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Eco labels

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This is a team work by psg im for Ecologuy and i like to submit it for awareness of all

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Eco labels

  1. 1. By10MB03 : N.ANITHA SHANKARI10MB22 : R.NITHYA10MB43 : Suresh Kumar Jagada
  2. 2. Eco labels –Meaning, Objectives and Benefits Forest Steward council certification Rainforest Alliance certification Carbon Neutral certification Fair trade certification Global organic textile Standards Marine Stewardship council Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) of Govt. of India Cradle to Cradle certification USDA Certification
  3. 3.  Meaning Brief History / about Products Standards Certifications & Inspections Illustration
  4. 4.  Eco labels are labeling systems for food and consumer products. Both systems were started by NGOs
  5. 5. What is Eco labeling:Environmental performance certification Voluntary method of environmental performance certification and labelling Indentifies products that meet specific environmental criteria An impartial third party identifies the criteria and verifies and adherences and awards ecolabels Based on environmental policy tool known as life cycle assessment (LCA)
  6. 6. Objectives: Encouraging environmentally sound innovation and leadership Building consumer awareness on environmental issues Protecting the environmentUse: Allows consumers to make informed decisions Highlights benefits of products in comparison to their competitors Used as a tool for sustainable development and marketing
  7. 7.   Environmental Benefits Substitution for environmentally preferable materials Industrial Benefits Valuable tool to communicate environmental benefits of a product Consumer Benefits Guidance in decision- making when buying a product or service Governmental Benefits Provides an effective and easy to use tool for procurement programs
  8. 8. What is the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)? Non-profit organization devoted to encouraging theresponsible management of the world’s forests. Landowners and companies that sell timber or forestproducts seek certification as a way to verify to consumersthat they have practiced forestry consistent with FSCstandards. Consolidated Graphics has attained this certificationthrough Smart Wood and CDS is now an important part of thatchain.
  9. 9.  1990 -identified the need for a system , The name "Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)" was already coined at this meeting. 1992 - FSC Founding Assembly in Toronto, Canada. 130 participants from 26 countries attend. 1993- FSC Founding Assembly in Toronto, Canada. First  FSC Board of Directors elected 1994- The FSC is now officially born. irst certified and labeled FSC product available in the UK 1996- FSC Board of Directors endorses first FSC Working Group 1997- Group certificationfor forest management introduced. 1998- 10 million hectares certified to FSC standards.
  10. 10.  1999- irst FSC certified and labeled NTFP product - Chicle gum (Mexico). First complete book printed on FSC-certified paper:  2000- Global Certified Trade Fair in London, UK. 2001 - decision to establish the FSC International Center in Bonn, Germany. 2002- FSC Board of Directors endorses FSC Social Strategy 2003- FSC establishes FSC Regional Office in Africa. 20 000  FSC certified products on the market. 2004- wins prestigious ALCAN prize for sustainability 2005- Fourth FSC General Assembly in Manaus, Brazil. 2006- FSC Controlled Wood standards come into force. 2007-FSC created FSC Global Development  2008
  11. 11.  All products that are FSC-certified contain wood or wood fibre from FSC-certified forests, recycled material and/or controlled wood. Wood – timber -Green Building , Musical Instrument Plywood - Green Building Furniture , paper -, Printer , Handicarft
  12. 12.  FSC standards are set in accordance with the requirements of the ISEAL Code of Good Practice for Setting Social and Environmental Standards. This means that the standards are set on the basis of consultations with the major stakeholders.  ISEAL is the global association for social and environmental standards systems. FSC is the only certification scheme  in forestry recognized by ISEAL to follow best-practice in standard-setting. 
  13. 13. FSC and environmental organizationsTrusted environmental organizations that support andencourage FSC certification include:  Greenpeace  National Wildlife Federation  The Nature Conservancy  Sierra Club and  World Wildlife Fund
  14. 14. FSC Vision StatementFSC seeks a world where buyers of wood and paper areempowered to make responsible choices through the useof FSC certification. We strive to build trust in ourbrand every day and thereby rebuild trust in the practiceof responsible forestry. By creating value in workingforests, we will create a marketplace that rejectsunsustainable and irresponsible forest products.
