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Self-sufficiency Community: Empowerment Model to Promote Independent Villages

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Self-sufficiency Community: Empowerment Model to Promote Independent Villages

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Presented for “The 1st International Conference on Empowerment of Rural Communities (ICERC)”, Ministry of Village, Disadvantages Regions and Transmigration RI
Jakarta, November 30th, 2022

Dr. Tri Widodo W. Utomo, MA
Deputy for Policy Studies and Public Sector Innovation, NIPA-RI

Presented for “The 1st International Conference on Empowerment of Rural Communities (ICERC)”, Ministry of Village, Disadvantages Regions and Transmigration RI
Jakarta, November 30th, 2022

Dr. Tri Widodo W. Utomo, MA
Deputy for Policy Studies and Public Sector Innovation, NIPA-RI

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Self-sufficiency Community: Empowerment Model to Promote Independent Villages

  1. 1. SELF-SUFFICIENCY COMMUNITY: Empowerment Model to Promote Independent Villages Presented for “The 1st International Conference on Empowerment of Rural Communities (ICERC)”, Ministry of Village, Disadvantages Regions and Transmigration RI Jakarta, November 30th, 2022 Dr. Tri Widodo W. Utomo, MA Deputy for Policy Studies and Public Sector Innovation, NIPA-RI
  2. 2. humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id PROPOSITION No village without potential and resources. Abundant potential without creativity is useless. E m powerm entisfundam entalto acceleratevillagedevelopm entand independency.W hy?
  3. 3. Index of Developing Village (IDM) humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id https://idm.kemendesa.go.id/ Mandiri (Independent) Maju (Developed) Berkembang (Developing) Tertinggal (Underdeveloped) Sangat Tertinggal (Extremely Underdeveloped)
  4. 4. humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Basic Concept of Empowerment  Is the process of obtaining basic opportunities for marginalized people, either directly by those the people, or through the help of non-marginalized others who share their own access to these opportunities.  It includes encouraging and developing the skill for, self sufficiency, wit a focus on eliminating the future need for charity or welfare of the individuals of the group. Sumber: Suchitra Singh, “Dimensions and Methodologies for Empowerment”, https://www.slideshare.net/suchitrasingh378/
  5. 5. Factors Affecting Unsuccessful Empowerment humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Internal External o The low quality of human resources o The limitation of local institution support o The limitation of production asset o The lack of accessibility for getting information o The low of productivity and the limitation of creativity o The limitation of social capital o The low of entrepreneurship o The homogeneity form of empowerment program o Top-down approach o Economic capital oriented o The dependency of raw material from external sources o Low level of local resources maximization Sumber: Imam Santosa, 2014, “Strategic Management of Rural Community Empowerment: Based Local Resources”, International Integration for Regional Public Management
  6. 6. Empowerment needs Collaboration humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Village Development Government Community Corporation o K/L o OPD o UPT o DPR(D) o KDH o ASN o Aparat Desa o Industry o Banking o Investor o MNCs o Home & Small Industry o SOEs (BUMN) o Religious organization. o Youth/student organizations. o Professional association. o Art and sport community. o Shadow organization (netizen, concert fans club, etc). o Other social hub (alumni, lottery club, etc). “The government is no longer the main source of innovation (innovation producer), but more as a catalyst to empower communities. Likewise, corporations can no longer focus on innovating for themselves, but must become an enabler for the community.”
  7. 7. humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id
  8. 8. “EKO “EKO “EKO “EKO- - - -TREN” Initiative TREN” Initiative TREN” Initiative TREN” Initiative “EKO “EKO “EKO “EKO- - - -TREN” Initiative TREN” Initiative TREN” Initiative TREN” Initiative STRATEGIC ROLES OF PESANTREN (Law No.18/2019 on Pesantren) East Java at a glance OPOP = One Pesantren One Product, initiatives to improve community welfare through empowering students, Islamic boarding schools, and alumni of Islamic boarding schools. Religious missionary institution Community empowerment institution Islamic education institution
  9. 9. Environmental Thematic Village Cibunut Village, Bandung City, previously known as a polluted area with too many piles of garbage that cause various diseases. Residents make the environment a waste-free area. People use plastic bottles to make pots. They also recycle used tires that they use as garden chairs. Besides, people who used coffee packaging waste also used it for weaving and making tablecloths. There are used towels mixed with cement to make flower pots, as well. humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id
  10. 10. Children playground with traditional games and nuances. BAHULAK MARKET Bahulak Market offers sensation of the past (kenangan masa lampau): 1. Ancient culinary. 2. Art performance from the past. 3. The use of traditional payment (kepeng bathok) as substitute transaction instrument of Rupiah. Integrated with Bird protection area. Preservation of culture and local wisdom. Is a “gotong royong” market aimed to empower local potentials, that sells “ancient” culinary (old fashioned traditional food). SRAGEN Regency
  11. 11. Kampung Empon-Empon Jabungan, Semarang humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Empon-empon is a collection of plant roots that function as spices (rempah), including ginger, turmeric, galangal, temulawak, and several others. In processing, these empons are often combined with ingredients from other plants to produce health potions. Processing and results is what is known as herbal medicine or jejamuan.
  12. 12. humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Villagepreneurship: NIPA’s Experience in Empowering People & Strengthening Village Indepencendy
  13. 13. Ideate – Product - Market (IPM) Model humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id P I M Workshop/training Generating ideas Review Potential mapping Business Planning Production Launching & marketing Review Review Workshop/training
  14. 14. Potential Mapping & Generating Ideas humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Potential Mapping Stones Woods Bamboo Palm Tree Parrot Fish Mutual discussion across actors (local government officials, community leaders, local business, etc) to exploring local potential and generating ideas.
  15. 15. Workshop on Production and Marketing humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Workshop on diversification of palm sugar (gula gandhu into gula semut, kolang-kaling into crackers), Parrot fish into shredded products using applied technology developed by LIPI. Workshop on packaging dan branding by Creative House Purwakarta, and launching the product by Bupati of Purwakarta. The products have been promoted in the West Java Festival 2019.
  16. 16. Impacts of Villagepreneurship humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Value-addition of product: from raw materials to processed products. More attractive packaging and product branding. Additional job opportunities: housewives become a group of craftsmen for ant sugar, kolang-kaling crackers, and shredded fish. Earning increases: 1 kg of brown sugar (gula gandu) = Rp. 18.000 to 1 kg of ant sugar = Rp. 40,000 Market expansion: kolang-kaling cracker products are sold up to Bekasi, Karawang, Tasikmalaya, and Sukabumi, as well as online sales through market place. Previously marketing was taken place around Purwakarta areas only.
  17. 17. humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id Epilogue “If you are always thinking village as it is, then you will never know how amazing villages are”
  18. 18. TERIMA KASIH humas_lan LAN_RI Humas LAN RI Lembaga Administrasi Negara RI www.lan.go.id

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