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Pair programming

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What is pair programming? Who uses it? What are the benefits? What are best practices?

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Pair programming

  1. 1. Pair Programming Fitter, happier More productive Comfortable Not drinking too much
  2. 2. What is Pair Programming? ● Agile software method where two developers work with one keyboard/mouse ● One developer “drives” (tactical) ● The other developer “observes/navigates” (strategic) ● Periodically switch “seats” ● Augments or replaces other code peer reviews (including a PR) ● Longer than a Q and A session ● Aims to solve a given problem
  3. 3. Who Does Pair Programming? ● Pivotal Labs ● Thoughtbot ● Thoughtworks ● Hashrocket ● 8th Light ● Github ● Braintree ● Facebook ● Square ● Twitter ● Groupon ● Redbox Source Quora
  4. 4. Advantages and Disadvantages ● Catches bugs earlier ● Spreading feature expertise ● Technical knowledge transference ● “Two heads are better than one” ● Team building ● Easier handoffs ● The Cost of Change (next slide) ● Capacity hit of 15%-100%, depending on efficiency ● Personality conflicts (feeling watched, having to talk through a problem) ● Scheduling can be difficult ● Fatigue of always being “on” (e.g. can’t go check Reddit) *IEEE study
  5. 5. The Cost of Change (Part 1) When is the best time to catch a bug? ● Requirements ● Development ● Continuous Integration (Jenkins) ● QA ● Production by client services / customers Let's find out on the next slide!
  6. 6. The Cost of Change (Part 2)
  7. 7. The Cost of Change (Part 3)
  8. 8. Structure Driver Controls keyboard/mouse Works tactically to write code Handles syntax Leads effort Navigator Observes driver Thinks through implementation Finds edge cases Thinks about how to test Looks up docs Contribute Talk out loud Be respectful
  9. 9. Do’s and Dont’s DO ● Switch off frequently ● Leave the ego at the door ● Make it easy to hear you ● Ensure text is legible (screen resolution, bandwidth) ● Listen to feedback ● Explore ideas DON’T ● Get defensive ● Take hands off keyboard / Disengagement ● “Watch the master” ● Be silent ● Get distracted (Slack snooze, close emails, etc)
  10. 10. Tools ● Tmux (I put this at the top for Max) - terminal - works on remote server (might want to pair with audio+video) ● Screenhero - audio+video - can control remote keyboard/mouse ● Slack video - audio+video ● Google Hangouts audio+video ● Skype audio+video ● Telephone ● Meat space
  11. 11. (Not this Meat Space)
  12. 12. Questions?