  15. 15. Principles and Criteria•FSC has developed a set of Principles and Criteria for forestmanagement that are applicable to all FSC-certified forests andthroughout the world.•There are 10 Principles and 57 Criteria that address legal issues,indigenous rights, labor rights, multiple benefits, and environmentalimpacts surround forest management.•The principals and criteria at
  16. 16. Becoming Certified•Forest Stewardship Council forest certification is avoluntary market mechanism through which forests arecertified against a strict set of environmental and socialstandards.All producers and manufacturers along the supply chainare certified to ensure that the final product bearing theFSC logo actually originated from a certified forest
  17. 17. Chain of Custody•There are two types of certifications: Forest Management Chain of Custody Primary Manufacturing of materials Pulp to paper Secondary Manufacturing of materials Paper to finished goods Final delivery to end-user
  18. 18. Proper FSC Label UseTwo different uses of the label On-Product Labeling When using On-Product label you must print on FSC- certified paper bought from an FSC-certified merchant Off-Product Labeling Used for promotional use
  19. 19. The Rainforest Alliance works to conserve biodiversity and ensuresustainable livelihoods by transforming land-use practices, businesspractices and consumer behavior.We believe that the best way to keep forests standing is byensuring that it is profitable for businesses and communities to doso. That means helping farmers, forest managers and tourismbusinesses realize greater economic benefits by ensuringecosystems within and around their operations are protected, andthat their workers are well-trained and enjoy safe conditions,proper sanitation, health care and housing. Once businesses meetcertain environmental and social standards, we link them up to theglobal marketplace where demand for sustainable goods and servicesis on the rise.
  20. 20. The Rainforest Alliance Family of MarksThose businesses that meet the standards for their field earn accessto the Rainforest Alliance family of marks, which distinguish theirproducts and services in the marketplace. These marks make it easyfor consumers to identify a legitimately sustainable product orservice and support those businesses that are acting responsibly.•Farms that meet the comprehensive criteria of the SustainableAgriculture Network earn the right to use the Rainforest AllianceCertified seal.•Forestry businesses that comply with the rigorous standards of theForest Stewardship Council (FSC) may use the Rainforest AllianceCertified™ seal in conjunction with the FSC logo.•Tourism companies that demonstrate progress toward minimizingtheir environmental footprint and supporting their workers, localcultures and surrounding communities receive the Rainforest AllianceVerified mark.
  21. 21. Certification, Verification and Validation Services
  22. 22. Agriculture Rainforest Alliance Certification offers farms a way to distinguish their products as being socially, economically and environmentally sustainable.Forestry Our diverse set of certification and verification services includes forest certification; legality, logging and forest carbon verification and validation; and forest products chain-of-custody certification (wood, paper, furniture and more).
  23. 23. Tourism We offer verification services to hotels, restaurants and inbound tour operators who are interested in improving their environmental, social and economic practices and are on their way to obtaining certification.Forest Carbon We offer validation and verification services to forest-based carbon projects under a variety of credible standards, including the Chicago Climate Exchange, Plan Vivo and the Voluntary Carbon Standard.
  24. 24. Carbon SystemsCarbon Systems’ Enterprise Sustainability Platform (ESP) enables you tomanage your carbon, energy, environmental and social responsibilityperformance, to operate more efficiently and drive cost savings in your use ofenergy, fuel, gas, water, waste, and other environmental metrics.Working with companies with over 20,000 combined locations around the world,Carbon Systems can help you streamline and automate the capture,management and reporting of your sustainability metrics.Through offices in London, New York and Sydney, Carbon Systems serviceclients in a diverse range of sectors, including real estate, construction, utilities,government, manufacturing, distribution, education, information technology andprofessional services.
  25. 25.  CarbonSystems’ Enterprise Sustainability Platform (ESP) enables you to manage your carbon, energy, environmental and social responsibility performance, to operate more efficiently and drive cost savings in your use of energy, fuel, gas, water, waste, and other environmental metrics. Working with companies with over 20,000 combined locations around the world, CarbonSystems can help you streamline and automate the capture, management and reporting of your sustainability metrics. Through offices in London, New York and Sydney, CarbonSystems service clients in a diverse range of sectors, including real estate, construction, utilities, government, manufacturing, distribution, education, information technology and professional services.
  26. 26. Achieving CarbonNeutral® certificationThere are five stages to achieving CarbonNeutral® certification, providing a straight-forward carbon reduction process:Define the subject: A variety of business activities can be certified CarbonNeutral® including:•Entire companies or single offices•Product lines•Business travel•Construction and use of buildings•Services such as deliveries, print production and data hostingMeasure the subject’s carbon emissions: We use independent, qualified third parties to conduct and verify greenhousegas assessments.Set a net zero carbon emissions target: This provides a strong statement on carbon emissions and stimulates internalefficienciesReduce carbon emissions: Achieve the target through a cost-effective combination of internal reductions and carbonoffsetsCommunicate: Display CarbonNeutral® certification on company websites, reports, packaging and fleet vehicles along withcommunication on how the target was achieved.You can find out more about The CarbonNeutral Companys services here:Carbon offsets, carbon offset videos, carbon reduction target, carbon management, carbon measurement, carbon strategy,carbon plan, carbon marketing, selling carbon, CarbonNeutral® and PAS 2060 certification,The CarbonNeutral Company blog, carbon calculator, business white papers and our free carbon reduction newsletter.
