Existance Of Soul
Three essential components for making an effort to
acquire any knowledge, particularly spiritual
– The Sadguru refers to the guiding energy in the form of
mother, father, acharya, spiritual mentor
– Shastras refers to the body of knowledge (Vedic
– Anubhava means the experience of the seeker
Vedic Triadic Approach to Seek
Eventually, the seeker should advance
towards spiritual enlightenment.
Vedic Knowledge as an Inverted Tree
Integrated knowledge of Spirituality and Science
Bramhan - God
Non - Dual Reality
Samhita, Bramhana and Aranyakas form the Vedas
Vedas are classified as Rik, Yajus, Sama and Atharva.
Maharishi Vyasa classified them, hence Veda Vyasa.
There are large number of Upanishads
(108, 32, 10)
Upanishads refers to the spiritual knowledge
obtained by disciples sitting near the realized Guru,
that destroys the ignorance of disciples.
Upanishads are the Vedanta (essence of the Vedas)
Upanishads are essentially in the form of stories and
dialogues such as those of Yama-Nachiketa, Varuna-Bhrigu,
Upanishads are the super conscious experiences of Atman
by several rishis and they form the foundation of Sanatana
The other two are Bramha Sutras and Bhagavadgita
Ten Upanishads are considered as major ones.
Sukla Yajurveda ---Isavasya and
Krishna Yajurveda --Katha and Taittiriya
Samaveda ---Kena and Chandogya
Atharva ---Prasna, Mundaka and Mandukya
•Concept of bramhan
•Small in size (18 verses)
• Mystical experience of ubiquitous Atman.
• Karma yoga
Dialogue of Yama-Nachiketa
Sacred fire and yajna
mortal body and immortal soul
role of yoga and discipline
Body Sense object
Nothing is superior to
Secret of prana
String of questions to rishi Pippalada by
Bhargava and Kabandhi
Systematic presentation through questions and
“When is all this that is visible”-(Kabandhi)
“Who is the Purusha with sixteen kalas”-(Sukesha)
•Refers to the visions and experiences of Samnyasis
•Para and Apara Vidya
•Karma and Jnana yoga
•Avasta traya viveka
•Four levels of consciousness (wakeful, dream,
deep sleep, fourth (samadhi))
•OM : its various aspects
•Ethics, learning and advice at the end of studies
•Sheaths of Bramhan
•Levels and scale of happiness (bliss)
•Dialogue of Varuna and Bhrigu about Bramhan
•Ecstatic expressions of experience of Bramhan
•Panchakosha viveka and ananda mimamsa
•Creation of world through Viraj (ananda mimamsa)
•Philosophy of the births (panchakosha)
•Nature of Atman
•Gurukula system-samavartana ceremony
Yajna and upasana
Raikva, Satyakama Jabala, Usasti
Pravahana (Life after death), Narada (Para and Apara)
Bramhachari (worship of Prana), Indra (about Atman)
Thus spake Uddalaka Aruni
•Karma (Soma sacrifice)
•Creation of Universe and four varnas
•Bramhan as Antaryamin
•Thus spake Yajnavalkya
•Definition of consciousness
•Subjective (psychological-spiritual) and objective
(cosmological) approaches to proof of Atman.
•Atman as Ultimate Reality
•Omnipotence of Atman (Uma, the Goddess and Indra)
By whom desired and set forth does the mind, flow towards its
object ? At whose bidding again does the chief prana proceed to
its function ? By whom wished do men utter the speech ? What
effulgent one, indeed, directs the eye or the ear ?
It is the ear of the ear, the mind of the mind, the speech of
speech, he is also the prana of the prana, the eye of the eye.
Knowing thus, the wise, having relinquished all false
identification of the self with the senses, become immortal,
when departed from this world
There goes neither the eye, nor speech nor mind ; we
know it not : nor do we see how to teach one about it.
Different it is from all that are known, and is beyond the
unknown as well,---thus we have heard from the ancient
seers who explained that to us
What no speech can express, but what expresses
speech, know that alone as Bramhan and not this
which people here worship
What none can comprehend with the mind ,
but by which, the sages say, the mind is
comprehended, know that alone as brahman
and not this they worship here
That none can see with eyes, but by which one
sees the function of the eyes, know that alone as
the bramhan and not this they worship here
What none can hear by the ears, but by which the
hearing is perceived,--- know that alone as bramhan
and not this they worship here
What none can breath with breath but by which
the breath is directed know that alone as
bramhan and not this they worship here
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