a Sustainable & Equitable Urban Economy for All of Detroit’s Residents © 2009, Shawn D. Kimmel, PhD Founding Director, Center for Community-driven Policymaking, & CD Policy Consulting, LLC Detroit, Michigan
  2. 2. “ We must act quickly and…boldly to transform our entire economy” President Obama’s Challenge --“New Energy Plan,” 2008
  3. 3. We need not only a “Recovery and Reinvestment Plan,” but a transformative RECONSTRUCTION plan! --But to successfully “transform our entire economy”:
  4. 4. Detroit’s Current Situation <ul><li>In a state with the highest unemployment rate in the country, Detroit’s real unemployment rate is over 30% </li></ul><ul><li>Decimated Auto Industry (old industrial sector) </li></ul><ul><li>City losing population—over half since 1950s (“shrinking city” phenomenon) </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40,000 vacant deteriorating residential buildings on city’s list for potential demolition </li></ul>
  5. 5. Detroit’s Greatest Assets <ul><li>Detroit’s Residents </li></ul><ul><li>Energized and dedicated Nonprofit and Community Development sector </li></ul><ul><li>Growing sector of entrepreneurs and businesses committed to sustainability (TechTown, FastTrac, SE Michigan Sustainable Business Forum) </li></ul><ul><li>City government showing commitment to transforming policy structures to create a more sustainable city (Green Task Force, etc.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Since 1805, Detroit’s Rallying Cry: “RESURGET CINERIBUS” (It [Detroit] will arise from the ashes)
  7. 7. <ul><li>In order to transform cities such as Detroit, we need a sustainable redevelopment paradigm that builds holistic linkages between: </li></ul><ul><li>Green job creation strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Construction/waste management practices </li></ul><ul><li>Health promotion strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Land use decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Socially just policy structures </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>How can we transform the existing Development Paradigm to engage the community-driven energy and policy change action needed to create more sustainable cities? </li></ul>The Strategic Challenge for any Sustainable Economic Transformation:
  9. 9. The Missing Link in Community and Economic Development: <ul><li>Need for a Comprehensive Participatory Policy Framework & infrastructure to: </li></ul><ul><li>Build Linkages between already-existing Community-based Resources </li></ul><ul><li>and Best Practices of intersectoral Partnership-Building for Health Equity and Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. Catalyzing Economic Reconstruction requires us to: <ul><li>(1) Promote equitable local, regional, and national policies essential to the successful green transformation of “our entire economy”; </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Develop and implement local green workforce/career infrastructure development across the nation; </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Enhance community voice and power in both the policymaking and implementation phases of economic transformation. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ Community partnerships, particularly when they reach out to nontraditional partners, can be among the most effective tools for improving health in communities .” </li></ul><ul><li>(Healthy People 2010 ) </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Character of our Policy Interventions is Key to determining the quality of our Economic Reconstruction Efforts and their Impact on our Community Health & Well-being
  13. 13. Final Report (2008) Closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity through Action on the Social Determinants of Health
  14. 14. WHO Principles of Action <ul><li>1—Improve the conditions of daily life – the circumstances in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age. </li></ul><ul><li>2—Tackle the inequitable distribution of power, money, and resources – the structural drivers of those conditions of daily life – globally, nationally, and locally. </li></ul>
  15. 15. “Tackling Inequity”—How? <ul><li>“ In order to address health inequities, and inequitable conditions of daily living, it is necessary to address inequities . . . in the way society is organized. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This requires a strong public sector that is committed, capable, and adequately financed, and . . . requires more than strengthened government– </li></ul><ul><li>“ It requires strengthened governance : legitimacy, space, and support for civil society, for an accountable private sector, and for people across society to agree on public interests and reinvest in the value of collective action. </li></ul><ul><li>(p. 2) </li></ul>
  16. 16. CSDOH Call for Participatory Urban Governance (p. 63) <ul><li>“ Despite the evidence of the importance of community participation in addressing urban living conditions, the resources and control over decision-making processes often remain beyond the reach of people normally excluded at the local and community level .” </li></ul>
  17. 17. CSDOH Call for Participatory Urban Governance (p. 63) <ul><li>“There is urgent need for a new approach to urbanization and a new paradigm of urban public health: </li></ul><ul><li>• Within cities, new models of governance are required to plan cities that are designed in such a way that </li></ul><ul><li>1) the physical, social, and natural environments prevent and ameliorate the new urban health risks, & </li></ul><ul><li>2) ensure the equitable inclusion of all city dwellers in the processes by which urban policies are formed. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Need for Political Empowerment <ul><li>“ Any serious effort to reduce health inequities will involve political empowerment – changing the distribution of power within society...” </li></ul><ul><li>(p. 155) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Need for Political Empowerment <ul><li>“ Health equity depends vitally on the empowerment of individuals and groups to represent their needs and interests strongly and effectively and, in so doing, to challenge and change the unfair and steeply graded distribution of social resources (the conditions for health) to which all men and women, as citizens, have equal claims and rights. (p. 155) </li></ul>
