5. Critical Reading
- is a type of reading whereby the
reader analyzes and interpret the
reading material to know if it
presents logical ideas and
connection of ideas
6. Simple Reading Critical Reading
• It gives the
basic definition of
• After recognizing
what a text says, it
reflects on what the
text does by making
7. Simple Reading Critical Reading
• Its central
idea is the
• Its certain goal is to
recognize the author’s
purpose in writing the
material, understand the
tone and persuasive
elements in it, and to
recognize bias in the text.
8. Simple Reading Critical Reading
• It recognizes
what a text says.
• It recognizes
what a text says,
reflects on what
the text does, and
infers on what the
9. Simple Reading Critical Reading
• The reader
• The reader
evidence in the
Interpret the lyrics through simple
and critical reading.
“…I don’t need a whole lot of
anything. I just need a little bit of
16. Components of Critical
1. Getting the Main Idea
- involves identifying the
general idea in a text which may
be explicitly or implicitly stated
*Main idea is usually found in
the beginning, middle, or end of
17. 2. Summarizing
- includes recalling all
pertinent information and thinking
how to compact them all in a
*Incorporate all important
ideas and be guided by the WH-
18. 3. Inferring
- is done by combining the
reader’s knowledge and
background with details and clues
stated by the author
- is a process used by a
reader to understand an idea that
the author does not state
19. 4. Drawing Conclusions
- is usually done after reading
the whole text
- is figuring out much more
than what an author says directly
24. 9. Identifying the problem and
-involves discussing complex
issues and identifying the
Notas del editor
Text- The reader’s understanding relies in the words and language used to tell the story or express thoughts.
Reader’s Context- This is when a reader takes the gist of a line or passage and understands the context of a text based on his comprehension skills.
Author’s Context- This may include circumstances before or during the author’s writing. It involves his background, age, genre, and his reasons for writing. This may also include his varied influences or lifestyle, or his culture or culture-free intentions of producing a reading matter.
Is making judgments about information one reads or hears
A reader gets the most out of what the author says in a text by thinking more deeply about what he reads.
Reading-thinking critically is going beyond what the words say and getting at the important message of the text.
*You infer by putting together the author’s ideas at a certain point and coming up with an implicitly stated idea about based on those given ideas.
*Read between the lines (because the author does not state explicitly every idea he wants to convey)
*The reader combines information and evidence that the author provides to come up with a statement about the topic, a character, or about anything else in a text.