  27. 27.  What is fair trade ? History Industry & Products Fair trade standards Fair trade inspection and certification
  28. 28. What is fair trade ? Organized social movement and market- based approach Help producers to make better trading Conditions Promote sustainability  What is fair trade certification ? Product certification system Designed to allow people to identify products Meet environmental, labor and development standards.
  29. 29. Agricultural products COFFEE NUTS
  31. 31.  History 1960’s and 1970’s - Attempts to Market 1988 - Fair Trade Sales , Max Havelaar 1997 - Fair trade international 2002 - Flo launched fair trade international mark 2004 - divided into two Flo and Flo Cert 2008 ,2009, - sales amounted to €3.4 billion (US $4.9 worldwide, a 15% increase from 2008 2011 - 827 producer organizations in 58 developing countries
  32. 32. Fair trade standards minimum requirements that all producer organizations must meet to become certified progress requirements producers must demonstrate improvements over time.Types Standards for small farmers organizations and Standards for hired labor situations.Approvals Fair trade Standards and procedures are approved BY FLO
  33. 33. Fair trade inspection and certification carried by  FLO-CERT. FLO-CERT ensures that both producers and traders comply with Fair trade Standards FLO-CERT works with a network of around 100 independent inspectors . regularly visit producer and trade organizations and report back to FLO-CERT. FLO-CERT follow the international ISO standards for product certification bodies (ISO 65). Typically, in order for a product to be marked as "Fair-Trade" at least 20% of its mass must be made up of a Fair trade product.
  34. 34. Fair trade System Minimum Price and the Premium. paid to the exporting firm, usually a second tier cooperative, not to the farmer. paid proportion of their output they are able to sell with the brand Fair trade Certified, typically 17% to as much as 60% of their turnover. Fair trade Minimum Price is a guaranteed price. Fair trade Premium is a separate payment designated for social and economic development in the producing communities.
  35. 35.  Meaning History Industry GOTS standards GOTS inspection and certification
  36. 36. What is organic clothing ? Environment concerns or some other ethical issues Growing and harvesting of organic food and organic textilefibers are similar Conversion of fibers into yarn, fabric, garments and otherfinished productsdifficulty lies in the interpretation of organic nature of thesepost harvest operations or processes.
  37. 37. What is GOTS ? Organic certification standard for textilesFour member organizationsU.S based Organic Trade AssociationInternational Association Natural Textile Industry IVNBritish Social AssociationJapan Organic Cotton Association (JOCA)
  38. 38. History 2002 -International Conference on Organic Textiles (Intercot) inDüsseldorf (Germany).2004 – In NaTex- Four standards organizations - IVN, OTA, SoilAssociation2005 – Intercot – Four Organizations – version 1 GOTS2006 –GOTS certification system started2008 –IFOAM – Valid Version 2 GOTS2009 - Approval Procedure and Requirements for CertificationBodies’ , ‘Licensing and Labeling Guide’2010 - 2800 facilities are GOTS certified, 13 certification bodies2011 - Version 3.0 of GOTS
  39. 39. Products
  40. 40. Features of GOTS :•Certification of the entire textile supply chain•Environmental Criteria•Environmental management•Storage, packaging and transport•Record keeping & internal quality assurance•Technical Quality and Human Toxicity Criteria•Minimum Social Criteria•Quality assurance system•Testing of Technical Quality Parameters and Residues
  41. 41. Certification Bodies Certification BodyCertificationElements of the InspectionCertification requirementsCertification for traders, brand holders and RetailersCertification CostLicensing and Labelling
  42. 42. What is MSC ?An independent non-profit organization which sets a standard forsustainable fishing .
  43. 43. founded in 1997 by the World Wide Fund for Nature and Unilever and became fully independent in 1999.It has a staff of around 100 spread across the HQ in London,regional offices in London, Seattle, and Sydney, and local officesin Edinburgh, Berlin, The Hague, Paris, Cape Town, Tokyo, and theBaltic region. MSC program is open to all fisheries regardless of size, scale,location and intensity and runs a Developing World Program toensure equal access to the program.As of February 2012, there are over 13,000 seafood productsavailable with the MSC ecolabel, sold in 74 countries around theworld.