  20. 20. An Equitable Green Policy Framework must be grounded in key principles requiring urban redevelopment efforts to: <ul><li>(1) show mutual respect and justice for all peoples; </li></ul><ul><li>(2) honor the cultural integrity of communities </li></ul><ul><li>(3) provide equitable access of all to resources; and </li></ul><ul><li>(4) integrate equitable community participation at every key level of decision-making. </li></ul>
  21. 21. A Community-driven Policymaking framework will: <ul><li>Build the capacity of community residents to take ownership of community redevelopment through community organizing, advocacy, education, participatory research , and policymaking </li></ul><ul><li>Develop the infrastructure for city-wide community-driven policy collaboration and strategic planning </li></ul>
  22. 22. Key Principles of Community-Driven Participatory Policymaking (CDPP) <ul><li>CDPP requires collaborative, equitable partnerships in all phases of policymaking. </li></ul><ul><li>CDPP emphasizes the strategic use of research to achieve the action and policy change goals of community partners. </li></ul><ul><li>CDPP builds on already existing strengths and resources within the community . </li></ul><ul><li>S. Kimmel (2009) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Key Principles of Community-driven Policymaking <ul><li>CDPP emphasizes co-production and capacity building among all community participants in policy. </li></ul><ul><li>CDPP focuses community creativity and resources on addressing major problems of local relevance from an ecological perspective that emphasizes the critical role of social and economic determinants of health equity and community development. </li></ul><ul><li>S. Kimmel (2009) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Dimensions of Community/Partnership Capacity <ul><li>Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Organizational Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Community/Partnership Power </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of Community and Partnership Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding of Community/Partnership History </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Values </li></ul>SOURCE: Adapted from Goodman et al. (1998), Freudenberg (2004), Minkler et al. (2006).
  25. 25. “Power is a Public Health Issue-- <ul><li>“ Empowering communities means creating those conditions where people become empowered to make the changes they need to control their lives.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Adewale Troutman , Director of the Louisville Department of Public Health and Wellness, & </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Health Equity (in Unnatural Causes) </li></ul>Sustainable Development = Transformations of Power
  26. 26. Center for Community-driven Policymaking (CCDP) <ul><li>The CCDP is an empowerment & coordinating center to facilitate, host, and nurture: </li></ul><ul><li>Community engagement, community-driven policy collaboration, research, and strategic planning around community-defined interests and concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Community-driven strategic vision and planning for the redevelopment of Detroit as a sustainable city </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable community participation in city decision-making processes regarding implementation and distribution of funding for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic stimulus/infrastructure funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neighborhood Stabilization Plan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Green Collar Job initiatives </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Detroit Center for Community-driven Policymaking Community-driven Planning Community Organizing Community-driven Research Targets Sustainable Policy © Shawn D. Kimmel, 2009 Po C-Driven Policymaking Campaigns Strategic Partnerships: Community-driven Policy Agenda
  28. 28. CCDP’s Mission: <ul><li>To provide a collaborative participatory structure that will allow Detroit’s nonprofit, governmental, business, and community/residential sectors to work together more effectively to rebuild Detroit as a model of sustainable redevelopment, health equity, and economic justice. </li></ul><ul><li>Be a supportive resource and creative catalyst for all residents, businesses, CBOs, and government offices that want to work together to create an equitable, sustainable, and healthy Detroit. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Community-driven Participatory Policymaking has a key strategic role </li></ul><ul><li>to play in: </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening Detroit’s community, institutional, policy, and political capacity required to transform the economy of redevelopment into one that is equitable and sustainable-- </li></ul><ul><li>BUT  </li></ul>
  30. 30. Reconstructing Detroit’s Economy requires: <ul><li>Learning from, and building on, best CDPP practices and examples to make: </li></ul><ul><li>Community organizing and capacity-building for participatory policymaking a strategic component of community redevelopment </li></ul><ul><li>To break down the siloed structures (of policy and practice) that keep green building and waste management policies separated from policies regarding health, transportation, food retailing, housing, education, urban planning, employment, and wage standards. </li></ul>
  31. 31. “ The barriers are in our limited capacity to cooperate, not in our stars.” Jeffrey Sachs, Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet (2008)
  32. 32. Community-driven Policymaking Shawn D. Kimmel, PhD Founding Director, Center for Community-driven Policymaking; CDPolicy Consulting, LLC --Working with communities to strengthen their power to drive policymaking for sustainable development & health equity [email_address] 313-537-4830