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Neurological, cognitive, affective and linguistic considerations

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Neurobiological, cognitive, affective and linguistic considerations... ENGLISH TEACHING PRACTICUM.

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Neurological, cognitive, affective and linguistic considerations

  1. 1. Neurological, cognitive, affective and linguistic considerations Tania Gómez Posso
  2. 2. Neurological considerations Hemispheric lateralization Intellectual, logical and analytic functions: left hemisphere. Emotional and social needs: right hemisphere. Intellectual, logical and analytic functions: left hemisphere. Emotional and social needs: right hemisphere. Biological Timetables Not communicative fluency. Not other “higher-order” processes Not communicative fluency. Not other “higher-order” processes The acquisition of an authentic (nativelike) accent The acquisition of an authentic (nativelike) accent Right-Hemispheric Participation early stages of language learning early stages of language learning L2 learners, particularly adults, might benefit from more encouragement of right- brain activity in classroom context. L2 learners, particularly adults, might benefit from more encouragement of right- brain activity in classroom context. Anthropological evidence “The Language acquisition seen in adult language learners in the largely monolingual American middle class speech communities may have been inappropiately taken to be universal…” (Hill, 1970) “The Language acquisition seen in adult language learners in the largely monolingual American middle class speech communities may have been inappropiately taken to be universal…” (Hill, 1970)
  3. 3. Cognitive considerations Pro CPH Children do learn L2 without formal operation thought PiagetPiaget Singleton and Ryan (2004) Singleton and Ryan (2004) Vague lack of empirical dataVague lack of empirical data Ausubel (1964)Ausubel (1964) Grammar in adults is easier because of the relevance of connection in cognition Grammar in adults is easier because of the relevance of connection in cognition Intellectual development of a child: •Sensorimotor stage (birth to 2) •Preoperational stage (ages 2 to 7) •Operational stage (ages 7 to 16) •Concrete operational stage (ages 7 to 11) •Formal operational stage (ages 11 to 16)
  4. 4. Affective considerations Children egocentricity Adults inhibitions Oneself-identity is inextricably bound up with one’s language Younger children are less afraid because they are less aware of forms Peer presure Adults tend to tolerate linguistics differences more than children so errors are easily excused • Emphaty • Self-esteem • Extroversion • Inhibition • Imitation • Anxiety • Attitudes Affectivedomains:
  5. 5. Linguistics considerations BiligualismBiligualism Code-switchingCode-switching Interference between L1 and L2 Interference between L1 and L2 Solid foundation of L1Solid foundation of L1 Order of acquisitionOrder of acquisition Creative construction processCreative construction process
  6. 6. Linguistics considerations BiligualismBiligualism Code-switchingCode-switching Interference between L1 and L2 Interference between L1 and L2 Solid foundation of L1Solid foundation of L1 Order of acquisitionOrder of acquisition Creative construction processCreative construction process

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