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Introducing the Global Observatory on Peer-to-Peer, Community Self-Consumption and Transactive Energy Models (GO-P2P)

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Launched in September 2019, the Global Observatory is a three-year collaborative research project led by University College London (UCL) under the User-Centred Energy Systems Technical Collaboration Programme by the International Energy Agency (IEA). It represents a forum for international collaboration to understand the policy, regulatory, social and technological conditions necessary to support the wider deployment of peer-to-peer, community self-consumption and transactive energy models. It includes 130 participants from 10+ countries, representing a range of sectors (academia, industry, non-profits) and currently working on the researching and implementation of these new business models. To learn more, please visit: https://userstcp.org/annex/peer-to-peer-energy-trading/.

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Introducing the Global Observatory on Peer-to-Peer, Community Self-Consumption and Transactive Energy Models (GO-P2P)

  1. 1. Introducing the Global Observatory: The Users TCP Global Observatory on Peer-to-Peer, Community Self-Consumption & Transactive Energy Models (GO-P2P) by IEA Alexandra Schneiders (Operating Agent GO-P2P) Users TCP Academy Webinar, 18/11/20
  2. 2. Aim of today’s webinar  Introduce GO-P2P  Emerging findings so far  How to join  Q&A / discussion
  3. 3. The Users TCP and the International Energy Agency (IEA)  The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an intergovernmental organisation that works to shape a secure and sustainable future for all, through a focus on all fuels and all technologies, and analysis and policy advice to governments and industry around the world.  To facilitate global cooperation on energy technology, the IEA created the Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP). Today, the Users TCP is one of 38 TCPs, each focused on a different topic. Together, they connect thousands of experts across government, academia and industry in 55 countries dedicated to advancing energy technology research and application.  The Users TCP is functionally and legally autonomous from the IEA. Views and findings of the Users TCP do not necessarily reflect those of the IEA.
  4. 4.  Decentralisation of energy system  Energy self-consumption through P2P/TE & CSC: solution to grid management challenges.  Facilitated by technologies such as DLTs (e.g. blockchain).  Roll-out of pilots in China, US, Europe etc.  New laws recognising right to P2P. Background
  5. 5. • Connected smart meter: imported and exported electricity is measured and recorded by the system. • Based on data, system matches buyers and sellers of self- generated renewable energy and then settles (financial) transactions between them. Energy trading: how does it work? Source: McKinsey & Co.
  6. 6. What is the Global Observatory (GO-P2P)?  GO-P2P is the first international pre-competitive and early stage research collaboration on the whole systems implications of local energy models.  Leading institutions researching peer-to-peer energy trading (P2P), transactive energy (TE) and community self- consumption (CSC) models.  International exchange of valuable evidence on factors determining uptake of these models and their viability.  Platform for collaboration between all stakeholders in the P2P/TE/CSC fields (policymakers, businesses, NGOs, researchers).
  7. 7. What is GO-P2P? (2)  Start: 3 September 2019  Duration: Three years + six-month reporting phase  150 participants  Sectors: Academia (108), Industry (33), Non-profit (9)  Countries:  Eight member countries: Australia (4); Belgium (11); Ireland (10); Italy (10); Netherlands (10); Switzerland (13); United Kingdom (47); United States (8)  Two accession countries: Germany (14); Colombia (8)  Participants from ten other countries support this work through providing technical and scientific expertise (15)
  8. 8. Structure (sub-tasks)  ST 0: Research design and management + Analysis of findings – University College London (United Kingdom)  ST 1: Power system integration – Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (Switzerland)  ST 2: Hardware, software & data – International Energy Research Centre (Ireland)  ST 3: Transactions and markets – Carnegie Mellon University (United States)  ST 4: Economic and social value – University of New South Wales (Australia)  ST 5: Policy and regulatory – Florence School of Regulation/European University Institute (Italy)
  9. 9. Structure (2) Sub-tasks will gather data on P2P/TE/CSC pilots in member countries and conduct international comparative analysis (ICA) using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), which is a method allowing for the comparison of different policy contexts. ST1: Power System layer ST2: Software layer ST3: Markets layer ST4: Econ/Social layer ST5: Policy & Regs layer ST0: Research design and management. ST6: ICA of case studies Outputs: - Common success factors - ‘Readiness Index’ by country
  10. 10. Key Deliverables  Sub-task reports on state of art and key challenges by functional stack layer.  Country level reports on key factors determining the uptake of P2P/TE/CSC business models.  National Readiness Index rating of participating countries to adopt P2P/TE/CSC models.  In parallel, participants collaborate through conferences sessions, journal special issues, and contributing to IEA and CEM reports where appropriate.
  11. 11. International engagement  Close engagement with key int’l stakeholders, including: • International Energy Agency (IEA) • International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA): New GO-P2P/INATBA Task Force launched in September 2020. • International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) • OECD
  12. 12. GO-P2P/INATBA Task Force  International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA) - EU initiative launched in 2019  Largest global policy focused initiative on the application of DLTs across all economic sectors, including energy  Aim: study P2P/TE/CSC pilots using distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) such as blockchain  assess standardisation efforts in the field  Any member of GO-P2P and INATBA can join the Task Force
