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Annual Crime and Justice Forum webinar 23 February 2022 - workshop 2B

  1. Workshop 2B: The future of crime measurement Welcome Helen Ross Centre for Crime and Justice Office for National Statistics @ONSfocus #ONSCrimeJustice
  2. Agenda 14:15 to 14:20 – Welcome, Helen Ross, Centre for Crime and Justice, ONS 14:20 to 14:35 – Izzy Millward– Centre for Crime and Justice, ONS 14:35 to 14:50 – Professor Michael Levi – University of Cardiff 14:50 to 15:15 – Discussant Helen Ross, Centre for Crime and Justice, ONS @ONSfocus #ONSCrimeJustice
  3. Future of the Children’s Crime Survey 05 April 2022 Izzy Millward Centre for Crime and Justice
  4. Background of the children's crime survey
  5. 2009 Launch of Children's Crime Survey (10-15) 2010 First Experimental Children’s Statistics published 2019 Child Cyber Questions added to Children's Survey 2020 2022 2013 Children's survey paused due to Covid 19 Children’s survey returns to the field Children’s survey sample reduced from 4,000 to 3,000
  6. Survey Structure and Content Name Sex Age Schooling: Where and what year? Introduction 1. Crime Screener Questions: Theft Criminal Damage Physical Violence Threats 2. Victimisation Module: Description of incident Injuries sustained/ Medical attention Theft/violence during incident Use of weapons Location of incident Offender details Affects of Crime Who did you tell? Core Module Use of the internet: Activities/ time. Feelings of safety and risk Bullying: online and offline Speaking to strangers online Meeting strangers in person Sending and receiving images Online Security Truancy Drinking Cannabis use Demographics Self Completion
  7. Outputs from the children’s survey Appendix tables (prevalence and incidence rates) Nature of crime Annual Trend and Demographics Preferred measure Broad measure Offender characteristics and relationship Details about the incident Type of victimisation Personal and household characteristics
  8. Bulletins • Childhood vulnerability to victimisation - likelihood of becoming a victim or engaging in negative behaviours in households where one of more of the “The Toxic Trio” were present • Online bullying - prevalence and nature of online bullying among children • Children’s online behaviour - prevalence and nature of online activity among children
  9. Future Plans
  10. Why we are re-developing the survey? • Largely unchanged since first launched • Improve understanding of users and needs • Concerns and known issues with existing survey • New opportunities for data linkage • Wider transformation of the CSEW In October 2021 we engaged with stakeholders through virtual events and launched a stakeholder survey to understand how well the existing content and design of the survey meets user needs Received 25 responses from across government, academia and the third sector​
  11. Stakeholder feedback Survey content • Existing survey content is used and valued, victimisation, bullying and gangs most commonly used • Some concerns highlighted with concepts and definitions used for questions on gangs and bullying​ • Needs for additional data raised in relation to sexual harassment, criminal exploitation, grooming and exposure to harmful content online Age range • More than half (52%) of respondents said that the age range of 10 to 15 years would not meet their needs with the strongest demand for the age range to include ages 10 to 17 Sample • There were mixed needs for data from adults and children from the same household • Concerns were raised about the impact of small sample sizes on the ability to explore demographic breakdowns
  12. Questionnaire development • Exploring how we can balance user needs for data with survey space • Question development and cognitive testing for topics such as gangs, drugs, harassment • Reviewing how the survey is framed
  13. Other strands of work Sampling approach Sample size Mode Age range Exploring the feasibility of collecting data on sensitive topics from children online Improving how 16- 17 year olds are included in survey questions Exploring options for how we could sample children
  14. Future engagement
  16. Measuring ‘Economic Crime’ I  Frauds, not ‘fraud’ – re-envisioning the Action Fraud categories  Is future-proofing fraud & cyber categories plausible?  Attributing nationality to cyber-crime and fraud victimisation & justice  What frauds on individuals are not currently measured?  The challenge of ‘slow burn’ frauds and elapsed time awareness  The challenges of measuring the organisation of crimes  Not always ‘national security’ - can be local/regional security
  17. Measuring ‘Economic Crime’ II  Measuring fear of fraud and cyber-crimes  Extending the Commercial Victimisation Surveys?  Private sector surveys and market failure in measurement  Variations on what is measured across the devolved UK governments and the Irish Republic  Developments in economic crime measurement outside the British Isles  Corruption and Money Laundering data
  18. Classifying & analysing frauds & responses Changes in offender motivations & networking • Frauds against individuals – online and offline (8.9% of public aware of being fraud victims 2020- 21 – 14% of cases reported to police Action Fraud) • Frauds against businesses – directors, staff and BEC/ransomware • Frauds against government – new (pandemic, online) and old opportunities Changes inTarget andThird Party ‘Defender’ conduct • Is it repeat victimisation if the types of fraud change? • Four key drivers of vulnerability (poor health, low capability, low resilience or the impact of a life event) increase a consumer’s vulnerability to harm - FCA Financial Lives Survey • But how do we/should we judge ‘vulnerability’? • 4.1 million fraud victims in 2020 (CSEW) • 700,000 ‘high-vulnerability’ victims in 2018/19 (Victims Commissioner, 2021) The challenges of repeat victimisation and handling ‘vulnerability’

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