  44. 44. Over 100 fisheries have been independently certified as meetingthe MSC’s environmental standard for sustainable fishing and over100 are currently undergoing assessment. [9] 1,986 companies have met the MSC Chain of Custody standardfor seafood traceability (link to chain of custody section of site).The MSC works in partnership with a number of organisations,businesses and funders around the world but is fully independentof all. 
  45. 45. •Raw Sea food products•Packed marinated sea foods
  46. 46. three core principles :Principle 1: Sustainable fish stocksPrinciple 2: Minimizing environmental impactPrinciple 3: Effective management
  47. 47. MSC Certification :Conditional certification : atleast 80 scores by end ofcertification period ( Five years)To remain certified, fisheries also have to undertake an annualsurveillance to check that they continue to meet the MSCstandard. After 5 years, the fishery must be reassessed in fullif it wants to continue to be certified.
  48. 48.  The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Government of India , under the Ministry Of Power created in March 2002 under the provisions of the nations 2001 Energy Conservation Act . The agencys function is to develop programs which will increase the conservation and efficient use of energy in India. The primary objective would be to reduce energy intensity in the economy.
  49. 49. The broad objectives of BEE To exert leadership and provide policy for energy efficient. To coordinate energy efficiency and conservation policies and programs . To leverage multi-lateral and bi-lateral and private sector support in implementation of Energy Conservation Act and efficient use of energy and its conservation programs.  To demonstrate delivery of energy efficiency services as mandated in the EC bill through private-public partnerships To interpret, plan and manage energy conservation programs as envisaged in the Energy Conservation Act.
  50. 50. The Major Regulatory Functions of BEE include: Develop minimum energy performance standards and labelling design for equipment and appliances Develop specific Energy Conservation Building Codes Activities focussing on designated consumers Develop specific energy consumption norms  Certify Energy Managers and Energy Auditors  Accredit Energy Auditors  Define the manner and periodicity of mandatory energy audits  Develop reporting formats on energy consumption and action taken on the recommendations of the energy auditors 
  51. 51. BEE SECTORS Lighting ◦ BYL Programe Energy Efficient and Conserve Energy ◦ Energy Reservation CFL Building ◦ Energy Conservation Building Code for New Constuction Building ◦ Energy Service COmpany ) Aplliances ( Mandatory –Frost Free Refrigerator,TFL,AC,Distribution Transformer)(Voluntary Direct Cool Refrigerator , General Purpose Industrial Motors , Monoset Pumps , Openwell Pump Sets , Submersible Pump Sets , Ceiling Fans , Domestic Gas Stoves , Stationary Storage Type Water Heaters , Color Televisions , Washing Machine and Laptop)
  52. 52. BEE SECTORSAgriculture Scheme Targets replacement of inefficient Pumps with result in energy and Cost Saving Demand Side Management , DSM project 2009 at Solapur, MaharashtraMunicipality Street Lighting Water Supply Save Water and Energy and improve ServiceIndustries Consultant to stimulate Energy Efficient MeasuresSmall And Medium Enterprises. Notify energy intensive industries Establish and prescribe energy consumption norms Cluster Analysis And Proposing Energy Conservation Climate Change / 8 zones
  53. 53.  Market-based approaches to unlock energy efficiency opportunities, estimated to be about Rs. 74,000 Crores By 2014-15: ◦ Annual fuel savings in excess of 23 million toe ◦ Cumulative avoided electricity capacity addition of 19,000 MW ◦ CO2 emission mitigation of 98 million tons per year Climatic Changes
  54. 54. Constant Multiplier. (kW h/Litre/Year)Constant Fixed Allowances (kW h/Year)
  55. 55.  MBDC (McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry) is a global sustainability consulting and product certification firm founded in 1995 by world-renowned architectWilliam McDonal and chemist Dr.Michael Braungart. MBDC consults clients on leaving a positive footprint on the planet (instead of reducing a negative footprint) by implementing the  Cradle to Cradle® Framework.
  56. 56. There are five categories of criteria for certification which weredesigned to align with the Cradle to Cradle principles:Material Health,Material Reutilization, Renewable Energy Use,Water Stewardship,and Social Responsibility.
  57. 57. 1.Material Health  Material that are Healthy for both Human and Environment .  Unlike other programs that simply measure what harmful chemicals are being emitted from a product, the Cradle to Cradle Certified CM process examines the toxicity of every material that goes INTO a product and provides a path to help manufacturers improve product design and safety to humans and the environment.
