1. Group 2
Cabotaje, Jose Maria
Casais, Bea Pauline
De Mesa, Juan Carlo
2. The major themes of Indian art
seem to begin emerging as early as
the Harappan period, about 2500
With the arrival of the Indo-
Europeans (or Aryans) around 1500
BC, came new artistic ideas.
3. Around 500 BC, the conversion to
Buddhism of a large part of the
population of India - brought new
Conquests of Alexander the Great, in
the 320s BC - also had an important
impact on Indian art.
He left colonies of Greek veteran
soldiers in Afghanistan and
Pakistan, some of which were
4. Their Greek-style carvings attracted
attention in India.
First life-size stone statues in India
date to the 200s BC, just after
Guptan period, about 500 AD - great
cave temples of Ajanta and Ellora
Scenes from the life of the Buddha
became popular, and statues of the
5. Carved from the 2nd-6th century and are 30
Dedicated to Buddhism and the carvings in
them portary the life of Lord Buddha along
with other carvings like that of animals.
6. The Ajanta Caves were carved out of
volcanic rock in the Maharashtra Plateau.
It was not far off from the ancient trade
routes attracting traders & pilgrims through
whom the Ajanta art style diffused as far as
China & Japan.
Buddhist Monks employed artists to turn the
stone walls into picture books of Buddha's
life & teachings.
They portrayed the costumes, ornaments &
styles of the court life of their times.
7. Arrival of Islamic faith and Islamic
conquerors about 1000 AD.
Brought iconoclasm to India, and a
love of varied and complex
patterning derived from Arabic and
This affected even Hindu artists who
had not converted to Islam.
Small Persian-style miniature
paintings also became popular.
8. A land of diverse cultures.
Variations in physical, climatic conditions
and the extent of exposure to other
cultures have greatly influenced the
traditions and culture of the different
The greatness of India - accepting the best
from all the invaders and intermingling the
new customs and styles with the existing -
visible in all aspects - music, dance,
painting, sculptures, architecture.
9. Indian religions is a classification for
religions that originated in the Indian
Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism.
These religions are also classified as
10. Hinduism is the predominant and
indigenous religion of the Indian
subcontinent. It includes a wide
spectrum of laws and prescriptions of
"daily morality" based on the notion of
karma, dharma, and societal norms.
Jainism is an Indian religion that prescribes
a path of non-violence towards all living
beings. Its philosophy and practice
emphasize the necessity of self-effort to
move the soul towards divine
consciousness and liberation.
11. Buddhism is a religion and philosophy
encompassing a variety of
traditions, beliefs and practices, largely
based on teachings attributed to
Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as
the Buddha ("the awakened one").
Sikhism embody the qualities of a "Sant-
Sipahie"—a saint-soldier. One must have
control over one's internal vices and be
able to be constantly immersed in virtues
clarified in the Guru Granth Sahib. A Sikh
must also have the courage to defend the
rights of all who are wrongfully oppressed
or persecuted irrespective of
religion, colour, caste or creed.
13. India is a conglomeration of men and
women of various castes and creed.
It is a fusion of old traditional values
and the modern principles, thus
satisfying all the three generations in
the present India. The Elite
businessman and the common vendor
on the road share the same news and
worship the same deity .
14. India is a secular country as stated
in its Constitution. There is freedom
of worship throughout the length
and breadth of India without any
breeches or violations of any other’s
religious beliefs. The Hindus, The
Muslims, The Christians, and The
Sikhs in times of calamity and during
festivities come openly together to
share their thoughts despite their
15. With a 5000-year-old culture, rich in
its tapestry of ancient
heritage, medieval times, Mughal
rule, British rule, Progressive art and
now contemporary art.
The earliest recorded art of India
originated from a religious Hindu
background, which was later replaced
by a soaring popular Buddhist art.
16. India has been inspired by
spiritualism and mystical relationship
between man and god.
In India, all art, like all life, is given
over to religion. Indian art is life, as
interpreted by religion and
theological, hieratic, or, perhaps
best of all as traditional.
17. Art in India had survived in its
homeland and spread from time to
time all over the world.
Many kings who recognized budding
talent patronized art and themselves
were great connoisseurs.
Each king has left a deep impression of
his affinity to the artist community.
Until today, art is patronized by the
rich and famous in the country.
18. The cultural policy of the Government
of India has three major objectives:
Preserving the cultural heritage of
Inculcating Indian art consciousness
And promoting high standards in
creative and performing arts.
19. Western scholars have often had
difficulty understanding the complex
cultural and philosophical systems
that gave birth to Indian art
The story of Indian art is also the
story of the oldest and the most
resilient culture on earth.
It is seen as an amalgamation of
indigenous and outside
influences, yet having a unique
character and distinctiveness of its
20. Spirals and curvaceous lines, vines and
Round-figured goddesses, circular amulets,
colored gemstones, arches and domes, haloed
deities, crescent moons, and the globe of the
Sculptures & paintings depict the diversity,
colour and spontaneity of the country and are
representations of the all-encompassing
nature of Indian culture.
21. Kolam designs have been tradionally handed
down to the younger generation by the elders.
Several organisations and magazines conduct
kolam exhibitions & contests to revive the
interest in traditional habits & customs.
There are enthusiasts who create fresh new
designs, but kolams are basically redrawn by
the public following the designs taught by elders
or printed in books & magazines.
22. Flourished in India from very early
periods, evident from literary sources and
also from the discovered remnants.
Contemporary artists have kept up to the
times & excel in their modern works, giving
free expression to their imagination &
23. Can be broadly classified as the murals &
miniatures. Murals- huge works executed
the walls of solid structures.
Miniature paintings are those executed
on a very small scale on perishable
material such as
paper, cloth, etc., Though perfected by
artisans under the various rules, not many
24. *Shiva (meaning "auspicious
is a major Hindu deity,
Shiva is a yogi who has
notice of everything that
happens in the world and is
the main aspect of life.
In the Shaiva tradition of
Hinduism, Shiva is seen as
the Supreme God and has
five Important works:
creator, preserver, destroyer
Shiva mural in the , concealer, and revealer (to
Kailasanatha Temple, dating
from the 8th century AD
25. Rajasthan is one of the pioneer seats of
miniature paintings in India.
There reflects in these paintings a continuity of
the great traditions of Ajanta murals and Jain art
This initial art style is a blend of indigenous art
forms and the elements of the art traditions of
Ajanta and Gujarat.
A folio from the Dhola Maru
love-legend of Rajasthan,
Mewar, dated 1592 A.D.
27. Encompasses a multitude of
expressions over space and time,
transformed by the forces of history
considered unique to the sub-
destroying, but most of the time
The result is an evolving range of
architectural production that none
the less retains a certain amount of
continuity across history.