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From Paths To Sandboxes.@stephenanderson | #ias14
t
PSYCHOLOGY
&DESIGN
How we can use
to
more fun, engaging
(& effective) interactions
PSYCHOLOGY
&DESIGN
How we can use
to
more fun, engaging
(& effective) interactions
Three games I’ve been playing…
⟳
PATH SANDBOX
Paths
DIRECT
THE RIDER
(conscious thought)
MOTIVATE
THE ELEPHANT
(automatic systems)
SHAPE
THE PATH
(the environment)
Paths are designed to lead
people along,
for better or worse.
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
Paths are prevalent in
our work…
Customer Journey Maps, Service Blueprints, Scenarios…
Lockton, D., Harrison, D.J., Stanton, N.A. (2010). The Design with Intent Method: a design tool for influencing user behavi...
Behavioral Goals
(which should align w/ User Goals!)
Business Goals
Psychology
Behavioral Goals
(which should align w/ User Goals!)
Business Goals
Psychology
NEW SKILLS
assistindeveloping
HABITS
assist...
Paths aren’t necessarily bad,
but…
PATHS
SHAPE BEHAVIOR
END IN AN EXCHANGE
HAVE PREDICTABLE OUTCOMES
ARE GAMES TO BE PLAYED
DESIGN EVERY DETAIL
ARE MEASURABL...
Is there something more?
Sandboxes
Sandboxes
Why do so many people find these experiences
maddeningly addictive?Q:Q:
Why do so many people find these experiences
maddeningly addictive?Q:Q:
‣Pick one of these online experiences
‣List WHY yo...
Why do so many people find these experiences
maddeningly addictive?Q:Q:
‣Pick one of these online experiences
‣List WHY yo...
What do all these experiences
have in common?Q:Q:
2 OBSERVATIONS:
1. These are Platforms
You can make of them what you want.
There is no prescribed way to use these system.
The
WTF
Problem.
What’sThisFor?
The
WTF
Problem.
What’s This For?
2 OBSERVATIONS:
1. These are Platforms
You can make of them what you want.
There is no prescribed way to use these system....
While MineCraft is a place for
exploration and self-expression
(perhaps survival!), it’s watching
others that inspires new...
“A sandbox is a style of game in which minimal
character limitations are placed on the gamer,
allowing the gamer to roam a...
Sandboxes create open spaces for self-
directed play and creativity.
Children’s toys and organization:
Children’s toys and organization:
Architecture: “Adventure Playground”
“A castle, made of
carton, rocks and
old branches, by a
group of children
for themsel...
I am convinced that standardised playgrounds
are dangerous, just in another way: When the
distance between all the rungs i...
PATHS
SHAPE BEHAVIOR
END IN AN EXCHANGE
HAVE PREDICTABLE OUTCOMES
ARE GAMES TO BE PLAYED
DESIGN EVERY DETAIL
ARE MEASURABL...
Education
The jockey offers a piece of sugar to his
horse before jumping into the saddle,
the coachman beats his horse that he
may r...
…we have prepared the
environment and the materials
–MARIA MONTESSORI
■ Mixed age classrooms
■ Specialized educational
materials
■ Student choice of activity from
within a prescribed range of
...
Playing is learning.
Google’s founders Larry Page
and Sergei Brin
Amazon’s Jeff Bezos
Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales
Julia Child
rapper Sean “P....
videogame pioneer Will Wright
Amazon’s Jeff Bezos
Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales
Julia Child
rapper Sean “P.Diddy” Combs
Go...
A “sandbox” education teaches
you to play at life.
Human beings have an inherent
tendency to seek out novelty and
challenges, to extend and exercise their
capacities, to exp...
EQUATE TO INFORMAL
(NON-INSTITUTIONAL) LEARNING
VIEW STUDENTS AS
“VESSELS TO BE FILLED”
VIEW STUDENTS AS
“FIRES TO BE KIND...
EQUATE TO INFORMAL
(NON-INSTITUTIONAL) LEARNING
VIEW STUDENTS AS
“VESSELS TO BE FILLED”
VIEW STUDENTS AS
“FIRES TO BE KIND...
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
! !
Normally, learning in CodeSpells is
encouraged by way of a series of quests
that must be completed with the use ...
LEGO BRICKS
LEGO BRICKS
“…buthowis
thisuseful?”
Practical Takeaways
Underspecify features
Thank Kars Alfrink
for this one!
“As a user I want a way to flag interesting
tweets for reviewing later…”
or
“As a user I want a way to give kudos to
peopl...
Practical Takeaways
Avoid long workflows.
(AKA Short Paths vs Long Paths)
Practical Takeaways
Build and consume your
own APIs
A SANDBOX, AT DIFFT LEVELS
SCRIPTING LAYER /
ABILITY ADD “MODS”
INTERFACE LAYER
API / DATA LAYER
OPEN SOURCE THE
CODE BASE
Practical Takeaways
Back off.
Let people make mistakes and
learn through trial and error.
Practical Takeaways
Direct Manipulation is best!
(AKA “No more wizards!!)
Practical Takeaways
Help people understand through
Playful Interactions
http://vimeo.com/36579366
Watch this!
“The approach to teaching without
words that I’m proposing makes
heavy use of interactivity and
instant informative feedba...
SANDBOXESPATHS
SHAPE BEHAVIOR CREATE ENGAGEMENT
END IN AN EXCHANGE END IN LEARNING & DISCOVERY
HAVE PREDICTABLE OUTCOMES H...
SANDBOXESPATHS
SHAPE BEHAVIOR CREATE ENGAGEMENT
END IN AN EXCHANGE END IN LEARNING & DISCOVERY
HAVE PREDICTABLE OUTCOMES H...
One Last Practical Takeaway…
…we have prepared the
environment and the materials
–MARIA MONTESSORI
Environment
Objects
Rules
…we have prepared the
environment and the materials
–MARIA MONTESSORI
The idea for knowledge
games… [came] from watching
people at the cutting edges of
new disciplines; people who
are entrepre...
PlayingatLife!
How do you approach LIFE?
Like a Path to follow, or a
Sandbox in which to play?
What we learned from that project
then allowed us to…”
–?? (WETA DOCUMENETARY)
“
Play is the answer to how
anything new comes about.
–JEAN PIAGET
My book proposal…
Yes, this was my book proposal!
Humanity has advanced, when it has
advanced, not because it has been
sober, responsible, and cautious, but
because it has ...
Q:Are you designing Paths or
Sandboxes?
Q:Are you designing Paths or
Sandboxes?
Are you following a path or
playing in a sandbox?
Thank you!
getmentalnotes.com
Design for
Understanding
Stephen P. Anderson
@stephenanderson
www.poetpainter.com | www.slid...
http://leapfrog.nl/blog/archives/2008/11/17/a-playful-stance-my-game-design-london-2008-talk/
http://www.slideshare.net/di...
The cutting room floor:
http://www.dvice.com/archives/2012/10/ethiopian_kids.php
What happens if you give a thousand Motorola Zoom tablet PCs
to E...
The mind, basically, is a
pattern-seeking
machine… We tend to
seek patterns… and then
we tell stories about
them. I think ...
“… the native and unspoiled attitude of
childhood, marked by ardent curiosity, fertile
imagination, and love of experiment...
'Fun from games arises out of mastery.
It arises out of comprehension. It is the
act of solving puzzles that makes games
f...
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
http://www.andeeknutson.com/studies/Shoppers%20and%20Products/11_AnExploratoryLookAtSupermarketShoppingPaths_2005.pdf
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