  13. 13. Current status GO-P2P Wrapping up Phase 1 (laying groundwork for case studies):  Sub-task literature reviews: Describe the current state of knowledge covered by each sub-task, i.e. challenges and knowledge gaps.  Research strategy document: Common data collection protocols needed to ensure case study data can be analysed by a common method such as qualitative comparative analysis (QCA).  Concept definition paper: Framing characteristics of pilots we will select for analysis- based on sub-task group interviews run by UCL - results in next slides.
  14. 14. Emerging findings: Essential characteristics  Power Systems layer (ST 1): P2P/TE/CSC systems operate autonomously, promote self-consumption and support renewables integration.  ICT and Data layer (ST 2): ICT supports future ‘big data’ needs; meets local data protection laws; supports device level agents acting on user preferences; provides traceable identity of machines.  Transactions and Markets layer (ST 3): Enabled by digitalisation and integration of devices and communication; able to trade commodities and services; can capture value from flexibility and balancing; are decentralised.  Social and Economic layer (ST 4): Supports trading between social units; generates, modifies, or reinforces social values; simultaneously located in home, community and market spheres of economy.  Policy and Regulation layer (ST 5): Provides bottom-up governance; provides legal recognition of prosumers etc.
  15. 15. Emerging findings: Potential clashes ‘Bottom-up governance model reflecting decentralisation’ (ST 5)  potential clash with characteristics ‘Systems operate autonomously’ (ST 1) and ‘Market determined pricing (including dynamic pricing)’ (ST 4).  Comment: To what extent can systems be automated to still be called ‘peer-to- peer’? ‘Ability to trade commodity i.e. energy, or services’ (ST 3)  potential clash with characteristic ‘Open and equitable access to P2P/CSC/TE models (bottom-up market design)’ (ST 4).  Comment: There may be a conflict between making markets open to everyone, and some providers wanting to cherry-pick valuable participants.
  16. 16. Emerging findings: Potential clashes ‘Market determined pricing (including dynamic pricing)’ (ST 4)  potential clash with characteristic ‘Prosumer-centric markets’ (ST 3).  Comment: Market-determined pricing is not a pre-requisite of a P2P/TE/CSC model, as prices may be negotiated democratically - in some micro-grid projects, the precise returns and savings are a product of negotiation. ‘P2P/TE/CSC systems include Advanced Metering Infrastructure ('smart meters') capable of measuring flows (imports and exports) across the meter at different timeframes depending on market requirements’ (ST 2)  potential clash with characteristic ‘Open and equitable access to P2P/CSC/TE models (bottom-up market design)’ raised by ST 4.  Comment: Key question here is who owns and has access to the smart meter data.
  17. 17. Legal/regulatory challenges • Data privacy • Rights and responsibilities of sellers/buyers on a P2P/TE/CSC system • Validity of trading contracts, particularly ‘smart contracts’ (in the case of blockchain)- this will be explored through recently launched GO-P2P/INATBA Task Force • Different regulatory approaches: sandbox vs prescriptive legal provisions • Different aims of P2P/TE/CSC schemes, e.g. US more grid- centric approach vs EU more prosumer-centric approach
  18. 18. Summary  GO-P2P is an international forum for understanding the policy, regulatory, social and technological conditions necessary to support the wider deployment of P2P/TE/CSC models.  Leading research institutions contributing.  Valuable for all stakeholders: policymakers, businesses, non-profits, researchers.  More information on our website: https://userstcp.org/annex/peer-to-peer-energy-trading/  We welcome new participants!
  19. 19.  Policymakers • International comparative evidence base for policymaking. • Early identification of policy challenges from other countries. • Early access to the latest research from leading research institutions.  Businesses/non-profits • Market knowledge on case-studies and national readiness. • Work in a pre-competitive environment with all stakeholders. • Engage with leading researchers and research students.  Researchers • Join a global community of leading researchers in the field. • Maximise your impact through informing global bodies like International Energy Agency (IEA) & Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM). • Work collaboratively to define and grow the field. Why should I join?
  20. 20.  High-level Observatory findings are primarily targeted at policymakers and regulators.  Policymakers & regulators can engage in three ways:  As nationally designated delegates of the Users TCP;  As designated ‘policy contact points’ working directly in the P2P/TE/CSC area;  By notifying us that you would like to be kept informed of outputs and the work of the Observatory. How can I participate? - Policymakers and regulators
  21. 21.  Observatory findings support policymakers at national & international levels, as well as companies and non-profits working with P2P/TE/CSC models.  Businesses/non-profits can participate in two ways: 1) Become a TCP Sponsor (~€10k/annum). This allows you to:  Join the Annex Steering Committee;  Attend TCP ExCo meetings with all member country delegates;  Participate directly or indirectly in other TCP Annexes; 2) Become a researcher/expert participant – see next slide. How can I participate? – Business/non-profits
  22. 22.  Researchers/experts are the driving force of the Observatory, collectively shaping its deliverables.  As a participating researcher/expert you will: • Join one or more sub-tasks aligning with your expertise; • Contribute to sub-task and country specific deliverables; • Contribute to conference sessions, special issues, etc as desired; • Help undertake case-studies of P2P/TE/CSC pilot projects in your country to support the development of the National Readiness Index; • Attend Observatory meetings whenever possible. How can I participate? – Researchers/experts
  23. 23.  Researchers/experts from any sector can participate as National Experts in the Observatory.  All participants cover their own costs  Many government provide funding either directly, or through funding agencies, to support participants.  IEA TCP Annexes provide global leverage and impact for your research. Participants should ensure their Observatory work aligns with existing research. How can I participate? – Researchers/experts (2)
  24. 24. Thanks for your attention! For more information on GO-P2P, please don’t hesitate to get in touch: Alexandra Schneiders (a.schneiders@ucl.ac.uk)
  25. 25. userstcp.org Webinars Annexes
  26. 26. userstcp.org

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