The Progressive Artists' Group was formed by six founder members, F. N. Souza, S. H.
Raza, M. F. Husain, K. H. Ara, H. A. Gade, and S. K. Bakre. Others associated with the
group included Manishi Dey, Akbar Padamsee, Ram Kumar and Tyeb Mehta.
The Progressive Group wished to break with the revivalist nationalism established by the
Bengal school of art and to encourage an Indian avant-garde. The Group was formed just
months after the 14 August, 1947 and the "Partition of India“ because Francis Newton
Souza, S.H. Raza, M. F. Husain and co. wanted to imagine modern art for a free India. It
disbanded in 1956 but this group shaped Indian fine art for decades to come.
Modern Art for a Free India