  58. 58. 2.Material Reutilization:  Material Re Utilization Level Promotes design that = encourages the { ( % Recyclable Composite recyclability of the Content x 2) + ( % Recyclable product for future uses Renewable Content x 1 ) } / 3    • At the Silver level, the score must be >=50  • At the Gold level, the score must be >=65  • At the Platinum level, the score must be >=80
  59. 59. 3. Renewable Energy Use: Manufacturers are encouraged to go beyond  . PARAMETERS OF AUDIT energy efficiency and commit themselves to the use of solar, wind, geothermal, or other renewable sources of energy during the Characterization of manufacturing process.  Savings made from energy efficiency can then be invested into non-  Energy fossil fuel sources of renewable energy. Forms of current solar income include geothermal, wind, biomass, hydro (in certain circumstances – to be determined on a case-by- case basis) and, of course, photovoltaic.    Strategy Developed to • At the Silver level, manufacturers must quantify and characterize the energy used in the final Use Renewable Energy assembly of the product.   Use of Renewable • At the Gold level, the final assembly of a product must be manufactured with at least 50% Energy for Manufacture renewable energy sourced directly or through Green-e Certified renewable energy certificates  Use of Renewable (RECs).   Energy for Entire • At the Platinum level all of the final assembly energy must be renewably powered and 50% of Product the entire energy footprint must be renewably powered.  
  60. 60. 4. Water Stewardship Manufacturers are encouraged to  PARAMETERS OF AUDIT . operate in a way that respects the need for all living things to have clean water. A Cradle to Cradle design would have the water leaving  Water Stewardship the factory as clean as or cleaner Guideline than when it came in.  At the Silver level, the company  Water Audit must publish water stewardship principles that guide operations.  Innovative Conservation  At the Gold level, the company Measures must conduct a self-assessment of  Innovative Discharge the water use.   Measures  At the Platinum level, the company must implement innovative water conservation and water discharge measures.  
  61. 61. 5. Social Responsibility: Respecting diversity is one of the  PARAMETERS OF AUDIT central principles of Cradle to Cradle.  SA8000 (Social Accountability International) ( Manufacturers are encouraged to practice business in a way that  WRAP (Worldwide Responsible Apparel Production) ( respects the health, safety, and rights of people and the planet.   Corporate Ethics/Fair Labor Statemen ◦ addresses fair labor practices, corporate and • At the Silver level, the company personal ethics (e.g., supplier relationships, must publicize a corporate ethics or competitive behavior, integrity), customer fair labor statement.  service, and local community.  Social Accreditation Process ◦ Child Labor, forced Labor, Health and Safety, • At the Gold level, the company must Discrimination , Discipline/harassment , Working conduct a self-assessment in order to hours , Compensation collect data towards a third party social accreditation or certification.   Third Party Accreditation • At the Platinum level, the company ◦ dopted statements regarding their social and ethical must complete a third party social ◦ performance goals, as well as implement any responsibility certification.   necessary workplace improvements.
  62. 62.  FEDEX EXPRESS FORD MOTOR PEPSICO Volvo United States Air Force
  63. 63. Organic certification is a certification process forproducers of organic food and otherorganic agricultural  products.In general, any business directly involved in foodproduction can be certified, including seed suppliers, farmer, [food] processors,retailers and restaurants.Requirements vary from country to country, andgenerally involve a set of production standards forgrowing, storage, processing, packaging andshipping
  64. 64. no human sewage sludges fertilizer used in cultivationof plants or feed of animalsavoidance of synthetic chemical inputs not on theNational List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances(e.g. Fertilizr, Pesticides, antibiotives , food additives,etc.), genetically modified organism, irradiation, and theuse of biosolids ;use of farmland that has been free from prohibitedsynthetic chemicals for a number of years (often, threeor more);keeping detailed written production and sales records(audit trail);maintaining strict physical separation of organicproducts from non-certified products;undergoing periodic on-site inspections.
  65. 65.  Study the organic standards, which cover in specific detail what is and is not allowed for every aspect of farming, including storage, transport and sale. Compliance — farm facilities and production methods must comply with the standards, which may involve modifying facilities, sourcing and changing suppliers, etc. Documentation — extensive paperwork is required, detailing farm history and current set-up, and usually including results of soil and water tests. Inspection — annual on-farm inspections are required, with a physical tour, examination of
  66. 66.  Planning — a written annual production plan must be submitted, detailing everything from seed to sale: seed sources, field and crop locations, fertilization and pest control activities, harvest methods, storage locations, etc. Fee — an annual inspection/certification fee (currently starting at $400–$2,000/year, in the US and Canada, depending on the agency and the size of the operation). Record-keeping — written, day-to-day farming and marketing records, covering all activities, must be available for inspection at any time.
  67. 67.  Cotton Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Processed Fruits and Vegetables Poultry Eggs Livestock and Meat Dairy Products Tobacco
  68. 68. THANK YOU