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#SolarMOOC: Webinar on Project Management of Solar PV with Jeffery Lee Johnson PhD
Managing a Photovoltaic Project The Devils are in the Details Dr. Jeffery Lee Johnson CTO Todo-Solar Saltillo, Coahuila, MexicoEmail: email@example.com Tele: 871 722 9522 Skype: todosolarmexico
Agenda• Resources• What is Project Management for Solar Projects?• Life Cycle of Renewable Energy Projects• Reasons Why Renewable Energy Projects Fail• The seven Golden rules for Project Manager• Overview of Solar Energy in Latin America• TodoSolar and TodoSolarKids
Recommended Resources• Many companies now • The number of offer solar energy books, online articles courses – take them and magazines on the subject of PV has grown 1100% since 2007 "We cant solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.“ A. Einstein
Every Client with a New Project is Surrounded by Challenges and OptionsThe Demons are in the Details … but managing Demons can be difficult and costly
The role of Project Management is to put thingsin order and EXECUTE the Project for the Client Project Management is a Team Effort… not a role assigned to project manager "Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex… It takes a touch of genius and a lot of courage to move in the opposite direction.“ A. Einstein
Why do Renewable Energy Projects Fail? Source: Building a “Margin of Safety into Renewable Energy Procurements, KEMA, Inc. Failure to site or permit the project Interconnection or transmission problems Financial failure of the developer or client Lack of credit-worthy purchaser / customer Availability or costs of resource Increase or variability on capital costs Technology issues Project Delays – On gain off again
Logistics and Project Management are the primary reasons for delays, cost over runs and O&M issues that are related to technical failures• Of those projects that are delayed or have cost over runs: – 84% are due to funding issues – 16% are due to technical issues• Technical issues result from: – Long delays from design/quote to installations result in supply chain issues that disrupts process chain (63%) • Panels or other components become unavailable or change specs – Errors in installation or rework (32%) – Errors in design (5%)• Projects that experience high O&M issues or post installation performance problems, 85% could have been avoided by proper project management Source: Building a “Margin of Safety into Renewable Energy Procurements, KEMA, Inc.
Rule 1: Bring project management in as soon as possible.The Project Manager is thekey interface to the client andfor success of the project
Rule 2: Everything a Project Manager does costs money• This statement includes the action of managing as well• If the Demons are in the Details, then the Details must be tamed. But taming the details can be time consuming and costly• Every project is different but needs a streamlined process• By all means, Avoid a process that is segmented and relies on “throwing the next step over the wall”. Use an integrated approach• Find the balance between cutting corners and micro or over managing Every solar project is – Program management training using an integrated approach manageable – Use professional software – Communicate, Communicate, Communicate "Everything should be made as simple as possible, but no simpler.“ A. Einstein
Rule 3: Project manager must understand the role and responsibilities• In a hierarchical paradigm. The Project Manager is considered the boss….. Wrong Approach• A good Project Manager knows is just another member of the team with specialized talents – to coordinate the execution of the projects• A good Project Manager is more of a “traffic cop” than the “Sheriff”• A good Project Manager has rapport with both his team and superiors that instills trust• The primary goal is not to merely complete the project but make the client satisfied and happy with his choice "Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts.“ A. Einstein
Rule 4: Project manager must know all aspects of the job• Every Project manager should have formal education in Solar energy• Every project manager should have real understanding of and appreciation for the tasks that his team members have• I personally believe that a project manage for PV projects should experience the process of PV design and installation directly -- do at least once the jobs your team members are doing. "The only real valuable thing is intuition.“A. Einstein
Rule 5: Communicate issues immediately • There is a tendency to hesitate reporting errors, mistakes or mistakes in judgment • Hidden but known errors or concerns can be catastrophic • Maintain open and honest communication with your team to encourage reporting • NEVER CUT CORNERS to save budget or schedule • It does not matter as much that you make a mistake – we all do. What matters is what you do about it"Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.“ A. Einstein
Rule 6: Solar Energy is not Rocket Science• Photovoltaic systems and components have advanced greatly in the last 3 years• Many components are becoming “plug and Play” (this can be both a blessing or a curse for project management• The solar software and education industry has grown 400% since 2008• Photovoltaic industry is a now a trade industry that needs training, monitoring and continued education – it is not a secret science or magic• It is not however all that much different than installing windows, electrical circuits and plumbing
Rule 7: Never forget the AWE some moment"The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is thesource of all true art and all science. He to whom this emotion is astranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, isas good as dead: his eyes are closed.“ A. Einstein
Mexico has the third largest solarresource in the world Mexico has more solar radiation than all of of europe combined Germany and Spain are the world leaders
Latin American Issues• Primary barrier to the Latin American solar energy market is not cost or resources -- it is public awareness and education• Latin American countries pay much higher prices than US – average residential Mexico $0.22 / Kwh Costa Rica $0.28 / Kwh• In most countries, the Electrical Utility is Nationalized• Mexico, Costa Rica, Chile, Argentina and Brazil have net metering laws• Argentina and Chile just announce a FIT program• All 7 stadiums for the next World Cup in Brazil will be powered by solar• Industry sees Latin America as explosive new market
(Solar Energy made available to Everyone) Twitter: @TodoSolar Twitter: @TodoSolarKidshttp://www.sunnyportal.com/Templates/PublicPageOverview.aspx?plant=e40d994b-9238-4c84-818b-82c731316308&splang=en-US